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Genus Sphingomonas

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 110
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Sphingomonadales Yabuuchi and Kosako 2006; type genus of the family ¤ Sphingomonadaceae Kosako et al. 2000).
Type species: ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx, and suff.-ine), sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. fem. n. monas, unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Sphingomonas, a sphingosine-containing monad.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YANO (I.), OYAIZU (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and YAMAMOTO (H.): Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol. 1990, 34, 99-119.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Comparative analysis of 16s rDNA sequences suggests that the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 is synonymous with Rhizomonas van Bruggen et al. 1990. If so, Rhizomonas has nomenclatural priority [Rule 24b (2)]. However, the name Rhizomonas is illegitimate (see: ¤ Rhizomonas van Bruggen et al. 1990).
Reference: YOUNG (J.M.), SADDLER (G.S.), TAKIKAWA (Y.), DE BOER (S.H.), VAUTERIN (L.), GARDAN (L.), GVOZDYAK (R.I.) and STEAD (D.E.): Names of plant pathogenic bacteria 1864-1995. Review of plant pathology, 1996, 75, 721-763.

Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1999.
Type species: ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx), and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. fem. n. monas, unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Sphingomonas, a sphingosine-containing monad.
References: Validation List no. 70, footnote ‡. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936. [YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), NAKA (T.), SUZUKI (S.) and YANO (I.): Proposal of Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen, Jochimsen and Brown 1990) comb. nov., Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) comb. nov., Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol., 1999, 43, 339-349.]
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 According to Yabuuchi et al. 1999, Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Blastomonas Sly and Cahill 1997.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), NAKA (T.), SUZUKI (S.) and YANO (I.): Proposal of Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen, Jochimsen and Brown 1990) comb. nov., Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) comb. nov., Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol., 1999, 43, 339-349.
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
2 According to Yabuuchi et al. 1999, Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Erythromonas Yurkov et al. 1997.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), NAKA (T.), SUZUKI (S.) and YANO (I.): Proposal of Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen, Jochimsen and Brown 1990) comb. nov., Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) comb. nov., Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol., 1999, 43, 339-349.
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Type species: ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx), and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. fem. n. monas, unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Sphingomonas, a sphingosine-containing monad.
Reference: TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 2002.
Type species: ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx), and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. fem. n. monas, unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Sphingomonas, a sphingosine-containing monad.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: On the basis of phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA sequences and polyamine profiles, Takeuchi et al. 2001 [1] proposed that the genus Sphingomonas be classified into four genera Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Takeuchi et al. 2001, ¤ Novosphingobium Takeuchi et al. 2001, ¤ Sphingobium Takeuchi et al. 2001 and ¤ Sphingopyxis Takeuchi et al. 2001. Yabuuchi et al. 2002 [2] found that there is no phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence to support a proposal to split the species into four genera. These authors concluded that the genus Sphingomonas should remain undivided at this time and that the species of genera ¤ Novosphingobium, ¤ Sphingobium and ¤ Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with ¤ Blastomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Hiraishi et al. 2000, should be treated as species of the genus Sphingomonas.
References:
1 TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article by Takeuchi et al. 2001 in IJSEM Online
2 YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article by Yabuuchi et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online

Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Busse et al. 2003.
Type species: ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx), and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. fem. n. monas, unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Sphingomonas, a sphingosine-containing monad.
Reference: BUSSE (H.J.), DENNER (E.B.M.), BUCZOLITS (S.), SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.), BENNASAR (A.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Sphingomonas aurantiaca sp. nov., Sphingomonas aerolata sp. nov. and Sphingomonas faeni sp. nov., air- and dustborne and Antarctic, orange-pigmented, psychrotolerant bacteria, and emended description of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1253-1260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Chen et al. 2012.
Type species: ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx), and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. fem. n. monas, unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Sphingomonas, a sphingosine-containing monad.
Reference: CHEN (H.), JOGLER (M.), ROHDE (M.), KLENK (H.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), TINDALL (B.J.), SPRÖER (C.) and OVERMANN (J.): Reclassification and emended description of Caulobacter leidyi as Sphingomonas leidyi comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2835-2843.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas abaci Busse et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C42 = DSM 15867 = LMG 21978.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ575817.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abaci, of a table, referring to the fact that the type strain was isolated from a treatment table.
Valid publication: BUSSE (H.J.), HAUSER (E.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Description of two novel species, Sphingomonas abaci sp. nov. and Sphingomonas panni sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2565-2569.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas adhaesiva Yabuuchi et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51229= CCUG 27290 = CCUG 27819 = CIP 106725 = DSM 7418 = GIFU 11458 = HAMBI 1860 = IFO (now NBRC) 15099 = JCM 7370 = LMG 10922.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13722.
Etymology: L. adhaereo, to adhere, stick to; L. fem. suff. -iva; L. suffix expressing the action of the verb as a quality or tendency; N.L. fem. adj. adhaesiva, intended to mean sticking to agar medium.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YANO (I.), OYAIZU (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and YAMAMOTO (H.): Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol. 1990, 34, 99-119.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas aerolata Busse et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NW12 = CCUG 48435 = DSM 14746 = LMG 21376.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429240.
Etymology: Gr. fem. n. aer, air; L. part. adj. latus, carried; N.L. part. adj. aerolata, airborne.
Valid publication: BUSSE (H.J.), DENNER (E.B.M.), BUCZOLITS (S.), SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.), BENNASAR (A.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Sphingomonas aurantiaca sp. nov., Sphingomonas aerolata sp. nov. and Sphingomonas faeni sp. nov., air- and dustborne and Antarctic, orange-pigmented, psychrotolerant bacteria, and emended description of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1253-1260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas aerophila Kim et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5413J-26=KACC 16533=NBRC 108942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC735148.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: Gr. masc. n. aer, air; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on) friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj aerophila, air-loving.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: KIM, S.-J., MOON, J.-Y., LIM, J.-M., AHN, J.-H., WEON, H.-Y., AHN, T.-Y. and KWON, S.-W. 2014. Sphingomonas aerophila sp. nov. and Sphingomonas naasensis sp. nov., isolated from air and soil, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 926-932.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas aestuarii Roh et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K4 = DSM 19475 = KCTC 22050.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF660755.
Etymology: L. n. aestuarium, part of the coast that overflows with seawater during a flood-tide and is left covered with mud or slime at ebb-tide, a tidal flat; L. gen. n. aestuarii, of a tidal flat.
Valid publication: ROH (S.W.), KIM (K.H.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (M.S.), OH (H.M.) and BAE (J.W.): Sphingomonas aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1359-1363.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas alaskensis Vancanneyt et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RB2256 = CCUG 45028 = CIP 106977 = DSM 13593 = LMG 18877.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z73631.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. alaskensis, pertaining to Alaska.
Valid publication: VANCANNEYT (M.), SCHUT (F.), SNAUWAERT (C.), GORIS (J.), SWINGS (J.) and GOTTSCHAL (J.C.): Sphingomonas alaskensis sp. nov., a dominant bacterium from a marine oligotrophic environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 73-79.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingopyxis alaskensis (Vancanneyt et al. 2001) Godoy et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Sphingomonas alpina Margesin et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S8-3 = DSM 22537 = LMG 26055.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ161989.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. alpina, of or pertaining to the Alps, Alpine, referring to the isolation of this strain from an alpine environment.
Valid publication: MARGESIN (R.), ZHANG (D.C.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Sphingomonas alpina sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from alpine soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1558-1563.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas aquatilis Lee et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JSS7 = CCUG 48825 = DSM 15581 = IFO (now NBRC) 16722 = JCM 11455 = KCCM 41067 = KCTC 2881.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF131295.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. aquatilis, living, growing, or found, in or near water, aquatic.
Valid publication: LEE (J.S.), SHIN (Y.K.), YOON (J.H.), TAKEUCHI (M.), PYUN (Y.R.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sphingomonas aquatilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas koreensis sp. nov. and Sphingomonas taejonensis sp. nov., yellow-pigmented bacteria isolated from natural mineral water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1491-1498.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In IJSEM, the author name Shin, Y. K. is erroneously cited as Kook Shin, Y. (see: Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, VI).
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 30, 2003).
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingomonas aquatilis Lee et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas arantia Jia et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 6P=CGMCC 1.12702=JCM 19855.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF876174.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 168. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1603-1606.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Jia, L., Zheng, Z., Feng, X., Nogi, Y., Yang, A., Zhang, Y., Han, L., Lu, Z. and Lv, J. 2015. Sphingomonas arantia sp. nov., isolated from Hoh Xil basin, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 108, 1341-1347.
Effective publication Online
Note: The name must not be considered an orthographic variant of Sphingomonas aurantiaca.

