Genus Prevotella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 49
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Prevotella Shah and Collins 1990, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Prevotellaceae Krieg 2012).
Type species: ¤ Prevotella melaninogenica (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Shah and Collins 1990.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Prevotella, named after the French microbiologist, A. R. Prévot, a pioneer in anaerobic microbiology.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Shah and Collins 1990, Prevotella Shah and Collins 1990 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Capsularis Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Willems and Collins 1995.
Type species: ¤ Prevotella melaninogenica (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Shah and Collins 1990.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Prevotella, named after the French microbiologist, A. R. Prévot, a pioneer in anaerobic microbiology.
Reference: WILLEMS (A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): 16S rRNA gene similarities indicate that Hallella seregens (Moore and Moore) and Mitsuokella dentalis (Haapasalo et al.) are genealogically highly related and are members of the genus Prevotella: emended description of the genus Prevotella (Shah and Collins) and description of Prevotella dentalis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 832-836.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Sakamoto and Ohkuma 2012.
Type species: ¤ Prevotella melaninogenica (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Shah and Collins 1990.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Prevotella, named after the French microbiologist, A. R. Prévot, a pioneer in anaerobic microbiology.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.) and OHKUMA (M.): Reclassification of Xylanibacter oryzae Ueki et al. 2006 as Prevotella oryzae comb. nov., with an emended description of the genus Prevotella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2637-2642.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Sakamoto and Ohkuma 2012 Prevotella Shah and Collins 1990 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Xylanibacter Ueki et al. 2006.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.) and OHKUMA (M.): Reclassification of Xylanibacter oryzae Ueki et al. 2006 as Prevotella oryzae comb. nov., with an emended description of the genus Prevotella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2637-2642.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella albensis Avgustin et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M384 = CIP 105472 = DSM 11370 = JCM 12258.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ011683.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. albensis, referring to Alba, the ancient name for Scotland north of the Forth and Clyde, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: AVGUSTIN (G.), WALLACE (R.J.) and FLINT (H.J.): Phenotypic diversity among ruminal isolates of Prevotella ruminicola: proposal of Prevotella brevis sp. nov., Prevotella bryantii sp. nov., and Prevotella albensis sp. nov. and redefinition of Prevotella ruminicola. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 284-288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Prevotella albensis was previously known as "Bacteroides (Prevotella) ruminicola subsp. ruminicola" biovar 7.

   image

Prevotella amnii Lawson et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 53648 = JCM 14753.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM422125.
Etymology: Gr. n. amnion, inner membrane surrounding the fetus; N.L. gen. n. amnii, of the amnion, pertaining to the amniotic fluid from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), MOORE (E.) and FALSEN (E.): Prevotella amnii sp. nov., isolated from human amniotic fluid. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 89-92.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella aurantiaca Sakamoto et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OMA31 = CCUG 57723 = JCM 15754.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB480534.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. aurantiaca, orange-coloured.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), SUZUKI (N.) and OKAMOTO (M.): Prevotella aurantiaca sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 500-503.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella baroniae Downes et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E9.33 = CCUG 50418 = DSM 16972 = JCM 13447.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY840553.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. baroniae, of Baron, named in honour of Ellen Jo Baron, the American microbiologist, for her contributions to clinical microbiology.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), SUTCLIFFE (I.), TANNER (A.C.R.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella marshii sp. nov. and Prevotella baroniae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1551-1555.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella bergensis Downes et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 94067913 = CCUG 51224 = DSM 17361 = JCM 13869.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY350613.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. bergensis, referring to Bergen, the Norwegian city where the first strains were isolated.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), SUTCLIFFE (I.C.), HOFSTAD (T.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella bergensis sp. nov., isolated from human infections. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 609-612.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella bivia (Holdeman and Johnson 1977) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29303 = CCUG 9557 = CIP 105105 = DSM 20514 = JCM 6331 = LMG 6452 = NCTC 11156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16475.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides bivius Holdeman and Johnson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. bivia, having two ways or passages, pertaining to the saccharolytic and proteolytic activities of the species.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella brevis (Bryant et al. 1958) Avgustin et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GA33 = ATCC 19188 = CIP 105473.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ011682.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides ruminicola subsp. brevis Bryant et al. 1958 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. brevis, short.
Reference: AVGUSTIN (G.), WALLACE (R.J.) and FLINT (H.J.): Phenotypic diversity among ruminal isolates of Prevotella ruminicola: proposal of Prevotella brevis sp. nov., Prevotella bryantii sp. nov., and Prevotella albensis sp. nov. and redefinition of Prevotella ruminicola. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 284-288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Prevotella brevis is a new combination rather than a new species as indicated in the paper by Avgustin et al. 1997.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 47, N° 2, of the IJSB (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 917-919.
Notification List in IJSB Online

