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Genus Serpulina

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Serpulina Stanton 1992, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton 1992.
Illegitimate synonym: ¤ Serpula Stanton et al. 1991.
Etymology: L. n. serpula, a little snake; L. fem. suff. -ina, belonging to; N.L. fem. n. Serpulina, belonging to a little snake, snakelike.
Valid publication: STANTON (T.B.): Proposal to change the genus designation Serpula to Serpulina gen. nov. containing the species Serpulina hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpulina innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 189-190.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original name, Serpula Stanton et al. 1991 is illegitimate because of precedence of the fungal genus Serpula [Rule 51b(4)]. So, Stanton 1992 proposes that the bacterial genus name Serpula be replaced by Serpulina gen. nov.
2 In violation of the Rule 34a, on the "Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in the IJSB", Serpulina is cited as Serpulina nom. nov.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in the IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 328-329.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

¤ Brachyspira Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983.

Note: Ochiai et al. 1998 propose to transfer ¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton 1992 (the type species of the genus Serpulina) to the genus ¤ Brachyspira as ¤ Brachyspira hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Serpulina to ¤ Brachyspira.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Effective publication: OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Serpulina alvinipulli Stanton et al. 1998, sp. nov. See: ¤ Brachyspira alvinipulli Stanton et al. 1998, sp. nov.

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Serpulina hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton 1992, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B78 = ATCC 27164= CCUG 46668 = NCTC 13041.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14930.
Basonym: ¤ Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Serpula hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton et al. 1991.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, hog, pig; L. n. dysenteria, a flux, dysentery; N.L. gen. n. hyodysenteriae, of hog dysentery. In recognition of the species as the etiologic agent of swine dysentery.
Valid publication: STANTON (T.B.): Proposal to change the genus designation Serpula to Serpulina gen. nov. containing the species Serpulina hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpulina innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 189-190.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original name, Serpula hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton et al. 1991, is illegitimate because of precedence of the fungal genus Serpula [Rule 51b(4)].
2 The type strain B78 is cited as ATCC 27164 [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] or as ATCC 27168 [6, 7]. However, the right type strain is the strain ATCC 27164 [8].
References:
1 Approved Lists 1980.
2 Approved Lists 1980 (Amended Edition).
3 KINYON (J.M.) and HARRIS (D.L.): Treponema innocens, a new species of intestinal bacteria and emended description of the type strain of Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 102-109.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 STANTON (T.B.): Proposal to change the genus designation Serpula to Serpulina gen. nov. containing the species Serpulina hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpulina innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 189-190.
Original article in IJSEM Online
5 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.
6 SMIBERT (R.M.): Genus III. Treponema Schaudinn 1905, 1728AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 49-57.
7 STANTON (T.B.), JENSEN (N.S.), CASEY (T.A.), TORDOFF (L.A.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and PASTER (B.J.): Reclassification of Treponema hyodysenteriae and Treponema innocens in a new genus, Serpula gen. nov., as Serpula hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpula innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 50-58.
Original article in IJSEM Online
8 American Type Culture Collection (ATCC).

¤ Brachyspira hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Serpulina innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton 1992, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B256 = ATCC 29796= CCUG 17081.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14920.
Basonym: ¤ Treponema innocens Kinyon and Harris 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Serpula innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton et al. 1991.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. innocens, harmless, inoffensive (referring to non-pathogenic nature of the species for swine).
Valid publication: STANTON (T.B.): Proposal to change the genus designation Serpula to Serpulina gen. nov. containing the species Serpulina hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpulina innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 189-190.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original name, Serpula innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton et al. 1991, is illegitimate because of precedence of the fungal genus Serpula [Rule 51b(4)].

