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Genus Rhodococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 62
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Rhodococcus Zopf 1891, genus.
Type species: ¤ Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. rhodon, the rose; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Rhodococcus a red coccus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZOPF (W.): Über Ausscheidung von Fettfarbstoffen (Lipochromen) seitens gewisser Spaltpilze. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, 1891, 9, 22-28.

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists 1980, the effective publication for the genus Rhodococcus is a paper by Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete-genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1977, 100, 99-122.). In this paper, the nomenclatural name Rhodococcus is assigned to the neuter gender! However, in accordance with Rule 65(2) a generic name which is modern coupound from two Greek words take the gender of the last component of the compound word. In Greek, kokkos is in the masculine gender, and the genus name Rodococcus should be assigned to the masculine gender.
2 According to Principle 2 and to Rule 51b (4), Rhodococcus Zopf 1891 is illegitimate because it is a later homonym of an algal genus: Rhodococcus Hansgirg1884.

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Rhodococcus aerolatus Hwang et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PAMC 27367=KCTC 29240=JCM 19485.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM044053.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer, air; L. part. adj. latus, carried; N.L. part. adj. aerolatus, airborne.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: HWANG, C. Y., LEE, I., CHO, Y., LEE, Y. M., BAEK, K., JUNG, Y. J., YANG, Y. Y., LEE, T., RHEE, T. S. and LEE, H. K. 2015. Rhodococcus aerolatus sp. nov., isolated from subarctic rainwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 465-471
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus aetherivorans Goodfellow et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 10bc312 = DSM 44752 = JCM 14343 = NCIMB 13964.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF447391.
Etymology: N.L. n. aether aetheris, ether; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. aetherivorans, devouring ether.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 98. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1005-1006.
Effective publication: GOODFELLOW (M.), JONES (A.L.), MALDONADO (L.A.) and SALANITRO (J.): Rhodococcus aetherivorans sp. nov., a new species that contains methyl t-butyl ether-degrading actinomycetes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 61-65.
Validation List no. 98 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Rhodococcus agglutinans Guo et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFH S0262=CCTCC AB2014297=KCTC 39118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP232908.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 165. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 2777-2783.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Guo, Q.-Q., Ming, H., Meng, X.-L., Duan, Y.-Y., Gao, R., Zhang, J.-X., Huang, J.-R., Li, W.-J. and Nie, G.-X. 2015. Rhodococcus agglutinans sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from a soil sample. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 107, 1271-1280.
Effective publication Online

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Rhodococcus aichiensis corrig. Tsukamura 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tsukamura E9028 = ATCC 33611= CIP 104184 = DSM 43978 = IFO (now NBRC) 16046 = JCM 6046 = NRRL B-16934.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80633.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. aichiensis, belonging to Aichi Prefecture, Japan from where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: TSUKAMURA (M.): Numerical analysis of the taxonomy of nocardiae and rhodococci. Division of Nocardia asteroides sensu stricto into two species and descriptions of Nocardia paratuberculosis sp. nov. Tsukamura (formerly the Kyoto-I group of Tsukamura), Nocardia nova sp. nov. Tsukamura, Rhodococcus aichiensis sp. nov., Tsukamura, Rhodococcus chubuensis sp. nov., Tsukamura, and Rhodococcus obuensis sp. nov., Tsukamura. Microbiol. Immunol., 1982, 26, 1101-1119.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Rhodococcus aichiense (sic), has been corrected by the Associate Editor, IJSB 1983.
References: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online

¤ Gordonia aichiensis corrig. (Tsukamura 1983) Klatte et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus antrifimi Ko et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D7-21=KCTC 29469=DSM 46727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LN867321.
Etymology: L. neut. n. antrum, cave; L. masc. n. fimus, dung; N.L. gen. n. antrifimi, of dung inside a cave, referring to the sample from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KO, K. S., KIM, Y., SEONG, C. N. and LEE, S. D. 2015. Rhodococcus antrifimi sp. nov., isolated from dried bat dung of a cave. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4043-4048.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus artemisiae Zhao et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 65754 = CCTCC AA 209042 = DSM 45380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU367155.
Etymology: L. n. artemisia, mugwort, also a plant genus; L. gen. n. artemisiae, of Artemisia, isolated from Artemisia annua L.
Valid publication: ZHAO (G.Z.), LI (J.), ZHU (W.Y.), TIAN (S.Z.), ZHAO (L.X.), YANG (L.L.), XU (L.H.) and LI (W.J.): Rhodococcus artemisiae sp. nov., an endophytic actinobacterium isolated from the pharmaceutical plant Artemisia annua L. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 900-905.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus aurantiacus (ex Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura and Yano 1985, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25938= JCM 3226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF283282.
Synonym: "Rhodococcus aurantiacus" (Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura 1974.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. aurantiacus, orange coloured.
Valid publication: TSUKAMURA (M.) and YANO (I.): Rhodococcus sputi sp. nov., nom. rev., and Rhodococcus aurantiacus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 364-368.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Collins et al. 1988, Rhodococcus aurantiacus (ex Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura and Yano 1985 is a later heterotypic synonym of Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), SMIDA (J.), DORSCH (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Tsukamurella gen. nov. harboring Corynebacterium paurometabolum and Rhodococcus aurantiacus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 385-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Tsukamurella paurometabola corrig. (Tsukamura and Yano 1985) Collins et al. 1988, comb. nov.