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Sphingomonas aromaticivorans Balkwill et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F199 = ATCC 700278= CIP 105152 = DSM 12444 = HAMBI 2257 = IFO (now NBRC) 16084 = SMCC F199.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000248.
Etymology: L. adj. aromaticus, aromatic, fragrant; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. aromaticivorans, devouring aromatic (compounds).
Valid publication: BALKWILL (D.L.), DRAKE (G.R.), REEVES (R.H.), FREDRICKSON (J.K.), WHITE (D.C.), RINGELBERG (D.B.), CHANDLER (D.P.), ROMINE (M.F.), KENNEDY (D.W.) and SPADONI (C.M.): Taxonomic study of aromatic-degrading bacteria from deep-terrestrial-subsurface sediments and description of Sphingomonas aromaticivorans sp. nov., Sphingomonas subterranea sp. nov., and Sphingomonas stygia sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 191-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Novosphingobium aromaticivorans corrig. (Balkwill et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas aromaticivorans Balkwill et al. 1997.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas aromaticivorans Balkwill et al. 1997 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium aromaticivorans corrig. (Balkwill et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas asaccharolytica Takeuchi et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y-345 = ATCC 51839= DSM 10564 = HAMBI 2139 = IFO (now NBRC) 15499 = JCM 21229 = LMG 17539.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09639.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. asaccharolytica, not digesting sugar.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.), YANAGI (M.), YAMASATO (K.), HAMANA (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 334-341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas astaxanthinifaciens Asker et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TDMA-17 = CCUG 53608 = NBRC 102146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB277583.
Etymology: N.L. n. astaxanthinum, astaxanthin; L. part. adj. faciens, making, producing; N.L. part. adj. astaxanthinifaciens, astaxanthin-producing.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 122. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1511-1512.
Effective publication: ASKER (D.), BEPPU (T.) and UEDA (K.): Sphingomonas astaxanthinifaciens sp. nov., a novel astaxanthin-producing bacterium of the family Sphingomonadaceae isolated from Misasa, Tottori, Japan. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2007, 273, 140-148.
Validation List no. 122 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas aurantiaca Busse et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MA101b = DSM 14748 = LMG 21377.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429236.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. aurantiaca, orange-coloured.
Valid publication: BUSSE (H.J.), DENNER (E.B.M.), BUCZOLITS (S.), SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.), BENNASAR (A.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Sphingomonas aurantiaca sp. nov., Sphingomonas aerolata sp. nov. and Sphingomonas faeni sp. nov., air- and dustborne and Antarctic, orange-pigmented, psychrotolerant bacteria, and emended description of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1253-1260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas azotifigens Xie and Yokota 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y39 = CCTCC AB205007 = IAM 15283 = JCM 21734 = NBRC 15497.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB033947.
Etymology: N.L. n. azotum [from Fr. n. azote (from Gr. prep. a, not; Gr. n. zôê, life; N.Gr. n. azôê, not sustaining life)], nitrogen; L. part. figens (from L. v. figo), fixing; N.L. part. adj. azotifigens, nitrogen fixing.
Valid publication: XIE (C.H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Sphingomonas azotifigens sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from the roots of Oryza sativa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 889-893.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas canadensis Abraham et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FWC47=LMG 27141=CCUG 62982.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE974351.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. canadensis, of or pertaining to Canada.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: ABRAHAM, W.-R., ESTRELA, A. B., ROHDE, M., SMIT, J. and VANCANNEYT, M. 2013. Prosthecate sphingomonads: proposal of Sphingomonas canadensis sp. nov.. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3214-3219.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas capsulata (Leifson 1962) Yabuuchi et al. 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14666= CCUG 17697 = CCUG 31202 = CIP 82.103 = DSM 30196 = GIFU 11526 = HAMBI 103 = IFO (now NBRC) 12533 = JCM 7508 = JCM 7452 = LMG 2830 = VKM B-1564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16147.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium capsulatum Leifson 1962 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. capsula, a small box or chest; L. fem. suff. -ata, suffix denoting provided with; N.L. fem. adj. capsulata, with a chest, capsuled.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YANO (I.), OYAIZU (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and YAMAMOTO (H.): Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol. 1990, 34, 99-119.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Novosphingobium capsulatum (Leifson 1962) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas capsulata (Leifson 1962) Yabuuchi et al. 1990.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas capsulata (Leifson 1962) Yabuuchi et al. 1990 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium capsulatum (Leifson 1962) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas changbaiensis Zhang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) V2M44 = CGMCC 1.7057 = NBRC 104936.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU682685.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. changbaiensis, pertaining to the Changbai mountains, in the north-east of China, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHANG (J.Y.), LIU (X.Y.) and LIU (S.J.): Sphingomonas changbaiensis sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 790-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas chlorophenolica Nohynek et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33790= CIP 104885 = DSM 7098 = IFO (now NBRC) 16172 = JCM 10275 = LMG 17771.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87161.
Etymology: N.L.  n. chlorophenol, chlorophenol; L. fem. suff. -ica, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to;  N.L. fem. adj. chlorophenolica, relating to chlorophenols.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Effective publication: NOHYNEK (L.J.), SUHONEN (E.L.), NURMIAHO-LASSILA (E.L.), HANTULA (J.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.): Description of four pentachlorophenol-degrading bacterial strains as Sphingomonas chlorophenolica sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 527-538.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Sphingobium chlorophenolicum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas chlorophenolica Nohynek et al. 1996.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas chlorophenolica Nohynek et al. 1996 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Sphingobium chlorophenolicum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas chungbukensis Kim et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DJ77 = IMSNU 11152 = JCM 11454 = KCTC 2955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF159257.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. chungbukensis, named after Chungbuk National University.
Valid publication: KIM (S.J.), CHUN (J.), BAE (K.S.) and KIM (Y.C.): Polyphasic assignment of an aromatic-degrading Pseudomonas sp., strain DJ77, in the genus Sphingomonas as Sphingomonas chungbukensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1641-1647.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobium chungbukense (Kim et al. 2000) Pal et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Sphingomonas cloacae Fujii et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S-3 = CIP 107076 = DSM 14926 = IAM 14885 = JCM 10874 = NBRC 102517.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB040739.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cloacae, of a sewer, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: FUJII (K.), URANO (N.), USHIO (H.), SATOMI (M.) and KIMURA (S.): Sphingomonas cloacae sp. nov., a nonylphenol-degrading bacterium isolated from wastewater of a sewage-treatment plant in Tokyo. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 603-610.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingomonas cloacae Fujii et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobium cloacae (Fujii et al. 2001) Prakash and Lal 2006, comb. nov.

