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Genus Planococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 18
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Planococcus Migula 1894, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Planococcaceae Krasil'nikov 1949 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Planococcus citreus Migula 1894 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. planos, wandering; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Planococcus, motile coccus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MIGULA (W.): Über ein neues System der Bakterien. Arbeiten aus dem Bakteriologischen Institut der Technischen Hochschule zu Karlsruhe, 1894, 1, 235-238.

Planococcus Migula 1894 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Nakagawa et al. 1996.
Type species: ¤ Planococcus citreus Migula 1894 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. planos, wandering; N.L. n. coccus (from Gr. n. kokkos), a grain, berry; N.L. masc. n. Planococcus, motile coccus.
Reference: NAKAGAWA (Y.), SAKANE (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Emendation of the genus Planococcus and transfer of Flavobacterium okeanokoites ZoBell and Upham 1944 to the genus Planococcus as Planococcus okeanokoites comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 866-870.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Planococcus Migula 1894 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Yoon et al. 2010.
Type species: ¤ Planococcus citreus Migula 1894 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. planos, wandering; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Planococcus, motile coccus.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (S.Y.), OH (K.H.) and OH (T.K.): Planococcus salinarum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Planococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 754-758.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus alkanoclasticus Engelhardt et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MAE2 = CIP 107718 = NCIMB 13489.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF029364.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkanum, alkane; Gr. adj. klastos, broken in pieces; N.L. masc. adj. alkanoclasticus, breaking alcanes.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1229.
Effective publication: ENGELHARDT (M.A.), DALY (K.), SWANNELL (R.P.J.) and HEAD (I.M.): Isolation and characterization of a novel hydrocarbon-degrading, Gram-positive bacterium, isolated from intertidal beach sediment, and description of Planococcus alkanoclasticus sp. nov. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2001, 90, 237-247.
Validation List no. 81 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Planococcus alkanoclasticus Engelhardt et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Planomicrobium alkanoclasticum (Engelhardt et al. 2001) Dai et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Planococcus antarcticus Reddy et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CMS 26or = MTCC 3854 = DSM 14505.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ314745.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. antarcticus, southern, pertaining to Antarctica.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1437-1438.
Effective publication: REDDY (G.S.N.), PRAKASH (J.S.S.), VAIRAMANI (M.), PRABHAKAR (S.), MATSUMOTO (G.I.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Planococcus antarcticus and Planococcus psychrophilus spp. nov. isolated from cyanobacterial mat samples collected from ponds in Antarctica. Extremophiles, 2002, 6, 253-261.
Validation List no. 87 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Planococcus citreus Migula 1894, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14404= CIP 81.74 = DSM 20549 = IFO (now NBRC) 15849 = JCM 2532 = LMG 17319 = VKM B-1307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X62172.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus aquivivus" ZoBell and Upham 1944, "Sarcina citrea" (Migula 1894) Bergey et al. 1948, "Micrococcus eucinetus" Leifson 1964.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. citreus, of or pertaining to the citrus, intended to mean lemon yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MIGULA (W.): Über ein neues System der Bakterien. Arbeiten aus dem Bakteriologischen Institut der Technischen Hochschule zu Karlsruhe, 1894, 1, 235-238.

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Planococcus columbae Suresh et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PgEx11 = DSM 17517 = MTCC 7251.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ966515.
Etymology: L. gen. n. columbae, of a pigeon (Columba livia).
Valid publication: SURESH (K.), MAYILRAJ (S.), BHATTACHARYA (A.) and CHAKRABARTI (T.): Planococcus columbae sp. nov., isolated from pigeon faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1266-1271.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus donghaensis Choi et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JH1 = KCTC 13050 = LMG 23779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF079063.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. donghaensis, of Donghae, the Korean name for the East Sea in Korea, from which the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CHOI (J.H.), IM (W.T.), LIU (Q.M.), YOO (J.S.), SHIN (J.H.), RHEE (S.K.) and ROH (D.H.): Planococcus donghaensis sp. nov., a starch-degrading bacterium isolated from the East Sea, South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2645-2650.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus faecalis Kim et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AJ003=KCTC 33580=CECT 8759.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM677191.
Etymology: L. n. faex, faecis, dregs, faeces; L. masc. suff. - alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. faecalis, pertaining to faeces, faecal.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KIM, J. H., KANG, H. J., YU, B. J., KIM, S. C. and LEE, P. C. 2015. Planococcus faecalis sp. nov., a carotenoid-producing species isolated from stools of Antarctic penguins Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3373-3378.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus halocryophilus Mykytczuk et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Or1 = DSM 24743 = JCM 17719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF742665.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. n. kruos, icy cold; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halocryophilus, salt and cold loving, referring to the sub-zero growth ability and salt-tolerant features of this species and the environment within which it can survive.
Valid publication: MYKYTCZUK (N.C.S.), WILHELM (R.C.) and WHYTE (L.G.): Planococcus halocryophilus sp. nov., an extreme sub-zero species from high Arctic permafrost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1937-1944.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus halophilus Novitsky and Kushner 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27964= HK 718 = ATCC 27964= CCM 2706 = CIP 104819 = DSM 20408 = IAM 12844 = JCM 2479 = LMG 17439 = NBRC 102359 = VKM Ac-1985.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X90835.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: NOVITSKY (T.J.) and KUSHNER (D.J.): Planococcus halophilus sp. nov. a facultatively halophilic coccus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 53-57.

¤ Marinococcus halophilus (Novitsky and Kushner 1976) Hao et al. 1985, comb. nov.

