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Genus Pasteurella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 23 (+ one rejected name)
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Pasteurella Trevisan 1887, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Pasteurellales Garrity et al. 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Pasteurellaceae Pohl 1981; type genus of the tribe ¤ Pasteurelleae Castellani and Chalmers 1919 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. dim. fem. n. Pasteurella, named after Louis Pasteur.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TREVISAN (V.): Sul Micrococco della rabbia e sulla possiblità di riconoscere durante il periodo d'incubazione, dall'esame del sangue della persona moricata, se ha contratta l'infezione rabbica. Rendiconti dell'Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere (Ser 2), 1887, 20, 88-105.

Note: Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 (Approved Lists 1980) is the valid type species of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 (Approved Lists 1980).
References:
1 SNEATH (P.H.A.): Status of nomenclatural types in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 459-460.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 58: Confirmation of the types in the Approved Lists as nomenclatural types including recognition of Nocardia asteroides (Eppinger 1891) Blanchard 1896 and Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 as the respective type species of the genera Nocardia and Pasteurella and rejection of the species name Pasteurella gallicida (Burrill 1883) Buchanan 1925. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 538.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mutters et al. 1985.
Type species: ¤ Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. dim. fem. n. Pasteurella, named after Louis Pasteur.
Reference: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella aerogenes McAllister and Carter 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27883= CCUG 9995 = CCUG 27904 = CIP 80.14 = DSM 10153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U66491.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer aeros, air; Gr. v. gennao, engender, produce; N.L. fem. adj. aerogenes, air-generating, gaz-producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: McALLISTER (H.A.) and CARTER (G.R.): An aerogenic Pasteurella-like organism recovered from swine. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 1974, 35, 917-922.

Pasteurella aerogenes McAllister and Carter 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Christensen et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27883= CCUG 9995 = CCUG 27904 = CIP 80.14 = DSM 10153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U66491.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer aeros, air; Gr. v. gennao, engender, produce; N.L. fem. adj. aerogenes, air-generating, gaz-producing.
Reference: CHRISTENSEN (H.), KUHNERT (P.), BISGAARD (M.), MUTTERS (R.), DZIVA (F.) and OLSEN (J.E.): Emended description of porcine [Pasteurella] aerogenes, [Pasteurella] mairii and [Actinobacillus] rossii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 209-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Christensen et al. 2005, the etymology is erroneously cited as Gr. subst. masc. aeros (sic), air; Gr. subst. (sic) neut. (sic) genos (sic), generating; N.L. subst. (sic) aerogenes, air-generating.

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Pasteurella anatis Mutters et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F 149 = ATCC 43329= CCUG 15563 = CCUG 26456 = CIP 102679 = NCTC 11413.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF228001.
Etymology: L. gen. n. anatis, of a duck.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Gallibacterium anatis (Mutters et al. 1985) Christensen et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) Mutters et al. 1985, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IPDH 2654 = ATCC 29546= CCUG 12833 = CIP 100919 = NCTC 11297.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75058.
Basonym: ¤ Haemophilus avium Hinz and Kunjara 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), PIECHULLA (K.), HINZ (K.H.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Pasteurella avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) comb. nov. and Pasteurella volantium sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 5-9.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Avibacterium avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) Blackall et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella bettyae corrig. Sneath and Stevens 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A99 and A271 = 50 = ATCC 23273= CCUG 2042 = CDC 41-5568 = CIP 102636 = NCTC 10535.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362917.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. bettiyae, of Bett, named for Elizabeth (Betty) 0. King.
Valid publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and STEVENS (M.): Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella bettii sp. nov., Pasteurella lymphangitidis sp. nov., Pasteurella mairi sp. nov., and Pasteurella trehalosi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 148-153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Pasteurella bettyae corrig. Sneath and Stevens 1990 was previously known as phenon 13 of Sneath and Stevens or as "Pasteurella sp. bettii" of Kilian et al.
2 The original spelling, Pasteurella bettii (sic), has been corrected by Sneath 1992.
Reference: SNEATH (P.H.A.): Correction of orthography of epithets in Pasteurella and some problems with recommendations on latinization. Letter to the Editor. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella caballi Schlater et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 83851 = ATCC 49197= CCUG 28833 = CIP 103915.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362918.
Etymology: L. gen. caballi, of a horse.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: SCHLATER (L.K.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MOSS (C.W.), LAMBERT (M.A.) and PACKER (R.A.): Pasteurella caballi, a new species from equine clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1989, 27, 2169-2174.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Pasteurella caecimuris Lagkouvardos et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AA-424-CC-1=DSM 28627=KCTC 52216.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR364783.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: ERX1284241.
Etymology: L. n. caecum, caecum; L. gen. n. muris, of a mouse; N. L. gen. n. caecimuris, from the caecum of a mouse.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 172. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 4299–4305.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Lagkouvardos, I., Pukall, R., Abt, B., Foesel, B. U., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Kumar, N., Bresciani, A., Martínez, I., Just, S., Ziegler, C., Brugiroux, S., Garzetti, D., Wenning, M., Bui, T. P. N., Wang, J., Hugenholtz, F., Plugge, C. M., Peterson, D. A., Hornef, M. W., Baines, J. F., Smidt, H., Walter, J., Kristiansen, K., Nielsen, H. B., Haller, D., Overmann, J., Stecher, B. and Clavel, T. 2016. The Mouse Intestinal Bacterial Collection (miBC) provides host-specific insight into cultured diversity and functional potential of the gut microbiota. Nat. Microbiol. 1, 16131.
Effective publication Online