Note: Rhodococcus aurantiacus (ex Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura and Yano 1985 and Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941 (Approved Lists 1980) exhibit high levels of sequence homology and these taxa should be reduced to a single species, and the specific epithet paurometabolum has priority. This single species is distinct from all other mycolic acid-containing taxa and merits a new genus: Tsukamurella Collins et al. 1988.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), SMIDA (J.), DORSCH (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Tsukamurella gen. nov. harboring Corynebacterium paurometabolum and Rhodococcus aurantiacus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 385-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus baikonurensis Li et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1-22 = DSM 44587 = GTC 1041 = JCM 11411 = NBRC 100611.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB071951.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. baikonurensis, of or belonging to Baikonur, the town in Kazakhstan where the Mir space station was launched.
Valid publication: LI (Y.), KAWAMURA (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), LIU (H.), HUANG (X.), KOBAYASHI (K.) and EZAKI (T.): Rothia aeria sp. nov., Rhodococcus baikonurensis sp. nov. and Arthrobacter russicus sp. nov., isolated from air in the Russian space laboratory Mir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 827-835.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus biphenylivorans Su et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TG9=CGMCC 1.12975=KCTC 29673=MCCC 1K00286.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ546454.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 163. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1105-1111.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: SU, X., LIU, Y., HASHMI, M. Z., HU, J., DING, L., WU, M. and SHEN, C. 2015. Rhodococcus biphenylivorans sp. nov., a polychlorinated biphenyl-degrading bacterium. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 107, 55-63.
Effective publication Online

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Rhodococcus bronchialis (Tsukamura 1971) Tsukamura 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tsukamura 3410 = ATCC 25592= CCUG 20989 = CIP 100847 = DSM 43247 = IFO (now NBRC) 16047 = JCM 3198 = JCM 3231 = LMG 5355 = NCTC 10667 = VKM Ac-956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001802 (complete genome).
Synonym: "Gordona (sic) bronchialis" Tsukamura 1971.
Etymology: L. pl. n. bronchia, the bronchial tubes; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. bronchialis, pertaining to the bronchi, coming from the bronchi.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TSUKAMURA (M.): Proposal of a new genus Gordona for slightly acid-fast organisms in sputum of patients with pulmonary disease and in soil. Journal of General Microbiology, 1971, 68, 15-26. 2 TSUKAMURA (M.): A further numerical taxonomic study of the rhodochrous group. Japanese Journal of Microbiology, 1974, 18, 37-44.

¤ Gordonia bronchialis corrig. (Tsukamura 1971) Stackebrandt et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus canchipurensis Nimaichand et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MBRL 353 = JCM 17578 = KCTC 19851.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN164649.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. canchipurensis, of or belonging to Canchipur, Manipur University, India, where the MBRL research group which isolated the type strain is located.
Valid publication: NIMAICHAND (S.), SANASAM (S.), ZHENG (L.Q.), ZHU (W.Y.), YANG (L.L.), TANG (S.K.), NINGTHOUJAM (D.S.) and LI (W.J.): Rhodococcus canchipurensis sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from a limestone deposit site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 114-118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus cerastii Kämpfer et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C5 = C5(2010) = CCM 7906 = LMG 26203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR714842.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cerastium, a scientific genus name; N.L. gen. n. cerastii, of Cerastium, isolated from Cerastium holosteoides.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), WELLNER (S.), LOHSE (K.), LODDERS (N.) and MARTIN (K.): Rhodococcus cerastii sp. nov. and Rhodococcus trifolii sp. nov., two novel species isolated from leaf surfaces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1024-1029.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus cercidiphylli Li et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 65003 = CCTCC AB 207160 = DSM 45141.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU325542.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cercidiphylli, of Cercidiphyllum, isolated from Cercidiphyllum japonicum.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 147. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2045-2047.
Effective publication: LI (J.), ZHAO (G.Z.), CHEN (H.H.), QIN (S.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and LI (W.J.): Rhodococcus cercidiphylli sp. nov., a new endophytic actinobacterium isolated from a Cercidiphyllum japonicum leaf. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 108-113.
Validation List no. 147 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus Apajalahti et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PCP-I = ATCC 49826= CIP 104189 = DSM 43826 = IFO (now NBRC) 15527 = JCM 7439 = NRRL B-16528.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79292.
Etymology: N.L. n. chlorophenol, chlorophenol; L. masc. suffix -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. chlorophenolicus, related to chlorophenols.
Valid publication: APAJALAHTI (J.H.A.), KÄRPÄNOJA (P.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.S.): Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus sp. nov., a chlorophenol-mineralizing actinomycete. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 246-251.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum (Apajalahti et al. 1986) Häggblom et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus chubuensis Tsukamura 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tsukamura E 6324 = ATCC 33609= DSM 44019 = JCM 6047 = NRRL B-16936.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80627.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chubuensis, of or belonging to Chubu Hospital where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: TSUKAMURA (M.): Numerical analysis of the taxonomy of nocardiae and rhodococci. Division of Nocardia asteroides sensu stricto into two species and descriptions of Nocardia paratuberculosis sp. nov. Tsukamura (formerly the Kyoto-I group of Tsukamura), Nocardia nova sp. nov. Tsukamura, Rhodococcus aichiensis sp. nov., Tsukamura, Rhodococcus chubuensis sp. nov., Tsukamura, and Rhodococcus obuensis sp. nov., Tsukamura. Microbiol. Immunol., 1982, 26, 1101-1119.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online

¤ Gordonia (corrig.) sputi (Tsukamura 1978) Stackebrandt et al. 1989.

Note: According to Riegel et al. 1994, Rhodococcus chubuensis Tsukamura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Gordonia (corrig.) sputi (Tsukamura 1978) Stackebrandt et al. 1989.
Reference: RIEGEL (P.), KAMNE-FOTSO (M.V.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), PIÉMONT (Y.) and MONTEIL (H.): Rhodococcus chubuensis Tsukamura 1982 is a later subjective synonym of Gordona sputi (Tsukamura 1978) Stackebrandt 1989 comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 764-768.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus coprophilus Rowbotham and Cross 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CUB 687 = ATCC 29080= CIP 104178 = DSM 43347 = IEGM 600 = JCM 3200 = LMG 5357 = NBRC 100603 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11211 = NCTC 10994 = NRRL B-16537 = VKM Ac-571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80626.
Etymology: Gr. n. kopros, dung, faeces; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. coprophilus, dung loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ROWBOTHAM (T.J.) and CROSS (T.): ROWBOTHAM (T.J.) and CROSS (T.): Ecology of Rhodococcus coprophilus sp. nov.: an aerobic nocardioform actinomycete belonging to the "rhodochrous" complex. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 100, 123-138. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 2. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 79-80.

