Genus Ralstonia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 16
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Ralstonia Yabuuchi et al. 1996, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston et al. 1973) Yabuuchi et al. 1996.
Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Ralstonia, named after E. Ralston, the American bacteriologist who first described Pseudomonas pickettii.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626. [YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.) and NISHIUCHI (Y.): Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species to Ralstonia gen. nov.: proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, Palleroni and Doudoroff 1973) comb. nov., Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) comb. nov. and Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1995, 39, 897-904.]
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format) - Effective publication Online

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Ralstonia basilensis Steinle et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RK1 = DSM 11853 = LMG 18990 = LMG 19474.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF312022.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj.basilensis pertaining to Basilea, the Roman name of Basel, Switzerland, where the strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 71. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1325-1326. [STEINLE (P.), STUCKI (G.), STETTLER (R.) and HANSELMANN (K.W.): Aerobic mineralization of 2,6-dichlorophenol by Ralstonia sp. strain RK1. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1998, 64, 2566-2571.]
Validation List no. 71 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Ralstonia basilensis Steinle et al. 1999 emend. Goris et al. 2001.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RK1 = DSM 11853 = LMG 18990 = LMG 19474.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF312022.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj.basilensis pertaining to Basilea, the Roman name of Basel, Switzerland, where the strain was isolated.
Reference: GORIS (J.), DE VOS (P.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSENS (D.), BRIM (H.), DIELS (L.), MERGEAY (M.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Classification of metal-resistant bacteria from industrial biotopes as Ralstonia campinensis sp. nov., Ralstonia metallidurans sp. nov. and Ralstonia basilensis Steinle et al. 1998 emend. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1773-1782.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Goris et al. 2001 Ralstonia basilensis is erroneously cited as Ralstonia basilensis Steinle et al. 1998 (sic).

¤ Wautersia basilensis (Steinle et al. 1999) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus basilensis (Steinle et al. 1999) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia campinensis Goris et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WS2 = CCUG 44526 = CIP 107177 = LMG 19282.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF312020.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. campinensis, of the Kempen or Campine, the geographical region of north-east Belgium where the strains were originally isolated.
Reference: GORIS (J.), DE VOS (P.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSENS (D.), BRIM (H.), DIELS (L.), MERGEAY (M.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Classification of metal-resistant bacteria from industrial biotopes as Ralstonia campinensis sp. nov., Ralstonia metallidurans sp. nov. and Ralstonia basilensis Steinle et al. 1998 emend. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1773-1782.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Wautersia campinensis (Goris et al. 2001) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus campinensis (Goris et al. 2001) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) Yabuuchi et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 17697 = CCUG 1776 = CIP 104763 = DSM 531 = JCM 11282 = LMG 1199 = NBRC 102504 = NCCB 82041 = NRRL B-4383 = NRRL B-14690.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ416498.
Basonym: ¤ Alcaligenes eutrophus Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. prep. eu, good; Gr. n. trophos, feeder; N.L. fem. adj. eutropha, well nourished.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626. [YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.) and NISHIUCHI (Y.): Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species to Ralstonia gen. nov.: proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, Palleroni and Doudoroff 1973) comb. nov., Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) comb. nov. and Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1995, 39, 897-904.]
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format) - Effective publication Online

¤ Wautersia eutropha (Davis 1969) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus necator Makkar and Casida 1987.