¤ Brachyspira innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Serpulina intermedia Stanton et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PWS/A = ATCC 51140= CIP 105833.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U23033, CP002874 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. intermedia, that is between, intermediate, referring to the fact that the biochemical reactivities of this organism are intermediate between those characteristically possessed by Serpulina hyodysenteriae and by Serpulina innocens.
Valid publication: STANTON (T.B.), FOURNIÉ-AMAZOUZ (E.), POSTIC (D.), TROTT (D.J.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), BARANTON (G.), HAMPSON (D.J.) and SAINT GIRONS (I.): Recognition of two new species of intestinal spirochetes: Serpulina intermedia sp. nov. and Serpulina murdochii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1007-1012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In January 1998, the unification of the genera Serpulina and ¤ Brachyspira, and the transfer of ¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (the type species of the genus Serpulina) in the genus Brachyspira as ¤ Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, have been validly published [1]. These changes have been proposed by Ochiai et al. in a paper accepted March 27, 1997 [2]. The name Serpulina intermedia has been validly published in the October 1997 issue of the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology [3] and, of course, this name was not included in the study by Ochiai et al. The formal reclassification of Serpulina intermedia in the genus ¤ Brachyspira Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983 was proposed by Hampson and La 2006 [4].
References:
1 Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online
2 OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Original article Online
3 STANTON (T.B.), FOURNIÉ-AMAZOUZ (E.), POSTIC (D.), TROTT (D.J.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), BARANTON (G.), HAMPSON (D.J.) and SAINT GIRONS (I.): Recognition of two new species of intestinal spirochetes: Serpulina intermedia sp. nov. and Serpulina murdochii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1007-1012.
Original article by Stanton et al. in IJSEM Online
4 HAMPSON (D.J.) and LA (T.): Reclassification of Serpulina intermedia and Serpulina murdochii in the genus Brachyspira as Brachyspira intermedia comb. nov. and Brachyspira murdochii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1009-1012.
Original article by Hampson and La 2006 in IJSEM Online

¤ Brachyspira intermedia (Stanton et al. 1997) Hampson and La 2006, comb. nov.

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Serpulina murdochii Stanton et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 56-150 = ATCC 51284= CIP 105832 = DSM 12563.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001959 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. murdochii, of Murdoch, in recognition of work conducted at Murdoch University in Western Australia, where the type strain was identified.
Valid publication: STANTON (T.B.), FOURNIÉ-AMAZOUZ (E.), POSTIC (D.), TROTT (D.J.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), BARANTON (G.), HAMPSON (D.J.) and SAINT GIRONS (I.): Recognition of two new species of intestinal spirochetes: Serpulina intermedia sp. nov. and Serpulina murdochii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1007-1012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The ATCC accession number of the type strain must be read 51284 not 51254 as cited in the paper by Stanton et al. 1997.
2 In January 1998, the unification of the genera Serpulina and ¤ Brachyspira, and the transfer of ¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (the type species of the genus Serpulina) in the genus Brachyspira as ¤ Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, have been validly published [1]. These changes have been proposed by Ochiai et al. in a paper accepted March 27, 1997 [2]. The name Serpulina murdochii has been validly published in the October 1997 issue of the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology [3] and, of course, this name was not included in the study by Ochiai et al. The formal reclassification of Serpulina intermedia in the genus ¤ Brachyspira Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983 was proposed by Hampson and La 2006 [4].
References:
1 Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online
2 OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Original article Online
3 STANTON (T.B.), FOURNIÉ-AMAZOUZ (E.), POSTIC (D.), TROTT (D.J.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), BARANTON (G.), HAMPSON (D.J.) and SAINT GIRONS (I.): Recognition of two new species of intestinal spirochetes: Serpulina intermedia sp. nov. and Serpulina murdochii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1007-1012.
Original article by Stanton et al. in IJSEM Online
4 HAMPSON (D.J.) and LA (T.): Reclassification of Serpulina intermedia and Serpulina murdochii in the genus Brachyspira as Brachyspira intermedia comb. nov. and Brachyspira murdochii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1009-1012.
Original article by Hampson and La 2006 in IJSEM Online

¤ Brachyspira murdochii (Stanton et al. 1997) Hampson and La 2006, comb. nov.

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Serpulina pilosicoli Trott et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P43/6/78 = ATCC 51139.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY155458.
Etymology: L. adj. pilosus -a -um, hairy, shaggy; L. n. colon or colum, the colon; N.L. gen. n. pilosicoli, of a hairy colon (referring to the fact that infection and attachment by this intestinal spirochete can result in the histological appearance of a hairy covering, false brush border, on the surface of the colon).
Valid publication: TROTT (D.J.), STANTON (T.B.), JENSEN (N.S.), DUHAMEL (G.E.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and HAMPSON (D.J.): Serpulina pilosicoli sp. nov., the agent of porcine intestinal spirochetosis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 206-215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Serpulina pilosicoli Trott et al. 1996 was previously known as "Anguillina coli".

¤ Brachyspira pilosicoli (Trott et al. 1996) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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