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Rhodococcus corallinus (Bergey et al. 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25593= JCM 3199 = JCM 3227 = LMG 5368 = NCTC 10668.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY995558.
Synonyms: "Bacillus mycoides corallinus" Hefferan 1904, "Serratia corallina" Bergey et al. 1923, "Streptothrix corallinus" (Bergey et al. 1923) Reader 1926, "Proactinomyces corallinus" (Bergey et al. 1923) Jensen 1932, "Anthracillus corallinus" (Bergey et al. 1923) Pribram 1933, "Nocardia corallina" (Bergey et al. 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. corallinus, coral-red.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442. 2 GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 100, 99-122.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus corallinus (Bergey et al. 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mordarski et al. 1980.

Note: According to Mordarski et al. 1980, Rhodococcus corallinus (Bergey et al. 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mordarski et al. 1980.
Reference: MORDARSKI (M.), GOODFELLOW (M.), KASZEN (I.), TKACZ (A.), PULVERER (G.) and SCHAAL (K.P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation in the classification of the genus Rhodococcus Zopf 1891 (Approved Lists, 1980). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 521-527.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Gordonia rubripertincta corrig. (Hefferan 1904) Stackebrandt et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus corynebacterioides (Serrano et al. 1972) Yassin and Schaal 2005, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14898= CCUG 37877 = CIP 104510 = DSM 20151 = JCM 3376 = JCM 3391 = NBRC 14404 = NRRL B-24037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF430066.
Basonym: ¤ Nocardia corynebacterioides Serrano et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. Corynebacterium, bacterial genus name; Gr. suffix -oides, similar to; N.L. masc. adj. corynebacterioides, similar to Corynebacterium.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.) and SCHAAL (K.P.): Reclassification of Nocardia corynebacterioides Serrano et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) as Rhodococcus corynebacterioides comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1345-1348.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus defluvii Kämpfer et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ca11=DSM 45893=LMG 27563.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC788572.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. defluvii, of sewage.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., DOTT, W., MARTIN, K. and GLAESER, S. P. 2014. Rhodococcus defluvii sp. nov., isolated from wastewater of a bioreactor and formal proposal to reclassify [Corynebacterium hoagii] and Rhodococcus equi as Rhodococcus hoagii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 755-761.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus degradans Svec et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCM 4446=LMG 28633.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ776649.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. part. adj. degradans, returning to the original order, referring to the ability of the type strain to degrade several complex organic compounds.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: SVEC, P., CERNOHLAVKOVA, J., BUSSE, H. J., VOJTKOVA, H., PANTUCEK, R., CNOCKAERT, M., MASLANOVA, I., KRALOVA, S., VANDAMME, P. and SEDLACEK, I. 2015. Classification of strain CCM 4446T as Rhodococcus degradans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4381-4387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus enclensis Dastager et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NIO-1009=NCIM 5452=DSM 45688.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ858009.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. enclensis, arbitrary name formed from NCL, the acronym for the National Chemical laboratory, India, where taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: DASTAGER, S. G., MAWLANKAR, R., TANG, S.-K., KRISHNAMURTHI, S., RAMANA, V. V., JOSEPH, N. and SHOUCHE, Y. S. 2014. Rhodococcus enclensis sp. nov., a novel member of the genus Rhodococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2693-2697.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25729= ATCC 6939= CCUG 892 = CIP 54.72 = DSM 20307 = HAMBI 2061 = IFO (now NBRC) 14956 = JCM 1311 = JCM 3209 = LMG 18452 = NBRC 101255 = NCTC 1621 = NRRL B-16538 = VKM Ac-953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80614.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of a horse.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MAGNUSSON (H.): Spezifische infektiose Pneumonie beim Fohlen. Ein neuer Entreneger beim Pferde. Archiv fur wissenschaftliche u. praktische Tierheilkunde, 1923, 50, 22-38. 2 GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 100, 99-122.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic) [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2].
References:
1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

= ¤ Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: SLY (L.I.), MUTIMER (M.D.) and WOOLCOCK (J.B.): Confusing irregularities in the nomenclature of some Rhodococcus species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain ATCC 25729= NCTC 1621 of Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980), is the same that the type strain ATCC 6939= NCTC 1621 of ¤ Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980). Therefore, Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) is a homotypic synonym of Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
2 Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Nocardia restricta (Turfitt 1944) McClung 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.), KLATTE (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Polyphasic evidence for the transfer of Rhodococcus roseus to Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 101-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhodococcus hoagii ((Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists, 1980) Kämpfer et al. 2014, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N11 = ATCC 4277= CIP 104179 = DSM 43066 = HAMBI 1953 = IEGM 7 = IFO (now NBRC) 15567 = JCM 3201 = JCM 20419 = LMG 5359 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9158 = NCTC 13021 = NRRL B-16025 = VKM Ac-858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79289.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium erythropolis" Gray and Thornton 1928.
Etymology: Gr. adj. eruthros, red: Gr. n. polis, a city; N.L. n. erythropolis, red city
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 GRAY (P.H.H.) and THORNTON (H.G.): Soil bacteria that decompose certain aromatic compounds. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1928, 73, 74-96. 2 GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 100, 99-122. 3 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 2. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 79-80.