   image

Prevotella bryantii Avgustin et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B14 = CIP 105474 = DSM 11371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ006457.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. bryantii, of Bryant, named after Marvin Bryant, an American microbiologist.
Reference: AVGUSTIN (G.), WALLACE (R.J.) and FLINT (H.J.): Phenotypic diversity among ruminal isolates of Prevotella ruminicola: proposal of Prevotella brevis sp. nov., Prevotella bryantii sp. nov., and Prevotella albensis sp. nov. and redefinition of Prevotella ruminicola. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 284-288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Prevotella bryantii was previously known as "Bacteroides (Prevotella) ruminicola subsp. brevis" biovar 3.

   image

Prevotella buccae (Holdeman et al. 1982) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33574 = CCUG 15401 = CIP 105106 = JCM 12245 = VPI D3A-6.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16477.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides buccae Holdeman et al. 1982.
Etymology: L. gen. n. buccae, of the mouth, referring to a major natural habitat of the species.
Heterotypic synonyms: ¤ Bacteroides capillus Kornman and Holt 1982, ¤ Bacteroides pentosaceus Shah and Collins 1982.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella buccalis (Shah and Collins 1982) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35310 = CCUG 15557 = DSM 20616 = JCM 12246 = NCDO 2354 = NCTC 13064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16476.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides buccalis Shah and Collins 1982.
Etymology: L. n. bucca, the mouth; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. buccalis, buccal, pertaining to the mouth.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The strain NCDO 2354, cited in Validation List no. 8 as the type strain of Bacteroides buccalis, does not appear in the UKNCC Strain databases or in The complete list of NCIMB bacterial strains.

   image

Prevotella copri Hayashi et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CB7 = DSM 18205 = JCM 13464.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB064923.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. copri (from Gr. n. kopros -on), of/from faeces.
Reference: HAYASHI (H.), SHIBATA (K.), SAKAMOTO (M.), TOMITA (S.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella copri sp. nov. and Prevotella stercorea sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 941-946.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella corporis (Johnson and Holdeman 1983) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lambe 532-70A = ATCC 33547 = CIP 105107 = JCM 8529 = NCTC 13065 = VPI 9342.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16465.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides corporis Johnson and Holdeman 1983.
Etymology: L. n. corpus -oris, body; L. gen. n. corporis, of the body; pertaining to the isolation of this organism from human clinical specimens.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella dentalis (Haapasalo et al. 1986) Willems and Collins 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ES2772 = ATCC 49559 = CCUG 48288 = DSM 3688 = JCM 13448 = NCTC 12043.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81876.
Basonym: ¤ Mitsuokella dentalis Haapasalo et al. 1986.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, a tooth; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. dentalis, pertaining to teeth.
Reference: WILLEMS (A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): 16S rRNA gene similarities indicate that Hallella seregens (Moore and Moore) and Mitsuokella dentalis (Haapasalo et al.) are genealogically highly related and are members of the genus Prevotella: emended description of the genus Prevotella (Shah and Collins) and description of Prevotella dentalis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 832-836.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella dentasini Takada et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NUM 1903 = DSM 22229 = JCM 15908.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB477014.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, a tooth; L. n. asinus -i, a donkey; N.L. gen. n. dentasini, of/from the tooth of a donkey.
Reference: TAKADA (K.), HAYASHI (K.), SATO (Y.) and HIRASAWA (M.): Prevotella dentasini sp. nov., a black-pigmented species isolated from the oral cavity of donkeys. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1637-1639.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella denticola (Shah and Collins 1982) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Socransky 1210 = Shah and Collins 1210 = ATCC 35308 = CCUG 29542 = CIP 104478 = DSM 20614 = JCM 13449 = NCDO 2352 = NCTC 13067.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323524.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides denticola Shah and Collins 1982 emend. Holdeman and Johnson 1982.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, tooth; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola) inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. denticola, tooth dweller.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The strain NCDO 2352, cited in Validation List no. 8 as the type strain of Bacteroides denticola, does not appear in the UKNCC Strain databases or in The complete list of NCIMB bacterial strains.

