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Genus Sporosarcina

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 16
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Sporosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus.
Type species: ¤ Sporosarcina ureae (Beijerinck 1901) Kluyver and van Niel 1936 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Sporosarcina" Orla-Jensen 1909.
Etymology: Gr. n. spora, a spore; L. fem. n. sarcina, a package, bundle; N.L. fem. n. Sporosarcina, a sporeforming package.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KLUYVER (A.J.) and Van NIEL (C.B.): Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1936, 94, 369-403.

Sporosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Yoon et al. 2001.
Type species: ¤ Sporosarcina ureae (Beijerinck 1901) Kluyver and van Niel 1936 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. spora, a spore; L. fem. n. sarcina, a package, bundle; N.L. fem. n. Sporosarcina, a sporeforming package.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), LEE (K.C.), WEISS (N.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sporosarcina aquimarina sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from seawater in Korea, and transfer of Bacillus globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967), Bacillus psychrophilus (Nakamura 1984) and Bacillus pasteurii (Chester 1898) to the genus Sporosarcina as Sporosarcina globispora comb. nov., Sporosarcina psychrophila comb. nov. and Sporosarcina pasteurii comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Sporosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1079-1086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina antarctica Yu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N-05 = CGMCC 1.6503 = JCM 14646.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF154512.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. antarctica, southern, of the Antarctic, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: YU (Y.), XIN (Y.H.), LIU (H.C.), CHEN (B.), SHENG (J.), CHI (Z.M.), ZHOU (P.J.) and ZHANG (D.C.): Sporosarcina antarctica sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from the Antarctic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2114-2117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenisporosarcina antarctica (Wu et al. 2008) Reddy et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Sporosarcina aquimarina Yoon et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SW28 = JCM 10887 = KCCM 41039.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF202056.
Etymology: L. n. aqua, water; L. adj. marinus, of the sea; N.L. fem. adj. aquimarina, pertaining to sea water.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (K.C.), WEISS (N.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sporosarcina aquimarina sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from seawater in Korea, and transfer of Bacillus globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967), Bacillus psychrophilus (Nakamura 1984) and Bacillus pasteurii (Chester 1898) to the genus Sporosarcina as Sporosarcina globispora comb. nov., Sporosarcina psychrophila comb. nov. and Sporosarcina pasteurii comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Sporosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1079-1086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina contaminans Kämpfer et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 53915 = DSM 22204.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN298444.
Etymology: L. part. adj. contaminans, contaminating, polluting, isolated as a contaminant of an industrial clean-room floor.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), FALSEN (E.), LODDERS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Sporosarcina contaminans sp. nov. and Sporosarcina thermotolerans sp. nov., two novel endospore-forming species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1353-1357.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina globispora (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 785 = Larkin and Stockes W 25 = ATCC 23301= CCUG 7419 = CIP 103266 = DSM 4 = HAMBI 471 = IFO (now NBRC) 16082 = JCM 10046 = LMG 6928 = NRRL NRS-1533 = NRRL B-3396 = VKM B-1435.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X68415.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus globisporus Larkin and Stokes 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. globus, a sphere; N.L. n. spora (from Gr. n. spora), a spore; N.L. fem. adj. globispora, with spherical spores.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (K.C.), WEISS (N.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sporosarcina aquimarina sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from seawater in Korea, and transfer of Bacillus globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967), Bacillus psychrophilus (Nakamura 1984) and Bacillus pasteurii (Chester 1898) to the genus Sporosarcina as Sporosarcina globispora comb. nov., Sporosarcina psychrophila comb. nov. and Sporosarcina pasteurii comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Sporosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1079-1086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sporosarcina globispora (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Yoon et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina halophila Claus et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 3 = ATCC 35676= DSM 2266 = JCM 20832 = LMG 17431 = NBRC 102448.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB367153.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. halophila, salt-loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271.
Effective publication: CLAUS (D.), FAHMY (F.), ROLF (H.J.) and TOSUNOGLU (N.): Sporosarcina halophila sp. nov., an obligate, slightly halophilic bacterium from salt marsh soils. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 496-506.
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Halobacillus halophilus (Claus et al. 1984) Spring et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Sporosarcina koreensis Kwon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F73 = DSM 16921 = JCM 16400 = KACC 11299.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ073393.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. koreensis, referring to Korea, where the isolates were collected.
Valid publication: KWON (S.W.), KIM (B.Y.), SONG (J.), WEON (H.Y.), SCHUMANN (P.), TINDALL (B.J.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and FRITZE (D.): Sporosarcina koreensis sp. nov. and Sporosarcina soli sp. nov., isolated from soil in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1694-1698.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina luteola Tominaga et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y1 = CIP 109917 = JCM 15791 = NBRC 105378 = NCIMB 14541 = NRRL B-59180.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB473560.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. luteola, yellowish, referring to the colony color seen on LB agar.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 130. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2647-2648.
Effective publication: TOMINAGA (T.), AN (S.Y.), OYAIZU (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Sporosarcina luteola sp. nov. isolated from soy sauce production equipment in Japan. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 217-223.
Validation List no. 130 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sporosarcina macmurdoensis Reddy et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CMS 21w = CIP 107784 = DSM 15428 = MTCC 4670.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ514408.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. macmurdoensis, pertaining to the McMurdo Region, Antarctica, where the isolates were collected.
Valid publication: REDDY (G.S.N.), MATSUMOTO (G.I.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Sporosarcina macmurdoensis sp. nov., from a cyanobacterial mat sample from a pond in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1363-1367.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenisporosarcina macmurdoensis (Reddy et al. 2003) Krishnamurthi et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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Sporosarcina newyorkensis Wolfgang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 6062 = CCUG 59649 = DSM 23544 = LMG 26022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU994085.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. newyorkensis, of or belonging to the state of New York in the USA, where the majority of isolates were obtained.
Valid publication: WOLFGANG (W.J.), COOREVITS (A.), COLE (J.A.), DE VOS (P.), DICKINSON (M.C.), HANNETT (G.E.), JOSE (R.), NAZARIAN (E.J.), SCHUMANN (P.), LANDSCHOOT (A.V.), WIRTH (S.E.) and MUSSER (K.A.): Sporosarcina newyorkensis sp. nov. from clinical specimens and raw cow's milk. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 322-329.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina pasteurii (Miquel 1889) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11859= CCUG 7425 = CIP 66.21 = DSM 33 = LMG 7130 = NCCB 48021 = NCIMB 8841 = NCTC 4822 = NRRL NRS-673 = VKM B-513.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60631.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus pasteurii (Miquel 1889) Chester 1898 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Urobacillus pasteurii" Miquel 1889.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pasteurii, of Pasteur, named for Louis Pasteur, French chemist and bacteriologist.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (K.C.), WEISS (N.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sporosarcina aquimarina sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from seawater in Korea, and transfer of Bacillus globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967), Bacillus psychrophilus (Nakamura 1984) and Bacillus pasteurii (Chester 1898) to the genus Sporosarcina as Sporosarcina globispora comb. nov., Sporosarcina psychrophila comb. nov. and Sporosarcina pasteurii comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Sporosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1079-1086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sporosarcina pasteurii (Miquel 1889) Yoon et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Yoon et al. 2001, this species is cited as Sporosarcina pasteurii (Chester 1898) Yoon et al. 2001.