Notes:
1 According to Rainey et al. 1995, Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Nocardia calcarea Metcalf and Brown 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.), KLATTE (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Polyphasic evidence for the transfer of Rhodococcus roseus to Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 101-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Koch et al. 1995, Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Arthrobacter picolinophilus Tate and Ensign 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KOCH (C.), KLATTE (S.), SCHUMANN (P.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Transfer of Arthrobacter picolinophilus Tate and Ensign 1974 to Rhodococcus erythropolis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 576-577.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) encompass the strains ATCC 13260, ATCC 19565, and ATCC 19566of Nocardioides simplex (Jensen 1934) O'Donnell et al. 1983.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), LEE (J.S.), SHIN (Y.K.), PARK (Y.H.) and LEE (S.T.): Reclassification of Nocardioides simplex ATCC 13260, ATCC 19565, and ATCC 19566as Rhodococcus erythropolis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 904-907.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12974= CFBP 2401 = CIP 104713 = DSM 20669 = ICMP 5833 = IFO (now NBRC) 12155 = JCM 10002 = LMG 3623 = NCPPB 3067 = NRRL B-16937 = VKM Ac-1462.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79186.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford 1936) Dowson 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Phytomonas fascians" Tilford 1936, "Bacterium fascians" (Tilford 1936) Lacey 1939, "Pseudobacterium fasciens" (sic) (Tilford 1936) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. part. adj. fascians, binding together, bundling.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: GOODFELLOW (M.): Reclassification of Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford) Dowson in the genus Rhodococcus, as Rhodococcus fascians comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 225-229.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Klatte et al. 1994, Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Rhodococcus luteus (ex Söhngen 1913) Nesterenko et al. 1982.
Reference: KLATTE (S.), JAHNKE (K.D.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), RAINEY (F.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Rhodococcus luteus is a later subjective synonym of Rhodococcus fascians. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 627-630.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus globerulus Goodfellow et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R58 = ATCC 25714= CIP 104174 = DSM 43954 = DSM 43956 = IEGM 591 = IFO (now NBRC) 14531 = JCM 7472 = NRRL B-16938.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80619.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. globerulus, globular.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225.
Effective publication: GOODFELLOW (M.), WEAVER (C.R.) and MINNIKIN (D.E.): Numerical classification of some rhodococci, corynebacteria and related organisms. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1982, 128, 731-745.
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Rhodococcus gordoniae Jones et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) W 4937 = DSM 44689 = JCM 12658 = NCTC 13296.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY233201.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. gordoniae, of Gordon, named after Ruth Gordon, a celebrated microbial systematist.
Valid publication: JONES (A.L.), BROWN (J.M.), MISHRA (V.), PERRY (J.D.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Rhodococcus gordoniae sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from clinical material and phenol-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 407-411.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus hoagii Kämpfer et al. 2014, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 7005CCUG 20991=CIP 81.17=DSM 20295=JCM 1319=NBRC 103062=NCTC 10673.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: X82052.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Basonym: ¤ Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists, 1980)
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium hoagii (Morse 1912) Eberson 1918
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. hoagii, of Hoag, named for Louis Hoag, the bacteriologist who first isolated this species.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., DOTT, W., MARTIN, K. and GLAESER, S. P. 2014. Rhodococcus defluvii sp. nov., isolated from wastewater of a bioreactor and formal proposal to reclassify [Corynebacterium hoagii] and Rhodococcus equi as Rhodococcus hoagii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 755-761.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus humicola Nguyen and Kim et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UC33=KACC 18500=NBRC 111581.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT301939.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. n. humus, soil; L. suff. -cola, inhabiting; N.L. n. humicola, soil-inhabiting.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGUYEN, T. M. and KIM, J. 2016. Rhodococcus pedocola sp. nov. and Rhodococcus humicola sp. nov., two antibiotic-producing actinomycetes isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2362-2369.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus imtechensis Ghosh et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RKJ300 = JCM 13270 = MTCC 7085.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY525785.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. imtechensis, of or pertaining to the Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), where the type strain was characterized.
Valid publication: GHOSH (A.), PAUL (D.), PRAKASH (D.), MAYILRAJ (S.) and JAIN (R.K.): Rhodococcus imtechensis sp. nov., a nitrophenol-degrading actinomycete. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1965-1969.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus jialingiae Wang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) djl-6-2 = CCTCC AB 208292 = DSM 45257 = JCM 16906.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ185597.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. jialingiae, of Jia-Ling, to honour Jia-Ling Wang, a respected Chinese microbiologist, for her enormous contributions to the development of environmental microbiology in China.
Valid publication: WANG (Z.), XU (J.), LI (Y.), WANG (K.), WANG (Y.), HONG (Q.), LI (W.J.) and LI (S.P.): Rhodococcus jialingiae sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from sludge of a carbendazim wastewater treatment facility. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 378-381.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus jostii Takeuchi et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IFO (now NBRC) 16295 = CCM 4760 = JCM 11615.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB046357.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. jostii, of Jošt, in honor of Margrave Jošt Lucemburský (1351–1411), an important Czech ruler, from whose skeletal remains the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), HATANO (K.), SEDLÁCEK (I.) and PÁCOVÁ (Z.): Rhodococcus jostii sp. nov., isolated from a medieval grave. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 409-413.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus koreensis Yoon et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DNP505 = CIP 106721 = DSM 44498 = JCM 10743 = KCTC 0569BP = NBRC 100607.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF124342.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, of or belonging to Korea, the country where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), CHO (Y.G.), KANG (S.S.), KIM (S.B.), LEE (S.T.) and PARK (Y.H.): Rhodococcus koreensis sp. nov., a 2,4-dinitrophenol-degrading bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1193-1201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus kroppenstedtii Mayilraj et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K07-23 = DSM 44908 = JCM 13011 = NBRC 103113 = MTCC 6634.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY726605.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kroppenstedtii, of Kroppenstedt, to honour Reiner Michael Kroppenstedt, a German microbiologist, for his enormous contributions to the taxonomy of actinomycetes.
Valid publication: MAYILRAJ (S.), KRISHNAMURTHI (S.), SAHA (P.) and SAINI (H.S.): Rhodococcus kroppenstedtii sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from a cold desert of the Himalayas, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 979-982.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus kunmingensis Wang et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 45607 = DSM 45001 = JCM 15626 = KCTC 19149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ997045.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kunmingensis, of or pertaining to Kunming, a city of Yunnan in south-west China.
Valid publication: WANG (Y.X.), WANG (H.B.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and LI (W.J.): Rhodococcus kunmingensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from a rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1467-1471.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus kyotonensis Li et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS472 = CCTCC AB206088 = IAM 15415 = JCM 23211.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB269261.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kyotonensis, of or belonging to Kyoto, the source of soil from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: LI (B.), FURIHATA (K.), DING (L.X.) and YOKOTA (A.): Rhodococcus kyotonensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1956-1959.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus lactis Singh et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DW151B=MTCC 12279=DSM 45625.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP342300.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, from milk, pertaining to the isolation source ‘dairy waste’.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: SINGH, P. K., KUMARI, A., CHAWLA, N., PINNAKA, A. K. and KORPOLE, S. 2015. Rhodococcus lactis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from sludge of a dairy waste treatment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4215-4220.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus luteus (ex Söhngen 1913) Nesterenko et al. 1982, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35014= AUCNM A-594 = IVM 385 = DSM 43673 = JCM 6162 = LMG 5360 = NRRL B-16939.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79187.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium luteum" Söhngen 1913.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. luteus, yellow.
Valid publication: NESTERENKO (O.A.), NOGINA (T.M.), KASUMOVA (S.A.), KVASNIKOV (E.I.) and BATRAKOV (S.G.): Rhodococcus luteus nom. nov. and Rhodococcus maris nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 1-14.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In violation of Rule 34a, Nesterenko et al. 1982 revive Rhodococcus luteus as a nomen novum.