Prevotella denticola (Shah and Collins 1982) Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Wu et al. 1992.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCDO 2352 = VPI 14460 = Socransky 1210.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323524.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides denticola Shah and Collins 1982 emend. Holdeman and Johnson 1982.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, tooth; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola) inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. denticola, tooth dweller.
Reference: WU (C.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Emended descriptions of Prevotella denticola, Prevotella loescheii, Prevotella veroralis, and Prevotella melaninogenica. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 536-541.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella disiens (Holdeman and Johnson 1977) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29426 = CCUG 9558 = CIP 105108 = DSM 20516 = JCM 6334 = LMG 6453 = NCTC 11157.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16483.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides disiens Holdeman and Johnson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L part. adj. disiens (sic), going in two different directions; intended to refer to the fact that the organism is both saccharolytic and proteolytic.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella enoeca Moore et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51261 = CIP 104472 = JCM 12259 = NCTC 13068 = VPI D194A-25A.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ005635.
Etymology: Gr. n. enoikos inhabitant, dweller in a place; N.L. fem. adj. enoeca, inhabiting, because the organism is an inhabitant of the gingival crevice.
Reference: MOORE (L.V.H.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Descriptions of Prevotella tannerae sp. nov. and Prevotella enoeca sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emendation of the description of Prevotella zoogleoformans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 599-602.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella falsenii Sakamoto et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 04052 = CCUG 56137 = JCM 15124.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB429504.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. falsenii, of Falsen, to honour the contemporary Norwegian microbiologist Enevold Falsen, for his lifelong interest in bacterial taxonomy and for his systematic characterization of bacteria at the Culture Collection of the University of Göteborg.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), KUMADA (H.), HAMADA (N.), TAKAHASHI (Y.), OKAMOTO (M.), BAKIR (M.A.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella falsenii sp. nov., a Prevotella intermedia-like organism isolated from monkey dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 319-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella fusca Downes and Wade 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W1435 = CCUG 57946 = DSM 22504 = JCM 17724.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ545433.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. fusca, dark-coloured, relating to the dark colour of colonies of the type strain.
Reference: DOWNES (J.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella fusca sp. nov. and Prevotella scopos sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 854-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella heparinolytica (Okuda et al. 1985) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HEP = ATCC 35895 = CCUG 27827 = LMG 10142.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16487.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides heparinolyticus Okuda et al. 1985.
Etymology: N.L. n. heparinum (from Gr. n. hêpar, liver) heparin; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. heparinolytica, heparin dissolving.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Gram-negative anaerobic rods recommends that Prevotella heparinolytica (Okuda et al. 1985) Shah and Collins 1990 be designated Bacteroides heparinolyticus Okuda et al. 1985.
Reference: OLSEN (I.) and SHAH (H.N.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Gram-negative anaerobic rods. Minutes of the meetings, 9 and 10 July 2000, Manchester, UK. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1943-1944.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

