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Genus Pectobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 5

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Pectobacterium Waldee 1945, genus.
Type species: ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. suff. pecto- (from Gr. adj. pêktos, curdled, congealed), pertaining to pectin; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Pectobacterium, a pectolytic bacterium.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WALDEE (E.L.): Comparative studies of some peritrichous phytopathogenic bacteria. Iowa State Journal of Science, 1945, 19, 435-484.

Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type species: ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Etymology: N.L. suff. pecto- (from Gr. adj. pêktos, curdled, congealed), pertaining to pectin; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Pectobacterium, a pectolytic bacterium.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Note: The species of the genus ¤ Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences.
Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤ Erwinia); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, ¤ Erwinia cacticida, ¤ Erwinia chrysanthemi and ¤ Erwinia cypripedii in the genus Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 4) to emend the genera Pectobacterium (Pectobacterium Waldee 1945(Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998) and ¤ Erwinia (Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998); 5) to emend the species Pectobacterium carotovorum (Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998), Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998) and Pectobacterium cypripedii (Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998); 6) to emend some species of the genus Erwinia (see: ¤).
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Pectobacterium aroidearum Nabhan et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SCRI 109=NCPPB 929=LMG 2417=ICMP 1522.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN600323.
Etymology: N.L. pl. gen. n. aroidearum, of the subfamily Aroideae (arum family) of Araceae, a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Reference: NABHAN, S., DE BOER, S. H., MAISS, E. and WYDRA, K. 2013. Pectobacterium aroidearum sp. nov., a soft rot pathogen with preference for monocotyledonous plants. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2520-2525.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33260= CFBP 1526 = CIP 105192 = ICMP 1526 = LMG 2386 = NCPPB 549.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96090.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Hauben et al. 1999, "Bacillus atrosepticus" van Hall 1902, "Erwinia atroseptica" (van Hall 1902) Jennison 1923, "Bacterium atrosepticum" (van Hall 1902) Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Pectobacterium atrosepticum" (van Hall 1902) Patel and Kulkarni 1951, "Bacterium cartovorum var. atrosepticum" Hellmers and Dowson 1953, "Pectobacterium carotovorum var. atrosepticum" Hellmers and Dowson 1957, "Erwinia carotovora var. atroseptica" (Hellmers and Dowson 1953) Dye 1969.
Etymology: L. adj. ater -tra -trum, black; L. adj. septicus, producing a putrefaction, putrefying, septic; N.L. neut. adj. atrosepticum, producing a black rot.
Valid publication: GARDAN (L.), GOUY (C.), CHRISTEN (R.) and SAMSON (R.): Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 381-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Gardan et al. 2003, Pectobacterium atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov. is cited as Pectobacterium atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Hauben et al. 1999, sp. nov.

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Pectobacterium betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43762= CFBP 1539 = CFBP 2122 = CIP 105193 = ICMP 4226 = LMG 2464 = LMG 2466 = NCPPB 2795.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80198.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum Thomson et al. 1984.
Other synonym: ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Hauben et al. 1999.
Etymology: L. n. beta, beet; L. n. vasculum, a small vessel; N.L. pl. gen. n. betavasculorum, of the beet' s vascular tissues.
Valid publication: GARDAN (L.), GOUY (C.), CHRISTEN (R.) and SAMSON (R.): Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 381-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Gardan et al. 2003, Pectobacterium betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov. is cited as Pectobacterium betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1981) Hauben et al. 1999, sp. nov.

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Pectobacterium cacticida corrig. (Alcorn et al. 1991) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1-12 = Dye EH-3 = ATCC 49481= CFBP 3628 = CIP 105191 = ICMP 1551-66 = ICMP 11136 = ICPB EC186 = LMG 17936 = NCPPB 3849.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223409.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia cacticida Alcorn et al. 1991.
Etymology: L. n. cactus, a prickly plant with edible stalks, a cactus; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; N.L. n. cacticida, a killer of cactus.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, cacticidum (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCPPB 439.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. carnegieana, of Carnegiea, the generic name of a cactus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STANDRING (E.T.). In: LIGHTLE (P.C.), STANDRING (E.T.) and BROWN (J.G.): A bacterial necrosis of the giant cactus. Phytopathology, 1942, 32, 303-313. 2 BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MIKLOS (G.V.) and FANNING (G.R.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness among Erwiniae and other Enterobacteriaceae: the soft-rot organisms (Genus Pectobacterium Waldee). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 205-216.

