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Genus Oceanospirillum

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 13
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 5

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Oceanospirillum Hylemon et al. 1973, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Oceanospirillales Garrity et al. 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Oceanospirillaceae Garrity et al. 2005).
Type species: ¤ Oceanospirillum linum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: G. n. okeanos, ocean; L. n. spira, a spiral; N.L. dim. neut. n. spirillum, a small spiral; N.L. neut. n. Oceanospirillum, a small spiral (organism) from the ocean (seawater).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HYLEMON (P.B.), WELLS Jr. (J.S.), KRIEG (N.R.) and JANNASCH (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.

Oceanospirillum Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Pot et al. 1989.
Type species: ¤ Okeanospirillum linum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: G. n. oceanos, ocean; L. n. spira, a spiral; N.L. dim. neut. n. spirillum, a small spiral; N.L. neut. n. Oceanospirillum, a small spiral (organism) from the ocean (seawater).
Reference: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Oceanospirillum Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Satomi et al. 2002.
Type species: ¤ Oceanospirillum linum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: G. n. okeanos, ocean; L. n. spira, a spiral; N.L. dim. neut. n. spirillum, a small spiral; N.L. neut. n. Oceanospirillum, a small spiral (organism) from the ocean (seawater).
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12754= CIP 103375 = DSM 7166 = IFO (now NBRC) 15445 = NCMB 52 = VPI 34.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006760.
Synonym: "Spirillum beijerinckii" Williams and Rittenberg 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. beijerinckii, of Beijerinck; named after Prof M.W. Beijerinck of Delft, Holland.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 WILLIAMS (M.A.) and RITTENBERG (S.C.): A taxonomic study of the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1957, 7, 49-112. 2 HYLEMON (P.B.), WELLS Jr. (J.S.), KRIEG (N.R.) and JANNASCH (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.

Note: The strain NCMB 52 does not appear in the UKNCC Strain databases or in The complete list of NCIMB bacterial strains.

Oceanospirillum beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Pot et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12754= CIP 103375 = DSM 7166 = IFO (now NBRC) 15445 = LMG 5405 = NCMB 52 = VPI 34.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006760.
Synonym: "Spirillum beijerinckii" Williams and Rittenberg 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. beijerinckii, of Beijerinck; named after Prof M.W. Beijerinck of Delft, Holland.
Reference: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Subsequently, this species has been divided into two subspecies (see: below).
2 According to Satomi et al. the two subspecies of Oceanospirillum beijerinckii should be combined as Oceanospirillum beijerinckii.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum beijerinckii subsp. beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Pot et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12754= CIP 103375 = DSM 7166 = IFO (now NBRC) 15445 = NCMB 52 = VPI 34.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006760.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. beijerinckii, of Beijerinck; named after Prof M.W. Beijerinck of Delft, Holland.
Valid publication: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Oceanospirillum beijerinckii subsp. beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Pot et al. 1989 is automatically created by the valid publication of Oceanospirillum beijerinckii subsp. pelagicum (Terasaki 1973) Pot et al. 1989 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 The strain NCMB 52 does not appear in the UKNCC Strain databases or in The complete list of NCIMB bacterial strains.

¤ Oceanospirillum beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Satomi et al. the two subspecies of Oceanospirillum beijerinckii should be combined as Oceanospirillum beijerinckii.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum beijerinckii subsp. pelagicum (Terasaki 1973) Pot et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33337= CIP 103385 = DSM 6288 = IFO (now NBRC) 13612 = LMG 5307 = NCIMB 2228 = SWC UF1.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006761.
Basonym: ¤ Oceanospirillum pelagicum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Spirillum pelagicum" Terasaki 1973.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pelagicum, of or belonging to the sea.
Valid publication: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Oceanospirillum beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Pot et al. 1989.

Note: According to Satomi et al. the two subspecies of Oceanospirillum beijerinckii should be combined as Oceanospirillum beijerinckii.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum commune (Baumann et al. 1972) Bowditch et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8 = ATCC 27118= CCUG 16012 = CIP 74.1 = LMG 2864 = NBRC 102224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ011528.
Basonym: ¤ Alteromonas communis Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. neut. adj. commune, common.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: BOWDITCH (R.D.), BAUMANN (L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Description of Oceanospirillum kriegii sp. nov. and O. jannaschii sp. nov. and assignment of two species of Alteromonas to this genus as O. commune comb. nov. and O. vagum comb. nov. Curr. Microbiol., 1984, 10, 221-230.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Marinomonas communis (Baumann et al. 1972) van Landschoot and De Ley 1984.

Note: Oceanospirillum commune (Baumann et al. 1972) Bowditch et al. 1984 is a later homotypic synonym of Marinomonas communis (Baumann et al. 1972) van Landschoot and De Ley 1984.

