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Genus Paracoccus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 48
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Paracoccus Davis 1969, genus.
Type species: ¤ Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, resembling; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. n. kokkos), a grain, berry; N.L. masc. n. Paracoccus, like a coccus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DAVIS (D.H.): Paracoccus Davis, gen. nov. In: DAVIS (D.H.), DOUDOROFF (M.), STANIER (R.Y.) and MANDEL (M.): Proposal to reject the genus Hydrogenomonas: taxonomic implications. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1969, 19, 375-390.

Paracoccus Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993.
Type species: ¤ Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, resembling; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. n. kokkos), a grain, berry; N.L. masc. n. Paracoccus, like a coccus.
Reference: LUDWIG (W.), MITTENHUBER (G.) and FRIEDRICH (C.G.): Transfer of Thiosphaera pantotropha to Paracoccus denitrificans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 363-367.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Ludwig et al. 1993, Paracoccus Davis 1969 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Thiosphaera Robertson and Kuenen 1984.
Reference: LUDWIG (W.), MITTENHUBER (G.) and FRIEDRICH (C.G.): Transfer of Thiosphaera pantotropha to Paracoccus denitrificans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 363-367.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Paracoccus Davis 1969 emend. Liu et al. 2008.
Type species: ¤ Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, resembling; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. n. kokkos), a grain, berry; N.L. masc. n. Paracoccus, like a coccus.
Reference: LIU (Z.P.), WANG (B.J.), LIU (X.Y.), DAI (X.), LIU (Y.H.) and LIU (S.J.): Paracoccus halophilus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment of the South China Sea, China, and emended description of the genus Paracoccus Davis 1969. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 257-261.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus acridae Zhang et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SCU-M53=KCTC 42932=CGMCC 1.15419.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT634253.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. acridae, of Acrida, the insect from which the species was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: ZHANG, S., GAN, L., QIN, Q., LONG, X., ZHANG, Y., CHU, Y. and TIAN, Y. 2016. Paracoccus acridae sp. nov., isolated from the insect Acrida cinerea living in deserted cropland. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3492-3497.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus aestuarii Roh et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B7 = DSM 19484 = JCM 15119 = KCTC 22049.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF660757.
Etymology: L. gen. n. aestuarii, of a tidal flat.
Valid publication: ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (K.H.), KIM (M.S.), SHIN (K.S.), YOON (J.H.), OH (H.M.) and BAE (J.W.): Paracoccus aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 790-794.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus aestuariivivens Park et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GHD-30=KCTC 52214=NBRC 111993.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU696538.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. neut. n. aestuarium -i, tidal flat; L. part. vivens, living; N.L. part. adj. aestuariivivens, living in a tidal flat.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: PARK, S., YOON, S. Y., JUNG, Y. T., WON, S. M., PARK, D. S. and YOON, J. H. 2016. Paracoccus aestuariivivens sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2992-2998.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus alcaliphilus Urakami et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TK 1015 = Urakami 0-100 = ATCC 51199= CIP 106073 = DSM 8512 = IFO (now NBRC) 16719 = JCM 7364.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014177.
Etymology: N.L. n. alcali (from Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort), alcali; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. alcaliphilus, liking alkaline media.
Valid publication: URAKAMI (T.), TAMAOKA (J.), SUZUKI (K.I.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Paracoccus alcaliphilus sp. nov., an alkaliphilic and facultatively methylotrophic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 116-121.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus alkenifer Lipski et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A901/1 = CIP 105684 = DSM 11593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13827.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkenum, alkene, unsaturated hydrocarbons; L. suff. -fer (from L. v. fero), bearing, carrying, producing; N.L. adj. alkenifer, alkene-bearing, referring to the occurrence of unusual monounsaturated fatty acids in whole-cell hydrolysates.
Valid publication: LIPSKI (A.), REICHERT (K.), REUTER (B.), SPRÖER (C.) and ALTENDORF (K.): Identification of bacterial isolates from biofilters as Paracoccus alkenifer sp. nov. and Paracoccus solventivorans with emended description of Paracoccus solventivorans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 529-536.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus aminophilus Urakami et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DM-15 = ATCC 49673= CIP 106077 = DSM 8538 = IFO (now NBRC) 16710 = JCM 7686 = VKM B-2141.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014176.
