Genus Sphingobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 32
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Sphingobacterium Yabuuchi et al. 1983, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Sphingobacteriales Kämpfer 2012; type genus of the family ¤ Sphingobacteriaceae Steyn et al. 1998).
Type species: ¤ Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx, and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod, and in biology a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Sphingobacterium, a sphingosine-containing bacterium.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KANEKO (T.), YANO (I.), MOSS (C.W.) and MIYOSHI (N.): Sphingobacterium gen. nov., Sphingobacterium spiritivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium multivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium mizutae sp. nov., and Flavobacterium indologenes sp. nov.: glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rods in CDC groups IIK-2 and IIb. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 580-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium Yabuuchi et al. 1983 emend. Wauters et al. 2012.
Type species: ¤ Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx, and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod, and in biology a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Sphingobacterium, a sphingosine-containing bacterium.
Reference: WAUTERS (G.), JANSSENS (M.), DE BAERE (T.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.) and DESCHAGHT (P.): Isolates belonging to CDC group II-i belong predominantly to Sphingobacterium mizutaii Yabuuchi et al. 1983: emended descriptions of S. mizutaii and of the genus Sphingobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2598-2601.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium alimentarium Schmidt et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WCC 4521 = DSM 22362 = LMG 25273.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN908502.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. alimentarium, pertaining to food.
Reference: SCHMIDT (V.S.J.), WENNING (M.) and SCHERER (S.): Sphingobacterium lactis sp. nov. and Sphingobacterium alimentarium sp. nov., isolated from raw milk and a dairy environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1506-1511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium anhuiense Wei et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CW 186 = CCTCC AB 207197 = KCTC 22209.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU364817.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. anhuiense, pertaining to Anhui, the province where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WEI (W.), ZHOU (Y.), WANG (X.), HUANG (X.) and LAI (R.): Sphingobacterium anhuiense sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2098-2101.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium antarcticum corrig. Shivaji et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4BY = ATCC 51969 = MTCC 675.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM448033.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. antarcticum, southern, pertaining to the Antarctic.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), RAY (M.K.), RAO (N.S.), SAISREE (L.), JAGANNADHAM (M.V.), KUMAR (G.S.), REDDY (G.S.N.) and BHARGAVA (P.M.): Sphingobacterium antarcticus sp. nov., a psychrotrophic bacterium from the soils of Schirmacher Oasis, Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 102-106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, antarcticus (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the genus ¤ Pedobacter (99.9% similarity against ¤ Pedobacter piscium).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

¤ Pedobacter antarcticus (corrig. Shivaji et al. 1992) Farfán et al. 2014, comb. nov.

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Sphingobacterium arenae Jiang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H-12=ACCC 05758=KCTC 32294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC193325.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arenae, of the sand, pertaining to the isolation source of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: JIANG, S., CHEN, M., SU, S., YANG, M., LI, A., ZHANG, C., LIN, M., ZHANG, W. and LUO, X. 2014. Sphingobacterium arenae sp. nov., isolated from sandy soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 248-253.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium bambusae Duan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IBFC2009 = CCTCC AB 209162 = KCTC 22814.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ339910.
Etymology: N.L. n. Bambusa, scientific name of bamboos; N.L. gen. n. bambusae, of Bambusa, of bamboo.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 134. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1477-1479 [DUAN (S.), LIU (Z.), FENG (X.), ZHENG (K.) and CHENG (L.): Sphingobacterium bambusae sp. nov., isolated from soil of bamboo plantation. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 693-698.]
Validation List no. 134 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the effective publication the etymology is erroneously cited as follows: L. gen. n. Bambusa, of/from bamboo.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 134 (footnote #). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1477-1479.
Validation List no. 134 in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium caeni Sun et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DC-8 = CCTCC AB 2012020 = KACC 16850.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JX046042.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caeni, of sludge.
