Genus Peptococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Peptococcus Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Peptococcaceae Rogosa 1971 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Peptococcus niger (Hall 1930) Kluyver and van Niel 1936 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. v. peptô, cook, digest; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos), a grain berry; N.L. masc. n. Peptococcus, the digesting coccus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLUYVER (A.J.) and Van NIEL (C.B.): Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1936, 94, 369-403.]

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Peptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Douglas 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14963 = CCUG 9988 = CIP 74.17 = DSM 20463 = NCTC 11461.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF542228.
Synonyms: "Staphylococcus asaccharolyticus" Distaso 1912, "Micrococcus asaccharolyticus" (Distaso 1912) Hall 1948.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. asaccharolyticus, not digesting sugar.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 DISTASO (A.): Contribution à l'étude sur l'intoxication intestinale. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1912, 62, 433-468. 2 DOUGLAS (H.C.): Genus VI. Peptococcus Kluyver and vanNiel 1936. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 474-480.]

¤ Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Peptoniphilus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Peptococcus glycinophilus (Cardon and Barker 1946) Douglas 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23195.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Diplococcus glycinophilus" Cardon and Barker 1946.
Etymology: N.L. n. glycinum, glycin; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. glycinophilus, glycin-loving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 CARDON (B.P.) and BARKER (H.A.): Two new amino acid-fermenting bacteria, Clostridium propionicum and Diplococcus glycinophilus. Journal of Bacteriology, 1946, 52, 629-634. 2 DOUGLAS (H.C.): Genus VI. Peptococcus Kluyver and vanNiel 1936. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 474-480.]

¤ Peptostreptococcus micros (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Cato et al. 1983, Peptococcus glycinophilus (Cardon and Barker 1946) Douglas 1957 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Peptostreptococcus micros (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: CATO (E.P.), JOHNSON (J.L.), HASH (D.E.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Synonymy of Peptococcus glycinophilus (Cardon and Barker 1946) Douglas 1957 with Peptostreptococcus micros (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957 and electrophoretic differentiation of Peptostreptococcus micros from Peptococcus magnus (Prévot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1972. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 207-210.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Micromonas micros (Prévot 1933) Murdoch and Shah 2000.

Note: The name Micromonas micros (Prévot 1933) Murdoch and Shah 2000 is illegitimate because it is placed in an illegitimate genus (see: ¤ Micromonas). So, the name ¤ Peptostreptococcus micros (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957 (Approved Lists 1980) must be used because it is the single legitimate, validly published name.

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Peptococcus heliotrinreducens corrig. (sic) Lanigan 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RHS1 = ATCC 29202 = DSM 20476 = JCM 14554 = NCTC 11029.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001684 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. heliotrinum, heliotrine, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and in chemistry converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. heliotrinreducens, referring to the organisms ability to bring about oxidative cleavage of the heliotrine molecule.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [LANIGAN (G.W.): Peptococcus heliotrinreducans, sp. nov., a cytochrome-producing anaerobe which metabolizes pyrrolizidine alkaloids. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1976, 94, 1-10.]
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The name Peptococcus heliotrinreducens corrig. was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 10. This name is to be regarded as having been validly published in List no. 10 (April 1983).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 673.
2 The original spelling, Peptococcus heliotrinreducans (sic), has been corrected as Peptococcus helotrinreducens (sic) by the Associate Editor, IJSB [1]. These spellings have been corrected by Ezaki and Yabuuchi 1986 [2].
References:
1 Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 673.
2 EZAKI (T.) and YABUUCHI (E.): Transfer of Peptococcus heliotrinreducens corrig. to the genus Peptostreptococcus: Peptostreptococcus heliotrinreducens Lanigan 1983 comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 107-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 The specific epithet heliotrinreducens (sic) has been corrected in the new combination Slackia heliotrinireducens [see, ¤ Slackia heliotrinireducens corrig. (Lanigan 1983) Wade et al. 1999, comb. nov.]. However the name "Peptococcus heliotrinireducens" corrig. has never been formally proposed before December 14, 2000 (date of publication of the amended Rule 61; see Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, page 2239, column 2). Consequently, in the "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", the epithet heliotrinreducens (sic) has been maintained for Peptococcus heliotrinreducens.