Etymology: N.L. n. aminum, amine; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. aminophilus, amine loving.
Valid publication: URAKAMI (T.), ARAKI (H.), OYANAGI (H.), SUZUKI (K.I.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Paracoccus aminophilus sp. nov. and Paracoccus aminovorans sp. nov., which utilize N,N-dimethylformamide. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 287-291.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus aminovorans Urakami et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DM-82 = ATCC 49632= CIP 106076 = DSM 8537 = IFO (now NBRC) 16711 = JCM 7685 = VKM B-2140.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D32240.
Etymology: N.L. n. aminum, amine; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. aminovorans, amine eating.
Valid publication: URAKAMI (T.), ARAKI (H.), OYANAGI (H.), SUZUKI (K.I.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Paracoccus aminophilus sp. nov. and Paracoccus aminovorans sp. nov., which utilize N,N-dimethylformamide. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 287-291.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus angustae Sun et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E6=KCTC 42473=CCTCC AB 2015056.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR052005.
Etymology: L. gen. n. angustiae, of a narrow straight or a canyon.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: SUN, X., LUO, P. and LI, M. 2015. Paracoccus angustae sp. nov., isolated from soil Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3469-3475.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus bengalensis Ghosh et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JJJ = LMG 22700 = MTCC 7003.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ864469.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bengalensis, pertaining to Bengal, after the name of the province West Bengal of India from where the bacterium was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 112. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2507-2508.
Effective publication: GHOSH (W.), MANDAL (S.) and ROY (P.): Paracoccus bengalensis sp. nov., a novel sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph from the rhizospheric soil of an Indian tropical leguminous plant. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 396-403.
Validation List no. 112 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus caeni Lee et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MJ17 = KCTC 22480 = KEMB 9004-001 = JCM 16385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ250442.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caeni, of sludge.
Valid publication: LEE (M.), WOO (S.G.), PARK (G.) and KIM (M.K.): Paracoccus caeni sp. nov., isolated from sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1968-1972.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus carotinifaciens Tsubokura et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E-396 = IFO 16121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006899.
Etymology: N.L. n. caroten -inis, carotene; L. part. adj. faciens, making, producing; N.L. part. adj. carotinifaciens, carotene/carotenoid-producing.
Valid publication: TSUBOKURA (A.), YONEDA (H.) and MIZUTA (H.): Paracoccus carotinifaciens sp. nov., a new aerobic Gram-negative astaxanthin-producing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 277-282.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: From 01 July 2002, almost all cultures preserved in the IFO have been transferred to the NBRC. However, the type strain IFO 16121 was not transferred to the NBRC.
Reference: NAKAGAWA (Y.): Personal communication (January 20, 2005).

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Paracoccus cavernae Dominguez-monino et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 0511ARD5E5=LMG 27962=CECT 8482.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LN650666.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cavernae, of a cave.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: DOMINGUEZ-MONINO, I., JURADO, V., HERMOSIN, B. and SAIZ-JIMENEZ, C. 2016. Paracoccus cavernae sp. nov., isolated from a show cave. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2265-2270.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus chinensis Li et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KS-11 = CGMCC 1.7655 = NBRC 104937.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU660389.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chinensis, pertaining to China, where the type strain was isolated and studied.
Valid publication: LI (H.F.), QU (J.H.), YANG (J.S.), LI (Z.J.) and YUAN (H.L.): Paracoccus chinensis sp. nov., isolated from sediment of a reservoir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2670-2674.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus communis Poroshina et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S3=CCUG 63804=VKM B-2787.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: NR_133809.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. communis, common.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: POROSHINA, M. N., DORONINA, N. V., KAPARULLINA, E. N., KOVALEVSKAYA, N. P. and TROTSENKO, YU. A. 2013. Halophilic and halotolerant aerobic methylobacteria from the technogenic Solikamsk biotopes. Microbiology, 82, 490-498
Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus contaminans Kämpfer et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WPAn02=RKI 16-01929=LMG 29738=CCM 8701=CIP 111112.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KX427102.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. part. adj. contaminans, contaminating, polluting, referring to the isolation of the type strain as a contaminant of an axenic water microcosm.