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Sphingomonas cynarae Talà et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SPC-1 = ITEM 13494 = JCM 17498.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ439186.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cynarae, of Cynara, referring to the source of isolation Cynara cardunculus L. var. sylvestris (Lamk) Fiori (wild cardoon).
Valid publication: TALÀ (A.), LENUCCI (M.), GABALLO (A.), DURANTE (M.), TREDICI (S.M.), DEBOWLES (D.A.), PIZZOLANTE (G.), MARCUCCIO (C.), CARATA (E.), PIRO (G.), CARPITA (N.C.), MITA (G.) and ALIFANO (P.): Sphingomonas cynarae sp. nov., a proteobacterium that produces an unusual type of sphingan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 72-79.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas daechungensis Huy et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CH15-11=KCTC 23718=JCM 17887.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ772481.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. daechungensis, pertaining to Daechung Reservoir where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: HUY, H., JIN, L., LEE, K. C., KIM, S.-G., LEE, J.-S., AHN, C.-Y. and OH, H.-M. 2014. Sphingomonas daechungensis sp. nov., isolated from sediment of a eutrophic reservoir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1412-1418.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas desiccabilis Reddy and Garcia-Pichel 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CP1D = ATCC BAA-1041 = DSM 16792.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ871435.
Etymology: L. v. desiccare, to dry up; L. suffix -abilis, adjectival suffix expressing passive qualities; N.L. fem. adj. desiccabilis, able to be dried, desiccable.
Valid publication: REDDY (G.S.N.) and GARCIA-PICHEL (F.): Sphingomonas mucosissima sp. nov. and Sphingomonas desiccabilis sp. nov., from biological soil crusts in the Colorado Plateau, USA. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1028-1034.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas dokdonensis Yoon et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS-4 = CIP 108841 = KCTC 12541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ178975.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. dokdonensis, of Dokdo, Korea, where the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (M.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (S.Y.) and OH (T.K.): Sphingomonas dokdonensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2165-2169.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas echinoides (Heumann 1962) Denner et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14820= CCUG 2870 = CIP 103301 = DSM 50409 = DSM 1805 = ICPB 2835 = IFO (now NBRC) 15742 = LMG 7462 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9420 = NRRL B-3126.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021370.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas echinoides Heumann 1962 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. echinos, hedgehog, sea-urchin; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. -eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. fem. adj. echinoides, prickly, like a hedgehog or a sea-urchin; intended to mean spiny shaped.
Valid publication: DENNER (E.B.M.), KÄMPFER (P.), BUSSE (H.J.) and MOORE (E.R.B.): Reclassification of Pseudomonas echinoides Heumann 1962, 343AL, in the genus Sphingomonas as Sphingomonas echinoides comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1103-1109.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Denner et al. 1999, the type strain ICPB 2835 is erroneously cted as ICBP 2835.

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Sphingomonas endophytica Huang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 65583 = CCTCC AA 209035 = JCM 17394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM629444.
Etymology: Gr. pref. endo, within; Gr. n. phuton, plant; L. fem. suff. -ica, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. endophytica, within plant, pertaining to the original isolation from plant tissues.
Valid publication: HUANG (H.Y.), LI (J.), ZHAO (G.Z.), ZHU (W.Y.), YANG (L.L.), TANG (H.Y.), XU (L.H.) and LI (W.J.): Sphingomonas endophytica sp. nov., isolated from Artemisia annua L. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1576-1580.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas faeni Busse et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MA-olki = DSM 14747 = LMG 21379.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429239.
Etymology: L. gen. n. faeni, of hay.
Valid publication: BUSSE (H.J.), DENNER (E.B.M.), BUCZOLITS (S.), SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.), BENNASAR (A.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Sphingomonas aurantiaca sp. nov., Sphingomonas aerolata sp. nov. and Sphingomonas faeni sp. nov., air- and dustborne and Antarctic, orange-pigmented, psychrotolerant bacteria, and emended description of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1253-1260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas faucium Liu et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E62-3=KCTC 42834=CCTCC AB 2015300.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU179043.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. pl. n. fauces, a canyon; L. pl. gen. n. faucium, of a canyon.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LIU, D., JIN, X., SUN, X., SONG, Y., FENG, L., WANG, G. and LI, M. 2016. Sphingomonas faucium sp. nov., isolated from canyon soil Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2847-2852.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas fennica Wittich et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K101 = CCUG 53462 = DSM 13665.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ009706.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. fennica, pertaining to Finland, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: WITTICH (R.M.), BUSSE (H.J.), KÄMPFER (P.), MACEDO (A.J.), TIIROLA (M.), WIESER (M.) and ABRAHAM (W.R.): Sphingomonas fennica sp. nov. and Sphingomonas haloaromaticamans sp. nov., outliers of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1740-1746.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas flava Du et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-MM5=CCTCC AB 2014320=KACC 18277.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM658502.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. flavus, yellow, referring to the color of the colonies on R2A agar.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 166. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 3763-3767.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Du, J., Singh, H., Won, K., Yang, J.-E., Akter, S., Jin, F.-X. and Yi, T.-H. 2015. Sphingomonas flavus sp. nov. isolated from road soil. Arch. Microbiol. 197, 883-888.
Effective publication Online
Note: Etymology corrected on validation.

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Sphingomonas fonticola Sheu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TNR-2=BCRC 80539=LMG 27384=KCTC 32258.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF544321.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. masc. n. fons, fontis a spring, fountain; L. suff. -cola, from L. masc. or fem. n. incola, an inhabitant of a place, a resident; N.L. n. fonticola, an inhabitant of a fountain or spring.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: SHEU, S. Y., CHEN, Y. L. and CHEN, W. M. 2015. Sphingomonas fonticola sp. nov., isolated from spring water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4495-4502.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas formosensis Lin et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-Nfb-2 = BCRC 80272 = DSM 24164.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM193517.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. formosensis, of or pertaining to Formosa (Taiwan), the beautiful island.
Valid publication: LIN (S.Y.), SHEN (F.T.), LAI (W.A.), ZHU (Z.L.), CHEN (W.M.), CHOU (J.H.), LIN (Z.Y.) and YOUNG (C.C.): Sphingomonas formosensis sp. nov., a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from agricultural soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1581-1586.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas gei Zhu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZFGT-11=CCTCC AB 2013306=KCTC 32449=LMG 27608.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF551181.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gei, of the plant genus Geum.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: ZHU, L., SI, M., LI, C., XIN, K., CHEN, C., SHI, X., HUANG, R., ZHAO, L., SHEN, X. and ZHANG, L. 2015. Sphingomonas gei sp. nov., isolated from roots of Geum aleppicum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1160-1166.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas gimensis Feng et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 9PNM-6=CGMCC 1.12671=DSM 27569 .
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ608327.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 160. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 3603-3606.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: FENG, G.-D., YANG, S.-Z., WANG, Y.-H., ZHAO, G.-Z., DENG, M.-R. and ZHU, H.-H. 2014. Sphingomonas gimensis sp. nov., a novel Gram-negative bacterium isolated from abandoned lead-zinc ore mine. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 105, 1091-1097.
Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas ginsengisoli An et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gsoil 634 = DSM 18094 = KCTC 12630 = LMG 23739.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245347.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field.
Valid publication: AN (D.S.), LIU (Q.M.), LEE (H.G.), JUNG (M.S.), KIM (S.C.), LEE (S.T.) and IM (W.T.): Sphingomonas ginsengisoli sp. nov. and Sphingomonas sediminicola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 496-501.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas ginsenosidimutans Choi et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gsoil 1429 = JCM 17074 = KACC 14949 = LMG 25799.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM204925.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsenosidum, ginsenoside; L. part. adj. mutans, transforming, converting; N.L. part. adj. ginsenosidimutans, ginsenoside-converting.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 142. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2563-2565.
Effective publication: CHOI (T.E.), LIU (Q.M.), YANG (J.E.), SUN (S.), KIM (S.Y.), YI (T.H.) and IM (W.T.): Sphingomonas ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., with ginsenoside converting activity. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 760-766.
Validation List no. 142 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas glacialis Zhang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C16y = CGMCC 1.8957 = CIP 110131 = DSM 22294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ253122.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. glacialis, icy, frozen, full of ice, referring to the frozen, icy environment from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHANG (D.C.), BUSSE (H.J.), LIU (H.C.), ZHOU (Y.G.), SCHINNER (F.) and MARGESIN (R.): Sphingomonas glacialis sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from alpine glacier cryoconite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 587-591.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain of Sphingomonas glacialis is CIP 110131, as given in the abstract, not CIP 11013, as given in the description of the species.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1235.
Erratum in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Zhang et al. 2011, the eymology of the specific epithet is erroneously cited as follows: L. fem. adj. glacialis referring to the frozen, icy environment from which the type strain was isolated.