   image

Prevotella histicola Downes et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T05-04 = CCUG 55407 = DSM 19854 = JCM 15637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU126661.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. histus (from Gr. histos), tissue; L. suffix -cola (from incola), inhabitant; N.L. fem./masc. n. histicola, inhabitant of tissue.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), HOOPER (S.J.), WILSON (M.J.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella histicola sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1788-1791.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella intermedia (Holdeman and Moore 1970) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Finegold B422 = ATCC 25611 = CCUG 24041 = CIP 101222 = CIP 103682 = DSM 20706 = JCM 12248 = JCM 11150 = NCTC 13070 = VPI 4197.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X73965.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides melaninogenicus subsp. intermedius Holdeman and Moore 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Bacteroides intermedius (Holdeman and Moore 1970) Johnson and Holdeman 1983.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. intermedia, intermediate.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella jejuni Hedberg et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CD3:28=CCUG 60371=DSM 26989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ778983.
Etymology: L. gen. n. jejuni, of or from the jejunum, referring to the isolation of the type strain from the jejunum.
Source: Clinical.
Reference: HEDBERG, M. E., ISRAELSSON, A., MOORE, E. R., SVENSSON-STADLER, L., WAI, S. N., PIETZ, G., SANDSTRÖM, O., HERNELL, O., HAMMARSTRÖM, M.-L. and HAMMARSTRÖM, S. 2013. Prevotella jejuni sp. nov., isolated from the small intestine of a child with coeliac disease. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4218-4223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella loescheii (Holdeman and Johnson 1982) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Loesche 8B = ATCC 15930 = CCUG 5914 = JCM 8530 = JCM 12249 = NCTC 11321 = VPI 9085.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY836508.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides loescheii Holdeman and Johnson 1982.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. loescheii, of Loesche, named after Walter J. Loesche, an American oral microbiologist.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella loescheii (Holdeman and Johnson 1982) Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Wu et al. 1992.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Loesche 8B = ATCC 15930 = CCUG 5914 = NCTC 11321 = VPI 9085.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY836508.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides loescheii Holdeman and Johnson 1982.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. loescheii, of Loesche, named after Walter J. Loesche, an American oral microbiologist.
Reference: WU (C.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Emended descriptions of Prevotella denticola, Prevotella loescheii, Prevotella veroralis, and Prevotella melaninogenica. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 536-541.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella maculosa Downes et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W1609 = CCUG 54766 = DSM 19339 = JCM 15638.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF534314, and EF534315.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. maculosa, speckled, referring to the internal appearance of colonies of the organism growing on agar media.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), SUTCLIFFE (I.C.), BOOTH (V.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella maculosa sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2936-2939.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella marshii Downes et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E9.34 = CCUG 50419 = DSM 16973 = JCM 13450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF481227.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. marshii, of Marsh, named in honour of British microbiologist Philip Marsh, for his contributions to oral microbiology.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), SUTCLIFFE (I.), TANNER (A.C.R.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella marshii sp. nov. and Prevotella baroniae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1551-1555.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella melaninogenica (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Finegold B282 = ATCC 25845 = CCUG 4944 B = CIP 105346 = DSM 7089 = JCM 6325 = NCTC 12963 = VPI 4196 = VPI 15087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323525.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides melaninogenicus (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Roy and Kelly 1939 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium melaninogenicum" Oliver and Wherry 1921, "Hemophilus melaninogenicus" (sic) (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Bergey et al. 1930, "Ristella melaninogenica" (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Prévot 1938, "Fusiformis nigrescens" Schwabacher et al. 1947.
Etymology: N.L. n. melaninum, melanin; N.L. adj. genicus -a -um, producing (probably derived from Gr. n. genetês, a begetter); N.L. fem. adj. melaninogenica, melanin producing (black pigment is due to protoheme and not to melanin, as originally thought.).
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella melaninogenica (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Wu et al. 1992.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Finegold B282 = ATCC 25845 = CCUG 4944 B = CIP 105346 = DSM 7089 = JCM 6325 = NCTC 12963 = VPI 4196 = VPI 15087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323525.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides melaninogenicus (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Roy and Kelly 1939 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium melaninogenicum" Oliver and Wherry 1921, "Hemophilus melaninogenicus" (sic) (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Bergey et al. 1930, "Ristella melaninogenica" (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Prévot 1938, "Fusiformis nigrescens" Schwabacher et al. 1947.
Etymology: N.L. n. melaninum, melanin; N.L. adj. genicus -a -um, producing (probably derived from Gr. n. genetês, a begetter); N.L. fem. adj. melaninogenica, melanin producing (black pigment is due to protoheme and not to melanin, as originally thought.).
Reference: WU (C.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Emended descriptions of Prevotella denticola, Prevotella loescheii, Prevotella veroralis, and Prevotella melaninogenica. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 536-541.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella micans Downes et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E7.56 = CCUG 56105 = DSM 21469 = JCM 16134.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF481228.
Etymology: L. part. adj. micans, sparkling, referring to the sparkling, iridescent appearance of the colonies of the organism growing on agar media.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), LIU (M.), KONONEN (E.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella micans sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 771-774.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella multiformis Sakamoto et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PPPA21 = DSM 16608 = JCM 12541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB182483.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. multiformis, many-shaped, multiform.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), HUANG (Y.), UMEDA (M.), ISHIKAWA (I.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella multiformis sp. nov., isolated from human subgingival plaque. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 815-819.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella multisaccharivorax Sakamoto et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PPPA20 = DSM 17128 = JCM 12954.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB200414.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many, much; L. n. saccharum, sugar; L. adj. vorax, devouring, ravenous, voracious; N.L. fem. adj. multisaccharivorax, liking to eat many sugars.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), UMEDA (M.), ISHIKAWA (I.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella multisaccharivorax sp. nov., isolated from human subgingival plaque. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1839-1843.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The epithet multisaccharivorax is a N.L. adj., not a N.L. part. adj. as cited in the paper by Sakamoto et al. 2005.