Source: Laboratory.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., AURASS, P., KARSTE, S., FLIEGER, A. and GLAESER, S. P. 2016. Paracoccus contaminans sp. nov., isolated from a contaminated water microcosm. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5101-5105.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Stanier 381 = ATCC 17741= DSM 413 = JCM 21484 = NBRC 102528 = NCCB 22021 (formerly LMD 22.21).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16927.
Synonym: "Micrococcus denitrificans" Beijerinck and Minkman 1910.
Etymology: L. prep. de, away from; N.L. v. denitrifico, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.) and MINKMAN (D.C.J.): Bildung und Verbrauch von Stickstoffoxydul durch Bakterien. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1910, 25, 30-63. 2 DAVIS (D.H.): Paracoccus Davis, gen. nov. In: DAVIS (D.H.), DOUDOROFF (M.), STANIER (R.Y.) and MANDEL (M.): Proposal to reject the genus Hydrogenomonas: taxonomic implications. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1969, 19, 375-390.

Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology seventh edition, in the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition, and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology first edition, the synonym "Micrococcus denitrificans" is cited as "Micrococcus denitrificans" Beijerinck 1910 (not Beijerinck and Minkman 1910).

Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Nokhal and Schlegel 1983.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Stanier 381 = ATCC 17741= DSM 413 = JCM 21484 = NBRC 102528 = NCCB 22021 (formerly LMD 22.21).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16927.
Synonym: "Micrococcus denitrificans" Beijerinck and Minkman 1910.
Etymology: L. prep. de, away from; N.L. v. denitrifico, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Reference: NOKHAL (T.H.) and SCHLEGEL (H.G.): Taxonomic study of Paracoccus denitrificans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 26-37.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Nokhal and Schlegel 1983, cited the type strain as Stanier 381 = DSM 65 = ATCC 17741 However, the strain DSM 65 is a strain of ¤ Paracoccus pantotrophus (Robertson and Kuenen 1984) Rainey et al. 1999 (basonym: ¤ Thiosphaera pantotropha Robertson and Kuenen 1984).

Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Stanier 381 = ATCC 17741= DSM 413 = JCM 21484 = NBRC 102528 = NCCB 22021 (formerly LMD 22.21).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16927.
Synonym: "Micrococcus denitrificans" Beijerinck and Minkman 1910.
Etymology: L. prep. de, away from; N.L. v. denitrifico, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Reference: LUDWIG (W.), MITTENHUBER (G.) and FRIEDRICH (C.G.): Transfer of Thiosphaera pantotropha to Paracoccus denitrificans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 363-367.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Ludwig et al. 1993, Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Thiosphaera pantotropha Robertson and Kuenen 1984.
Reference: LUDWIG (W.), MITTENHUBER (G.) and FRIEDRICH (C.G.): Transfer of Thiosphaera pantotropha to Paracoccus denitrificans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 363-367.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Rainey et al. 1999.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Stanier 381 = ATCC 17741= DSM 413 = JCM 21484 = NBRC 102528 = NCCB 22021 (formerly LMD 22.21).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16927.
Synonym: "Micrococcus denitrificans" Beijerinck and Minkman 1910.
Etymology: L. prep. de, away from; N.L. v. denitrifico, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), KELLY (D.P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), BURGHARDT (J.), HIRAISHI (A.), KATAYAMA (Y.) and WOOD (A.P.): A re-evaluation of the taxonomy of Paracoccus denitrificans and a proposal for the combination Paracoccus pantotrophus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 645-651.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Comparison of both 16S rRNA coding sequences and DNA-DNA hybridization of ten strains classified as strains of Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993 has shown that they fall into two groups which are distinct from each other at the species level. One group (group A) comprises the type strain of Paracoccus denitrificans (ATCC 17741. Group B comprises the strain ATCC 35512(the original type strain of Thiosphaera pantotropha Robertson and Kuenen 1984). In light of these findings, Rainey et al. 1999 propose that (i) strains of group A are retained as Paracoccus denitrificans, with strain ATCC 17741= NCCB 22021 (formerly LMD 22.21) = DSM 413 as the type strain; and (ii) all strains of group B are assigned to the new combination ¤ Paracoccus pantotrophus (Robertson and Kuenen 1984) Rainey et al. 1999 with strain ATCC 35512= DSM 2944 = NCCB 82005 (formerly LMD 82.5) as the type strain. The emendation of the species description by Ludwig et al. 1993 [Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993] must now be deleted.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), KELLY (D.P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), BURGHARDT (J.), HIRAISHI (A.), KATAYAMA (Y.) and WOOD (A.P.): A re-evaluation of the taxonomy of Paracoccus denitrificans and a proposal for the combination Paracoccus pantotrophus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 645-651.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the chapter Paracoccus of the second edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, the entry for Paracoccus denitrificans cites the type strain as being represented by ATCC 17741, DSM 65, DSM 413, LMD 22.21 and LMG 4218. Of these, DSM 65 and LMG 4218 are strains of ¤ Paracoccus pantotrophus. Moreover, LMD 22.21 is now known as NCCB 22021.