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Pasteurella canis Mutters et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43326= CCUG 12400 = CIP 103294 = NCTC 11621.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362919.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella dagmatis Mutters et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43325= CCUG 12397 = CIP 103293 = NCTC 11617.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362920.
Etymology: Gr. n. dagma -atos, bite; N.L. gen. n. dagmatis, of/from a bite.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella gallicida (Burrill 1883) Buchanan 1925, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCTC 10322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY078999.
Synonym: "Micrococcus gallicidus" Burrill 1883.
Etymology:   L. n. gallus, a cock; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; N.L. n. gallicida, killer of cock, referring to pathogenicity for poultry.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BURRILL (T.J.): New species of Micrococcus (Bacteria). The American Naturalist, 1883, 17, 319-320. 2 BUCHANAN (R.E.): General Systematic Bacteriology, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 412-415.

Pasteurella gallicida nom. rejic.
References:
1 SNEATH (P.H.A.): Status of nomenclatural types in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 459-460.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 58: Confirmation of the types in the Approved Lists as nomenclatural types including recognition of Nocardia asteroides (Eppinger 1891) Blanchard 1896 and Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 as the respective type species of the genera Nocardia and Pasteurella and rejection of the species name Pasteurella gallicida (Burrill 1883) Buchanan 1925. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 538.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Recognition of Pasteurella multocida as type species of the genus Pasteurella requires the rejection of the species name Pasteurella gallicida because this species has the same type strain as Pasteurella multocida on the Approved Lists 1980 and is therefore a homotypic synonym.

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Pasteurella gallinarum Hall et al. 1955, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13361= CCUG 12391 = CIP 102676 = NCTC 11188.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362921.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. gallinarum, of hens.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HALL (W.J.), HEDDLESTON (K.L.), LEGENHAUSEN (D.H.) and HUGHES (R.W.): Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encontered in chronic fowl cholera. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 1955, 16, 598-604.

¤ Avibacterium gallinarum (Hall et al. 1955) Blackall et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella granulomatis Ribeiro et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 26 = ATCC 49244= CCUG 45422 = CIP 103433.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF053902.
Etymology: N.L. n. granuloma, a granuloma; N.L. gen. n. granulomatis, of a granuloma.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106.
Effective publication: RIBEIRO (G.A.), CARTER (G.R.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and RIET-CORREA (F.): Pasteurella haemolytica-like bacterium from a progressive granuloma of cattle in Brazil. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1989, 27, 1401-1402.
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Mannheimia granulomatis (Ribeiro et al. 1990) Angen et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella haemolytica Newsom and Cross 1932, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) J.A. Watt 1266A&B = ATCC 33396= CCUG 408 = CCUG 12392 = CIP 103426 = DSM 10531 = NCTC 9380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75080.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. haemolytica, blood dissolving, referring to the hemolysis seen on blood agar.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: NEWSOME (I.E.) and CROSS (F.): Some bipolar organisms found in pneumonia in sheep. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1932, 80, 711-719.

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Pasteurella haemolytica Newsome (sic) and Cross 1932.
2 The strains of Pasteurella haemolytica biovar T have been named ¤ Pasteurella trehalosi Sneath and Stevens 1990.

¤ Mannheimia haemolytica (Newsom and Cross 1932) Angen et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella langaaensis corrig. Mutters et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43328= CCUG 15566 = CIP 102678 = NCTC 11411.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362922.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. langaaensis, pertaining to to the village of Langaa in Denmark.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, langaa (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella lymphangitidis Sneath and Stevens 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Jayaraman strain I = A82 = 71 = ATCC 49635= CCUG 27188 = CIP 103823 = NCTC 10547.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HF558372.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. lymphangitidis, of or pertaining to lymphangitis, inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Valid publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and STEVENS (M.): Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella bettii sp. nov., Pasteurella lymphangitidis sp. nov., Pasteurella mairi sp. nov., and Pasteurella trehalosi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 148-153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Pasteurella lymphangitidis Sneath and Stevens 1990 was previously known as the BL (bovine lymphangitis) bacterium of Jayaraman and Sethumadavan or as phenon 4 of Sneath and Stevens.
2 Pasteurella lymphangitidis Sneath and Stevens 1990 belong in the family ¤ Enterobacteriaceae and should not be included in the genus Pasteurella. Therefore, this taxon should be renamed.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON PASTEURELLACEAE AND RELATED ORGANISMS: Minutes on the meeting, 17 September 1990, Osaka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 592.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the genus ¤ Yersinia (99.93% similarity against ¤ Yersinia pestis).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