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Sphingomonas guangdongensis Feng et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 9NM-8=GIMCC 1.653=CGMCC 1.12672=DSM 27570.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ608326.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. guangdongensis, pertaining to Guangdong, a province of south China.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: FENG, G.-D., YANG, S.-Z., WANG, Y.-H., ZHANG, X.-X., ZHAO, G.-Z., DENG, M.-R. and ZHU, H.-H. 2014. Description of a Gram-negative bacterium, Sphingomonas guangdongensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1697-1702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas haloaromaticamans Wittich et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A175 = CCUG 53463 = DSM 13477.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94101.
Etymology: N.L. n. haloaromaticum, haloaromatic, class of chemical compound; L. part. adj. amans, loving; N.L. part. adj. haloaromaticamans, loving haloaromatics.
Valid publication: WITTICH (R.M.), BUSSE (H.J.), KÄMPFER (P.), MACEDO (A.J.), TIIROLA (M.), WIESER (M.) and ABRAHAM (W.R.): Sphingomonas fennica sp. nov. and Sphingomonas haloaromaticamans sp. nov., outliers of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1740-1746.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas hankookensis Yoon et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ODN7 = CCUG 57509 = KCTC 22579.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ194436.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. hankookensis, of Hankook, the Korean name for South Korea from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), PARK (S.), KANG (S.J.), KIM (W.) and OH (T.K.): Sphingomonas hankookensis sp. nov., isolated from wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2788-2793.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas hengshuiensis Wei et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WHSC-8=KCTC 42455=CCTCC AB 2015265.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC118516.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. hengshuiensis, of or belonging to Hengshui University in China.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: WEI, S., WANG, T., LIU, H., ZHANG, C., GUO, J., WANG, Q., LIANG, K. and ZHANG, Z. 2015. Sphingomonas hengshuiensis sp. nov., isolated from lake wetland. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4644-4649.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas herbicidovorans Zipper et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MH = CIP 106705 = ATCC 700291= DSM 11019 = IFO (now NBRC) 16415 = LMG 18315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB022428.
Etymology: L. n. herba, an herb; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. herbicidovorans, herbicide-devouring, referring to its ability to utilize herbicides as a sole source of carbon and energy.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602.
Effective publication: ZIPPER (C.), NICKEL (K.), ANGST (W.) and KOHLER (H.P.E.): Complete microbial degradation of both enantiomers of the chiral herbicide mecoprop [(RS)-2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acid in an enantioselective manner by Sphingomonas herbicidovorans sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1996, 62, 4318-4322.]
Validation List no. 61 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Sphingobium herbicidovorans (Zipper et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas herbicidovorans Zipper et al. 1997.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas herbicidovorans Zipper et al. 1997 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Sphingobium herbicidovorans (Zipper et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas histidinilytica Nigam et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UM2 = CCM 7545 = MTCC 9473.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF530202.
Etymology: N.L. n. histidinum, histidine; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. histidinilytica, histidine-dissolving.
Valid publication: NIGAM (A.), JIT (S.) and LAL (R.): Sphingomonas histidinilytica sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1038-1043.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas hylomeconis Akbar et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GZJT-2=CCTCC AB 2013304=KCTC 42739.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF551120.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hylomeconis, of the plant genus Hylomecon.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: AKBAR, A., CHEN, C., ZHU, L., XIN, K., CHENG, J., YANG, Q., ZHAO, L., ZHANG, L. and SHEN, X. 2015. Sphingomonas hylomeconis sp. nov., isolated from the stem of Hylomecon japonica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4025-4031.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas indica Niharika et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Dd16 = CCM 7882 = DSM 25434.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ449390.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. indica, of India, the origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: NIHARIKA (N.), JINDAL (S.), KAUR (J.) and LAL (R.): Sphingomonas indica sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2997-3002.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas insulae Yoon et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS-28 = JCM 14603 = KCTC 12872.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF363714.
Etymology: L. gen. n. insulae, of an island, referring to the source of isolation of the type strain.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (S.Y.) and OH (T.K.): Sphingomonas insulae sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 231-236.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas japonica Romanenko et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KC7 = JCM 15438 = KMM 3038 = NRIC 0738.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB428568.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. japonica, Japanese, pertaining to the Sea of Japan, the place from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ROMANENKO (L.A.), TANAKA (N.), FROLOVA (G.M.) and MIKHAILOV (V.V.): Sphingomonas japonica sp. nov., isolated from the marine crustacean Paralithodes camtschatica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1179-1182.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas jaspsi Asker et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TDMA-16 = CCUG 53607 = DSM 18422 = NBRC 102120.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB264131.
Etymology: N.L. n. jaspsum, arbitrary name derived from the acronym JSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science); N.L. gen. n. jaspsi, of JSPS, the organization that supported this study.
Valid publication: ASKER (D.), BEPPU (T.) and UEDA (K.): Sphingomonas jaspsi sp. nov., a novel carotenoid-producing bacterium isolated from Misasa, Tottori, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1435-1441.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas jejuensis Park et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MS-31 = KCTC 23321 = NBRC 107775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ224549.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jejuensis, of or belonging to Jeju Island in the Republic of Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 143. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1-4.
Effective publication: PARK (S.), YOKOTA (A.), ITOH (T.) and PARK (J.S.): Sphingomonas jejuensis sp. nov., isolated from marine sponge Hymeniacidon flavia. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 238-242.
Validation List no. 143 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas jinjuensis Chung et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YC6723 = DSM 21457 = KCTC 22477.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU707561.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jinjuensis, of or belonging to the Jinju Region of Korea, from where the type strain was found.
Valid publication: CHUNG (E.J.), JO (E.J.), YOON (H.S.), SONG (G.C.), JEON (C.O.) and CHUNG (Y.R.): Sphingomonas oryziterrae sp. nov. and Sphingomonas jinjuensis sp. nov. isolated from rhizosphere soil of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2389-2394.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas kaistensis Kim et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PB56 = DSM 16846 = KCTC 12334.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY769083.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. kaistensis, of or pertaining to the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST).
Valid publication: KIM (M.K.), SCHUBERT (K.), IM (W.T.), KIM (K.H.), LEE (S.T.) and OVERMANN (J.): Sphingomonas kaistensis sp. nov., a novel alphaproteobacterium containing pufLM genes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1527-1534.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas koreensis Lee et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JSS26 = DSM 15582 = IFO (now NBRC) 16723 = JCM 11456 = KCCM 41069 = KCTC 2882.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF131296.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. koreensis, pertaining to Korea, where the new organisms were isolated.
Valid publication: LEE (J.S.), SHIN (Y.K.), YOON (J.H.), TAKEUCHI (M.), PYUN (Y.R.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sphingomonas aquatilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas koreensis sp. nov. and Sphingomonas taejonensis sp. nov., yellow-pigmented bacteria isolated from natural mineral water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1491-1498.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In IJSEM, the author name Shin, Y. K. is erroneously cited as Kook Shin, Y. (see: Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, VI).
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 30, 2003).
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingomonas koreensis Lee et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas kyeonggiensis Son et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-DT81=JCM 18825=KACC 17173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC252615.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. kyeonggiensis, from Kyeongg..
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 158. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 2184-2187.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: SON, H.-M., KOOK, M., TRAN, H. T., KIM, K.-Y., PARK, S.-Y., KIM, J.-H. and YI, T.-H. 2014. Sphingomonas kyeonggiense sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 105, 791-797.
Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas kyungheensis Son et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-B283=KACC 16224=LMG 26582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN196137.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. kyungheensis, of or belonging to Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea, where the type strain was characterized.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: SON, H.-M., YANG, J.-E., PARK, Y., HAN, C.-K., KIM, S.-G., KOOK, M. and YI, T.-H. 2013. Sphingomonas kyungheensis sp. nov., a bacterium with ginsenoside-converting activity isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3848-3853.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas lacus Kim et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PB304=KCTC 32458=CECT 8383.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF214258.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lacus, of a lake.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: KIM, J. H., KIM, S. H., KIM, K. H. and LEE, P. C. 2015. Sphingomonas lacus sp. nov., an astaxanthin-dideoxyglycoside-producing species isolated from soil near a pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2824-2830.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas laterariae Kaur et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LNB2 = CCM 7880 = DSM 25432 = MTCC 10873.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM159118.
Etymology: L. gen. n. laterariae, of a brick kiln.
Valid publication: KAUR (J.), KAUR (J.), NIHARIKA (N.) and LAL (R.): Sphingomonas laterariae sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated dump site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2891-2896.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas leidyi (Poindexter 1964) Chen et al. 2012, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15260= CIP 106443 = DSM 4733 = VKM B-1368.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ227812.
Basonym: ¤ Caulobacter leidyi corrig. Poindexter 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. leidyi, of Leidy, named for J. Leidy, who observed tufts of (bacterial) growth of fungi in insect guts in 1853.
Valid publication: CHEN (H.), JOGLER (M.), ROHDE (M.), KLENK (H.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), TINDALL (B.J.), SPRÖER (C.) and OVERMANN (J.): Reclassification and emended description of Caulobacter leidyi as Sphingomonas leidyi comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2835-2843.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas lutea Lee et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JS5=KCTC 23642=JCM 18309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF922305.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. fem. adj. lutea, yellow coloured.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: LEE, J. H., KIM, D. I., KANG, J. W. and SEONG, C. N. 2016. Sphingomonas lutea sp. nov., isolated from freshwater of an artificial reservoir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5493-5499.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas macrogolitabida corrig. Takeuchi et al. 1993. Illegitimate correction. See ¤ Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus.

