Genus Syntrophomonas

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Syntrophomonas McInerney et al. 1982, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Syntrophomonadaceae Zhao et al. 1993).
Type species: ¤ Syntrophomonas wolfei McInerney et al. 1982.
Etymology: Gr. prep. sun, in company with, together with; Gr. n. trophos, one who feeds; L. fem. n. monas, a unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Syntrophomonas, monad which feeds together with (another species).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [McINERNEY (M.J.), BRYANT (M.P.), HESPELL (R.B.) and COSTERTON (J.W.): Syntrophomonas wolfei gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic, syntrophic, fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1981, 41, 1029-1039.]
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Syntrophomonas McInerney et al. 1982 emend. Lorowitz et al. 1989.
Type species: ¤ Syntrophomonas wolfei McInerney et al. 1982 emend. Lorowitz et al. 1989.
Etymology: Gr. prep. sun, in company with, together with; Gr. n. trophos, one who feeds; L. fem. n. monas, a unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Syntrophomonas, monad which feeds together with (another species).
Reference: LOROWITZ (W.H.), ZHAO (H.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida subsp. nov., a long-chain fatty-acid-degrading, anaerobic, syntrophic bacterium; Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei subsp. nov.; and emended descriptions of the genus and species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 122-126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Syntrophomonas McInerney et al. 1982 emend. Wu et al. 2006.
Type species: ¤ Syntrophomonas wolfei McInerney et al. 1982.
Etymology: Gr. prep. sun, in company with, together with; Gr. n. trophos, one who feeds; L. fem. n. monas, a unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Syntrophomonas, monad which feeds together with (another species).
Reference: WU (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas cellicola sp. nov., a spore-forming syntrophic bacterium isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar, and assignment of Syntrophospora bryantii to Syntrophomonas bryantii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2331-2335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Wu et al. 2006, Syntrophomonas McInerney et al. 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Syntrophospora Zhao et al. 1990.
Reference: WU (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas cellicola sp. nov., a spore-forming syntrophic bacterium isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar, and assignment of Syntrophospora bryantii to Syntrophomonas bryantii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2331-2335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophomonas bryantii (Stieb and Schink 1985) Wu et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CuCal = DSM 3014A (co-culture with Desulfovibrio sp., E70) = DSM 3014B (co-culture with Methanospirillum hungatei, strain M1h).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium bryantii Stieb and Schink 1985.
Other synonym: ¤ Syntrophospora bryantii (Stieb and Schink 1985) Zhao et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. bryantii, of Bryant, named after Marvin P. Bryant, who pioneered studies on syntrophic methanogenic associations.
Reference: WU (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas cellicola sp. nov., a spore-forming syntrophic bacterium isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar, and assignment of Syntrophospora bryantii to Syntrophomonas bryantii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2331-2335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rule 27(3) of the Bacteriological Code, Syntrophomonas bryantii (Stieb and Schink 1985) Wu et al. 2006 is not validly published because the type strain is not deposited in two different collections in two different countries.