Reference: SUN (L.N.), ZHANG (J.), CHEN (Q.), HE (J.) and LI (S.P.): Sphingobacterium caeni sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2260-2264.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium canadense Mehnaz et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: strain CR11 = LMG 23727 = NCCB 100125.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY787820.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. canadense, pertaining to Canada; referring to its isolation from Canada.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 119. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1-2. [MEHNAZ (S.), WESELOWSKI (B.) and LAZAROVITS (G.): Sphingobacterium canadense sp. nov., an isolate from corn roots. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 519-524.]
Validation List no. 119 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 119, Sphingobacterium canadense Mehnaz et al. 2008 is erroneously cited as Sphingobacterium canadense Menhaz et al. 2008.
Reference: ERRATUM:  Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 745.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium changzhouense Liu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N7=CCTCC AB 2012100=KACC 16854.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC843944.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. changzhouense, pertaining to Changzhou in Jiangsu Province, China, the city where the strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: LIU, H., ZHANG, J., CHEN, D., CAO, L., LU, P., WU, Z., YANG, F., LI, S. and HONG, Q. 2013. Sphingobacterium changzhouense sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from a rice field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4515-4518.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium cladoniae Lee et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain No.6 = JCM 16113 = KCTC 22613.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ868219.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cladoniae, of a Cladonia, the lichen that was the source of the type strain.
Reference: LEE (D.H.), HUR (J.S.) and KAHNG (H.Y.): Sphingobacterium cladoniae sp. nov., isolated from lichen, Cladonia sp., and emended description of Sphingobacterium siyangense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 755-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium composti Ten et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T5-12 = KCTC 12578 = LMG 23401.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB244764.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. composti, of compost.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TEN (L.N.), LIU (Q.M.), IM (W.T.), ASLAM (Z.) and LEE (S.T.): Sphingobacterium composti sp. nov., a novel DNase-producing bacterium isolated from compost. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2006, 16, 1728-1733.]
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online (PDF)

Note: Sphingobacterium composti Ten et al. 2007 has priority over ¤ Sphingobacterium composti Yoo et al. 2007.

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Sphingobacterium composti Yoo et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4M24 = DSM 18850 = KACC 11313.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF122436.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. composti, of compost.
Reference: YOO (S.H.), WEON (H.Y.), JANG (H.B.), KIM (B.Y.), KWON (S.W.), GO (S.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Sphingobacterium composti sp. nov., isolated from cotton-waste composts. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1590-1593.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sphingobacterium composti Yoo et al. 2007 is a later homonym of ¤ Sphingobacterium composti Ten et al. 2007.

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Sphingobacterium daejeonense Kim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TR6-04 = CCUG 52468 = KCTC 12579 = LMG 23402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB249372.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. daejeonense, pertaining to Daejeon, a city in Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KIM (K.H.), TEN (L.N.), LIU (Q.M.), IM (W.T.) and LEE (S.T.): Sphingobacterium daejeonense sp. nov., isolated from a compost sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2031-2036.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium daejeonense Kim et al. 2006 emend. Choi and Lee 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TR6-04 = CCUG 52468 = KCTC 12579 = LMG 23402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB249372.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. daejeonense, pertaining to Daejeon, a city in Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: CHOI (H.A.) and LEE (S.S.): Sphingobacterium kyonggiense sp. nov., isolated from chloroethene-contaminated soil, and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium daejeonense and Sphingobacterium mizutaii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2559-2564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium daejeonense Kim et al. 2006 emend. Xiao et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TR6-04 = CCUG 52468 = KCTC 12579 = LMG 23402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB249372.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. daejeonense, pertaining to Daejeon, a city in Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: XIAO (T.), HE (X.), CHENG (G.), KUANG (H.), MA (X.), YUSUP (K.), HAMDUN (M.), GULSIMAY (A.), FANG (C.) and RAHMAN (E.): Sphingobacterium hotanense sp. nov., isolated from soil of a Populus euphratica forest, and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium daejeonense and Sphingobacterium shayense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 815-820.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium detergens Marqués et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6.2S = CECT 7938 = LMG 26465.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN015213.