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Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus Takeuchi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 203 = ATCC 51380= CIP 104196 = DSM 8826 = HAMBI 1841 = IFO (now NBRC) 15033 = JCM 10192 = LMG 17324.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13723.
Etymology: N.L. n. macrogol, a trade name for a polyethylene glycol product; L. adj. tabidus, dissolving; N.L. adj. macrogoltabidus, polyethylene glycol dissolving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865.
Effective publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), KAWAI (F.), SHIMADA (Y.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of polyethylene glycol-utilizing bacteria: emended description of the genus Sphingomonas and new descriptions of Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus sp. nov., Sphingomonas sanguis sp. nov., and Sphingomonas terrae sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1993, 16, 227-238.
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet macrogoltabidus (sic), has been corrected by Yabuuchi 2002 to macrogolitabida. [1]. However, this correction is forbidden by the Note for Rule 61 [2, 3] and the name Sphingomonas macrogolitabida Takeuchi et al. 1993 corrig. Yabuuchi 2002 is illegitimate.
References:
1 YABUUCHI (E.): Correction of the connecting vowel and gender of the specific epithet in the name Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus Takeuchi et al. 1993 to Sphingomonas macrogolitabida. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1039-1039.
Original article by Yabuuchi 2002 in IJSEM Online
2 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article by De Vos and Trüper 2000 in IJSEM Online
3 LABEDA (D.P.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14 and 17 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2245-2247.
Original article by Labeda 2000 in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida (Takeuchi et al. 1993) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus Takeuchi et al. 1993.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus Takeuchi et al. 1993 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida (Takeuchi et al. 1993) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas mali Takeuchi et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y-351 = ATCC 51840= DSM 10565 = HAMBI 2070 = IFO (now NBRC) 15500 = JCM 10193 = LMG 17331.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09638.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mali, of Malus (from L. n. malus, an apple-tree), the apple genus, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.), YANAGI (M.), YAMASATO (K.), HAMANA (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 334-341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain is designated as Y-347 (p. 335) or Y-351 (p. 341). According to Rule 33b note 2 the type strain should be Y-351.

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Sphingomonas melonis Buonaurio et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DAPP-PG 224 = DSM 14444 = LMG 19484.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB055863.
Etymology: L. n. melo -onis, melon; L. gen. n. melonis, of melon (Cucumis melo var. inodorus, Spanish melon), referring to the fruit of the plant for which the organism was pathogenic.
Valid publication: BUONAURIO (R.), STRAVATO (V.M.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), KOBAYASHI (K.), CAPPELLI (C.) and YABUUCHI (E.): Sphingomonas melonis sp. nov., a novel pathogen that causes brown spots on yellow Spanish melon fruits. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2081-2087.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas metalli Feng et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 9O-5=CGMCC 1.15330=KCTC 42759.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU053645.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. gen. n. metalli, of a mine, referring to the source of isolation.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: FENG, G. D., YANG, S. Z., XIONG, X., LI, H. P. and ZHU, H. H. 2016. Sphingomonas metalli sp. nov., isolated from an abandoned lead-zinc mine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2046-2051.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas molluscorum Romanenko et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) An 18 = CIP 109223 = JCM 14122 = KMM 3882 = NRIC 0685.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB248285.
Etymology: N.L. pl. n. Mollusca, a zoological phylum; N.L. gen. pl. n. molluscorum, of molluscs classified in the phylum Mollusca.
Valid publication: ROMANENKO (L.A.), UCHINO (M.), FROLOVA (G.M.), TANAKA (N.), KALINOVSKAYA (N.I.), LATYSHEV (N.) and MIKHAILOV (V.V.): Sphingomonas molluscorum sp. nov., a novel marine isolate with antimicrobial activity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 358-363.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas morindae Liu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NBD5=DSM 29151=KCTC 42183=CICC 10879.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ934256.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. morindae, pertaining to Morinda citrifolia (Noni), from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: LIU, Y., YAO, S., LEE, Y. J., CAO, Y., ZHAI, L., ZHANG, X., SU, J., GE, Y., KIM, S. G. and CHENG, C. 2015. Sphingomonas morindae sp. nov., isolated from Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) branch. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2817-2823.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas mucosissima Reddy and Garcia-Pichel 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CP173-2 = ATCC BAA-1239 = DSM 17494.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM229669.
Etymology: L. fem. superlative adj. mucosissima, slimiest, referring to the appearance of the strains.
Valid publication: REDDY (G.S.N.) and GARCIA-PICHEL (F.): Sphingomonas mucosissima sp. nov. and Sphingomonas desiccabilis sp. nov., from biological soil crusts in the Colorado Plateau, USA. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1028-1034.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas naasensis Kim et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KIS18-15=KACC 16534=NBRC 108943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC735149.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. naasensis, pertaining to NAAS, the acronym for the National Academy of Agricultural Science, where the taxonomic studies on the type strain were first performed.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: KIM, S.-J., MOON, J.-Y., LIM, J.-M., AHN, J.-H., WEON, H.-Y., AHN, T.-Y. and KWON, S.-W. 2014. Sphingomonas aerophila sp. nov. and Sphingomonas naasensis sp. nov., isolated from air and soil, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 926-932.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas naphthae Chaudhary and Kim 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DKC-5-1=KEMB 9005-380=KACC 18716=JCM 31294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU312690.
Etymology: Gr. n. naphtha, oil; N.L. gen. n. naphthae, of oil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: CHAUDHARY, D. K. and KIM, J. 2016. Sphingomonas naphthae sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4621-4627.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) Yabuuchi et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EY 4220 = ACM 2507 = ATCC 35951= CIP 106842 = DSM 3183 = HAMBI 2081 = IFO (now NBRC) 15649 = JCM 10396 = JCM 12333 = LMG 17322 = NCIMB 12085.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB024288.
Basonym: ¤ Blastobacter natatorius Sly 1985.
Other synonym: ¤ Blastomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) Sly and Cahill 1997.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. natatoria, of or belonging to a swimmer, that serves to swim with, natatory; intended to mean pertaining to a swimming place (pool).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), NAKA (T.), SUZUKI (S.) and YANO (I.): Proposal of Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen, Jochimsen and Brown 1990) comb. nov., Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) comb. nov., Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol., 1999, 43, 339-349.
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Blastomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) Sly and Cahill 1997 emend. Hiraishi et al. 2000.