Reference: KELLY (D.P.), EUZÉBY (J.P.), GOODHEW (C.F.) and WOOD (A.P.): Redefining Paracoccus denitrificans and Paracoccus pantotrophus and the case for a reassessment of the strains held by international culture collections. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2495-2500.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus fistulariae Kim et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 22-5 = CCUG 58401 = KCTC 22803.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ260189.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. fistulariae, of Fistularia, named after the generic name of the bluespotted cornetfish, Fistularia commersonii, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (Y.O.), KONG (H.J.), PARK (S.), KANG (S.J.), KIM (K.K.), MOON (D.Y.), OH (T.K.) and YOON (J.H.): Paracoccus fistulariae sp. nov., a lipolytic bacterium isolated from bluespotted cornetfish, Fistularia commersonii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2908-2912.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus haeundaensis Lee et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BC74171 = KCCM 10460 = LMG P-21903.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY189743.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. haeundaensis, pertaining to Haeundae beach in Busan, Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LEE (J.H.), KIM (Y.S.), CHOI (T.J.), LEE (W.J.) and KIM (Y.T.): Paracoccus haeundaensis sp. nov., a Gram-negative, halophilic, astaxanthin-producing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1699-1702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The strain LMG P-21903 has been deposited at BCCM/LMG under the provisions of the Budapest Treaty for patent purposes. However, the BCCM/LMG has a formal statement from the depositor that cultures from this strain are a priori available to any bona fide individual, but for fundamental research only (and not for commercial purposes). The applicant has to sign in advance a corresponding declaration.
Reference: JANSSENS (D.): Personal communication (September 22, 2004).

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Paracoccus halodenitrificans (Robinson and Gibbons 1952) Davis 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13511= CIP 105456 = DSM 735 = IFO (now NBRC) 14912.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L04942.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus halodenitrificans" Robinson and Gibbons 1952, "Micrococcus denitrificans var. halodenitrificans" Kocur and Martinec 1962.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. v. denitrifico, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. halodenitrificans, salt (requiring) denitrifying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ROBINSON (J.) and GIBBONS (N.E.): The effect of salts on the growth of Micrococcus halodentrificans n. sp. Canadian Journal of Botany, 1952, 30, 147-154. 2 DAVIS (D.H.): Paracoccus Davis, gen. nov. In: DAVIS (D.H.), DOUDOROFF (M.), STANIER (R.Y.) and MANDEL (M.): Proposal to reject the genus Hydrogenomonas: taxonomic implications. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1969, 19, 375-390.

¤ Halomonas halodenitrificans (Robinson and Gibbons 1952) Dobson and Franzmann 1996, comb. nov.

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Paracoccus halophilus Liu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HN-182 = CGMCC 1.6117 = JCM 14014.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ423482.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Valid publication: LIU (Z.P.), WANG (B.J.), LIU (X.Y.), DAI (X.), LIU (Y.H.) and LIU (S.J.): Paracoccus halophilus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment of the South China Sea, China, and emended description of the genus Paracoccus Davis 1969. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 257-261.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus homiensis Kim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DD-R11 = DSM 17862 = KACC 11518.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ342239.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. homiensis, pertaining to Homi Cape, South Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (B.Y.), WEON (H.Y.), YOO (S.H.), KWON (S.W.), CHO (Y.H.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and GO (S.J.): Paracoccus homiensis sp. nov., isolated from a sea-sand sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2387-2390.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus huijuniae Sun et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FLN-7 = ACCC 05690 = KACC 16242.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU725799.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. huijuniae, of Hui-jun, to honour Hui-jun Li, a respected soil microbiologist, for her great contributions to the Chinese soil microbiology.