Etymology: L. v. detergere, to wipe off; L. part. adj. detergens, wiping off, modern meaning surfactant, named thus for being a good surfactant producer.
Reference: MARQUÉS (A.M.), BURGOS-DÍAZ (C.), ARANDA (F.J.), TERUEL (J.A.), MANRESA (À.), ORTIZ (A.) and FARFÁN (M.): Sphingobacterium detergens sp. nov., a surfactant-producing bacterium isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 3036-3041.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium faecium Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KS 0470 = CIP 104193 = IFO (now NBRC) 15299 = JCM 21820 = LMG 14022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438176.
Etymology: L. n. faex faecis, dregs; L. gen. pl.. n. faecium, of feces.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865. [TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.]
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingobacterium ginsenosidimutans Son et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG 07=JCM 16722=KACC 14526.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU138378.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsenosidum, ginsenoside; L. part. adj. mutans, transforming, converting; N.L. part. adj. ginsenosidimutans, ginsenoside-converting.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: SON, H.-M., YANG, J.-E., KOOK, M.-C., SHIN, H.-S., PARK, S.-Y., LEE, D-.G. and YI, T.-H. 2013. Sphingobacterium ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., a bacterium with ginsenoside-converting activity isolated from the soil of a ginseng field. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 59, 345-352]
Effective publication Online

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Sphingobacterium heparinum (Payza and Korn 1956) Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13125 = CCUG 12810 = CIP 104194 = CIP 105498 = DSM 2366 = IFO (now NBRC) 12017 = JCM 7457 = LMG 4024 = LMG 10339 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9290 = NRRL B-14731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001681 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium heparinum Payza and Korn 1956 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Cytophaga heparina (Payza and Korn 1956) Christensen 1980.
Etymology: Gr. n. hêpar, liver; N.L. neut. adj. heparinum, of or pertaining to degradation of heparin, acidic mucoheteropolysaccharide with sulfate groups from various animal tissues.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865. [TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.]
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Pedobacter heparinus (Payza and Korn 1956) Steyn et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Sphingobacterium hotanense Xiao et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain XH4 = CCTCC AB 209007 = NRRL B-59204.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ859899.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hotanense, of or pertaining to Hotan River valley in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region, PR China, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: XIAO (T.), HE (X.), CHENG (G.), KUANG (H.), MA (X.), YUSUP (K.), HAMDUN (M.), GULSIMAY (A.), FANG (C.) and RAHMAN (E.): Sphingobacterium hotanense sp. nov., isolated from soil of a Populus euphratica forest, and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium daejeonense and Sphingobacterium shayense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 815-820.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium kitahiroshimense Matsuyama et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 10C = JCM 14970 = NCIMB 14398.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB361248.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. kitahiroshimense, pertaining to Kitahiroshima city, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: MATSUYAMA (H.), KATOH (H.), OHKUSHI (T.), SATOH (A.), KAWAHARA (K.) and YUMOTO (I.): Sphingobacterium kitahiroshimense sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1576-1579.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium kyonggiense Choi and Lee 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2-1-2 = JCM 16704 = KEMC 2241-005.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU358699.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. kyonggiense, of or belonging to Kyonggi, named after Kyonggi University in the Republic of Korea.
Reference: CHOI (H.A.) and LEE (S.S.): Sphingobacterium kyonggiense sp. nov., isolated from chloroethene-contaminated soil, and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium daejeonense and Sphingobacterium mizutaii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2559-2564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium lactis Schmidt et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WCC 4512 = DSM 22361 = LMG 25272.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN908501.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, of/from milk, pertaining to the isolation source of the type strain.