¤ Peptostreptococcus heliotrinreducens (Lanigan 1983) Ezaki and Yabuuchi 1986, comb. nov.

¤ Slackia heliotrinireducens corrig. (Lanigan 1983) Wade et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Peptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Sorensen 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29427 = CCUG 17639 = CCUG 46591 = DSM 20464 = NCTC 11088.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY153431.
Synonym: "Micrococcus indolicus" Christiansen 1934.
Etymology: N.L. n. indolum, indol; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. indolicus, pertaining to indole, referring to the ability of the organism to produce indole.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 CHRISTIANSEN (M.): Ein obligat anaerober, gasbildender, indolpositiver Mikrokokkus (Micrococcus indolicus n. sp.). Acta Pathologica et Microbiologica Scandinavica, Supplement, 1934, 18, 42-63. 2 SORENSEN (G.): Peptococcus (s. Micrococcus) indolicus. The demonstration of two varieties of hemolysin forming strains. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 1975, 16, 218-225.]

¤ Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Peptoniphilus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Peptococcus magnus (Prévot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15794 = CCUG 17636 = DSM 20470 = GIFU 7629 = NCTC 11804.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF542227.
Synonym: "Diplococcus magnus" Prévot 1933.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. magnus, large.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Etude de systématique bactérienne. I. Lois générales. II. Cocci anaérobies. Annales des Sciences Naturelles Zoologie et Biologie Animale, 1933, 15, 23-260. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.) (editors): Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1972.]

¤ Peptostreptococcus magnus (Prévot 1933) Ezaki et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Finegoldia magna (Prévot 1933) Murdoch and Shah 2000, comb. nov.

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Peptococcus niger (Hall 1930) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27731 = DSM 20475 = JCM 6506 = NCTC 11805.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55797.
Synonym: "Micrococcus niger" Hall 1930.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. niger, black.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HALL (I.C.): Micrococcus niger, a new pigment-forming anaerobic coccus recovered from urine in a case of general arteriosclerosis. Journal of Bacteriology, 1930, 20, 407-415. 2 KLUYVER (A.J.) and Van NIEL (C.B.): Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1936, 94, 369-403.]

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Peptococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Douglas 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9321 = CCUG 41932 = CIP 105881 = DSM 20548 = JCM 6508 = NCTC 11806.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001708 (complete genome).
Synonym: "Micrococcus prevotii" Foubert and Douglas 1948.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. prevotii, of Prévot, named after A.R. Prévot, a French microbiologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 FOUBERT Jr. (E.L.) and DOUGLAS (H.C.): Studies on the anaerobic micrococci. I. Taxonomic considerations. Journal of Bacteriology, 1948, 56, 25-34. 2 DOUGLAS (H.C.): Genus VI. Peptococcus Kluyver and vanNiel 1936. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 474-480.]

¤ Peptostreptococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Ezaki et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Anaerococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Peptococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Douglas 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14953 = CCUG 9989 = CCUG 24040 = CIP 103275 = DSM 20359 = NCTC 11807 = NRRL B-14778.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L37602.
Synonym: "Micrococcus saccharolyticus" Foubert and Douglas 1948.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, sugar-digesting.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 FOUBERT Jr. (E.L.) and DOUGLAS (H.C.): Studies on the anaerobic micrococci. I. Taxonomic considerations. Journal of Bacteriology, 1948, 56, 25-34. 2 DOUGLAS (H.C.): Genus VI. Peptococcus Kluyver and vanNiel 1936. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 474-480.]

¤ Staphylococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Kilpper-Bälz and Schleifer 1984, comb. nov.

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