Valid publication: SUN (L.N.), ZHANG (J.), KWON (S.W.), HE (J.), ZHOU (S.G.) and LI (S.P.): Paracoccus huijuniae sp. nov., an amide pesticide-degrading bacterium isolated from activated sludge of a wastewater biotreatment system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1132-1137.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus isoporae Chen et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SW-3 = BCRC 17967 = LMG 25205.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ593906.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. isoporae, of Isopora, a genus of coral, from which the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CHEN (M.H.), SHEU (S.Y.), CHEN (C.A.), WANG (J.T.) and CHEN (W.M.): Paracoccus isoporae sp. nov., isolated from the reef-building coral Isopora palifera. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1138-1143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus kocurii Ohara et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B = ATCC 49631= CIP 106074 = DSM 8536 = IFO (now NBRC) 16713 = JCM 7684 = VKM B-2139.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D32241.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kocurii, of Kocur; named after Miloslav Kocur, Czechoslovakian bacteriologist.
Valid publication: OHARA (M.), KATAYAMA (Y.), TSUZAKI (M.), NAKAMOTO (S.) and KURAISHI (H.): Paracoccus kocurii sp. nov., a tetramethylammonium-assimilating bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 292-296.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus kondratievae Doronina and Trotsenko 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GB = VKM B-2222 = NCIMB 13773.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF250332.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. kondratievae, of Kondratieva, named after the prominent Russian microbiologist Elena N. Kondratieva.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1619-1620.
Effective publication: DORONINA (N.V.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): A novel plant-associated thermotolerant alkaliphilic methylotroph of the genus Paracoccus. Microbiologiya, 2000, 69, 706-711 (in Russian). English translation: Microbiology, 2000, 69, 593-598.
Validation List no. 82 in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Paracoccus kondratievae Doronina and Trotsenko 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

Paracoccus kondratievae Doronina and Trotsenko 2001 emend. Doronina et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GB = VKM B-2222 = NCIMB 13773.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF250332.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. kondratievae, of Kondratieva, named after the prominent Russian microbiologist Elena N. Kondratieva.
Reference: DORONINA (N.V.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.), KUZNETZOV (B.B.) and TOUROVA (T.P.): Emended description of Paracoccus kondratievae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 679-682.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus koreensis La et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ch05 = IAM 15216 = JCM 21670 = KCTC 12238 = NBRC 102292.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB187584.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, pertaining to Korea, the location of the granule samples from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LA (H.J.), IM (W.T.), TEN (L.N.), KANG (M.S.), SHIN (D.Y.) and LEE (S.T.): Paracoccus koreensis sp. nov., isolated from anaerobic granules in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1657-1660.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus laeviglucosivorans Nakamura 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 43P=JCM 30587=DSM 100094.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB727354.
Etymology: L. adj. laevus, left, on the left side; N.L. neut. n. glucosum, glucose; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. laeviglucosivorans, L-glucose devouring.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NAKAMURA, A. 2015. Paracoccus laeviglucosivorans sp. nov., an L-glucose-utilizing bacterium isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3878-3884.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus limosus Lee and Lee 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NB88 = JCM 17370 = KEMC 5401-184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ336256.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. limosus, muddy, pertaining to sludge, the isolation source of the first strains.
Valid publication: LEE (M.J.) and LEE (S.S.): Paracoccus limosus sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge in a sewage treatment plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63,1311-1316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus lutimaris Jung et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HDM-25=KCTC 42007=CECT 8525.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ451483.
Etymology: L. n. lutum, mud; L. gen. n. maris, of the sea, marine; N.L. gen. n. lutimaris, of a marine mud.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: JUNG, Y.-T., PARK, S., LEE, J.-S. and YOON, J.-H. 2014. Paracoccus lutimaris sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2763-2769.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus marcusii Harker et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MH1 = DSM 11574.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y12703.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. marcusii, of Marcus, named after Menashe Marcus, an Israeli geneticist.
Valid publication: HARKER (M.), HIRSCHBERG (J.) and OREN (A.): Paracoccus marcusii sp. nov., an orange Gram-negative coccus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 543-548.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Dr. B.J. Tindall (DSMZ), the strain DSM 11574 is a patent strain.