Reference: SCHMIDT (V.S.J.), WENNING (M.) and SCHERER (S.): Sphingobacterium lactis sp. nov. and Sphingobacterium alimentarium sp. nov., isolated from raw milk and a dairy environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1506-1511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium mizutaii corrig. Yabuuchi et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33299 = CCUG 15907 = CIP 101122 = GIFU 1203 = IFO (now NBRC) 14946 = KC1794 = LMG 8340 = NCTC 12149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438175.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. mizutaii, of Mizuta, named after Shunsuke Mizuta, Japanese pediatrician, who first reported a case of meningitis in a premature baby from whose spinal fluid the type strain of the species was isolated.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KANEKO (T.), YANO (I.), MOSS (C.W.) and MIYOSHI (N.): Sphingobacterium gen. nov., Sphingobacterium spiritivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium multivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium mizutae sp. nov., and Flavobacterium indologenes sp. nov.: glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rods in CDC groups IIK-2 and IIb. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 580-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Sphingobacterium mizutae (sic) has been corrected by Holmes et al. 1988.
Reference: HOLMES (B.), WEAVER (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): A taxonomic study of Flavobacterium spiritivorum and Sphingobacterium mizutae: proposal of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium mizutaii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 348-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavobacterium mizutaii (Yabuuchi et al. 1983) Holmes et al. 1988, comb. nov.

Note: The Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) [1] caters primarily for new names and new combinations and does not address the issue of changes in taxonomic opinion, particularly where an earlier synonym is considered to be the name that corresponds with the data. Gherna and Woese 1992 [2] showed that the type of the species ¤ Flavobacterium mizutaii does not group with the type of the genus ¤ Flavobacterium (¤ Flavobacterium aquatile) and is consistent with placement of this species in the genus Sphingobacterium, not in the genus ¤ Flavobacterium as proposed by Holmes et al. 1988 [3]. The inclusion of this organism in the genus Sphingobacterium is supported by the work of Takeuchi and Yokota 1993 [4], Bernardet et al. 1996 [6], Steyn et al. 1998 [7] and virtually all subsequent publications dealing with members of the genera ¤ Pedobacter and Sphingobacterium. Barry Holmes of the NCTC also accepts the inclusion of this organism in the genus Sphingobacterium (personal communication to Brian J. Tindall of the DSMZ). While the name that often appears in databases is ¤ Flavobacterium mizutaii this is not consistent with widely accepted and published current taxonomic opinion.
References:
1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 Revision). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.
2 GHERNA (R.) and WOESE (C.R.): A partial phylogenetic analysis of the "flavobacter-bacteroides" phylum: basis for taxonomic restructuring. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 15, 513-521.
Effective publication Online
3 HOLMES (B.), WEAVER (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): A taxonomic study of Flavobacterium spiritivorum and Sphingobacterium mizutae: proposal of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium mizutaii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 348-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.
Original article Online
5 BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online
6 STEYN (P.L.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SANDRA (P.), KERSTERS (K.) and JOUBERT (J.J.): Classification of heparinolytic bacteria into a new genus, Pedobacter, comprising four species: Pedobacter heparinus comb. nov., Pedobacter piscium comb. nov., Pedobacter africanus sp. nov. and Pedobacter saltans sp. nov. Proposal of the family Sphingobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 165-177.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium mizutaii corrig. Yabuuchi et al. 1983 emend. Choi and Lee 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33299 = CCUG 15907 = CIP 101122 = GIFU 1203 = IFO (now NBRC) 14946 = KC1794 = LMG 8340 = NCTC 12149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438175.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. mizutaii, of Mizuta, named after Shunsuke Mizuta, Japanese pediatrician, who first reported a case of meningitis in a premature baby from whose spinal fluid the type strain of the species was isolated.