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Syntrophomonas cellicola Wu et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 19J-3 = CGMCC 1.5041 = JCM 13582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ288691.
Etymology: L. n. cella, a storeroom for wine and food; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), an inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. cellicola, an inhabitant of a storeroom, indicating that the type strain was originally isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar.
Reference: WU (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas cellicola sp. nov., a spore-forming syntrophic bacterium isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar, and assignment of Syntrophospora bryantii to Syntrophomonas bryantii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2331-2335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophomonas curvata Zhang et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GB8-1 = CGMCC 1.5010 = DSM 15682.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY290767.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. curvata, curved.
Reference: ZHANG (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas curvata sp. nov., an anaerobe that degrades fatty acids in co-culture with methanogens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 969-973.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophomonas erecta Zhang et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GB4-38 = CGMCC 1.5013 = DSM 16215.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY536889.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. erecta, raised up, erected.
Reference: ZHANG (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas erecta sp. nov., a novel anaerobe that syntrophically degrades short-chain fatty acids. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 799-803.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophomonas palmitatica Hatamoto et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MPA = DSM 18709 = JCM 14374 = NBRC 102128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB274039 (rrnA operons of the 16S rRNA gene sequence) and AB274040 (rrnB operons of the 16S rRNA gene sequence).
Etymology: N.L. n. palmitas -atis, palmitate; L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. palmitatica, belonging to palmitate.
Reference: HATAMOTO (M.), IMACHI (H.), FUKAYO (S.), OHASHI (A.) and HARADA (H.): Syntrophomonas palmitatica sp. nov., an anaerobic, syntrophic, long-chain fatty-acid-oxidizing bacterium isolated from methanogenic sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2137-2142.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophomonas sapovorans Roy et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OM = DSM 3441 (in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei strain JF 1).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF022249.
Etymology: L. n. sapo -onis, soap; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. sapovorans, devouring soap (i.e., long-chain fatty acids).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 23. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 179-180. [ROY (F.), SAMAIN (E.), DUBOURGUIER (H.C.) and ALBAGNAC (G.): Syntrophomonas sapovorans sp. nov., a new obligately proton reducing anaerobe oxidizing saturated and unsaturated long chain fatty acids. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 145, 142-147.]
Validation List no. 23 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Syntrophomonas wolfei McInerney et al. 1982, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Göttingen G311 = DSM 2245A (the Göttingen strain grown in coculture with Desulfovibrio sp. strain G-11 with sulfate in the medium) and DSM 2245B (the same strain grown in coculture with the type strain of Methanospirillum hungatei, strain DSM 864).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000448 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wolfei, of Wolfe, to honor Ralph S. Wolfe for his devotion towards the understanding of the biology of anaerobic bacteria.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [McINERNEY (M.J.), BRYANT (M.P.), HESPELL (R.B.) and COSTERTON (J.W.): Syntrophomonas wolfei gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic, syntrophic, fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1981, 41, 1029-1039.]
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Syntrophomonas wolfei McInerney et al. 1982 emend. Lorowitz et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Göttingen G311 = DSM 2245A (the Göttingen strain grown in coculture with Desulfovibrio sp. strain G-11 with sulfate in the medium) and DSM 2245B (the same strain grown in coculture with the type strain of Methanospirillum hungatei, strain DSM 864).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000448 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wolfei, of Wolfe, to honor Ralph S. Wolfe for his devotion towards the understanding of the biology of anaerobic bacteria.
Reference: LOROWITZ (W.H.), ZHAO (H.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida subsp. nov., a long-chain fatty-acid-degrading, anaerobic, syntrophic bacterium; Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei subsp. nov.; and emended descriptions of the genus and species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 122-126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida Lorowitz et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SD2 in coculture with Desulfovibrio sp. strain G-11 with sulfate in the medium = DSM 4212 (syntrophic co-culture with Desulfovibrio sp. G11).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ666175.
Etymology: L. n. sapo -onis, soap; L. adj. avidus, avidous, greedy; N.L. fem. adj. saponavida, greedy for soap.
Reference: LOROWITZ (W.H.), ZHAO (H.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida subsp. nov., a long-chain fatty-acid-degrading, anaerobic, syntrophic bacterium; Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei subsp. nov.; and emended descriptions of the genus and species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 122-126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei (McInerney et al. 1982) Lorowitz et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Göttingen G311 = DSM 2245A (the Göttingen strain grown in coculture with Desulfovibrio sp. strain G-11 with sulfate in the medium) and DSM 2245B (the same strain grown in coculture with the type strain of Methanospirillum hungatei, strain DSM 864).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000448 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wolfei, of Wolfe, to honor Ralph S. Wolfe for his devotion towards the understanding of the biology of anaerobic bacteria.
Reference: LOROWITZ (W.H.), ZHAO (H.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida subsp. nov., a long-chain fatty-acid-degrading, anaerobic, syntrophic bacterium. Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei subsp. nov. and emended descriptions of the genus and species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 122-126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, McInerney et al. 1982, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei (McInerney et al. 1982) Lorowitz et al. 1989 is automatically created by the valid publication of Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida Lorowitz et al. 1989 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)]

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Syntrophomonas zehnderi Sousa et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OL-4 = DSM 17840 = JCM 13948.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ898277.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. zehnderi, of Zehnder, named after Alexander J. B. Zehnder, who contributed to our present knowledge of the microbiology of microbial processes in methanogenic bioreactors.
Reference: SOUSA (D.Z.), SMIDT (H.), ALVES (M.M.) and STAMS (A.J.M.): Syntrophomonas zehnderi sp. nov., an anaerobe that degrades long-chain fatty acids in co-culture with Methanobacterium formicicum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 609-615.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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