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Genus Porphyrobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Porphyrobacter Fuerst et al. 1993, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Porphyrobacter neustonensis Fuerst et al. 1993.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Por. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: N.L. n. porphyrinum (Gr. adj. porphureos, purple), porphyrine; N.L. pref. porphyro-, pertaining to porphyrine; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Porphyrobacter, porphyrin-producing rod.
Valid publication: FUERST (J.A.), HAWKINS (J.A.), HOLMES (A.), SLY (L.I.), MOORE (C.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Porphyrobacter neustonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-synthesizing budding bacterium from fresh water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 125-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Porphyrobacter Fuerst et al. 1993 emend. Coil et al. 2016.
Reference: Coil, D. A., Flanagan, J. C., Stump, A., Alexiev, A., Lang, J. M. and Eisen, J. A. 2016. Porphyrobacter mercurialis sp. nov., isolated from a stadium seat and emended description of the genus Porphyrobacter. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, .
Original article.

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Porphyrobacter colymbi Furuhata et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TPW-24=JCM 18338=KCTC 32078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB702992.
Etymology: L. gen. n. colymbi, of a swimming pool, thus indicating the site of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 154. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3931-3934.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: FURUHATA, K., EDAGAWA, A., MIYAMOTO, H., KAWAKAMI, Y. and FUKUYAMA, M. 2013. Porphyrobacter colymbi sp. nov. isolated from swimming pool water in Tokyo, Japan. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 59, 245-250
Effective publication Online

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Porphyrobacter cryptus da Costa et al. 2003 (complete authorship reads da Costa, Rainey and Nobre), sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ALC-2 = ATCC BAA-386 = DSM 12079.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF465834.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. cryptus (from Gr. adj. kryptos), hidden, to indicate the cryptic relationship of this species to the closely related organisms.
Valid publication: RAINEY (F.A.), SILVA (J.), NOBRE (M.F.), SILVA (M.T.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Porphyrobacter cryptus sp. nov., a novel slightly thermophilic, aerobic, bacteriochlorophyll a-containing species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 35-41.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Porphyrobacter dokdonensis Yoon et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSW-74 = DSM 17193 = KCTC 12395.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ011529.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. dokdonensis, of Dokdo, from where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (M.H.), OH (H.W.) and OH (T.K.): Porphyrobacter dokdonensis sp. nov., isolated from sea water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1079-1083.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Porphyrobacter donghaensis Yoon et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SW-132 = DSM 16220 = KCTC 12229.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY559428.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. donghaensis, of Donghae, the Korean name for the East Sea in Korea from which the strains were isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (M.H.) and OH (T.K.): Porphyrobacter donghaensis sp. nov., isolated from sea water of the East Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2231-2235.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Porphyrobacter mercurialis Coil et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Coronado=DSM 29971=LMG 28700.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP122961.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. adj. mercurialis, temperamental in reference to difficulties in establishing consistent growth requirements during characterization.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 168. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1603-1606.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Coil, D. A., Flanagan, J. C., Stump, A., Alexiev, A., Lang, J. M. and Eisen, J. A. 2015. Porphyrobacter mercurialis sp. nov., isolated from a stadium seat and emended description of the genus Porphyrobacter. PeerJ 3, e1400.
Effective publication Online

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Porphyrobacter neustonensis Fuerst et al. 1993, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACM 2844 = CIP 104070 = DSM 9434.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB033327.
Etymology: Gr. adj. neustos, swimming, floating; N.L. masc. adj. neustonensis, intended to mean occurring at the air-water interface layer.
Valid publication: FUERST (J.A.), HAWKINS (J.A.), HOLMES (A.), SLY (L.I.), MOORE (C.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Porphyrobacter neustonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-synthesizing budding bacterium from fresh water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 125-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Porphyrobacter sanguineus (ex Ahrens and Rheinheimer 1968) Hiraishi et al. 2002, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A91 = ATCC 25659= IAM 12620 = ICPB 4167 = IFO (now NBRC) 15763 = JCM 20691.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021493.
Synonym: "Agrobacterium sanguineum" Ahrens and Rheinheimer 1968.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sanguineus, of blood (?) or blood-colored (?).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 88. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1915-1916.
Effective publication: HIRAISHI (A.), YONEMITSU (Y.), MATSUSHITA (M.), SHIN (Y.K.), KURAISHI (H.) and KAWAHARA (K.): Characterization of Porphyrobacter sanguineus sp. nov., an aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacterium capable of degrading biphenyl and dibenzofuran. Arch. Microbiol., 2002, 178, 45-52.
Validation List no. 88 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 88, Porphyrobacter sanguineus is cited as a new species, Porphyrobacter sanguineus Hiraishi et al. 2002, sp. nov.

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Porphyrobacter tepidarius Hanada et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OT3 = DSM 10594.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB033328.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. tepidarius, of or belonging to tepid water or to a tepid bath.
Valid publication: HANADA (S.), KAWASE (Y.), HIRAISHI (A.), TAKAICHI (S.), MATSUURA (K.), SHIMADA (K.) and NAGASHIMA (K.V.P.): Porphyrobacter tepidarius sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic aerobic photosynthetic bacterium isolated from a hot spring. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 408-413.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Hanada et al., the type strain DSM 10594 is erroneously cited as DSM 10595.

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