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Genus Prochlorococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 1
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 4

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Prochlorococcus Chisholm et al. 2001, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 2001.
Etymology: Gr. prep. and pref. pro, before, primitive; Gr. adj. chlôros, green; Gr. n. kokkos, grain or kernel; N.L. masc. n. Prochlorococcus, primitive green kernel (cell).
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [CHISHOLM (S.W.), FRANKEL (S.L.), GOERICKE (R.), OLSON (R.J.), PALENIK (B.), WATERBURY (J.B.), WEST-JOHNSRUD (L.) and ZETTLER (E.R.): Prochlorococcus marinus nov. gen. nov. sp.: an oxyphototrophic marine prokaryote containing divinyl chlorophyll a and b. Arch. Microbiol., 1992, 157, 297-300.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Prochlorococcus Chisholm et al. 2001 is not validly published because the type species is not validly published.

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Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 2001, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCMP-1375 = RCC 144 (strain not distributed).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE017126.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [CHISHOLM (S.W.), FRANKEL (S.L.), GOERICKE (R.), OLSON (R.J.), PALENIK (B.), WATERBURY (J.B.), WEST-JOHNSRUD (L.) and ZETTLER (E.R.): Prochlorococcus marinus nov. gen. nov. sp.: an oxyphototrophic marine prokaryote containing divinyl chlorophyll a and b. Arch. Microbiol., 1992, 157, 297-300.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 2001 is not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, authors or this name, or other scientists who wish to have this name validly published, should submit evidence of the deposit of the type strain in additional collections to the List Editor (either directly or via the IJSEM Editorial Office) before the next meeting of the Judicial Commission in Sapporo, Japan, in 2011. After that time, the name will be ruled not to have been validly published. If, after that deadline, the authors or other scientists wish to have this name validly published, this may be done by confirming that the name is in accordance with the requirements of the Code and either by requesting valid publication via the Validation Lists or by inclusion of the proposal in an original article in the IJSEM. The details of valid publication will then make reference to those publications. If authors or other scientists feel that an exception should be granted to Rule 30, requiring deposit of the type in two different collections in two different countries, they should contact the Editorial Office of the IJSEM.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus Chisholm et al. 1992, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCMP 1375 = RCC 144 (strain not distributed).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE017126.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine.
Valid publication: RIPPKA (R.), COURSIN (T.), HESS (W.), LICHTLE (C.), SCANLAN (D.J.), PALINSKA (K.A.), ITEMAN (I.), PARTENSKY (F.), HOUMARD (J.) and HERDMAN (M.): Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 1992 subsp. pastoris subsp. nov. strain PCC 9511, the first axenic chlorophyll a2/b2-containing cyanobacterium (Oxyphotobacteria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1833-1847.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus Chisholm et al. 1992 appears in the September 2000 issue of the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. However this name is illegitimate because the genus name ¤ Prochlorococcus and the species name ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus were not validly published under the Bacteriological Code at that time.
2 Later, the subspecies Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus was cited in the Validation List no. 79. See: ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus Chisholm et al. 2001.

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Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus (Chisholm et al. 2001) Rippka et al. 2001, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCMP-1375 = RCC 144 (strain not distributed).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE017126.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265.
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Chisholm et al. 2001, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Despite the publication of ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus Chisholm et al. 1992 in the September 2000 issue of the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus (Chisholm et al. 2001) Rippka et al. 2001 is announced in the Validation List no. 79 because the genus name ¤ Prochlorococcus Chisholm et al. 2001 and the species name ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 2001 were not validly published under the Bacteriological Code at that time.
Reference: Validation List no. 79 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265.
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online
3 The subspecies name Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus (Chisholm et al. 2001) Rippka et al. 2001 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2001 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
Reference: Validation List no. 79 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265.
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online
4 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus (Chisholm et al. 2001) Rippka et al. 2001 is not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, authors or this name, or other scientists who wish to have this name validly published, should submit evidence of the deposit of the type strain in additional collections to the List Editor (either directly or via the IJSEM Editorial Office) before the next meeting of the Judicial Commission in Sapporo, Japan, in 2011. After that time, the name will be ruled not to have been validly published. If, after that deadline, the authors or other scientists wish to have this name validly published, this may be done by confirming that the name is in accordance with the requirements of the Code and either by requesting valid publication via the Validation Lists or by inclusion of the proposal in an original article in the IJSEM. The details of valid publication will then make reference to those publications. If authors or other scientists feel that an exception should be granted to Rule 30, requiring deposit of the type in two different collections in two different countries, they should contact the Editorial Office of the IJSEM.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2000, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PCC 9511 = ATCC 700925.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF180967.
Etymology: L. n. pastor -oris, a shepherd (in French un pasteur); N.L. n. pastor -oris, Latinized form of Louis Pasteur; N.L. gen. n. pastoris, of Pasteur, named after the French scientist Louis Pasteur.
Valid publication: RIPPKA (R.), COURSIN (T.), HESS (W.), LICHTLE (C.), SCANLAN (D.J.), PALINSKA (K.A.), ITEMAN (I.), PARTENSKY (F.), HOUMARD (J.) and HERDMAN (M.): Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 1992 subsp. pastoris subsp. nov. strain PCC 9511, the first axenic chlorophyll a2/b2-containing cyanobacterium (Oxyphotobacteria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1833-1847.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2000 appears in the September 2000 issue of the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. However this name is illegitimate because the genus name ¤ Prochlorococcus and the species name ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus were not validly published under the Bacteriological Code at that time.
2 Later, the subspecies Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris was cited in the Validation List no. 79. See: ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2001, subsp. nov.

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Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2001, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PCC 9511 = ATCC 700925.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF180967.
Etymology: L. n. pastor -oris, a shepherd (in French un pasteur); N.L. n. pastor -oris, Latinized form of Louis Pasteur; N.L. gen. n. pastoris, of Pasteur, named after the French scientist Louis Pasteur.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [RIPPKA (R.), COURSIN (T.), HESS (W.), LICHTLE (C.), SCANLAN (D.J.), PALINSKA (K.A.), ITEMAN (I.), PARTENSKY (F.), HOUMARD (J.) and HERDMAN (M.): Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 1992 subsp. pastoris subsp. nov. strain PCC 9511, the first axenic chlorophyll a2/b2-containing cyanobacterium (Oxyphotobacteria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1833-1847.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Despite its publication in the September 2000 issue of the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2001 is announced in the Validation List no. 79 because the genus name ¤ Prochlorococcus Chisholm et al. 2001 and the species name ¤ Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 2001 had not been validly published under the Bacteriological Code at that time.
Reference: Validation List no. 79 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265.
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online
2 Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris Rippka et al. 2001 is not validly published because the genus name Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm et al. 2001 is not validly published.

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