Reference: CHOI (H.A.) and LEE (S.S.): Sphingobacterium kyonggiense sp. nov., isolated from chloroethene-contaminated soil, and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium daejeonense and Sphingobacterium mizutaii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2559-2564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium mizutaii corrig. Yabuuchi et al. 1983 emend. Wauters et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33299 = CCUG 15907 = CIP 101122 = GIFU 1203 = IFO (now NBRC) 14946 = KC1794 = LMG 8340 = NCTC 12149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438175.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. mizutaii, of Mizuta, named after Shunsuke Mizuta, Japanese pediatrician, who first reported a case of meningitis in a premature baby from whose spinal fluid the type strain of the species was isolated.
Reference: WAUTERS (G.), JANSSENS (M.), DE BAERE (T.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.) and DESCHAGHT (P.): Isolates belonging to CDC group II-i belong predominantly to Sphingobacterium mizutaii Yabuuchi et al. 1983: emended descriptions of S. mizutaii and of the genus Sphingobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2598-2601.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium multivorum (Holmes et al. 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B5533 = ATCC 33613 = CCUG 11736 = CDC B5533 = CIP 100541 = GIFU 2812 = IFO (now NBRC) 14947 = JCM 21156 = LMG 8342 = NCTC 11343 = NRRL B-14861.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB100738.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium multivorum Holmes et al. 1981.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many; L. neut. suff. -vorum, devouring; N.L. neut. adj. multivorum, intended to mean "produces acid from many carbohydrates".
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KANEKO (T.), YANO (I.), MOSS (C.W.) and MIYOSHI (N.): Sphingobacterium gen. nov., Sphingobacterium spiritivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium multivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium mizutae sp. nov., and Flavobacterium indologenes sp. nov.: glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rods in CDC groups IIK-2 and IIb. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 580-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 1983 the type strain NCTC 11343 is erroneously cited as NCTC 11033.

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Sphingobacterium nematocida Liu et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M-SX103 = CCTCC AB 2010390 = JCM 17339.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF731241.
Etymology: N.L. pl. n. Nematoda, zoological name of a phylum; L. masc. suffix -cida, a killer; N.L. masc. n. nematocida, a killer of nematodes.
Reference: LIU (J.), YANG (L.L.), XU (C.K.), XI (J.Q.), YANG (F.X.), ZHOU (F.), ZHOU (Y.), MO (M.H.) and LI (W.J.): Sphingobacterium nematocida sp. nov., a nematicidal endophytic bacterium isolated from tobacco. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1809-1813.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium paludis Feng et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S37=CGMCC 1.12801=NBRC 110386.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ150598.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. gen. n. paludis, of a wetland.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: FENG, H., ZENG, Y. and HUANG, Y. 2014. Sphingobacterium paludis sp. nov., isolated from wetland soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3453-3458.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium piscium Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 104195 = IFO (now NBRC) 14985 = JCM 7454 = LMG 14024.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438174.
Etymology: L. n. piscis, fish; L. gen. pl. n. piscium, of/from fishes.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865. [TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.]
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Pedobacter piscium (Takeuchi and Yokota 1993) Steyn et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Sphingobacterium psychroaquaticum Albert et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MOL-1 = DSM 22418 = NRRL B-59232.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ156081.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psychros, cold; L. adj. aquaticus -a -um, living, growing or found in or by the water, aquatic; N.L. neut. adj. psychroaquaticum, aquatic and psychrophilic bacterium.
Reference: ALBERT (R.A.), WAAS (N.E.), PAVLONS (S.C.), PEARSON (J.L.), KETELBOETER (L.), ROSSELLÓ-MÓRA (R.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Sphingobacterium psychroaquaticum sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from Lake Michigan water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 952-958.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium shayense He et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HS39 = CCTCC AB 209006 = NRRL B-59203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ816788.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. shayense, of or pertaining to Shaya county in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region of China, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: HE (X.), XIAO (T.), KUANG (H.), LAN (X.), TUDAHONG (M.), OSMAN (G.), FANG (C.)  and RAHMAN (E.): Sphingobacterium shayense sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2377-2381.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium shayense He et al. 2010 emend. Xiao et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HS39 = CCTCC AB 209006 = NRRL B-59203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ816788.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. shayense, of or pertaining to Shaya county in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region of China, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: XIAO (T.), HE (X.), CHENG (G.), KUANG (H.), MA (X.), YUSUP (K.), HAMDUN (M.), GULSIMAY (A.), FANG (C.) and RAHMAN (E.): Sphingobacterium hotanense sp. nov., isolated from soil of a Populus euphratica forest, and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium daejeonense and Sphingobacterium shayense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 815-820.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium siyangense Liu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SY1 = CGMCC 1.6855 = JCM 14866 = KCTC 22131.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU046272.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. siyangense, pertaining to Siyang in Jiangsu Province, China, the city where the strain was isolated.