¤ Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984.

Note: According to Klatte et al. 1994, Rhodococcus luteus (ex Söhngen 1913) Nesterenko et al. 1982 is a later heterotypic synonym of Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984.
Reference: KLATTE (S.), JAHNKE (K.D.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), RAINEY (F.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Rhodococcus luteus is a later subjective synonym of Rhodococcus fascians. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 627-630.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus maanshanensis Zhang et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M712 = AS 4.1720 = DSM 44675 = JCM 11374 = NBRC 100610.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF416566.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. maanshanensis, of or belonging to Maanshan, the source of the soil from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHANG (J.), ZHANG (Y.), XIAO (C.), LIU (Z.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Rhodococcus maanshanensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2121-2126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus marinonascens Helmke and Weyland 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 3438W = ATCC 35653= CIP 104177 = DSM 43752 = IFO (now NBRC) 14363 = JCM 6241 = NRRL B-16940 = VKM Ac-1182.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80617.
Etymology: L. adj. marinus, of the sea; L. part. adj. nascens, born. N.L. part. adj. marinonascens, born of the sea.
Valid publication: HELMKE (E.) and WEYLAND (H.): Rhodococcus marinonascens sp. nov., an actinomycete from the sea. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 127-138.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus maris (ex Harrison 1929) Nesterenko et al. 1982, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35013= AUCNM A-593 = CCUG 44488 = CIP 104188 = DSM 43672 = IEGM 55 = IFO (now NBRC) 15801 = IMV 195 = JCM 6166 = LMG 5361 = NRRL B-16941 = VKM Ac-593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79290.
Synonyms: "Flavobacterium maris" Harrison 1929, "Brevibacterium maris" (Harrison 1929) Breed 1953.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea.
Valid publication: NESTERENKO (O.A.), NOGINA (T.M.), KASUMOVA (S.A.), KVASNIKOV (E.I.) and BATRAKOV (S.G.): Rhodococcus luteus nom. nov. and Rhodococcus maris nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 1-14.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In violation of Rule 34a, Nesterenko et al. 1982 revive Rhodococcus maris as a nomen novum.

¤ Dietzia maris (Nesterenko et al. 1982) Rainey et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus nanhaiensis Li et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SCSIO 10187 = CCTCC AB 2011024 = DSM 45608.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN582175.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nanhaiensis, of or pertaining to Nanhai sea area (South China Sea), from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LI (J.), ZHAO (G.Z.), LONG (L.J.), WANG (F.Z.), TIAN (X.P.), ZHANG (S.) and LI (W.J.): Rhodococcus nanhaiensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2517-2521.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus obuensis Tsukamura 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tsukamura E 8179 = ATCC 33610= JCM 6048.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY262329 (505 bp).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. obuensis, of or belonging to Obu City where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: TSUKAMURA (M.): Numerical analysis of the taxonomy of nocardiae and rhodococci. Division of Nocardia asteroides sensu stricto into two species and descriptions of Nocardia paratuberculosis sp. nov. Tsukamura (formerly the Kyoto-I group of Tsukamura), Nocardia nova sp. nov. Tsukamura, Rhodococcus aichiensis sp. nov., Tsukamura, Rhodococcus chubuensis sp. nov., Tsukamura, and Rhodococcus obuensis sp. nov., Tsukamura. Microbiol. Immunol., 1982, 26, 1101-1119.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura 1978.

