Genus Spirillum

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 2
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Spirillum Ehrenberg 1832, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Spirillales Prévot 1940 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the family ¤ Spirillaceae Migula 1894 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Spirilleae Kluyver and van Niel 1936 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. spira, a spiral; N.L. dim. neut. n. Spirillum, a small spiral.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [EHRENBERG (C.G.): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organization der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung besonders in Sibirien. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1832, 1830, 1-88.]

Spirillum Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Podkopaeva et al. 2009.(Type genus of the order ¤ Spirillales Prévot 1940 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the family ¤ Spirillaceae Migula 1894 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Spirilleae Kluyver and van Niel 1936 [Approved Lists 1980]).

Type species: ¤ Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. spira, a spiral; N.L. dim. neut. n. Spirillum, a small spiral.
Reference: PODKOPAEVA (D.), GRABOVICH (M.), KUEVER (J.), LYSENKO (A.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.) and DUBININA (G.): Proposal of Spirillum winogradskyi sp. nov., a novel microaerophilic species, an emended description of the genus Spirillum and Request for an Opinion regarding the status of the species Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2916-2920.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Podkopaeva et al. 2009, the type strain of ¤ Spirillum volutans is not currently available. If a strain on which the original description was based cannot be found and if a neotype strain is not proposed [Rule 18c of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision)], the authors request that the Judicial Commission places the name ¤ Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved List 1980) on the list of rejected names and designates Spirillum winogradskii Podkopaeva et al. 2009 as a novel type species. The authors also suggest that the description of ¤ Spirillum winogradskii Podkopaeva et al. 2009 becomes the description of the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Podkopaeva et al. 2009.
Reference: PODKOPAEVA (D.), GRABOVICH (M.), KUEVER (J.), LYSENKO (A.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.) and DUBININA (G.): Proposal of Spirillum winogradskyi sp. nov., a novel microaerophilic species, an emended description of the genus Spirillum and Request for an Opinion regarding the status of the species Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2916-2920.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19554.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU585672.
Etymology: L. part. adj. volutans (from L. v. voluto, roll, turn, twist, or tumble about), tumbling about.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [EHRENBERG (C.G.): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung besonders in Siberien. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1832, 1830, 1-88.]

Notes:
1 The strain ATCC 19554 does not appear in the ATCC catalog.
2 According to Podkopaeva et al. 2009, the type strain of Spirillum volutans (the type species of the genus Spirillum) is not currently available. If a strain on which the original description was based cannot be found and if a neotype strain is not proposed [Rule 18c of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision)], the authors request that the the Judicial Commission places the name Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved List 1980) on the list of rejected names and designates ¤ Spirillum winogradskii Podkopaeva et al. 2009 as a novel type species. The authors also suggest that the description of ¤ Spirillum winogradskii Podkopaeva et al. 2009 becomes the description of the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg 1832 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Podkopaeva et al. 2009.
Reference: PODKOPAEVA (D.), GRABOVICH (M.), KUEVER (J.), LYSENKO (A.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.) and DUBININA (G.): Proposal of Spirillum winogradskyi sp. nov., a novel microaerophilic species, an emended description of the genus Spirillum and Request for an Opinion regarding the status of the species Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2916-2920.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Spirillum winogradskyi Podkopaeva et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D-427 = DSM 12756 = VKM B-2518.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY845251.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. winogradskyi, of Winogradsky, named after Sergey N. Winogradsky, a Russian microbiologist who made a great contribution to the study of chemolithoautotrophic micro-organisms.
Reference: PODKOPAEVA (D.), GRABOVICH (M.), KUEVER (J.), LYSENKO (A.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.) and DUBININA (G.): Proposal of Spirillum winogradskyi sp. nov., a novel microaerophilic species, an emended description of the genus Spirillum and Request for an Opinion regarding the status of the species Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2916-2920.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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