Note: According to Vandamme and Coenye 2004, Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) Yabuuchi et al. 1996 [basonym ¤ Alcaligenes eutrophus Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980), synonym ¤ Wautersia eutropha (Davis 1969) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004] is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Cupriavidus necator Makkar and Casida 1987.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and COENYE (T.): Taxonomy of the genus Cupriavidus: a tale of lost and found. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2285-2289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ralstonia gilardii Coenye et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gilardi 4325 = API 141-2-84 = ATCC 700815 = CCUG 38401 = CIP 105966 = JCM 11283 = LMG 5886.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF076645.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. gilardii, in honour of G. L. Gilardi, an American microbiologist.
Reference: COENYE (T.), FALSEN (E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), GOVAN (J.R.W.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Classification of Alcaligenes faecalis-like isolates from the environment and human clinical samples as Ralstonia gilardii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 405-413.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Wautersia gilardii (Coenye et al. 1999) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus gilardii (Coenye et al. 1999) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia insidiosa Coenye et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AU2944 = CCUG 46789 = LMG 21421.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF488779.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. insidiosa, deceitful, dangerous, referring to the fact that these seemingly harmless environmental organisms can be isolated from, and possibly cause infections in, humans.
Reference: COENYE (T.), GORIS (J.), DE VOS (P.), VANDAMME (P.) and LiPUMA (J.J.): Classification of Ralstonia pickettii-like isolates from the environment and clinical samples as Ralstonia insidiosa sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1075-1080.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Ralstonia insidiosa Coenye et al. 2003 emend. Vaneechoutte et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AU2944 = CCUG 46789 = LMG 21421.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF488779.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. insidiosa, deceitful, dangerous, referring to the fact that these seemingly harmless environmental organisms can be isolated from, and possibly cause infections in, humans.
Reference: VANEECHOUTTE (M.), KÄMPFER (P.), DE BAERE (T.), FALSEN (E.) and VERSCHRAEGEN (G.): Wautersia gen. nov., a novel genus accommodating the phylogenetic lineage including Ralstonia eutropha and related species, and proposal of Ralstonia [Pseudomonas] syzygii (Roberts et al. 1990) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 317-327.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ralstonia mannitolilytica corrig. De Baere et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 38408 = CCUG 45027 = JCM 11284 = LMG 6866 = NCIMB 10805.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ270258.
Etymology: N.L. n. mannitolum, mannitol; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. mannitolilytica, cleaving mannitol.
Reference: DE BAERE (T.), STEYAERT (S.), WAUTERS (G.), DE VOS (P.), GORIS (J.), COENYE (T.), SUYAMA (T.), VERSCHRAEGEN (G.) and VANEECHOUTTE (M.): Classification of Ralstonia pickettii biovar 3/'thomasii' strains (Pickett 1994) and of new isolates related to nosocomial recurrent meningitis as Ralstonia mannitolytica sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 547-558.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet mannitolytica (sic), has been corrected by the List Editor, IJSEM.
Reference: LIST EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 51, part 2, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 795-796.
Notification List in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 Ralstonia mannitolilytica corrig. accomodates the Ralstonia pickettii biovar 3/'thomasii' strains and at least some of the strains known as "Pseudomonas thomasii" Phillips et al. 1972.
3 In the description of the taxon, the type strain NCIMB 10805 is cited as NCIB 10805 (sic).

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Ralstonia metallidurans Goris et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CH34 = ATCC 43123 = CCUG 13724 = CCUG 38400 = CIP 107179 = DSM 2839 = JCM 21315 = LMG 1195.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D87999.
Etymology: L. n. metallum, metal; L. part. adj. durans, enduring; N.L. part. adj. metallidurans, enduring metal, from the fact that these strains are able to survive high heavy-metal concentrations.
Reference: GORIS (J.), DE VOS (P.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSENS (D.), BRIM (H.), DIELS (L.), MERGEAY (M.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Classification of metal-resistant bacteria from industrial biotopes as Ralstonia campinensis sp. nov., Ralstonia metallidurans sp. nov. and Ralstonia basilensis Steinle et al. 1998 emend. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1773-1782.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Wautersia metallidurans (Goris et al. 2001) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus metallidurans (Goris et al. 2001) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia oxalatica (ex Khambata and Bhat 1953) Sahin et al. 2000, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ox1 = ATCC 11883 = CCUG 2086 = DSM 1105 = JCM 11285 = LMG 2235 = NBRC 13593 = NCIMB 8642.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF155567.
Synonym: "Pseudomonas oxalaticus" Khambata and Bhat 1953.
Etymology: N.L. n. oxalatum, oxalate; L. fem. suff. -ica, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. oxalatica, pertaining to oxalate.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 77. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 1953. [SAHIN (N.), ISIK (K.), TAMER (A.Ü.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Taxonomic position of "Pseudomonas oxalaticus" strain Ox1T (DSM 1105T) (Khambata and Bhat, 1953) and its description in the genus Ralstonia as Ralstonia oxalatica comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 23, 206-209.]
Validation List no. 77 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 77, Ralstonia oxalatica is erroneously cited as Ralstonia oxalaticus (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Wautersia oxalatica (Sahin et al. 2000) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus oxalaticus (Sahin et al. 2000) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia paucula Vandamme et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 700817 = CCUG 12507 = CDC E6793 = CIP 105943 = JCM 11286 = LMG 3244.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF085226.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. paucula, rare, very few, to indicate that these strains only cause human infections sporadically.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), GORIS (J.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSENS (D.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.) and FALSEN (E.): Assignment of Centers for Disease Control group IVc-2 to the genus Ralstonia as Ralstonia paucula sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 663-669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Ralstonia paucula Vandamme et al. 1999 was previously known as CDC group IVc-2.