Reference: TINDALL (B.J.): Personal communication (June 17, 2004).

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Paracoccus marinus Khan et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KKL-A5 = CIP 108500 = NBRC 100637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB185957.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of or belonging to the sea, marine.
Valid publication: KHAN (S.T.), TAKAICHI (S.) and HARAYAMA (S.): Paracoccus marinus sp. nov., an adonixanthin diglucoside-producing bacterium isolated from coastal seawater in Tokyo Bay. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 383-386.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus methylutens Doronina et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DM12 = VKM B-2164.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF250334.
Etymology: N.L. n. methylum (from French méthyle, back-formation from French méthylène, coined from Gr. n. methu, wine and Gr. n. hulê, wood), methyl compound; L. part. adj. utens (from L. v. utor, to make use of), using; N.L. part. adj. methylutens, using methyl groups.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Effective publication: DORONINA (N.V.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.), KRAUSOVA (V.I.) and SUZINA (N.E.): Paracoccus methylutens sp. nov. - a new aerobic facultatively methylotrophic bacterium utilizing dichloromethane. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 230-236.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus niistensis Dastager et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NII-0918 = CCTCC AA 209055 = KCTC 22789 = NCIM 5340.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ842690.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. niistensis, pertaining to NIIST, the acronym of the National Institute for Interdiciplinary Science and Technology, where the taxonomic studies on this novel species were performed.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 143. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1-4.
Effective publication: DASTAGER (S.G.), DEEPA (C.K.), LI (W.J.), TANG (S.K.) and PANDEY (A.): Paracoccus niistensis sp. nov., isolated from forest soil, India. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 501-506.
Validation List no. 143 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus pacificus Zhang et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F14=CGMCC 1.12755=LMG 28106=MCCC 1A09947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF924610.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 161. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1-4.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: ZHANG, G., YANG, Y., YIN, X. and WANG, S. 2014. Paracoccus pacificus sp. nov., isolated from the Western Pacific Ocean. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 106, 725-731.
Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus panacisoli Nguyen et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY94=KCTC 42086=JCM 30337.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ653224.
Etymology: N.L. n. Panax -acis, scientific name of ginseng; L. n. solum -i, soil; N.L. gen. n. panacisoli, of soil of a ginseng cultivation, the source of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGUYEN, N. L., KIM, Y. J., HOANG, V. A., TRAN, B. T., PHAM, H. S. and YANG, D. C. 2015. Paracoccus panacisoli sp. nov., isolated from a forest soil cultivated with Vietnamese ginseng. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1491-1497.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus pantotrophus (Robertson and Kuenen 1984) Rainey et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GB17 = ATCC 35512= DSM 2944 = JCM 21485 = NBRC 102493 = NCCB 82005 (formerly LMD 82.5).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16933.
Basonym: ¤ Thiosphaera pantotropha Robertson and Kuenen 1984.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pantotrophus (from Gr. pantotrophos), omnivorous.
Valid publication: RAINEY (F.A.), KELLY (D.P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), BURGHARDT (J.), HIRAISHI (A.), KATAYAMA (Y.) and WOOD (A.P.): A re-evaluation of the taxonomy of Paracoccus denitrificans and a proposal for the combination Paracoccus pantotrophus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 645-651.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Comparison of both 16S rRNA coding sequences and DNA-DNA hybridization of ten strains classified as strains of ¤ Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993 has shown that they fall into two groups which are distinct from each other at the species level. One group (group A) comprises the type strain of Paracoccus denitrificans (ATCC 17741. Group B comprises the strain ATCC 35512(the original type strain of Thiosphaera pantotropha Robertson and Kuenen 1984). In light of these findings, Rainey et al. 1999 propose that (i) strains of group A are retained as Paracoccus denitrificans, with strain ATCC 17741= NCCB 22021 (formerly LMD 22.21) = DSM 413 as the type strain; and (ii) all strains of group B are assigned to the new combination Paracoccus pantotrophus (Robertson and Kuenen 1984) Rainey et al. 1999 with strain ATCC 35512= DSM 2944 = NCCB 82005 (formerly LMD 82.5) as the type strain. The emendation of the species description [Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ludwig et al. 1993] must now be deleted.

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Paracoccus rhizosphaerae Kämpfer et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-CCM15-8 = CCM 7904 = LMG 26205.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN662389.