Note: According to Zakrzewska-Czerwinska et al. 1988, Rhodococcus obuensis Tsukamura 1983 and ¤ Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura 1978 are heterotypic synonyms and should be regarded as a single species.
Reference: ZAKRZEWSKA-CZERWINSKA (J.), MORDARSKI (M.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): DNA base composition and homology values in the classification of some Rhodococcus species. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 2807-2813.
Original article Online

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Rhodococcus opacus Klatte et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51881= CIP 104549 = DSM 43205 = IFO (now NBRC) 16217 = JCM 9703 = NBRC 100624.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80630.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. opacus, shady, obscure, nontransparent.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.
Effective publication: KLATTE (S.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and RAINEY (F.A.): Rhodococcus opacus sp. nov., an unusual nutritionally versatile Rhodococcus-species. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1994, 17, 355-360.
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The species Rhodococcus opacus (effective publication: Klatte et al. 1994, type strain: strain DSM 43205) appears also on the Validation List no. 53 [1]. The date of valid publication of this name is in fact that of the first citation in a Validation List (List no. 52, published 9 January 1995) [2].
References:
1 Validation List no. 53. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 418-419.
Validation List no. 53 in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus pedocola Nguyen and Kim et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UC12=KACC 18499=NBRC 111580.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT301938.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: Gr. n. pedon, soil; L. suff. -cola, inhabiting; N.L. n. pedocola, soil-inhabiting.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGUYEN, T. M. and KIM, J. 2016. Rhodococcus pedocola sp. nov. and Rhodococcus humicola sp. nov., two antibiotic-producing actinomycetes isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2362-2369.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus percolatus Briglia et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MBS1 = LMAU.R292 = CIP 104964 = DSM 44240 = HAMBI 1752 = IFO (now NBRC) 16218 = JCM 10087 = NBRC 100626.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X92114.
Etymology: L. pref. per, very, thoroughly, completely; L. masc. part. adj. colatus, filtered; N.L. masc. adj. percolatus, completely filtered, referring to the percolator system used for isolation.
Valid publication: BRIGLIA (M.), RAINEY (F.A.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SCHRAA (G.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.S.): Rhodococcus percolatus sp. nov., a bacterium degrading 2,4,6-trichlorophenol. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 23-30.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus phenolicus Rehfuss and Urban 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G2P = DSM 44812 = JCM 14914 = NRRL B-24323.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY533293.
Etymology: N.L. n. phenol, common name for industrial solvent hydroxybenzene; L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. phenolicus, pertaing to phenol.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 108. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 499-500.
Effective publication: REHFUSS (M.) and URBAN (J.): Rhodococcus phenolicus sp. nov., a novel bioprocessor isolated actinomycete with the ability to degrade chlorobenzene, dichlorobenzene and phenol as sole carbon sources. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 695-701.
Validation List no. 108 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the effective publication, the type strain NRRL B-24323 is erroneously cited as NRL B-24343 (abstract) or as B-24343 (protologue).
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 108 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 499-500.
Validation List no. 108 in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus pyridinivorans Yoon et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PDB9 = DSM 44555 = JCM 10940 = KCCM 80005 = KCTC 0647BP = NBRC 100608.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF173005.
Etymology: N.L. n. pyridinum, pyridine; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. part. adj. pyridinivorans, pyridine-devouring.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.S.), CHO (Y.G.), LEE (S.T.), KHO (Y.H.), KIM (C.J.) and PARK (Y.H.): Rhodococcus pyridinivorans sp. nov., a pyridine-degrading bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2173-2180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus qingshengii Xu et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) djl-6 = CGMCC 1.6580 = JCM 15477 = KCTC 19205.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ090961.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. qingshengii, of Qing-Sheng, to honour Qing-Sheng Fan, a respected Chinese microbiologist, for his enormous contributions to the development of microbiology in China.
Valid publication: XU (J.L.), HE (J.), WANG (Z.C.), WANG (K.), LI (W.J.), TANG (S.K.) and LI (S.P.): Rhodococcus qingshengii sp. nov., a carbendazim-degrading bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2754-2757.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus rhodnii Goodfellow and Alderson 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N445 = ATCC 35071= CIP 104181 = DSM 43336 = IEGM 555 = JCM 3203 = KCC A-0203 = LMG 5363 = NBRC 100604 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11279 = NRRL B-16535 = VKM Ac-1187.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80621.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. Rhodnius, generic name of the reduvid bud; N.L. gen. n. rhodnii, of Rhodnius.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 100, 99-122. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 2. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 79-80.

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Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13808= CCUG 47165 = CIP 104376 = DSM 43241 = HAMBI 1959 = IEGM 62 = IFO (now NBRC) 16069 = JCM 3202 = LMG 5365 = NCTC 10210 = NRRL B-2149 = NRRL B-16536 = VKM Ac-1227.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79288.
Synonym: "Staphylococcus rhodochrous" Zopf 1891.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. rhodochrous, rose colored.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ZOPF (W.): Über Ausscheidung von Fettfarbstoffen (Lipochromen) seitens gewisser Spaltpilze. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, 1891, 9, 22-28. 2 TSUKAMURA (M.): A further numerical taxonomic study of the rhodochrous group. Japanese Journal of Microbiology, 1974, 18, 37-44.

Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Rainey et al. 1995.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13808= CIP 104376 = DSM 43241 = HAMBI 1959 = IEGM 62 = IFO (now NBRC) 16069 = JCM 3202 = LMG 5365 = NCTC 10210 = NRRL B-2149 = NRRL B-16536 = VKM Ac-1227.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79288.
Synonym: "Staphylococcus rhodochrous" Zopf 1891.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. rhodochrous, rose colored.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.), KLATTE (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Polyphasic evidence for the transfer of Rhodococcus roseus to Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 101-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rainey et al. 1995, Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Rhodococcus roseus (ex Tsukamura 1971) Tsukamura et al. 1991.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.), KLATTE (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Polyphasic evidence for the transfer of Rhodococcus roseus to Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 101-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus roseus (ex Grotenfelt 1889) Tsukamura et al. 1991, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 271= JCM 2156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81921.
Synonyms: "Bacterium mycoides roseum" Grotenfelt 1889, "Gordona (sic) rosea" (Grotenfelt 1889) Tsukamura 1973, "Rhodococcus roseus" (Grotenfelt 1889) Tsukamura 1974.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. roseus, rose-colored, rosy.
Valid publication: TSUKAMURA (M.), YANO (I.), KUDO (T.) and MIYAMA (A.): Rhodococcus roseus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 385-389.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Rainey et al. 1995.

