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Genus Polyangium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 10
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Polyangium Link 1809, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Polyangiaceae Jahn 1924 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Polyangium vitellinum Link 1809 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. polu, many; Gr. neut. n. angeion (Latin transliteration angium),  vessel; N.L. neut. n. Polyangium, many vessels.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LINK (H.F.): Observationes in Ordines plantarum naturales. Dissertatio prima complectens Anandrarum ordines Epiphytas, Mucedines, Gastromycos et Fungos. Gesellschaft fur Natur (Berlin), 1809, 3, 3-42.

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Polyangium aureum (ex Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1930) Brockman 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) description in Brockman 1989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonym: "Polyangium aureum" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1930.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aureum, golden.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: BROCKMAN (E.R.): Genus I. Polyangium Link 1809, 42AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2159-2162.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

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Polyangium cellulosum (ex Imshenetski and Solntseva 1936) Brockman 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) description in Brockman 1989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Polyangium cellulosum" Imshenetski and Solntseva 1936, "Sorangium cellulosum" (Imshenetski and Solntseva 1936) Imshenetski and Solntseva 1937, "Sorangium nigrum" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1938, "Sorangium nigrescens" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1938.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. cellulosum, cellulose.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: BROCKMAN (E.R.): Genus I. Polyangium Link 1809, 42AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2159-2162.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Brockman 1989, four reference strains are given: ATCC 15384, ATCC 25531, ATCC 25532, and ATCC 25569 However no type strain is designated.

¤ Sorangium cellulosum (Brockman 1989) Reichenbach 2007, comb. nov.

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Polyangium fumosum Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1930, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Windsor M257.
Proposed neotype strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Pl fu5=DSM 14668=JCM 12636.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU207879.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. fumosum, full of smoke, smoky.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KRZEMIENIEWSKA (H.) and KRZEMIENIEWSKI (S.): Miksobakterje Polski. (Czesc Trzecia) (Die myxobacterien von Polen. III Teil). Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 1930, 7, 250-573.

Note: Original strain designation appears to refer to herbarium material.

Note: In accordance with Rule 18c of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, strain Pl fu5 (=DSM 14668=JCM 12636) is proposed as the neotype strain of Polyangium fumosum by Lang and Reichenbach (2013); these authors also provided the 16S rRNA gene sequence accession number given above.
Reference: LANG, E. and REICHENBACH, H. 2013. Designation of type strains for seven species of the order Myxococcales and proposal for neotype strains of Cystobacter ferrugineus, Cystobacter minus and Polyangium fumosum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4354-4360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Polyangium luteum (ex Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927) Brockman 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) description in Brockman 1989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonym: "Polyangium luteum" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luteum, golden-yellow, saffron-yellow.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: BROCKMAN (E.R.): Genus I. Polyangium Link 1809, 42AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2159-2162.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

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Polyangium minor (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UMH Peterson 41.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Haploangium minor" (sic) Peterson 1959.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. minor (comparative of parvus, small), smaller. The epithet minor is in the masculine gender, but the genus name Polyangium is in the neuter gender! The correct epithet should be minus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PETERSON (J.E.): A monocystic genus of the Myxobacterales (Schizomycetes). Mycologia, 1959, 51, 1-8. 2 McCURDY (H.D.): Studies on the taxonomy of the Myxobacterales. II. Polyangium and the demise of the Sporangiaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 283-296.

Notes:
1 In the paper by McCurdy 1970 and in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as UMH Peterson 44.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.): Personal communication (March 01, 2005).
2 Strain designation appears to refer to herbarium material. However, the strain UMH Peterson 41 is not available from the herbarium at the University of Missouri.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.): Personal communication (March 01, 2005).

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Polyangium parasiticum (ex Geitler 1924) Brockman 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) description in Brockman 1989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonym: "Polyangium parasiticum" Geitler 1924.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. parasiticum, parasitic.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: BROCKMAN (E.R.): Genus I. Polyangium Link 1809, 42AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2159-2162.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

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Polyangium rugiseptum (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UMH Peterson 51.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Haploangium rugiseptum" Peterson 1959.
Etymology: L. n. ruga, wrinkle; L. n. septum, wall, enclosure; N.L. n. rugispetum, a wrinkled enclosure.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PETERSON (J.E.): A monocystic genus of the Myxobacterales (Schizomycetes). Mycologia, 1959, 51, 1-8. 2 McCURDY (H.D.): Studies on the taxonomy of the Myxobacterales. II. Polyangium and the demise of the Sporangiaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 283-296.

Note: Strain designation appears to refer to herbarium material.However, the strain UMH Peterson 51 is not available from the herbarium at the University of Missouri.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.): Personal communication (March 01, 2005).

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Polyangium sorediatum (ex Thaxter 1904) Brockman 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) description in Brockman 1989.
New type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Pl s12=DSM 14670=JCM 12637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU207880.
Synonyms: "Polyangium sorediatum" Thaxter 1904, "Polyangium septatum" Thaxter 1904, "Polyangium compositum" Thaxter 1904, "Sorangium sorediatum" (Thaxter 1904) Jahn 1924, "Sorangium schroeteri" Jahn 1924, "Sorangium compositum" (Thaxter 1904) Jahn 1924, "Sorangium septatum" (Thaxter 1904) Jahn 1924, "Polyangium schoeteri" (Jahn 1924) McCurdy 1970.
Etymology: Gr. n. soros, heap, pile; N.L. neut. adj. sorediatum, piled up (i.e. the sporangioles).

Note: In accordance with Rule 18f of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, strain Pl s12 (=DSM 14670=JCM 12637) has been designated as the type strain of Polyangium sorediatum by Lang and Reichenbach (2013); these authors also provided the 16S rRNA gene sequence accession number given above.
Reference: LANG, E. and REICHENBACH, H. 2013. Designation of type strains for seven species of the order Myxococcales and proposal for neotype strains of Cystobacter ferrugineus, Cystobacter minus and Polyangium fumosum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4354-4360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Polyangium spumosum (ex Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927) Brockman 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) description in Brockman 1989.
New type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Pl sm5=DSM 14734=JCM 12638.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU207881.
Synonyms: "Sporangium spumosum" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927, "Polyangium spumosum" (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927) McCurdy 1970.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. spumosum, full of foam, foamy.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: BROCKMAN (E.R.): Genus I. Polyangium Link 1809, 42AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2159-2162.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In the effective publication by Brockmam 1989, this nomenclatural name is cited as Polyangium spumosum (ex Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1930) Brockman 1989.

Note: In accordance with Rule 18f of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, strain Pl sm5 (=DSM 14734=JCM 12638) has been designated as the type strain of Polyangium spumosum by Lang and Reichenbach (2013); these authors also provided the 16S rRNA gene sequence accession number given above.
Reference: LANG, E. and REICHENBACH, H. 2013. Designation of type strains for seven species of the order Myxococcales and proposal for neotype strains of Cystobacter ferrugineus, Cystobacter minus and Polyangium fumosum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4354-4360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Polyangium vitellinum Link 1809, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TC 4564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonyms: "Myxobacter aureus" Thaxter 1892, "Cystobacter aureus" (Thaxter) Thaxter 1897.
Etymology: L. masc. n. vitellus, the yolk of an egg; L. neut. suff. -inum, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. vitellinum, in the color of egg yolk.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LINK (H.F.): Observationes in Ordines plantarum naturales. Dissertatio prima complectens Anandrarum ordines Epiphytas, Mucedines, Gastromycos et Fungos. Gesellschaft fur Natur (Berlin), 1809, 3, 3-42.

Note: Strain designation appears to refer to herbarium material.

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