Title

Genus Rhodobium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Rhodobium Hiraishi et al. 1995, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Rhodobiaceae Garrity et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Rhodobium orientis Hiraishi et al. 1995.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Rbi. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. rhodos, rose; Gr. n. bios, life; N.L. neut. n. Rhodobium, red life.
Valid publication: HIRAISHI (A.), URATA (K.) and SATOH (T.): A new genus of marine budding phototrophic bacteria, Rhodobium gen. nov., which includes Rhodobium orientis sp. nov. and Rhodobium marinum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 226-234.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Rhodobium Hiraishi et al. 1995 emend. Urdiain et al. 2008.
Type species: ¤ Rhodobium orientis Hiraishi et al. 1995.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Rbi. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. rhodos, rose; Gr. n. bios, life; N.L. neut. n. Rhodobium, red life.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6. [URDIAIN (M.), LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ (A.), GONZALO (C.), BUSSE (H.J.), LANGER (S.), KÄMPFER (P.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Reclassification of Rhodobium marinum and Rhodobium pfennigii as Afifella marina gen. nov. comb. nov. and Afifella pfennigii comb. nov., a new genus of photoheterotrophic Alphaproteobacteria and emended descriptions of Rhodobium, Rhodobium orientis and Rhodobium gokarnense. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 339-351.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Rhodobium gokarnense Srinivas et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JA173 = ATCC BAA-1275 = DSM 17935 = JCM 13532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM180706.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. gokarnense, pertaining to Gokarna, the place from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: SRINIVAS (T.N.R.), KUMAR (P.A.), SASIKALA (C.), RAMANA (C.V.) and IMHOFF (J.F.): Rhodobium gokarnense sp. nov., a novel phototrophic alphaproteobacterium from a saltern. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 932-935.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Srinivas et al. 2007, the type strain ATCC BAA-1275 is erroneously cited as ATCC BAA-1215.
References:
1 ATCC Web site.
2 SASIKALA (C.): Personal communication (March 15, 2010).

Rhodobium gokarnense Srinivas et al. 2007 emend. Urdiain et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JA173 = ATCC BAA-1275 = DSM 17935 = JCM 13532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM180706.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. gokarnense, pertaining to Gokarna, the place from which the type strain was isolated.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6. [URDIAIN (M.), LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ (A.), GONZALO (C.), BUSSE (H.J.), LANGER (S.), KÄMPFER (P.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Reclassification of Rhodobium marinum and Rhodobium pfennigii as Afifella marina gen. nov. comb. nov. and Afifella pfennigii comb. nov., a new genus of photoheterotrophic Alphaproteobacteria and emended descriptions of Rhodobium, Rhodobium orientis and Rhodobium gokarnense. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 339-351.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Urdiain et al. [1], the type strain JCM 13532 was not delivered. However, according to Dr. M. Sakamoto [2], Rhodobium gokarnense JCM 13532 is now available
References:
1 URDIAIN (M.), LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ (A.), GONZALO (C.), BUSSE (H.J.), LANGER (S.), KÄMPFER (P.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Reclassification of Rhodobium marinum and Rhodobium pfennigii as Afifella marina gen. nov. comb. nov. and Afifella pfennigii comb. nov., a new genus of photoheterotrophic Alphaproteobacteria and emended descriptions of Rhodobium, Rhodobium orientis and Rhodobium gokarnense. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 339-351.
Effective publication Online
2 SAKAMOTO (M.): Personal communication (January 30, 2009).

   image

Rhodobium marinum (Imhoff 1984) Hiraishi et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Imhoff BN 126 = BN 126 = ATCC 35675= CIP 104405 = DSM 2698 = NBRC 100434.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30790.
Basonym: ¤ Rhodopseudomonas marina Imhoff 1984.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. marinum, of or belonging to the sea, marine.
Valid publication: HIRAISHI (A.), URATA (K.) and SATOH (T.): A new genus of marine budding phototrophic bacteria, Rhodobium gen. nov., which includes Rhodobium orientis sp. nov. and Rhodobium marinum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 226-234.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Afifella marina (Imhoff 1984) Urdiain et al. 2009, comb. nov.

   image

Rhodobium orientis Hiraishi et al. 1995, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MB312 = ATCC 51972= DSM 11290 = JCM 9337.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30792.
Etymology: L. gen. n. orientis, of the orient.
Valid publication: HIRAISHI (A.), URATA (K.) and SATOH (T.): A new genus of marine budding phototrophic bacteria, Rhodobium gen. nov., which includes Rhodobium orientis sp. nov. and Rhodobium marinum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 226-234.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Rhodobium orientis Hiraishi et al. 1995 emend. Urdiain et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MB312 = ATCC 51972= DSM 11290 = JCM 9337.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30792.
Etymology: L. gen. n. orientis, of the orient.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6. [URDIAIN (M.), LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ (A.), GONZALO (C.), BUSSE (H.J.), LANGER (S.), KÄMPFER (P.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Reclassification of Rhodobium marinum and Rhodobium pfennigii as Afifella marina gen. nov. comb. nov. and Afifella pfennigii comb. nov., a new genus of photoheterotrophic Alphaproteobacteria and emended descriptions of Rhodobium, Rhodobium orientis and Rhodobium gokarnense. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 339-351.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Rhodobium pfennigii Caumette et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AR2102 = ATCC BAA-1145 = DSM 17143.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU445271.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pfennigii, of Pfennig, named after Norbert Pfennig, a German microbiologist.
Valid publication: CAUMETTE (P.), GUYONEAUD (R.), DURAN (R.), CRAVO-LAUREAU (C.) and MATHERON (R.): Rhodobium pfennigii sp. nov., a phototrophic purple non-sulfur bacterium with unusual bacteriochlorophyll a antennae, isolated from a brackish microbial mat on Rangiroa atoll, French Polynesia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1250-1255.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Afifella pfennigii (Caumette et al. 2007) Urdiain et al. 2009, comb. nov.

   image