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, a root; L. n. sphaera, a ball, sphere; N.L. n. rhizosphaera, the rhizosphere; N.L. gen. n. rhizosphaerae, of the rhizosphere).
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), LAI (W.A.), ARUN (A.B.), YOUNG (C.C.), REKHA (P.D.), MARTIN (K.), BUSSE (H.J.) and CHEN (W.M.): Paracoccus rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of the plant Crossostephium chinense (L.) Makino (Seremban). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2750-2756.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus saliphilus Wang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 90738 = CCTCC AB 206074 = KCTC 22163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ923133.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; Gr. masc. adj. philos, loving; N.L. masc. adj. saliphilus, salt-loving.
Valid publication: WANG (Y.), TANG (S.K.), LOU (K.), MAO (P.H.), JIN (X.), JIANG (C.L.), XU (L.H.) and LI (W.J.): Paracoccus saliphilus sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from a saline soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1924-1928.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus sanguinis McGinnis et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 05503=DSM 29303=LMG 28451.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ960184.
Etymology: L. masc. gen. noun. sanguinis, of blood, the source of the isolates is blood.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: MCGINNIS, J. M., COLE, J. A., DICKINSON, M. C., MINGLE, L. A., LAPIERRE, P., MUSSER, K. A. and WOLFGANG, W. J. 2015. Paracoccus sanguinis sp. nov., isolated from clinical specimens of New York State patients. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1877-1882.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus sediminis Pan et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CMB17=JCM 18467=DSM 26170=CGMCC 1.12681.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX126474.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sediminis, of a sediment.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: PAN, J., SUN, C., ZHANG, X.-Q., HUO, Y.-Y., ZHU, X.-F. and WU, M. 2014. Paracoccus sediminis sp. nov., isolated from Pacific Ocean marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2512-2516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus seriniphilus Pukall et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MBT-A4 = CIP 107400 = DSM 14827 = NBRC 100798.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ428275.
Etymology: N.L. n. serinum, serine; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. seriniphilus, serine-loving.
Valid publication: PUKALL (R.), LAROCHE (M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), SCHUMANN (P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and ULBER (R.): Paracoccus seriniphilus sp. nov., an L-serine-dehydratase-producing coccus isolated from the marine bryozoan Bugula plumosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 443-447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The correct etymology should be N.L. n. serinum, serine; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. mas. adj. seriniphilus, serine-loving (not Gr. adj. philos, loving; N.L. mas. adj. seriniphilus, serine-loving as cited in the paper by Pukall et al. 2003).

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Paracoccus solventivorans Siller et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L1 = ATCC 700252= CIP 105051 = DSM 6637 = VKM B-2190.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014175.
Etymology: N.L. n. solvens -entis (from L. part. adj. solvens, dissolving), a solvent; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. solventivorans, solvent-eating.
Valid publication: SILLER (H.), RAINEY (F.A.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and WINTER (J.): Isolation and characterization of a new gram-negative, acetone-degrading, nitrate-reducing bacterium from soil, Paracoccus solventivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1125-1130.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Paracoccus solventivorans Siller et al. 1996 emend. Lipski et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L1 = ATCC 700252= CIP 105051 = DSM 6637 = VKM B-2190.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014175.
Etymology: N.L. n. solvens -entis (from L. part. adj. solvens, dissolving), a solvent; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. solventivorans, solvent-eating.
Reference: LIPSKI (A.), REICHERT (K.), REUTER (B.), SPRÖER (C.) and ALTENDORF (K.): Identification of bacterial isolates from biofilters as Paracoccus alkenifer sp. nov. and Paracoccus solventivorans with emended description of Paracoccus solventivorans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 529-536.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus sphaerophysae Deng et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Zy-3 = ACCC 05413 = HAMBI 3106.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU129567.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sphaerophysae, of Sphaerophysa, a genus of leguminous plants, referring to the origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: DENG (Z.S.), ZHAO (L.F.), XU (L.), KONG (Z.Y.), ZHAO (P.), QIN (W.), CHANG (J.L.) and WEI (G.H.): Paracoccus sphaerophysae sp. nov., a siderophore-producing, endophytic bacterium isolated from root nodules of Sphaerophysa salsula. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 665-669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus stylophorae Sheu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KTW-16 = BCRC 80106 = LMG 25392.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ281379.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. stylophorae, of Stylophora, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a coral belonging to the genus Stylophora.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), JIANG (S.R.), CHEN (C.A.), WANG (J.T.) and CHEN (W.M.): Paracoccus stylophorae sp. nov., isolated from the reef-building coral Stylophora pistillata. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2221-2226.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus sulfuroxidans Liu et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LW36 = CGMCC 1.5364 = JCM 14013.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ512861.