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Planococcus kocurii Hao and Komagata 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HK 701 = AJ 3345 = ATCC 43650= CCM 1849 = DSM 20747 = IAM 12847 = IFO (now NBRC) 15850 = JCM 2569 = LMG 17320 = NCIMB 629.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X62173.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. kocurii, of Kocur, named in honor of Miloslav Kocur, a Czechoslovakian bacteriologist.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: HAO (M.V.) and KOMAGATA (K.): A new species of Planococcus, P. kocurii isolated from fish, frozen foods, and fish curing brine. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1985, 31, 441-455.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Planococcus maitriensis Alam et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S1 = MTCC 4827 = DSM 15305.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ544622.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. maitriensis, pertaining to the Indian station Maitri in Schirmacher Oasis, Antarctica.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 96. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 307-308.
Effective publication: ALAM (S.I.), SINGH (L.), DUBE (S.), REDDY (G.S.N.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Psychrophilic Planococcus maitriensis sp. nov. from Antarctica. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2003, 26, 505-510.
Validation List no. 96 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Planococcus maritimus Yoon et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TF-9 = JCM 11543 = KCCM 41587.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. maritimus, of or belonging to the sea, maritime.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF500007.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), WEISS (N.), KANG (K.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Planococcus maritimus sp. nov., isolated from sea water of a tidal flat in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2013-2017.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Planococcus maritimus Yoon et al. 2003 emend. Ivanova et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TF-9 = JCM 11543 = KCCM 41587.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF500007.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. maritimus, of or belonging to the sea, maritime.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1376. [IVANOVA (E.P.), WRIGHT (J.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.), ZHUKOVA (N.V.), ALEXEEVA (Y.V.), BULJAN (V.), KALINOVSKAYA (N.I.), NICOLAU (D.V.), CHRISTEN (R.) and MIKHAILOV (V.V.): Characterization of unusual alkaliphilic Gram-positive bacteria isolated from degraded brown alga thalluses. Mikrobiol. Z., 2006, 68, 10-20.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 6 in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus mcmeekinii Junge et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S23F2 = ATCC 700539= CIP 105673.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF041791.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mcmeekinii, of McMeekin, named after Thomas A. McMeekin, Australian microbiologist.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Effective publication: JUNGE (K.), GOSINK (J.J.), HOPPE (H.G.) and STALEY (J.T.): Arthrobacter, Brachybacterium and Planococcus isolates identified from Antarctic sea ice brine. Description of Planococcus mcmeekinii sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 306-314.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Planomicrobium mcmeekinii (Junge et al. 1998) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Planococcus okeanokoites (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Nakagawa et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33414= CCM 320 = CIP 105082 = IFO (now NBRC) 12536 = LMG 4030 = NCIMB 561 = VKM B-1175.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D55729.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium okeanokoites ZoBell and Upham 1944 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. masc. n. okeanos, the ocean; Gr. fem. n. choite, bed; N.L. fem. gen. n. okeanokoites, of the ocean bed.
Valid publication: NAKAGAWA (Y.), SAKANE (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Emendation of the genus Planococcus and transfer of Flavobacterium okeanokoites ZoBell and Upham 1944 to the genus Planococcus as Planococcus okeanokoites comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 866-870.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Planomicrobium okeanokoites (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Planococcus plakortidis Kaur et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AS/ASP6 (II) = DSM 23997 = MTCC 8491.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF775504.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. plakortidis, of Plakortis, a genus of sponges.
Valid publication: KAUR (I.), DAS (A.P.), ACHARYA (M.), KLENK (H.P.), SREE (A.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Planococcus plakortidis sp. nov., isolated from the marine sponge Plakortis simplex (Schulze). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 883-889.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus psychrophilus Reddy et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CMS 53or = DSM 14507 = MTCC 3812.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ314746.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros,cold; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. psychrophilus, cold-loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1437-1438.
Effective publication: REDDY (G.S.N.), PRAKASH (J.S.S.), VAIRAMANI (M.), PRABHAKAR (S.), MATSUMOTO (G.I.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Planococcus antarcticus and Planococcus psychrophilus spp. nov. isolated from cyanobacterial mat samples collected from ponds in Antarctica. Extremophiles, 2002, 6, 253-261.
Validation List no. 87 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Planomicrobium psychrophilum (Reddy et al. 2002) Dai et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Planococcus rifietoensis corrig. Romano et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M8 = ATCC BAA-790 = DSM 15069.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ493659.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. rifietoensis, pertaining to Rifieto Spring in Italy (Campania Region).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 94. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1701-1702.
Effective publication: ROMANO (I.), GIORDANO (A.), LAMA (L.), NICOLAUS (B.) and GAMBACORTA (A.): Planococcus rifietensis sp. nov., isolated from algal mat collected from a sulfurous spring in Campania (Italy). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2003, 26, 357-366.
Validation List no. 94 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, rifietensis (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 94 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1701-1702.
Validation List no. 94 in IJSEM Online
2 The strain ATCC BAA-790 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 94 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1701-1702.
Validation List no. 94 in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus salinarum Yoon et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ISL-16 = CCUG 57753 = KCTC 13584.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ765415.
Etymology: L. pl. gen. n. salinarum, of salterns.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (S.Y.), OH (K.H.) and OH (T.K.): Planococcus salinarum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Planococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 754-758.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Planococcus stackebrandtii Mayilraj et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K22-03 = DSM 16419 = JCM 12481 = MTCC 6226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY437845.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. stackebrandtii, of Stackebrandt, to honour Erko Stackebrandt, a German microbiologist, for his valuable contributions to microbial taxonomy and molecular systematics.
Valid publication: MAYILRAJ (S.), PRASAD (G.S.), SURESH (K.), SAINI (H.S.), SHIVAJI (S.) and CHAKRABARTI (T.): Planococcus stackebrandtii sp. nov., isolated from a cold desert of the Himalayas, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 91-94.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Planomicrobium stackebrandtii (Mayilraj et al. 2005) Jung et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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