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Sporosarcina psychrophila (Nakamura 1984) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23304= CCM 2117 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11738 = CCUG 28886 = CIP 103267 = DSM 3 = IAM 12468 = IFO (now NBRC) 15381 = JCM 9075 = LMG 6929 = NRRL B-3397 = NRRL NRS-1530.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16277.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus psychrophilus (ex Larkin and Stokes 1967) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus psychrophilus" Larkin and Stokes 1967.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. psychrophila, preferring cold.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (K.C.), WEISS (N.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sporosarcina aquimarina sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from seawater in Korea, and transfer of Bacillus globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967), Bacillus psychrophilus (Nakamura 1984) and Bacillus pasteurii (Chester 1898) to the genus Sporosarcina as Sporosarcina globispora comb. nov., Sporosarcina psychrophila comb. nov. and Sporosarcina pasteurii comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Sporosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1079-1086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sporosarcina psychrophila (Nakamura 1984) Yoon et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina saromensis An et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HG645 = IAM 15429 = JCM 23205 = KCTC 13119 = MBIC08270 = NBRC 103571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB243859.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. saromensis, pertaining to Lake Saroma, where the type strain was collected.
Valid publication: AN (S.Y.), HAGA (T.), KASAI (H.), GOTO (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Sporosarcina saromensis sp. nov., an aerobic endospore-forming bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1868-1871.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina siberiensis Zhang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1111S-42=CGMCC 1.12516=LMG 27494.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF258678.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 160. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 3603-3606.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: ZHANG, G., REN, H., CHEN, X., ZHANG, Y., YANG, Y., WANG, S. and JIANG, Y. 2014. Sporosarcina siberiensis sp. nov., isolated from the East Siberian Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 106, 489-495.
Effective publication Online

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Sporosarcina soli Kwon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) I80 = DSM 16920 = JCM 16401 = KACC 11300.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ073394.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: KWON (S.W.), KIM (B.Y.), SONG (J.), WEON (H.Y.), SCHUMANN (P.), TINDALL (B.J.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and FRITZE (D.): Sporosarcina koreensis sp. nov. and Sporosarcina soli sp. nov., isolated from soil in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1694-1698.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina thermotolerans Kämpfer et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 53480 = DSM 22203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN298445.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. thermotolerans, heat-tolerating.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), FALSEN (E.), LODDERS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Sporosarcina contaminans sp. nov. and Sporosarcina thermotolerans sp. nov., two novel endospore-forming species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1353-1357.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sporosarcina ureae (Beijerinck 1901) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 6473= DSM 2281 = IFO (now NBRC) 12699 = JCM 2577 = LMG 17366 = VKM B-595.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF202057.
Synonyms: "Planosarcina ureae" Beijerinck 1901, "Sporosarcina ureae" (Beijerinck 1901) Orla-Jensen 1909, "Sarcina ureae" (Beijerinck 1901) Löhnis 1911.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; N.L. gen. n. ureae, of urea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Anhäufungsversuche mit Ureumbakterien. Ureumspaltung durch Urease und Katabolismus. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1901, 7, 33-61. 2 KLUYVER (A.J.) and Van NIEL (C.B.): Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1936, 94, 369-403.

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