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Sphingomonas oligoaromativorans Han et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SY-6=KACC 12948=NBRC 105508.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ434127.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, little, small; L. n. aroma, -atis, spice, aroma; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. oligoaromativorans, degrading a few aromatic compounds.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: HAN, S.-I., LEE, J.-C., OHTA, H. and WHANG, K.-S. 2014. Sphingomonas oligoaromativorans sp. nov., an oligotrophic bacterium isolated from a forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1679-1684.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas oligophenolica Ohta et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S213 = CIP 107926 = JCM 12082.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB018439.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, little, scanty; N.L. n. phenol, phenol; L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used in adjectives with the sense of belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. oligophenolica, relating to small amounts of phenolic compounds.
Valid publication: OHTA (H.), HATTORI (R.), USHIBA (Y.), MITSUI (H.), ITO (M.), WATANABE (H.), TONOSAKI (A.) and HATTORI (T.): Sphingomonas oligophenolica sp. nov., a halo- and organo-sensitive oligotrophic bacterium from paddy soil that degrades phenolic acids at low concentrations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2185-2190.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas oryziterrae Chung et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YC6722 = DSM 21455 = KCTC 22476.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU707560.
Etymology: L. n. oryza, rice; L. n. terra, earth, soil; N.L. gen. n. oryziterrae, of rice soil or field, referring to the source of isolation of the type strain.
Valid publication: CHUNG (E.J.), JO (E.J.), YOON (H.S.), SONG (G.C.), JEON (C.O.) and CHUNG (Y.R.): Sphingomonas oryziterrae sp. nov. and Sphingomonas jinjuensis sp. nov. isolated from rhizosphere soil of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2389-2394.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas panacis Singh et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY99= JCM 30806 = KCTC 42347.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM819014.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. panacis, of Panax ginseng, the host plant from which the type strain of this species was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 174. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67 (2017), 529-531.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: SINGH, P., KIM, Y. J., HOANG, V. A., FARH MEL, A. and YANG, D. C. 2016. Erratum to: Sphingomonas panacis sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere of rusty ginseng. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 109, 735-736.
Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas panaciterrae Sukweenadhi et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY91= JCM 30807 = KCTC 42346.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF915801.
Etymology: N/A.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 174. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67 (2017), 529-531.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: SUKWEENADHI, J., KIM, Y. J., KANG, C. H., FARH MEL, A., NGUYEN, N. L., HOANG, V. A., CHOI, E. S. and YANG, D. C. 2015. Sphingomonas panaciterrae sp. nov., a plant growth-promoting bacterium isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Arch. Microbiol., 197, 973-981.
Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas panni Busse et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C52 = DSM 15761 = LMG 21979.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ575818.
Etymology: L. gen. n. panni, of a piece of cloth, and by extension a wipe, referring to the fact that the type strain was isolated from a wipe.
Valid publication: BUSSE (H.J.), HAUSER (E.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Description of two novel species, Sphingomonas abaci sp. nov. and Sphingomonas panni sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2565-2569.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis Yabuuchi et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51231= CCUG 27291 = CIP 106724 = DSM 7463 = GIFU 11387 = HAMBI 1833 = IFO (now NBRC) 15100 = JCM 7510 = LMG 10923.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13724.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. fem. adj. paucimobilis, specific epithet of Sphingomonas paucimobilis; N.L. fem. adj. parapaucimobilis, like (Sphingomonaspaucimobilis.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YANO (I.), OYAIZU (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and YAMAMOTO (H.): Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol. 1990, 34, 99-119.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29837= CCUG 6518 = CCUG 31192 = CIP 100752 = DSM 1098 = GIFU 2395 = HAMBI 1744 = IFO (now NBRC) 13935 = JCM 7516 = LMG 1227 = NCAIM B.01654 = NCTC 11030.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U37337.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas paucimobilis Holmes et al. 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. paucus, few, little; L. adj. mobilis, movable, mobile; N.L. fem. adj. paucimobilis, intended to mean few motile cells.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YANO (I.), OYAIZU (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and YAMAMOTO (H.): Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol. 1990, 34, 99-119.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas phyllosphaerae Rivas et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FA2 = CECT 5832 = LMG 21958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY453855.
Etymology: Gr. neut. n. phullon, leaf; L. fem. n. sphaera, ball, sphere; N.L. fem. n. phyllosphaera, phyllosphere; N.L. gen. n. phyllosphaerae, of the phyllosphere.
Valid publication: RIVAS (R.), ABRIL (A.), TRUJILLO (M.E.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Sphingomonas phyllosphaerae sp. nov., from the phyllosphere of Acacia caven in Argentina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2147-2150.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas piscinae Chen et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LYH-20=BCRC 80911=LMG 29002=KCTC 42741.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LN864675.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. gen. n. piscinae, of a fish-pond.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: CHEN, W. M., LI, Y. S. and SHEU, S. Y. 2016. Sphingomonas piscinae sp. nov., isolated from a fish pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5301-5308.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas pituitosa Denner et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EDIV = CIP 106154 = DSM 13101 = JCM 21727 = NBRC 102491.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243751.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. pituitosa, full of phlegm, pituilous; intended to mean slimy.
Valid publication: DENNER (E.B.M.), PAUKNER (S.), KÄMPFER (P.), MOORE (E.R.B.), ABRAHAM (W.R.), BUSSE (H.J.), WANNER (G.) and LUBITZ (W.): Sphingomonas pituitosa sp. nov., an exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium that secretes an unusual type of sphingan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 827-841.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas polyaromaticivorans Luo et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B2-7 = JCM 16711 = KCCM 42951.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF467848.
Etymology: Gr. adj. polu, many; L. adj. aromaticus, aromatic, fragrant; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. polyaromaticivorans, devouring many aromatic (compounds).
Valid publication: LUO (Y.R.), TIAN (Y.), HUANG (X.), KWON (K.), YANG (S.H.), SEO (H.S.), KIM (S.J.) and ZHENG (T.L.): Sphingomonas polyaromaticivorans sp. nov., a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium from an oil port water sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1223-1227.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas prati Manandhar et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) W18RD=CGMCC 1.15645=DSM 103336.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU535675.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. gen. neut. n. prati, of a meadow.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: MANANDHAR, P., ZHANG, G., HU, Y., LAMA, A., GAO, F. and GU, Z. 2016. Sphingomonas prati sp. nov., isolated from alpine meadow soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4269-4275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas pruni Takeuchi et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y-250 = ATCC 51838= DSM 10566 = HAMBI 2069 = IFO (now NBRC) 15498 = JCM 10277 = LMG 18380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09637.
Etymology: L. n. prunus, a plum-tree, and also the genus of peach (Prunus); L. gen. n. pruni, of Prunus; intended to mean of peach (Prunus persica), the source of the organism.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.), YANAGI (M.), YAMASATO (K.), HAMANA (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 334-341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas pseudosanguinis Kämpfer et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G1-2 = CCUG 54232 = CIP 109431.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM412238.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; L. gen. n. sanguinis, of the blood; N.L. gen. n. pseudosanguinis, indicating that the strains are similar to Sphingomonas sanguinis.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), MEURER (U.), ESSER (M.), HIRSCH (T.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Sphingomonas pseudosanguinis sp. nov., isolated from the water reservoir of an air humidifier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1342-1345.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas psychrolutea Liu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MDB1-A=CGMCC 1.10106=NBRC 109639.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR258737.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psychros, cold; L. adj. luteus, orange–yellow; N.L. fem. adj. psychrolutea, cold and orange–yellow.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: LIU, Q., LIU, H. C., ZHANG, J. L., ZHOU, Y. G. and XIN, Y. H. 2015. Sphingomonas psychrolutea sp. nov., a psychrotolerant bacterium isolated from glacier ice. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2955-2959.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas qilianensis Piao et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) X1=CGMCC 1.15349=KCTC 42862.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT000387.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 170. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 2463-2466.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: PIAO, A.-L., FENG, X.-M., NOGI, Y., HAN, L., LI, Y., LV, J. 2016. Sphingomonas qilianensis sp. nov., isolated from surface soil in the permafrost region of Qilian Mountains, China. Curr Microbiol 72, 363-369.
Effective publication Online

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Sphingomonas rosa Takeuchi et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51837= DSM 7285 = HAMBI 2068 = IFO (now NBRC) 15208 = JCM 10276 = LMG 17328 = NCPPB 2661.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13945.
Etymology: L. n. rosa, the rose, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.), YANAGI (M.), YAMASATO (K.), HAMANA (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 334-341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Novosphingobium rosa corrig. (Takeuchi et al. 1995) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas rosa Takeuchi et al. 1995.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas rosa Takeuchi et al. 1995 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium rosa corrig. (Takeuchi et al. 1995) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas roseiflava corrig. Yun et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MK341 = CIP 106847 = CIP 106886 = IAM 14823 = JCM 21329.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D84520.
Etymology: L. adj. roseus, rose-colored, rosy; L. adj. flavus, yellow; N.L. fem. adj. roseiflava, rose-yellow.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 75. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1415-1417.
Effective publication: YUN (N.R.), SHIN (Y.K.), HWANG (S.Y.), KURAISHI (H.), SUGIYAMA (J.) and KAWAHARA (K.): Chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses of Sphingomonas strains isolated from ears of plants in the family Gramineae and a proposal of Sphingomonas roseoflava sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 46, 9-18.
Validation List no. 75 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The spelling of the specific epithet, roseoflava (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61 of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 75 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1415-1417.
Validation List no. 75 in IJSEM Online
2 In IJSEM, the author name Shin, Y. K. is erroneously cited as Kook Shin, Y. (see: Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, VI).
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 30, 2003).