= ¤ Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 In a request for an opinion, S.M. Alcorn and V.T. Orum [1] presented evidence that the type strain of Pectobacterium carnegieana (syn. Erwinia carnegieana) is a contaminant and that no culture corresponds to the description attached to this name and requested that both of these species names be rejected as nomen dubium. The Judicial Commission [2, 3] concluded that the species will simply disappear from use without the need to place the names on the list of nomina rejicienda.
References:
1 ALCORN (S.M.) and ORUM (T.V.): Request for an opinion. Rejection of the names Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 and Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos and Fanning 1973. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 132-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION: Minutes of the meeting, 14 September 1990, Osaka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 185-187.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between January 1985 and July 1993. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 177-178.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Synonyms: "Bacillus carotovorus" Jones 1901, "Bacterium carotovorum" (Jones 1901) Lehmann and Neumann 1927.
Etymology: L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. neut. adj. carotovorum, carrot-devouring.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 JONES (L.R.): Bacillus carotovorus n. sp., die Ursache einer weichen Faulnis der Mohre. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1901, 7, 12-21. 2 WALDEE (E.L.): Comparative studies of some peritrichous phytopathogenic bacteria. Iowa State Journal of Science, 1945, 19, 435-484.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

= ¤ Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Synonyms: "Bacillus carotovorus" Jones 1901, "Bacterium carotovorum" (Jones 1901) Lehmann and Neumann 1927.
Etymology: L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. neut. adj. carotovorum, carrot-devouring.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 The species of the genus ¤ Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences. Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤ Erwinia); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, ¤ Erwinia cacticida, ¤ Erwinia chrysanthemi and ¤ Erwinia cypripedii in the genus Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 4) to emend Pectobacterium carotovorum (Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998. Type strain: strain ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCPPB 312). So, Pectobacterium carotovorum is to be considered as an authentic species of the genus Pectobacterium.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gardan et al. 2003.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Synonyms: "Bacillus carotovorus" Jones 1901, "Bacterium carotovorum" (Jones 1901) Lehmann and Neumann 1927.
Etymology: L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. neut. adj. carotovorum, carrot-devouring.
Reference: GARDAN (L.), GOUY (C.), CHRISTEN (R.) and SAMSON (R.): Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 381-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33260= CFBP 1526 = CIP 105192 = ICMP 1526 = LMG 2386 = NCPPB 549.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96090.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus atrosepticus" van Hall 1902, "Erwinia atroseptica" (van Hall 1902) Jennison 1923, "Bacterium atrosepticum" (van Hall 1902) Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Pectobacterium atrosepticum" (van Hall 1902) Patel and Kulkarni 1951, "Bacterium cartovorum var. atrosepticum" Hellmers and Dowson 1953, "Pectobacterium carotovorum var. atrosepticum" Hellmers and Dowson 1957, "Erwinia carotovora var. atroseptica" (Hellmers and Dowson 1953) Dye 1969.
Etymology: L. adj. ater -tra -trum, black; L. adj. septicus, producing a putrefaction, putrefying, septic; N.L. neut. adj. atrosepticum, producing a black rot.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Pectobacterium atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43762= CFBP 1539 = CFBP 2122 = CIP 105193 = ICMP 4226 = LMG 2464 = LMG 2466 = NCPPB 2795.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80198.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum Thomson et al. 1984.
Etymology: L. n. beta, beet; L. n. vasculum, a small vessel; N.L. pl. gen. n. betavasculorum, of the beet' s vascular tissues.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Pectobacterium betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Jones 1901) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology:   L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. neut. adj. carotovorum, carrot-devouring.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Jones 1901) Hauben et al. 1999 emend. Gardan et al. 2003.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology:   L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. neut. adj. carotovorum, carrot-devouring.