4 Gaillot et al. (2013) propose reclassification of Pasteurella lymphangitidis Sneath and Stevens 1990 as Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, requesting that the Enterobacteriaceae subcommittee of the ICSP review this proposal; however, the authors did not formally make a Request for an Opinion from the Judicial Commission.
Reference: GAILLOT, O., LEMENAND, O., MARCEAU, M. and SIMONET, M. 2013. Proposed reclassification of Pasteurella lymphangitidis Sneath and Stevens 1990 as Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3927-3929.
Original article in IJSEM Online

  

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Pasteurella mairii corrig. Sneath and Stevens 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LPHL 5143/70 = D1187 = A10 = 68 = ATCC 49633= CCUG 27189 = CIP 103902 = NCTC 10699.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362923.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mairii, of Mair, named after N.S. Mair, who isolated the organism.
Valid publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and STEVENS (M.): Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella bettii sp. nov., Pasteurella lymphangitidis sp. nov., Pasteurella mairi sp. nov., and Pasteurella trehalosi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 148-153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Pasteurella mairii corrig. Sneath and Stevens 1990 was previously known as Pasteurella sp. strain "Mair" of Kilian et al. or as phenon 5 of Sneath and Stevens.
2 The original spelling, Pasteurella mairi (sic), has been corrected by Sneath 1992.
Reference: SNEATH (P.H.A.): Correction of orthography of epithets in Pasteurella and some problems with recommendations on latinization. Letter to the Editor. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Pasteurella mairii corrig. Sneath and Stevens 1990 emend. Christensen et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LPHL 5143/70 = D1187 = A10 = 68 = ATCC 49633= CCUG 27189 = CIP 103902 = NCTC 10699.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362923.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mairii, of Mair, named after N.S. Mair, who isolated the organism.
Reference: CHRISTENSEN (H.), KUHNERT (P.), BISGAARD (M.), MUTTERS (R.), DZIVA (F.) and OLSEN (J.E.): Emended description of porcine [Pasteurella] aerogenes, [Pasteurella] mairii and [Actinobacillus] rossii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 209-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43137= CCUG 17976 B = CCUG 43504 = CIP 103286 = LMG 2851 = NCTC 10322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF294410.
Synonyms: "Pasteurella cholerae-gallinarum" Trevisan 1887, "Bacterium multocidum" Lehmann and Neumann 1889.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many; L. v. caedo, to cut or kill; N.L. fem. adj. multocida, many killing, i.e., pathogenic for many species of animals.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Lehmann's Medizin, Handatlanten Band X. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 2 Auflage, Munchen, 1899, p. 196. 2 ROSENBUSCH (C.T.) and MERCHANT (I.A.): A study of the haemorrhagic septicaemia pasteurellae. Journal of Bacteriology, 1939, 37, 69-89.

Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mutters et al. 1985.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43137= CCUG 17976 B = CCUG 43504 = CIP 103286 = LMG 2851 = NCTC 10322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF294410.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many; L. v. caedo, to cut or kill; N.L. fem. adj. multocida, many killing, i.e., pathogenic for many species of animals.
Reference: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Pasteurella multocida subsp. gallicida Mutters et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51689= CCUG 17978 = CIP 103285 = NCTC 10204.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF294412.
Etymology: L. n. gallus, a cock; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; N.L. n. gallicida, killer of cock, referring to pathogenicity for poultry.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain (NCTC 10204) of Pasteurella multocida subsp. gallicida is not the type strain (NCTC 10322) of Pasteurella gallicida (Burrill 1883) Buchanan 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Moreover, the name Pasteurella gallicida is placed on the list of rejected names (See: ¤ Pasteurella gallicida). Therefore, Pasteurella multocida subsp. gallicida is a new subspecies, not a new combination.
2 The subspecific epithet gallinicida (L. n. gallina, a hen, not gallus, a cock, not Gallus, name of a genus of birds) seems better than gallicida.