Reference: LIU (R.), LIU (H.), ZHANG (C.X.), YANG (S.Y.), LIU (X.H.), ZHANG (K.Y.) and LAI (R.): Sphingobacterium siyangense sp. nov., isolated from farm soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1458-1462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Sphingobacterium siyangense Liu et al. 2008 emend. Lee et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain strain SY1 = CGMCC 1.6855 = JCM 14866 = KCTC 22131.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU046272.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. siyangense, pertaining to Siyang in Jiangsu Province, China, the city where the strain was isolated.
Reference: LEE (D.H.), HUR (J.S.) and KAHNG (H.Y.): Sphingobacterium cladoniae sp. nov., isolated from lichen, Cladonia sp., and emended description of Sphingobacterium siyangense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 755-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E7288 = ATCC 33861 = CCUG 13224 = CDC E7288 = CIP 100542 = GIFU 3101 = IFO (now NBRC) 14948 = JCM 1277 = JCM 6897 = LMG 8347 = NCTC 11386.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF090267.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium spiritivorum Holmes et al. 1982.
Etymology: L. n. spiritus, spirit; L. adj. suff. -vorus -a -um, devouring, eating; N.L. neut. adj. spiritivorum, spirit-devouring, intended to refer to the ability of the organism to attack spirits, i.e., alcohol, producing acid in the process.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KANEKO (T.), YANO (I.), MOSS (C.W.) and MIYOSHI (N.): Sphingobacterium gen. nov., Sphingobacterium spiritivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium multivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium mizutae sp. nov., and Flavobacterium indologenes sp. nov.: glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rods in CDC groups IIK-2 and IIb. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 580-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983 is an earlier synonym of ¤ Flavobacterium yabuuchiae Holmes et al. 1988.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865. [TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.]
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingobacterium thalpophilum (Holmes et al. 1983) Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K-1173 = ATCC 43320 = CCUG 22397 = CIP 100935 = IFO (now NBRC) 14963 = JCM 21153 = NCTC 11429 = NRRL B-14902.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438177.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium thalpophilum Holmes et al. 1983.
Etymology: Gr. n. thalpos, warmth, heat; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. thalpophilum, warmth-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865. [TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.]
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sphingobacterium thermophilum Yabe et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CKTN2 = JCM 17858 = KCTC 23708.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB563783.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, warm; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. thermophilum, loving warmth, thermophilic.
Reference: YABE (S.), AIBA (Y.), SAKAI (Y.), HAZAKA (M.), KAWAHARA (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Sphingobacterium thermophilum sp. nov., of the phylum Bacteroidetes, isolated from compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1584-1588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobacterium wenxiniae Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LQY-18 = ACCC 05410 = CCTCC AB 2010005 = KCTC 23009.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ988781.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. wenxiniae, of Wen-xin, to honour Wen-xin Chen, a respected soil microbiologist, for her great contributions to the investigation and development of Rhizobia resources in China.
Reference: ZHANG (J.), ZHENG (J.W.), CHO (B.C.), HWANG (C.Y.), FANG (C.), HE (J.) and LI (S.P.): Sphingobacterium wenxiniae sp. nov., a cypermethrin-degrading species from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 683-687.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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