   image

Prevotella nanceiensis Alauzet et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LBN 293 = AIP 261.03 = CCUG 54409 = CIP 108993 = JCM 15639.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY957555.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. nanceiensis, pertaining to Nanceium, the old name of Nancy, the French city where the strains supporting the description of the species were isolated.
Reference: ALAUZET (C.), MORY (F.), CARLIER (J.P.), MARCHANDIN (H.), JUMAS-BILAK (E.) and LOZNIEWSKI (A.): Prevotella nanceiensis sp. nov., isolated from human clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2216-2220.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella nigrescens Shah and Gharbia 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lambe 729-74 = ATCC 33563 = CCUG 9560 = CIP 105552 = DSM 13386 = JCM 6322 = JCM 12250 = NCTC 9336 = VPI 8944.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X73963.
Etymology: L. part. adj. nigrescens, becoming black, growing dark, referring to the characteristic black colonies formed on blood agar plates.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and GHARBIA (S.E.): Biochemical and chemical studies on strains designated Prevotella intermedia and proposal of a new pigmented species, Prevotella nigrescens sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 542-546.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella oralis (Loesche et al. 1964) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33269 = CCUG 15408 = DSM 20702 = JCM 12251 = NCTC 11459 = VPI D27B-24.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323522.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides oralis Loesche et al. 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Ristella oralis" (Loesche et al. 1964) Prévot et al. 1967.
Etymology: L. n. os oris, the mouth; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella oris (Holdeman et al. 1982) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33573 = CCUG 15405 = CIP 104480 = JCM 8540 = JCM 12252 = NCTC 13071 = VPI D1A-1A.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16474.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides oris Holdeman et al. 1982.
Etymology: L. n. os oris, the mouth; L. gen. n. oris, of the mouth, referring to a major natural habitat of the species.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Shah and Collins 1990, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 33573 = VPI DIA-1A (sic).

   image

Prevotella oryzae (Ueki et al. 2006) Sakamoto and Ohkuma 2012, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KB3 = DSM 17970 = JCM 13648.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB588018.
Basonym: ¤ Xylanibacter oryzae Ueki et al. 2006.
Etymology: L. fem. n. oryza, rice and the genus name of rice; L. gen. n. oryzae, from/of rice or rice plants, referring to rice-plant residue from which the strain was isolated.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.) and OHKUMA (M.): Reclassification of Xylanibacter oryzae Ueki et al. 2006 as Prevotella oryzae comb. nov., with an emended description of the genus Prevotella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2637-2642.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella oulorum corrig. (Shah et al. 1985) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WPH 179 = ATCC 43324 = CCUG 54769 = CIP 104477 = JCM 14966 = NCTC 11871.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16472.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides oulorum Shah et al. 1985.
Etymology: Gr. n. oulon, the gums; N.L. gen. pl. n. oulorum, of the gums.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Prevotella oulora (sic), has been corrected by H. Werner.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON GRAM-NEGATIVE ANAEROBIC RODS: Minutes of the meeting, 13 and 14 September, 1990, Osaka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 590-591.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 There are some problems with the type strain of Prevotella oulorum. According to the CCUG, the type strain should be the following: Holbrook 179 = WPH 179 = ATCC 43324 = CCUG 54769 = JCM 14966 = NCTC 12747.

   image

Prevotella pallens Könönen et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AHN 10371 = ATCC 700821 = CCUG 39484 = CIP 105551 = JCM 11140 = NCTC 13042.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13105.
Etymology: L. part. adj. pallens, being or looking or growing pale, referring to the weak pigmentation of colonies on blood agar plates.
Reference: KÖNÖNEN (E.), EEROLA (E.), FRANDSEN (E.V.G.), JALAVA (J.) MÄTTÖ (J.), SALMENLINNA (S.) and JOUSIMIES-SOMER (H.): Phylogenetic characterization and proposal of a new pigmented species to the genus Prevotella: Prevotella pallens sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 47-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Prevotella pallens Könönen et al. 1998 was previously known as Prevotella intermedia / Prevotella nigrescens-like organism (PINLO).

