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Family Spirochaetaceae

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Spirochaetaceae Swellengrebel 1907, familia.
Type genus: ¤ Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. Spirochaeta, type genus of the family; L. suff. -aceae, ending to denote a family; N.L. fem. pl. n. Spirochaetaceae, the Spirochaeta family.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SWELLENGREBEL (N.H.): Sur la cytologie comparée des spirochètes et des spirilles. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1907, 21, 562-586.

Note: In the paper by Swellengrebel 1907, the author proposes the new subfamily Spirochaetaceae [2è Sous-famille : SPIROCHAETACEAE (Nov. fam.)], not the new family Spirochaetaceae as cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.

Spirochaetaceae Swellengrebel 1907 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Abt et al. 2012 (authorship reads Abt, Göker, Kyrpides and Klenk).
Type genus: ¤ Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. Spirochaeta, type genus of the family; L. suff. -aceae, ending to denote a family; N.L. fem. pl. n. Spirochaetaceae, the Spirochaeta family.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 8-9. [ABT (B.), HAN (C.), SCHEUNER (C.), LU (M.), LAPIDUS (A.), NOLAN (M.), LUCAS (S.), HAMMON (N.), DESHPANDE (S.), CHENG (J.F.), TAPIA (R.), GOODWIN (L.A.), PITLUCK (S.), LIOLIOS (K.), PAGANI (I.), IVANOVA (N.), MAVROMATIS (K.), MIKHAILOVA (N.), HUNTEMANN (M.), PATI (A.), CHEN (A.), PALANIAPPAN (K.), LAND (M.), HAUSER (L.), BRAMBILLA (E.M.), ROHDE (M.), SPRING (S.), GRONOW (S.), GÖKER (M.), WOYKE (T.), BRISTOW (J.), EISEN (J.A.), MARKOWITZ (V.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.), KYRPIDES (N.C.), KLENK (H.P.) and DETTER (J.C.): Complete genome sequence of the termite hindgut bacterium Spirochaeta coccoides type strain (SPN1T), reclassification in the genus Sphaerochaeta as Sphaerochaeta coccoides comb. nov. and emendations of the family Spirochaetaceae and the genus Sphaerochaeta. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 6, 194-209.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Spirochaetaceae Swellengrebel 1907 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Abt, Göker, Kyrpides and Klenk 2012 emend. Gupta et al. 2014.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 156. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 693-696.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: GUPTA, R. S., MAHMOOD, S. and ADEOLU, M. 2013. A phylogenomic and molecular signature based approach for characterization of the phylum Spirochaetes and its major clades: proposal for a taxonomic revision of the phylum. Front. Microbiol., 4, 217.
Effective publication Online

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