Genus Pyrobaculum

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Pyrobaculum Huber et al. 1988, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Pyrobaculum islandicum Huber et al. 1988.
Etymology: Gr. n. pur, fire; L. neut. n. baculum, stick; N.L. neut. n. Pyrobaculum, the fire stick.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [HUBER (R.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Pyrobaculum gen. nov., a new genus of neutrophilic, rod-shaped archaebacteria from continental solfataras growing optimally at 100°C. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 149, 95-101.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Pyrobaculum Huber et al. 1988 emend. Chan et al. 2013.
Type species: ¤ Pyrobaculum islandicum Huber et al. 1988.
Etymology: Gr. n. pur, fire; L. neut. n. baculum, stick; N.L. neut. n. Pyrobaculum, the fire stick.
Reference: CHAN (P.P.), COZEN (A.E.) and LOWE (T.M.): Reclassification of Thermoproteus neutrophilus Stetter and Zillig 1989 as Pyrobaculum neutrophilum comb. nov. based on phylogenetic analysis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 751-754.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pyrobaculum aerophilum Völkl et al. 1996 (complete authorship reads: Völkl, Huber and Stetter in Völkl, Huber, Drobner, Rachel, Burggraf, Trincone and Stetter), sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IM2 = ATCC 51768 = CIP 104966 = DSM 7523 = JCM 9630 = NBRC 100827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L07510.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer aeros, air; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. aerophilum, air-loving, because of its ability to use oxygen for growth in contrast to all other described species of the genus Pyrobaculum.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837. [VÖLKL (P.), HUBER (R.), DROBNER (E.), RACHEL (R.), BURGGRAF (S.), TRINCONE (A.) and STETTER (K.O.): Pyrobaculum aerophilum sp. nov., a novel nitrate-reducing hyperthermophilic archaeum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1993, 59, 2918-2926.]
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The strain CIP 104966 is not available.
Reference: BIZET (C.): Personal communication (June 28, 2005).

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Pyrobaculum arsenaticum Huber et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PZ6* = ATCC 700994 = DSM 13514 = JCM 11321.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ277124.
Etymology: N.L. n. arsenas -atis, arsenate; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. arsenaticum, pertaining to arsenate, able to respire arsenate.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [HUBER (R.), SACHER (M.), VOLLMANN (A.), HUBER (H.) and ROSE (D.): Respiration of arsenate and selenate by hyperthermophilic archaea. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 23, 305-314.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Pyrobaculum calidifontis Amo et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain VA1 = DSM 21063 = JCM 11548.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078332.
Etymology: L. adj. calidus, hot; L. n. fons fontis, spring, fountain; N.L. gen. n. calidifontis, of a hot spring.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 121. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1057. [AMO (T.), PAJE (M.L.F.), INAGAKI (A.), EZAKI (S.), ATOMI (H.) and IMANAKA (T.): Pyrobaculum calidifontis sp. nov., a novel hyperthermophilic archaeon that grows in atmospheric air. Archaea, 2002, 1, 113-121]
Validation List no. 121 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number DSM 21063 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: VALIDATION LIST no. 121 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1057.
Validation List no. 121 in IJSEM Online

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Pyrobaculum islandicum Huber et al. 1988, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GEO3 = DSM 4184 = JCM 9189.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L07511.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. islandicum, of Iceland, describing the place of its first isolation.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [HUBER (R.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Pyrobaculum gen. nov., a new genus of neutrophilic, rod-shaped archaebacteria from continental solfataras growing optimally at 100°C. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 149, 95-101.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Pyrobaculum neutrophilum (Stetter and Zillig 1989) Chan et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net): strain V24Sta = DSM 2338 = JCM 9278 = NBRC 100436.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009618, CP001014 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Thermoproteus neutrophilus Stetter and Zillig 1989.
Etymology: L. adj. neuter -tra -trum, neither the one nor the other, neutral; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. masc. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. neutrophilum, preferring neutral pH.
Reference: CHAN (P.P.), COZEN (A.E.) and LOWE (T.M.): Reclassification of Thermoproteus neutrophilus Stetter and Zillig 1989 as Pyrobaculum neutrophilum comb. nov. based on phylogenetic analysis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 751-754.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pyrobaculum oguniense Sako et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TE7 = DSM 13380 = JCM 10595.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB087402.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. oguniense, pertaining to Oguni-cho, which is the town of the Tuetate hot spring (a slightly alkaliphilic terrestrial hot spring in Oguni cho, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan).
Reference: SAKO (Y.), NUNOURA (T.) and UCHIDA (A.): Pyrobaculum oguniense sp. nov., a novel facultatively aerobic and hyperthermophilic archaeon growing at up to 97 °C. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 303-309.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pyrobaculum organotrophum Huber et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H10 = DSM 4185 = JCM 9190.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB063647.
Etymology: N.L. adj. organicus (from Gr. adj. organikos, of or pertaining to an organ), pertaining to organic chemical compounds; Gr. masc. n. trophos, feeder, rearer, that which nourishes; N.L. neut. adj. organotrophum, feeding on organic material.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [HUBER (R.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Pyrobaculum gen. nov., a new genus of neutrophilic, rod-shaped archaebacteria from continental solfataras growing optimally at 100°C. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 149, 95-101.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 25, the type strain DSM 4185 is erroneously cited as DSM 3185.

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