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Sphingomonas rubra Huo et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BH3 = CGMCC 1.9113 = JCM 16230.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ834325.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. rubra, red.
Valid publication: HUO (Y.Y.), XU (X.W.), LIU (S.P.), CUI (H.L.), LI (X.) and WU (M.): Sphingomonas rubra sp. nov., isolated from bioreactor wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1028-1032.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas sanguinis corrig. Takeuchi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51382= CIP 104197 = DSM 13885 = GIFU 2397 = HAMBI 2010 = IFO (now NBRC) 13937 = JCM 7514 = LMG 17325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D84529.
Etymology: L. n. sanguis -inis, blood; L. gen. n. sanguinis, of the blood.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865.
Effective publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), KAWAI (F.), SHIMADA (Y.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of polyethylene glycol-utilizing bacteria: emended description of the genus Sphingomonas and new descriptions of Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus sp. nov., Sphingomonas sanguis sp. nov., and Sphingomonas terrae sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1993, 16, 227-238.
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sanguis (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas sanxanigenens Huang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NX02 = CGMCC 1.6417 = DSM 19645.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ789172.
Etymology: N.L. n. sanxanum, sanxan gum (an extracellular biopolymer); L. part. adj. genens (from L. v. genere to produce), producing; N.L. part. adj. sanxanigenens, sanxan gum-producing.
Valid publication: HUANG (H.D.), WANG (W.), MA (T.), LI (G.Q.), LIANG (F.L.) and LIU (R.L.): Sphingomonas sanxanigenens sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 719-723.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas sediminicola An et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Dae 20 = DSM 18106 = KCTC 12629 = LMG 23592.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB258386.
Etymology: L. n. sedimen -inis, sediment; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. sediminicola, sediment-dweller, referring to the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: AN (D.S.), LIU (Q.M.), LEE (H.G.), JUNG (M.S.), KIM (S.C.), LEE (S.T.) and IM (W.T.): Sphingomonas ginsengisoli sp. nov. and Sphingomonas sediminicola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 496-501.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas soli Yang et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T5-04 = IAM 15213 = JCM 21668 = KCTC 12210 = NBRC 100801.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB166883.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: YANG (D.C.), IM (W.T.), KIM (M.K.), OHTA (H.) and LEE (S.T.): Sphingomonas soli sp. nov., a beta-glucosidase-producing bacterium in the family Sphingomonadaceae in the alpha-4 subgroup of the Proteobacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 703-707.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas starnbergensis Chen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 382 = DSM 25077 = LMG 26763.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN591314.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. starnbergensis, of or pertaining to Lake Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany, from where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: CHEN (H.), JOGLER (M.), TINDALL (B.J.), KLENK (H.P.), ROHDE (M.), BUSSE (H.J.) and OVERMANN (J.): Sphingomonas starnbergensis sp. nov. isolated from a prealpine freshwater lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1017-1023.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas stygia Balkwill et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B0712 = ATCC 700280= CIP 105154 = DSM 12445 = IFO (now NBRC) 16085 = SMCC B0712.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB025013.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. stygia, pertaining to the underworld, subterranean.
Valid publication: BALKWILL (D.L.), DRAKE (G.R.), REEVES (R.H.), FREDRICKSON (J.K.), WHITE (D.C.), RINGELBERG (D.B.), CHANDLER (D.P.), ROMINE (M.F.), KENNEDY (D.W.) and SPADONI (C.M.): Taxonomic study of aromatic-degrading bacteria from deep-terrestrial-subsurface sediments and description of Sphingomonas aromaticivorans sp. nov., Sphingomonas subterranea sp. nov., and Sphingomonas stygia sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 191-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Novosphingobium stygium corrig. (Balkwill et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas stygia Balkwill et al. 1997.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas stygia Balkwill et al. 1997 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium stygium corrig. (Balkwill et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas subarctica Nohynek et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KF1 = CIP 105288 = DSM 10700 = HAMBI 2110 = IFO (now NBRC) 16058 = JCM 10398 = JCM 12332.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94102.
Etymology: L. prep. sub, under, below; L. adj. arcticus, northern, arctic; N.L. fem. adj. subarctica, below the arctic, subartic, because the organism was isolated from a subarctic area, Finland.
Valid publication: NOHYNEK (L.J.), NURMIAHO-LASSILA (E.L.), SUHONEN (E.L.), BUSSE (H.J.), MOHAMMADI (M.), HANTULA (J.), RAINEY (F.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.S.): Description of chlorophenol-degrading Pseudomonas sp. strains KF1T, KF3, and NKF1 as a new species of the genus Sphingomonas, Sphingomonas subarctica sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1042-1055.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Novosphingobium subarcticum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas subarctica Nohynek et al. 1996.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas subarctica Nohynek et al. 1996 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium subarcticum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Novosphingobium resinovorum (Delaporte and Daste 1956) Lim et al. 2007.

Note: According to Lim et al. 2007, Sphingomonas subarctica Nohynek et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium resinovorum (Delaporte and Daste 1956) Lim et al. 2007.
Reference: LIM (Y.W.), MOON (E.Y.) and CHUN (J.): Reclassification of Flavobacterium resinovorum Delaporte and Daste 1956 as Novosphingobium resinovorum comb. nov., with Novosphingobium subarcticum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001 as a later heterotypic synonym. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1906-1908.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen et al. 1990) Yabuuchi et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ca1 = EY 2404 = ATCC 49355= CIP 105429 = DSM 7465 = ICMP 12535 = IFO (now NBRC) 15211 = JCM 8521 = LMG 17323 = NCPPB 3629.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13737.
Basonym: ¤ Rhizomonas suberifaciens van Bruggen et al. 1990.
Etymology: L. n. suber -eris, cork; L. part. adj. faciens, making, producing; N.L. part. adj. suberifaciens, cork making.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), NAKA (T.), SUZUKI (S.) and YANO (I.): Proposal of Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen, Jochimsen and Brown 1990) comb. nov., Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) comb. nov., Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol., 1999, 43, 339-349.
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 On the Validation List no. 70 and in the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 49382.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1952.
2 The basonym ¤ Rhizomonas suberifaciens van Bruggen et al. 1990 is illegitimate because it is placed in an illegitimate genus (see: ¤ Rhizomonas). However, according to Rule 32b, the specific epithet (suberifaciens) is not rendered illegitimate. So, the combination Sphingomonas suberifaciens is a correct name and must be used because it is the single legitimate, validly published name.

