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Genus Syntrophobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Syntrophobacter Boone and Bryant 1984, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Syntrophobacterales Kuever et al. 2006; type genus of the family ¤ Syntrophobacteraceae Kuever et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Syntrophobacter wolinii Boone and Bryant 1984.
Etymology: Gr. adj. suntrophos, having grown up with one; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Synthrophobacter, a rod which feeds together with (an another species).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: BOONE (D.R.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Propionate-degrading bacterium, Syntrophobacter wolinii sp. nov., gen. nov., from methanogenic ecosystems. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1980, 40, 626-632.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Syntrophobacter Boone and Bryant 1984 emend. Chen et al. 2005.
Type species: ¤ Syntrophobacter wolinii Boone and Bryant 1984.
Etymology: Gr. adj. suntrophos, having grown up with one; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Synthrophobacter, a rod which feeds together with (an another species).
Reference: CHEN (S.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophobacter sulfatireducens sp. nov., a novel syntrophic, propionate-oxidizing bacterium isolated from UASB reactors. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1319-1324.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans Harmsen et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MPOB = DSM 10017.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82874.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum fumaricum, fumaric acid (fumarate); N.L. v. oxido (from Gr. adj. oxus, acid or sour and in combined words indicating oxygen), to oxidize; N.L. part. adj. fumaroxidans, oxidizing fumarate (the ability to oxidize fumarate played an important role in the isolation and physiological characterization of this bacterium).
Valid publication: HARMSEN (H.J.M.), VAN KUIJK (B.L.M.), PLUGGE (C.M.), AKKERMANS (A.D.L.), DE VOS (W.M.) and STAMS (A.J.M.): Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans sp. nov., a syntrophic propionate-degrading sulfate-reducing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1383-1387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophobacter pfennigii Wallrabenstein et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KoProp1 = CIP 105305 = DSM 10092.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82875.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pfennigii, of Pfennig; named after Norbert Pfennig, a German microbiologist who contributed substantially to the understanding of syntrophic relationships and of the physiology of sulfate-reducing bacteria.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837.
Effective publication: WALLRABENSTEIN (C.), HAUSCHILD (E.) and SCHINK (B.): Syntrophobacter pfennigii sp. nov., new syntrophically propionate-oxidizing anaerobe growing in pure culture with propionate and sulfate. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 164, 346-352.
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Syntrophobacter sulfatireducens Chen et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TB8106 = AS 1.5016 = DSM 16706.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY651787.
Etymology: N.L. n. sulfas -atis, sulfate; L. v. reducere, to lead back, bring back; N.L. part. adj. sulfatireducens, reducing sulfate.
Valid publication: CHEN (S.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophobacter sulfatireducens sp. nov., a novel syntrophic, propionate-oxidizing bacterium isolated from UASB reactors. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1319-1324.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophobacter wolinii Boone and Bryant 1984, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DB (maintained as a coculture with Desulfovibrio sp. strain G-11; coculture = DSM 2805) = DSM 2805M (monoculture isolated from Syntrophobacter wolinii coculture DSM 2805).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X70905.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wolinii, of Wolin; named after Meyer J. Wolin, an American microbiologist who contributed substantially to the understanding of interspecies hydrogen transfer.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: BOONE (D.R.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Propionate-degrading bacterium, Syntrophobacter wolinii sp. nov., gen. nov., from methanogenic ecosystems. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1980, 40, 626-632.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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