Note: According to Rainey et al. 1995, Rhodococcus roseus (ex Tsukamura 1971) Tsukamura et al. 1991 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Rainey et al. 1995.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.), KLATTE (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Polyphasic evidence for the transfer of Rhodococcus roseus to Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 101-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus ruber (Kruse 1896) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 104180 = DSM 43338 = IEGM 70 = IFO (now NBRC) 15591 = JCM 3205 = LMG 5366 = KCC A-0205 = VKM Ac-1021.
Synonym: "Streptothrix rubra" Kruse 1896.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80625.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. ruber, red.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KRUSE (W.): Systematik der Streptothricheen und Bakterien. In: C. FLÜGGE (ed.), Die Mikroorganismen, 3rd ed., vol.2, Vogel, Leipzig, 1896, pp. 48-66. 2 GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 100, 99-122.

Note 1: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus ruber (Kruse 1896) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note 2: Tsukamura [1] requested that the Judicial Commission recognize the priority of the name "Rhodococcus lentifragmentus" over Rhodococcus ruber. The commission [2, 3] agreed unanimously not to accede to this request, but noted that the citation of Rhodococcus ruber in the Approved Lists 1980 was incorrect (Cf. supra).
References:
1 TSUKAMURA (M.): Priority of Rhodococcus lentifragmentus (Kruse 1896; Tsukamura et al. 1975) Tsukamura 1978 comb. nov. over Rhodococcus ruber (Kruse 1896) Goodfellow and Alderson 1980. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 124-125.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between January 1985 and July 1993. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 177-178.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Tsukamura 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N4 = ATCC 14352= CCUG 34957 = CIP 104661 = DSM 43197 = JCM 3204 = LMG 5367 = NBRC 101908 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9664 = VKM Ac-1016.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80632.
Synonyms: "Bacillus rubropertinctus" Hefferan 1904, "Serratia rubropertincta" (Hefferan 1904) Bergey et al. 1923, "Mycobacterium rubropertinctum" (Hefferan 1904) Ford 1927, "Proactinomyces rubropertinctus" (Hefferan 1904) Reed 1939, "Nocardia rubropertincta" (Hefferan 1904) Waksman and Henrici 1948.
Etymology: L. adj. ruber -bra -brum, red; L. pref. per, very; L. masc. part. adj. tinctus, dyed, colored; N.L. masc. part. adj. rubropertinctus, heavily dyed red.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HEFFERAN (M.): A comparative and experimental study of bacilli producing red pigment. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1904, 11, 397-404. 2 TSUKAMURA (M.): A further numerical taxonomic study of the rhodochrous group. Japanese Journal of Microbiology, 1974, 18, 37-44.

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The specific epithet rubropertinctus (sic) has been corrected in the new combination Gordonia rubripertincta [see, ¤ Gordonia rubripertincta corrig. (Hefferan 1904) Stackebrandt et al. 1989, comb. nov.]. However the name "Rhodococcus rubripertinctus" corrig. has never been formally proposed before December 14, 2000 (date of publication of the amended Rule 61; see Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, page 2239, column 2). Consequently, in the "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", the epithet rubropertinctus (sic) has been maintained for Rhodococcus rubropertinctus.

Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mordarski et al. 1980.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N4 = ATCC 14352= CCUG 34957 = CIP 104661 = DSM 43197 = JCM 3204 = LMG 5367 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9664 = VKM Ac-1016.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY995557.
Etymology: L. adj. ruber -bra -brum, red; L. pref. per, very; L. masc. part. adj. tinctus, dyed, colored; N.L. masc. part. adj. rubropertinctus, heavily dyed red.
Reference: MORDARSKI (M.), GOODFELLOW (M.), KASZEN (I.), TKACZ (A.), PULVERER (G.) and SCHAAL (K.P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation in the classification of the genus Rhodococcus Zopf 1891 (Approved Lists, 1980). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 521-527.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Mordarski et al. 1980, Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Tsukamura 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mordarski et al. 1980 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Rhodococcus corallinus (Bergey et al. 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: MORDARSKI (M.), GOODFELLOW (M.), KASZEN (I.), TKACZ (A.), PULVERER (G.) and SCHAAL (K.P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation in the classification of the genus Rhodococcus Zopf 1891 (Approved Lists, 1980). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 521-527.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Gordonia rubripertincta corrig. (Hefferan 1904) Stackebrandt et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus soli Li et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSD51W=DSM 46662=JCM 19627=KACC 17838=KCTC 29259.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ939314.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 163. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1105-1111.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LI, S.-H., YU, X.-Y., PARK, D.-J., HOZZEIN, W. N., KIM, C.-J., SHU, W.-S., WADAAN, M. A. M., DING, L.-X. and LI, W.-J. 2015. Rhodococcus soli sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from soil using a resuscitative technique. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 107, 357-366.
Effective publication Online

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Rhodococcus sputi (ex Tsukamura 1978) Tsukamura and Yano 1985, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29627= CCUG 47138 = CIP 100849 = DSM 43896 = IFO (now NBRC) 16049 = JCM 3228 = NBRC 100414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80634.
Synonym: "Rhodococcus sputi" Tsukamura 1978.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sputi, of sputum.
Valid publication: TSUKAMURA (M.) and YANO (I.): Rhodococcus sputi sp. nov., nom. rev., and Rhodococcus aurantiacus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 364-368.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29627= CCUG 47138 = CIP 100849 = DSM 43896 = IFO (now NBRC) 16049 = JCM 3228 = NBRC 100414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80634.
Synonym: "Rhodococcus sputi" Tsukamura 1978.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sputi, of sputum.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). TSUKAMURA (M.): Numerical classification of Rhodococcus (formerly Gordona) organisms recently isolated from sputa of patients: description of Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1978, 28, 169-181.]