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Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Mutters et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43137= CCUG 17976 B = CCUG 43504 = CIP 103286 = LMG 2851 = NCTC 10322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF294410.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many; L. v. caedo, to cut or kill; N.L. fem. adj. multocida, many killing, i.e., pathogenic for many species of animals.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Mutters et al. 1985 is automatically created by the valid publication of Pasteurella multocida subsp. gallicida Mutters et al. 1985 and the valid publication of Pasteurella multocida subsp. septica Mutters et al. 1985 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Pasteurella multocida subsp. septica Mutters et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51687= CCUG 17977 = CIP A125 = NCTC 11995.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF294411.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. septica, producing a putrefaction or an infection, putrefying, septic.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella oralis Christensen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P683 = strain 23193 = CCM 7950 = CCUG 19794 = MCCM 00102.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75052.
Etymology: L. n. os oris, mouth; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth, of the mouth.
Valid publication: CHRISTENSEN (H.), BERTELSEN (M.F.), BOJESEN (A.M.) and BISGAARD (M.): Classification of Pasteurella species B as Pasteurella oralis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1396-1401.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Pasteurella oralis Christensen et al. 2012 was previously known as Pasteurella species B.
References:
1 MUTTERS (R.), PIECHULLA (K.), HINZ (K.H.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Pasteurella avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) comb. nov. and Pasteurella volantium sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985 35, 5–9.
2 MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985 35, 5–9.
3 MUTTERS (R.), MANNHEIM (W.) and BISGAARD (M.): Taxonomy of the group. In Adlam C. and Rutter J.M. (Eds): Pasteurella and Pasteurellosis, London: Academic Press, 1989, pp. 3–34.

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Pasteurella pneumotropica Jawetz 1950, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35149= CCUG 12398 = CIP 66.16 = JCM 14074 = LMG 4224 = NCTC 8141.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362924.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. pneumotropica, having an affinity for the lungs.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: JAWETZ (E.): A pneumotropic pasteurella of laboratory animals. I. Bacteriological and serological characteristics of the organism. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1950, 86, 172-183.

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Pasteurella skyensis Birkbeck et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 95A1 = NCTC 13204 = NCIMB 13593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243202.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. skyensis, of or belonging to the Isle of Skye.
Valid publication: BIRKBECK (T.H.), LAIDLER (L.A.), GRANT (A.N.) and COX (D.I.): Pasteurella skyensis sp. nov., isolated from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 699-704.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella stomatis Mutters et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43327= CCUG 17979 = CCUG 48849 = CIP 102680 = NCTC 11623.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362925.
Etymology: Gr. n. stoma stomatos, mouth; N.L. gen. n. stomatis, of the mouth, throat.
Cells are coccoid to rod shaped with bipolar staining
Reference: MUTTERS (R.), IHM (P.), POHL (S.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Trevisan 1887 on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 309-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella testudinis Snipes and Biberstein 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UCD 90-23-79n = ATCC 33688= CCUG 19802 = CIP 82.117 = NCTC 12150.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362926.
Etymology: L. n. testudo -inis, tortoise; L. gen. n. testudinis, of the tortoise.
Valid publication: SNIPES (K.P.) and BIBERSTEIN (E.L.): Pasteurella testudinis sp. nov.: a parasite of desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizi). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 201-210.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pasteurella trehalosi Sneath and Stevens 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S110 = A92 = serovar 3/T15 = ATCC 29703= CCUG 27190 = CIP 103829 = NCTC 10370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362927.
Etymology: N.L. n. trehalosum, trehalose; N.L. gen. n. trehalosi, of trehalose, pertaining to trehalose.
Valid publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and STEVENS (M.): Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella bettii sp. nov., Pasteurella lymphangitidis sp. nov., Pasteurella mairi sp. nov., and Pasteurella trehalosi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 148-153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Pasteurella trehalosi Sneath and Stevens 1990 was previously known as ¤ Pasteurella haemolytica biovar T.

¤ Bibersteinia trehalosi (Sneath and Stevens 1990) Blackall et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella ureae Jones 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Henriksen 3520/59 = ATCC 25976= CCUG 2139 = CIP 62.8 = DSM 5568 = NCTC 10219.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362900.
Synonym: "Pasteurella haemolytica var. ureae" Henriksen and Jyssum 1960.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; N.L. gen. n. ureae, of urea; intended to mean that urea is converted into ammonium carbonate?
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: JONES (D.M.): A pasteurella-like organism from the human respiratory tract. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1962, 83, 143-151.

¤ Actinobacillus ureae (Jones 1962) Mutters et al. 1986, comb. nov.

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Pasteurella volantium Mutters et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Lovell 6 = ATCC 14385= CCUG 3713 = CIP 102677 = NCTC 3438.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75070.
Etymology: L. pl. n. volantes -ium, birds; L. gen. pl. n. volantium, of birds.
Valid publication: MUTTERS (R.), PIECHULLA (K.), HINZ (K.H.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Pasteurella avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) comb. nov. and Pasteurella volantium sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 5-9.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Avibacterium volantium (Mutters et al. 1985) Blackall et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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