Etymology: L. n. sulfur, sulfur; N.L. part. adj. oxidans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. sulfuroxidans, pertaining to the ability to oxidize sulfur.
Valid publication: LIU (X.Y.), WANG (B.J.), JIANG (C.Y.) and LIU (S.J.): Paracoccus sulfuroxidans sp. nov., a sulfur oxidizer from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2693-2695.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus thiocyanatus Katayama et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THI 011 = ATCC 700171= CIP 106060 = IAM 12816 = IFO (now NBRC) 14569 = JCM 20756 = VKM B-2162.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D32242.
Etymology: N.L. n. thiocyanas -atis, thiocyanate; N.L. masc. adj. thiocyanatus, referring to the ability to use thiocyanate.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Effective publication: KATAYAMA (Y.), HIRAISHI (A.) and KURAISHI (H.): Paracoccus thiocyanatus sp. nov., a new species of thiocyanate-utilizing facultative chemolithotroph, and transfer of Thiobacillus versutus to the genus Paracoccus as Paracoccus versutus comb. nov. with emendation of the genus. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1469-1477.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus tibetensis Zhu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tibet-S9a3 = CGMCC 1.8925 = NBRC 105667.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ108402.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. tibetensis, of or pertaining to Tibet, isolated from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost.
Valid publication: ZHU (S.), ZHAO (Q.), ZHANG (G.), JIANG (Z.), SHENG (H.), FENG (H.) and AN (L.): Paracoccus tibetensis sp. nov., isolated from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1902-1905.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus versutus (Harrison 1983) Katayama et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A2 = ATCC 25364= CIP 107117 = DSM 582 = IAM 12814 = IFO (now NBRC) 14567 = JCM 20754 = NCCB 80062 = NCCB 81078 = VKM B-2163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014174.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus versutus Harrison 1983.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. versutus, versatile.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Effective publication: KATAYAMA (Y.), HIRAISHI (A.) and KURAISHI (H.): Paracoccus thiocyanatus sp. nov., a new species of thiocyanate-utilizing facultative chemolithotroph, and transfer of Thiobacillus versutus to the genus Paracoccus as Paracoccus versutus comb. nov. with emendation of the genus. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1469-1477.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paracoccus yeei corrig. Daneshvar et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-599 = CCUG 46822 = CDC G1212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014173.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. yeei, in honour of Robert B. Yee, an American bacteriologist who has contributed to the characterization of pathogenic bacteria.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 92. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 935-937.
Effective publication: DANESHVAR (M.I.), HOLLIS (D.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), WHITNEY (A.M.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), MACGREGOR (J.P.), JORDAN (J.G.), MAYER (L.W.), RASSOULI (S.M.), BARCHET (W.), MUNRO (C.), SHUTTLEWORTH (L.) and BERNARD (K.): Paracoccus yeeii sp. nov. (formerly CDC group EO-2), a novel bacterial species associated with human infection. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2003, 41, 1289-1294.
Validation List no. 92 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, yeeii (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 91 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 935-937.
Validation List no. 92 in IJSEM Online

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Paracoccus zeaxanthinifaciens Berry et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-1512 = ATCC 21588= JCM 21774 = LMG 21293.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF461158.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. zeaxanthinum, zeaxanthin; L. part. pres. faciens, making/producing; N.L. part. adj. zeaxanthinifaciens, zeaxanthin-producing.
Valid publication: BERRY (A.), JANSSENS (D.), HÜMBELIN (M.), JORE (J.P.M.), HOSTE (B.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BRETZEL (W.), MAYER (A.F.), LOPEZ-ULIBARRI (R.), SHANMUGAM (B.), SWINGS (J.) and PASAMONTES (L.): Paracoccus zeaxanthinifaciens sp. nov., a zeaxanthin-producing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 231-238.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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