¤ Wautersia paucula (Vandamme et al. 1999) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus pauculus (Vandamme et al. 1999) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston et al. 1973) Yabuuchi et al. 1996, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27511 = CCUG 3318 = CFBP 2459 = CIP 73.23 = DSM 6297 = HAMBI 2158 = JCM 5969 = LMG 5942 = NBRC 102503 = NCTC 11149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY741342.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas pickettii Ralston et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Burkholderia pickettii (Ralston et al. 1973) Yabuuchi et al. 1993.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. pickettii, of Pickett; named after M.J. Pickett.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626. [YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.) and NISHIUCHI (Y.): Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species to Ralstonia gen. nov.: proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, Palleroni and Doudoroff 1973) comb. nov., Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) comb. nov. and Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1995, 39, 897-904.]
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format) - Effective publication Online

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Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum Safni et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UQRS 461=NCPPB 10229=LMG 9673.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC757037.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pseudês, false; N.L. fem. pl. gen. n. solanacearum, a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. fem. pl. gen. n. pseudosolanacearum, false solanacearum, referring to Ralstonia solanacearum.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: SAFNI, I., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., FEGAN, M., SLY, L. and KAPPLER, U. 2014. Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3087-3103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ralstonia respiraculi Coenye et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AU3313 = CCUG 46809 = LMG 21510.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF500583.
Etymology: L. n. respiraculum, breathing, respiration; L. gen. n. respiraculi, of breathing, of the respiratory system.
Reference: COENYE (T.), VANDAMME (P.) and LiPUMA (J.J.): Ralstonia respiraculi sp. nov., isolated from the respiratory tract of cystic fibrosis patients. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1339-1342.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Wautersia respiraculi (Coenye et al. 2003) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus respiraculi (Coenye et al. 2003) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A. Kelman 60-1 = ATCC 11696 = CCUG 14272 = CFBP 2047 = CIP 104762 = DSM 9544 = ICMP 5712 = JCM 10489 = LMG 2299 = NCAIM B.01459 = NCPPB 325 = NRRL B-3212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF016361.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas solanacearum (Smith 1896) Smith 1914 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Burkholderia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, "Bacillus solanacearum" Smith 1896.
Etymology: N.L. fem. pl. n. Solanaceae, the nightshade family; N.L. fem. pl. gen. n. solanacearum, of the Solanaceae.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626. [YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.) and NISHIUCHI (Y.): Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species to Ralstonia gen. nov.: proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, Palleroni and Doudoroff 1973) comb. nov., Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) comb. nov. and Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1995, 39, 897-904.]
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format) - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 1995 and in Validation List no. 57, the type strain is incorrectly cited as ATCC 10696.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Ralstonia solanacearum PASTE emend. Safni et al. 2014.
Reference: SAFNI, I., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., FEGAN, M., SLY, L. and KAPPLER, U. 2014. Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3087-3103.
Original article.

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Ralstonia syzygii (Roberts et al. 1990) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R001 = ATCC 49543 = CCUG 32781 = DSM 7385 = ICMP 10915 = LMG 10661 = NCPPB 3446.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021403.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas syzygii Roberts et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. Syzygium, generic name of the clove tree; L. gen. n. syzygii, of the genus Syzygium.
Reference: VANEECHOUTTE (M.), KÄMPFER (P.), DE BAERE (T.), FALSEN (E.) and VERSCHRAEGEN (G.): Wautersia gen. nov., a novel genus accommodating the phylogenetic lineage including Ralstonia eutropha and related species, and proposal of Ralstonia [Pseudomonas] syzygii (Roberts et al. 1990) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 317-327.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, the strain ATCC 49543 is erroneously cited as ATCC 49453.
Reference: Erratum in the IJSEM Online.

Ralstonia syzygii PASTE emend. Safni et al. 2014.
Reference: SAFNI, I., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., FEGAN, M., SLY, L. and KAPPLER, U. 2014. Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3087-3103.
Original article.

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Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis Safni et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UQRS 627=LMG 27706=DSM 27477=R-46908.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC757073.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. celebesensis, of or belonging to Celebes.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: SAFNI, I., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., FEGAN, M., SLY, L. and KAPPLER, U. 2014. Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3087-3103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis Safni et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UQRS 464=LMG 27703=DSM 27478=PSI 07.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC757057.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. indonesiensis, of or belonging to Indonesia.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: SAFNI, I., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., FEGAN, M., SLY, L. and KAPPLER, U. 2014. Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3087-3103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii Safni et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R 001=LMG 10661=DSM 7385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: U28237.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. Syzygium, generic name of the clove tree; N.L. gen. n. syzygii, of the genus Syzygium.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: SAFNI, I., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., FEGAN, M., SLY, L. and KAPPLER, U. 2014. Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3087-3103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ralstonia taiwanensis Chen et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R1 = CCUG 44338 = CIP 107171 = LMG 19424.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF300324.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. taiwanensis, referring to Taiwan, where the root nodule strains were isolated.
Reference: CHEN (W.M.), LAEVENS (S.), LEE (T.M.), COENYE (T.), DE VOS (P.), MERGEAY (M.) and VANDAMME (P.): Ralstonia taiwanensis sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa species and sputum of a cystic fibrosis patient. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1729-1735.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Wautersia taiwanensis (Chen et al. 2001) Vaneechoutte et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Cupriavidus taiwanensis (Chen et al. 2001) Vandamme and Coenye 2004, comb. nov.

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