   image

Prevotella paludivivens Ueki et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KB7 = DSM 17968 = JCM 13650.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078827.
Etymology: L. n. palus -udis, swamp, marsh; L. v. vivo, to live; N.L. part. adj. paludivivens, living in swamps.
Reference: UEKI (A.), AKASAKA (H.), SATOH (A.), SUZUKI (D.) and UEKI (K.): Prevotella paludivivens sp. nov., a novel strictly anaerobic, Gram-negative, hemicellulose-decomposing bacterium isolated from plant residue and rice roots in irrigated rice-field soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1803-1809.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella pleuritidis Sakamoto et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GTC 3021 = CCUG 54350 = JCM 14110.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB278593.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. pleuritidis, of/from pleuritis, an inflammation of the pleura.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), OHKUSU (K.), MASAKI (T.), KAKO (H.), EZAKI (T.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella pleuritidis sp. nov., isolated from pleural fluid. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1725-1728.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella ruminicola (Bryant et al. 1958) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Bryant 23 = ATCC 19189 = CIP 105475 = JCM 8958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16482.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides ruminicola Bryant et al. 1958 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Ruminobacter ruminicola" (Bryant et al. 1958) Prévot 1966.
Etymology: L. n. rumen -inis, first stomach of ruminants, rumen; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, deweller; N.L. n. ruminicola, inhabitant of the rumen.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella ruminicola (Bryant et al. 1958) Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Avgustin et al. 1997.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Bryant 23 = ATCC 19189 = CIP 105475 = JCM 8958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16482.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides ruminicola Bryant et al. 1958 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Ruminobacter ruminicola" (Bryant et al. 1958) Prévot 1966.
Etymology: L. n. rumen -inis, first stomach of ruminants, rumen; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, deweller; N.L. n. ruminicola, inhabitant of the rumen.
Reference: AVGUSTIN (G.), WALLACE (R.J.) and FLINT (H.J.): Phenotypic diversity among ruminal isolates of Prevotella ruminicola: proposal of Prevotella brevis sp. nov., Prevotella bryantii sp. nov., and Prevotella albensis sp. nov. and redefinition of Prevotella ruminicola. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 284-288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella saccharolytica Downes et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D033B-12-2 = CCUG 57944 = DSM 22473 = JCM 17484.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ825149.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchar -aros, sugar; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. saccharolytica, saccharolytic, breaking down multiple sugars.
Reference: DOWNES (J.), TANNER (A.C.R.), DEWHIRST (F.E.)  and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella saccharolytica sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2458-2461.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella salivae Sakamoto et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EPSA11 = DSM 15606 = JCM 12084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB108826.
Etymology: L. fem. n. saliva, saliva; L. gen. n. salivae, of/from saliva from which the micro-organism was isolated.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), SUZUKI (M.), HUANG (Y.), UMEDA (M.), ISHIKAWA (I.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella shahii sp. nov. and Prevotella salivae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 877-883.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella scopos Downes and Wade 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W2052 = CCUG 57945 = DSM 22613 = JCM 17725.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ545434.
Etymology: L. masc. n. scopos (nominative in apposition), a mark, aim at which one shoots, referring to the ‘bullseye’ appearance of older colonies of the type strain.
Reference: DOWNES (J.) and WADE (W.G.): Prevotella fusca sp. nov. and Prevotella scopos sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 854-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella shahii Sakamoto et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EHS11 = DSM 15611 = JCM 12083.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB108825.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. shahii, of Shah, named after the Trinidadian-born British microbiologist Haroun N. Shah, for his contributions to taxonomy of the genus Bacteroides and related taxa.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.), SUZUKI (M.), HUANG (Y.), UMEDA (M.), ISHIKAWA (I.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella shahii sp. nov. and Prevotella salivae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 877-883.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella stercorea Hayashi et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CB35 = DSM 18206 = JCM 13469.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB244774.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. stercorea, pertaining to faeces.
Reference: HAYASHI (H.), SHIBATA (K.), SAKAMOTO (M.), TOMITA (S.) and BENNO (Y.): Prevotella copri sp. nov. and Prevotella stercorea sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 941-946.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella tannerae Moore et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51259 = CCUG 34292 = CIP 104476 = NCTC 13073 = VPI N14B-15.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ005634.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. tannerae, of Tanner, in honor of Anne C. R. Tanner, a United States microbiologist.
Reference: MOORE (L.V.H.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Descriptions of Prevotella tannerae sp. nov. and Prevotella enoeca sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emendation of the description of Prevotella zoogleoformans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 599-602.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Alloprevotella tannerae (Moore et al. 1994) Downes et al. 2013, comb. nov.