Notes:
1 The approved Lists of Bacterial Names and the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) did not included the name Rhodococcus sputi which was published by Tsukamura (1978) in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology [1]. In view of the fact that the name was not included in the Approved Lists, Tsukamura and Yano revived the name Rhodococcus sputi: Rhocococcus sputi (ex Tsukamura 1978) Tsukamura and Yano 1985. However, according to Rule 24a, Note 1, the name Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura 1978 is to be treated as being included in the Approved Lists and this name has priority over Rhodococcus sputi (ex Tsukamura 1978) Tsukamura and Yano 1985 [2].
References:
1 TSUKAMURA (M.) and YANO (I.): Rhodococcus sputi sp. nov., nom. rev., and Rhodococcus aurantiacus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 364-368.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 TINDALL (B.J.) and EUZÉBY (J.P.): A taxonomic note on the authorship and date of valid publication of Rhodococcus sputi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 255-256.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Zakrzewska-Czerwinska et al. 1988, Rhodococcus sputi Tsukamura 1978 and ¤ Rhodococcus obuensis Tsukamura 1983 are heterotypic synonyms and should be regarded as a single species.
Reference: ZAKRZEWSKA-CZERWINSKA (J.), MORDARSKI (M.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): DNA base composition and homology values in the classification of some Rhodococcus species. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 2807-2813.
Original article Online

¤ Gordonia (corrig.) sputi (Tsukamura 1978) Stackebrandt et al. 1989, comb. nov.

¤ Gordonia (corrig.) sputi (Tsukamura 1978) Stackebrandt et al. 1989 emend. Riegel et al. 1994.

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Rhodococcus terrae (Tsukamura 1971) Tsukamura 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25594= CCUG 34959 = CIP 104295 = DSM 43249 = JCM 3206 = JCM 3229 = LMG 5369 = NBRC 100016 = NCTC 10669 = NRRL B-16283 = VKM Ac-1023.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79286.
Synonym: "Gordona (sic) terrae" Tsukamura 1971.
Etymology: L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TSUKAMURA (M.): Proposal of a new genus Gordona for slightly acid-fast organisms in sputum of patients with pulmonary disease and in soil. Journal of General Microbiology, 1971, 68, 15-26. 2 TSUKAMURA (M.): A further numerical taxonomic study of the rhodochrous group. Japanese Journal of Microbiology, 1974, 18, 37-44.

¤ Gordonia (corrig.) terrae (Tsukamura 1971) Stackebrandt et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Rhodococcus triatomae Yassin 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 50202 = DSM 44892 = IMMIB RIV-085 = NBRC 103116.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ854055.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. triatomae, of Triatoma, a zoological genus of blood-sucking bug from which the micro-organism was isolated.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.): Rhodococcus triatomae sp. nov., isolated from a blood-sucking bug. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1575-1579.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus trifolii Kämpfer et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T8 = CCM 7905 = LMG 26204.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR714843.
Etymology: L. n. trifolium, threeleaved grass, trefoil and also a scientific genus name (Trifolium); L. gen. n. trifolii, of trefoil, isolated from Trifolium repens.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), WELLNER (S.), LOHSE (K.), LODDERS (N.) and MARTIN (K.): Rhodococcus cerastii sp. nov. and Rhodococcus trifolii sp. nov., two novel species isolated from leaf surfaces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1024-1029.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus tukisamuensis Matsuyama et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Mb8 = JCM 11308 = NBRC 100609 = NCIMB 13903.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB067734.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. tukisamuensis, of or belonging to Tukisamu, a town in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: MATSUYAMA (H.), YUMOTO (I.), KUDO (T.) and SHIDA (O.): Rhodococcus tukisamuensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1333-1337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus wratislaviensis (Goodfellow et al. 1995) Goodfellow et al. 2002, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N805 = ATCC 51786= CCUG 38518 = CIP 105033 = DSM 44107 = JCM 9689 = NBRC 100605 = NCIMB 13082 = VKM Ac-1986.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z37138.
Basonym: ¤ Tsukamurella wratislaviensis Goodfellow et al. 1995.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. wratislaviensis, of or pertaining to Wratislavia (Wroclaw, Poland).
Valid publication: GOODFELLOW (M.), CHUN (J.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Transfer of Tsukamurella wratislaviensis Goodfellow et al. 1995 to the genus Rhodococcus as Rhodococcus wratislaviensis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 749-755.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus yunnanensis Zhang et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 70056 = CCTCC AA 204007 = DSM 44837 = JCM 13366 = KCTC 19021 = NBRC 103083 = NBRC 103115.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY602219.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. yunnanensis, of or pertaining to Yunnan, a province of south-west China.
Valid publication: ZHANG (Y.Q.), LI (W.J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), KIM (C.J.), CHEN (G.Z.), PARK (D.J.), XU (L.H.) and JIANG (C.L.): Rhodococcus yunnanensis sp. nov., a mesophilic actinobacterium isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1133-1137.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Rhodococcus zopfii Stoecker et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T1 = ATCC 51349= CIP 104275 = DSM 44108 = JCM 9919 = NBRC 100606 = NRRL B-16942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF191343.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. zopfii, of Zopf, named in honor of Wilhelm Friedrich Zopf, who described the bacterium Rhodococcus rhodochrous.
Valid publication: STOECKER (M.A.), HERWIG (R.P.) and STALEY (J.T.): Rhodococcus zopfii sp. nov., a toxicant-degrading bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 106-110.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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