Reference: GARDAN (L.), GOUY (C.), CHRISTEN (R.) and SAMSON (R.): Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 381-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum (Gallois et al. 1992) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 1878 = CIP 103762 = ICMP 11533 = NCPPB 3839.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223407.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera Gallois et al. 1992.
Etymology: L. adj. odorifer -era -erum, bringing or spreading odors, fragrant, odoriferous; L. neut. adj. odoriferum, fragrant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum (Gallois et al. 1992) Hauben et al. 1999 emend. Gardan et al. 2003.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 1878 = CIP 103762 = ICMP 11533 = NCPPB 3839.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223407.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera Gallois et al. 1992.
Etymology: L. adj. odorifer -era -erum, bringing or spreading odors, fragrant, odoriferous; L. neut. adj. odoriferum, fragrant.
Reference: GARDAN (L.), GOUY (C.), CHRISTEN (R.) and SAMSON (R.): Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 381-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SR91 = ATCC 43316= CFBP 3304 = CIP 105194 = ICMP 9121 = LMG 8404 = NCPPB 3701 = PDDCC 9121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80199.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae Goto and Matsumoto 1987.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wasabiae, of wasabi (Eutrema wasabi), name of host plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Pectobacterium wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11663= CCUG 38766 = CFBP 2048 = CIP 82.99 = DSM 4610 = ICMP 5703 = LMG 2804 = NCAIM B.01392 = NCPPB 402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233412.
Synonyms: "Erwinia carotovora var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Dye 1969, "Pectobacterium cartovorum f. sp. chrysanthemi" Dowson 1957, "Pectobacterium carotovorum var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Graham and Dowson 1960, "Pectobacterium parthenii" Hellmers 1958, "Pectobacterium parthenii var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Hellmers 1958, "Pectobacterium parthenii var. dianthicola" Hellmers 1958.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. Chrysanthemi, of the plant genus Chrysanthemum.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BURKHOLDER (W.H.), McFADDEN (L.A.) and DIMOCK (A.V.): A bacterial blight of chrysanthemums. Phytopathology, 1953, 43, 522-526. 2 BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MIKLOS (G.V.) and FANNING (G.R.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness among Erwiniae and other Enterobacteriaceae: the soft-rot organisms (Genus Pectobacterium Waldee). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 205-216.

= ¤ Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11663= CCUG 38766 = CFBP 2048 = CIP 82.99 = DSM 4610 = ICMP 5703 = LMG 2804 = NCAIM B.01392 = NCPPB 402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233412.
Synonyms: "Erwinia carotovora var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Dye 1969, "Pectobacterium cartovorum f. sp. chrysanthemi" Dowson 1957, "Pectobacterium carotovorum var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Graham and Dowson 1960, "Pectobacterium parthenii" Hellmers 1958, "Pectobacterium parthenii var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Hellmers 1958, "Pectobacterium parthenii var. dianthicola" Hellmers 1958.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. Chrysanthemi, of the plant genus Chrysanthemum.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Note: The species of the genus ¤ Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences. Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤ Erwinia); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, ¤ Erwinia cacticida, ¤ Erwinia chrysanthemi and ¤ Erwinia cypripedii in the genus Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 4) to emend Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998). So, Pectobacterium chrysanthemi is to be considered as an authentic species of the genus Pectobacterium.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

¤ Dickeya chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Samson et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29267= CFBP 3613 = CIP 105195 = DSM 3873 = LMG 2655 = LMG 2657 = NCPPB 3004 = PDDCC 1591.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233413.
Synonyms: "Bacillus cypripedii" Hori 1911, "Erwinia carotovora var. cypripedii" (Hori 1911) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cypripedium, generic name; N.L. gen. n. cypripedii, of Cypripedium, of cypripedium orchids.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HORI (S.): A bacterial leaf-disease of tropical orchids. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1911, 31, 85-92. 2 BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MIKLOS (G.V.) and FANNING (G.R.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness among Erwiniae and other Enterobacteriaceae: the soft-rot organisms (Genus Pectobacterium Waldee). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 205-216.