¤ Sphingobium suberifaciens (van Bruggen et al. 1990) Chen et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Sphingomonas subterranea Balkwill et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B0478 = ATCC 700279= CIP 105153 = DSM 12447 = IFO (now NBRC) 16086 = SMCC B0478.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB025014.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. subterranea, underground, subterranean.
Valid publication: BALKWILL (D.L.), DRAKE (G.R.), REEVES (R.H.), FREDRICKSON (J.K.), WHITE (D.C.), RINGELBERG (D.B.), CHANDLER (D.P.), ROMINE (M.F.), KENNEDY (D.W.) and SPADONI (C.M.): Taxonomic study of aromatic-degrading bacteria from deep-terrestrial-subsurface sediments and description of Sphingomonas aromaticivorans sp. nov., Sphingomonas subterranea sp. nov., and Sphingomonas stygia sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 191-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Novosphingobium subterraneum corrig. (Balkwill et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas subterranea Balkwill et al. 1997.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas subterranea Balkwill et al. 1997 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Novosphingobium subterraneum corrig. (Balkwill et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas taejonensis Lee et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JSS54 = DSM 15583 = IFO (now NBRC) 16724 = JCM 11457 = KCCM 41068 = KCTC 2884.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF131297.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. taejonensis, referring to Taejon, Korea, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: LEE (J.S.), SHIN (Y.K.), YOON (J.H.), TAKEUCHI (M.), PYUN (Y.R.) and PARK (Y.H.): Sphingomonas aquatilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas koreensis sp. nov. and Sphingomonas taejonensis sp. nov., yellow-pigmented bacteria isolated from natural mineral water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1491-1498.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In IJSEM, the author name Shin, Y. K. is erroneously cited as Kook Shin, Y. (see: Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, VI).
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 30, 2003).
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingomonas taejonensis Lee et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingopyxis taejonensis (Lee et al. 2001) Pal et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Sphingomonas terrae Takeuchi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E-1-A = ATCC 51381= CIP 104198 = DSM 8831 = HAMBI 1834 = IFO (now NBRC) 15098 = JCM 10195 = LMG 17326.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13727.
Etymology: L. n. terra, earth; L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865.
Effective publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), KAWAI (F.), SHIMADA (Y.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of polyethylene glycol-utilizing bacteria: emended description of the genus Sphingomonas and new descriptions of Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus sp. nov., Sphingomonas sanguis sp. nov., and Sphingomonas terrae sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1993, 16, 227-238.
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Sphingopyxis terrae (Takeuchi et al. 1993) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas terrae Takeuchi et al. 1993.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas terrae Takeuchi et al. 1993 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Sphingopyxis terrae (Takeuchi et al. 1993) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas trueperi Kämpfer et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12417= CIP 105252 = DSM 7225 = IFO (now NBRC) 16157 = JCM 10278 = LMG 2142 = NBRC 100456 = NCIMB 9391.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97776.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. trueperi, of Trüper; named in honor of the German microbiologist Hans G. Trüper in recognition of his numerous contributions to the taxonomy of the Proteobacteria.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), DENNER (E.B.M.), MEYER (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Classification of "Pseudomonas azotocolligans" Anderson 1955, 132, in the genus Sphingomonas as Sphingomonas trueperi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 577-583.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sphingomonas trueperi Kämpfer et al. 1997 was previously known as "Pseudomonas azotocolligans" Anderson 1955. As it has been demonstrated that "Pseudomonas azotocolligans" lacks the ability to fix molecular nitrogen, Kämpfer et al. 1997 propose the name Sphingomonas trueperi.

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Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Yabuuchi et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KR-99 = EY 4250 = CIP 106843 = DSM 9006 = JCM 10397 = JCM 13370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB024289.
Basonym: ¤ Erythromonas ursincola Yurkov et al. 1997.
Etymology: L. n. ursus, bear; L. n. incola, inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. ursincola, intended top mean neighbor or compatriot of bears.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), NAKA (T.), SUZUKI (S.) and YANO (I.): Proposal of Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen, Jochimsen and Brown 1990) comb. nov., Sphingomonas natatoria (Sly 1985) comb. nov., Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol., 1999, 43, 339-349.
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Blastomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Hiraishi et al. 2000, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Yabuuchi et al. 1999.

Notes:
1 According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Yabuuchi et al. 1999 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Blastomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Hiraishi et al. 2000.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 2002, ¤ Blastomonas ursincola is sometimes cited as Blastobacter (sic) ursincola.

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Sphingomonas vulcanisoli Lee et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SN6-13=KCTC 42454=CECT 8804.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP859572.
Etymology: L. n. vulcanus, volcano; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. vulcanisoli, of volcanic soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LEE, K. C., KIM, K. K., KIM, J. S., KIM, D. S., KO, S. H., YANG, S. H., KIM, S. G. and LEE, J. S. 2015. Sphingomonas vulcanisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a lava forest Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3320-3325.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas wittichii Yabuuchi et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RW1 = EY 4224 = CCUG 31198 = DSM 6014 = JCM 10273 = SMUM 2128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021492.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. wittichii, of Wittich, referring to Rolf-Michael Wittich, the German bacteriologist who first isolated this potent metabolizer of dibenzo-p-dioxin from the water of the river Elbe and described the metabolism of the compound by this organism.
Valid publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YAMAMOTO (H.), TERAKUBO (S.), OKAMURA (N.), NAKA (T.), FUJIWARA (N.), KOBAYASHI (K.), KOSAKO (Y.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of Sphingomonas wittichii sp. nov. for strain RW1T, known as a dibenzo-p-dioxin-metabolizer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 281-292.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is mis-spelt in the title of the section "Description of Sphingomonas wittichi (sic) sp. nov." (see: page 289).

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Sphingomonas xenophaga Stolz et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BN6 = CIP 107206 = DSM 6383.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94098.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. xenophaga (from Gr. adj. xenos, foreign, and Gr. v. phagein to eat), eating foreign (xenobiotic) compounds.
Valid publication: STOLZ (A.), SCHMIDT-MAAG (C.), DENNER (E.B.M.), BUSSE (H.J.), EGLI (T.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Description of Sphingomonas xenophaga sp. nov. for strains BN6T and N,N which degrade xenobiotic aromatic compounds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 35-41.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobium xenophagum (Stolz et al. 2000) Pal et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Sphingomonas xinjiangensis An et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 10-1-84 = CCTCC AB 208035 = NRRL B-51332.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ754464.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. xinjiangensis, of or pertaining to Xinjiang, an autonomous region in north-west China, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: AN (H.), XU (M.), DAI (J.), WANG (Y.), CAI (F.), QI (H.), PENG (F.) and FANG (C.): Sphingomonas xinjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from desert sand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1865-1869.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas yabuuchiae Li et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1-18 = DSM 14562 = GTC 868 = JCM 11416.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB071955.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. yabuuchiae, of Yabuuchi, in honour of Eiko Yabuuchi, a Japanese bacteriologist, who proposed the genus name Sphingomonas.
Valid publication: LI (Y.), KAWAMURA (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), LIU (H.), HUANG (X.), KOBAYASHI (K.) and EZAKI (T.): Sphingomonas yabuuchiae sp. nov. and Brevundimonas nasdae sp. nov., isolated from the Russian space laboratory Mir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 819-825.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas yantingensis Huang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1007=DSM 27244=JCM 19201=CCTCC AB 2013146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX566547.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. yantingensis, pertaining to Yanting County in China, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: HUANG, J., HUANG, Z., ZHANG, Z.-D., HE, L.-Y. and SHENG, X.-F. 2014. Sphingomonas yantingensis sp. nov., a mineral-weathering bacterium isolated from purplish paddy soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1030-1034.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas yanoikuyae Yabuuchi et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51230= CCUG 28380 = CCUG 31205 = CIP 106726 = DSM 7462 = GIFU 9882 = HAMBI 1842 = IFO (now NBRC) 15102 = JCM 7371 = LMG 11252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13728.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. yanoikuyae, of Yano Ikuya, named in honor of Professor Ikuya Yano, the Japanese bacteriologist who first recognized the second major spot of alkaline-stable glycolipid (SGL-1', now known as galacturonosyl ceramide) on TLC.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), YANO (I.), OYAIZU (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and YAMAMOTO (H.): Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas. Microbiol. Immunol. 1990, 34, 99-119.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Sphingomonas yanoikuyae Yabuuchi et al. 1990.

Note: According to Yabuuchi et al. 2002, Sphingomonas yanoikuyae Yabuuchi et al. 1990 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas yunnanensis Zhang et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 003 = CCTCC AB 204064 = KCTC 12346.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY894691.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. yunnanensis, pertaining to Yunnan, a province of south-west China.
Valid publication: ZHANG (Y.Q.), CHEN (Y.G.), LI (W.J.), TIAN (X.P.), XU (L.H.) and JIANG (C.L.): Sphingomonas yunnanensis sp. nov., a novel Gram-negative bacterium from a contaminated plate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2361-2364.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas zeae Kämpfer et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JM-791=LMG 28739=CCM 8596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP999966.
Etymology: L. gen. n. zeae, of spelt, of Zea mays, referring to its isolation from the stem of corn (Zea mays).
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., BUSSE, H.-J., MCINROY, J. A. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Sphingomonas zeae sp. nov., isolated from the stem of Zea mays. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2542-2548.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingomonas zeicaulis Gao et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 541=CGMCC 1.15008=DSM 100587.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP172592.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. fem. n. zea, a kind of grain; Zea mays; L. masc. n. caulis, stem; N.L. gen. n. zeicaulis, of the stem of Zea mays.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: GAO, J. L., SUN, P., WANG, X. M., CHENG, S., LV, F., QIU, T. L., YUAN, M. and SUN, J. G. 2016. Sphingomonas zeicaulis sp. nov., an endophytic bacterium isolated from maize root. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3755-3760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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