   image

Prevotella timonensis Glazunova et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4401737 = CCUG 50105 = CIP 108522 = JCM 15640.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ518919.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. timonensis, pertaining to the Hôpital de la Timone, the hospital in Marseille, France, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GLAZUNOVA (O.O.), LAUNAY (T.), RAOULT (D.) and ROUX (V.): Prevotella timonensis sp. nov., a novel member of the genus Prevotella isolated from a human breast abscess. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 883-886.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella veroralis (Watabe et al. 1983) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33779 = CCUG 15422 = JCM 6290 = VPI D22A-7.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16473.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides veroralis Watabe et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. verus, true; N.L. fem. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth and also a specific epithet; N.L. fem. adj. veroralis, the true (Prevotella) oralis.
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella veroralis (Watabe et al. 1983) Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Wu et al. 1992.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33779 = CCUG 15422 = JCM 6290 = VPI D22A-7.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16473.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides veroralis Watabe et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. verus, true; N.L. fem. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth and also a specific epithet; N.L. fem. adj. veroralis, the true (Prevotella) oralis.
Reference: WU (C.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Emended descriptions of Prevotella denticola, Prevotella loescheii, Prevotella veroralis, and Prevotella melaninogenica. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 536-541.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Prevotella zoogleoformans (Weinberg et al. 1937) Shah and Collins 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33285 = CCUG 20495 = CIP 104479 = JCM 16136 = NCTC 13075 = VPI D28K-1.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16488.
Basonym: ¤ Capsularis zoogleoformans corrig. (Weinberg et al. 1937) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Bacteroides zoogleoformans (Weinberg et al. 1937) Cato et al. 1982, "Bacterium zoogleiformans" Weinberg et al. 1937.
Etymology: Gr. adj. zôos, alive, living; Gr. masc. noun gloios, any glutinous substance, gum, glue; N.L. fem. n. zoogleoea, inhabitant of glue, zoogloea; L. part. adj. formans, forming; N.L. part. adj. zoogleoformans, forming zoogloea (pertaining to the glutinous mass produced in broth cultures).
Reference: SHAH (H.N.) and COLLINS (D.M.): Prevotella, a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 205-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Prevotella zoogleoformans (Weinberg et al. 1937) Shah and Collins 1990 emend. Moore et al. 1994.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33285 = CIP 104479 = NCTC 13075 = JCM 16136 = VPI D28K-1.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L16488.
Basonym: ¤ Capsularis zoogleoformans corrig. (Weinberg et al. 1937) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Bacteroides zoogleoformans (Weinberg et al. 1937) Cato et al. 1982, "Bacterium zoogleiformans" Weinberg et al. 1937.
Etymology: Gr. adj. zôos, alive, living; Gr. masc. noun gloios, any glutinous substance, gum, glue; N.L. fem. n. zoogleoea, inhabitant of glue, zoogloea; L. part. adj. formans, forming; N.L. part. adj. zoogleoformans, forming zoogloea (pertaining to the glutinous mass produced in broth cultures).
Reference: MOORE (L.V.H.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Descriptions of Prevotella tannerae sp. nov. and Prevotella enoeca sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emendation of the description of Prevotella zoogleoformans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 599-602.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Gram-negative anaerobic rods recommends that Prevotella zoogleoformans (Weinberg et al. 1937) Shah and Collins 1990 be designated Bacteroides zoogleoformans (Weinberg et al. 1937) Cato et al. 1982.
Reference: OLSEN (I.) and SHAH (H.N.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Gram-negative anaerobic rods. Minutes of the meetings, 9 and 10 July 2000, Manchester, UK. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1943-1944.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

   image