= ¤ Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29267= CFBP 3613 = CIP 105195 = DSM 3873 = LMG 2655 = LMG 2657 = NCPPB 3004 = PDDCC 1591.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233413.
Synonyms: "Bacillus cypripedii" Hori 1911, "Erwinia carotovora var. cypripedii" (Hori 1911) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cypripedium, generic name; N.L. gen. n. cypripedii, of Cypripedium, of cypripedium orchids.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 The species of the genus ¤ Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences. Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤ Erwinia); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, ¤ Erwinia cacticida, ¤ Erwinia chrysanthemi and ¤ Erwinia cypripedii in the genus Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 4) to emend Pectobacterium cypripedii (Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998). So, Pectobacterium cypripedii is to be considered as an authentic species of the genus Pectobacterium.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

¤ Pantoea cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brady et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Pectobacterium parmentieri Khayi et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RNS 08-42-1A=CFBP 8475=LMG 29774.
Sequence accession no. (complete genome) for the type strain: CP015749.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CP015749.
Etymology: N.L. gen. neut. n. parmentieri, of Antoine Augustin Parmentier (1737–1813), a pharmacist who promoted use of the tuber of the potato plant (Solanum tuberosum) as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: KHAYI, S., CIGNA, J., CHONG, T. M., QUETU-LAURENT, A., CHAN, K. G., HELIAS, V. and FAURE, D. 2016. Transfer of the potato plant isolates of Pectobacterium wasabiae to Pectobacterium parmentieri sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5379-5383.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel and Kulkarni 1951, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29283= CFBP 3163 = CIP 105202 = DSM 4484 = ICMP 1582 = LMG 2688 = NCPPB 1578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233417.
Synonyms: "Phytomonas rhapontica" (sic) Millard 1924, "Bacterium rhaponticum" (sic) Millard 1924, "Aplanobacter rhaponticum" (sic) (Millard 1924) White 1936, "Xanthomonas rhapontica" (sic) (Millard 1924) Savulescu 1947, "Pseudobacterium rhapontici" (Millard 1924) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Erwinia carotovora var. rhapontici" (Millard 1924) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. rhaponticum, specific epithet of Rheum rhaponticum, rhubarb; N.L. gen. n. rhapontici, of rhaponticum, of rhubarb.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MILLARD (W.A.): Crown rot of rhubarb. Bulletin of the University of Leeds and the Yorkshire Council for Agricultural Education, 1924, 134, 1-28. 2 PATEL (M.K.) and KULKARNI (Y.S.): Nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens. Indian Phytopathology, 1951, 4, 74-84.

= ¤ Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel and Kulkarni 1951 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 The species of the genus ¤ Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences (see: ¤ Erwinia). Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I, Erwinia amylovora, Erwinia mallotivora, Erwinia persicina corrig., Erwinia psidii, Erwinia rhapontici and Erwinia tracheiphila; 2) to emend ¤ Erwinia rhapontici (Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998). So, Pectobacterium rhapontici is to be considered as an authentic erwinia.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Pectobacterium wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SR91 = ATCC 43316= CFBP 3304 = CIP 105194 = ICMP 9121 = LMG 8404 = NCPPB 3701 = PDDCC 9121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80199.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae Goto and Matsumoto 1987.
Other synonym: ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Hauben et al. 1999.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wasabiae, of wasabi (Eutrema wasabi), name of host plant.
Valid publication: GARDAN (L.), GOUY (C.), CHRISTEN (R.) and SAMSON (R.): Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 381-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Gardan et al. 2003, Pectobacterium wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov. is cited as Pectobacterium wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Hauben et al. 1999, sp. nov.

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