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Oceanospirillum hiroshimense (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 103384 = DSM 9524 = IFO (now NBRC) 13616 = LMG 7371 = LMG 5305 = SWC OF2.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006762.
Synonym: "Spirillum hiroshimense" Terasaki 1973.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hiroshimense, pertaining to Hiroshima. Japan.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TERASAKI (Y.): Studies on the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg. II. Comments on type and reference strains of Spirillum and descriptions of new species and new subspecies. Bulletin of the Suzugamine Women's College, Natural Science, 1973, 17, 1-71. 2 TERASAKI (Y.): Tranfer of five species and two subspecies of Spirillum to other genera (Aquaspirillum and Oceanospirillum), with emended descriptions of the species and subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 130-144.

¤ Oceanospirillum maris subsp. hiroshimense (Terasaki 1973) Pot et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum jannaschii Bowditch et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 207 = ATCC 27135= CIP 103444 = DSM 6295 = IFO (now NBRC) 15466 = LMG 6239.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006765.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. jannaschii, of Jannasch; named after H.W. Jannasch.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: BOWDITCH (R.D.), BAUMANN (L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Description of Oceanospirillum kriegii sp. nov. and O. jannaschii sp. nov. and assignment of two species of Alteromonas to this genus as O. commune comb. nov. and O. vagum comb. nov. Curr. Microbiol., 1984, 10, 221-230.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Marinobacterium jannaschii (Bowditch et al. 1984) Satomi et al. 2002, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum japonicum (Watanabe 1959) Hylemon et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19191= CIP 103373 = DSM 7165 = IFO (now NBRC) 15446 = LMG 10146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006766.
Synonym: "Spirillum japonicum" Watanabe 1959.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. japonicum, pertaining to Japan.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 WATANABE (N.): On four new halophilic species of Spirillum. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo), 1959, 72, 77-86. 2 HYLEMON (P.B.), WELLS Jr. (J.S.), KRIEG (N.R.) and JANNASCH (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.

¤ Pseudospirillum japonicum (Watanabe 1959) Satomi et al. 2002, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum kriegii Bowditch et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 197 = ATCC 27133= CIP 103443 = DSM 6294 = IFO (now NBRC) 15467 = LMG 6238.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006767.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kriegii, of Krieg; named after N.R. Krieg.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: BOWDITCH (R.D.), BAUMANN (L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Description of Oceanospirillum kriegii sp. nov. and O. jannaschii sp. nov. and assignment of two species of Alteromonas to this genus as O. commune comb. nov. and O. vagum comb. nov. Curr. Microbiol., 1984, 10, 221-230.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Oceanobacter kriegii (Bowditch et al. 1984) Satomi et al. 2002, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum linum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11336= CIP 103374 = DSM 6292 = IFO (now NBRC) 15448 = LMG 5214 = VKM B-1416.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M22365.
Synonym: "Spirillum linum" Williams and Rittenberg 1957.
Etymology: L. n. linum, flax, thread.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 WILLIAMS (M.A.) and RITTENBERG (S.C.): A taxonomic study of the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1957, 7, 49-112. 2 HYLEMON (P.B.), WELLS Jr. (J.S.), KRIEG (N.R.) and JANNASCH (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.

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Oceanospirillum maris Hylemon et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Jannasch 101 = ATCC 27509= CIP 103445 = DSM 6286 = LMG 5213 = VPI 35.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006763.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HYLEMON (P.B.), WELLS Jr. (J.S.), KRIEG (N.R.) and JANNASCH (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.

Oceanospirillum maris Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Pot et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Jannasch 101 = ATCC 27509= CIP 103445 = DSM 6286 = LMG 5213 = VPI 35.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006763.
Reference: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Subsequently, this species has been divided into three subspecies (see: below).
2 According to Satomi et al. the three subspecies of Oceanospirillum maris should be combined as Oceanospirillum maris.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum maris subsp. hiroshimense (Terasaki 1973) Pot et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 103384 = DSM 9524 = IFO (now NBRC) 13616 = LMG 7371 = LMG 5305 = SWC OF2.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006762.
Basonym: ¤ Oceanospirillum hiroshimense (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Spirillum hiroshimense" Terasaki 1973.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hiroshimense, pertaining to Hiroshima. Japan.
Valid publication: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Oceanospirillum maris Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Satomi et al. the three subspecies of Oceanospirillum maris should be combined as Oceanospirillum maris.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum maris subsp. maris (Hylemon et al. 1973) Linn and Krieg 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Jannasch 101 = ATCC 27509= CIP 103445 = DSM 6286 = LMG 5213 = VPI 35.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006763.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea.
Valid publication: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Hylemon et al. 1973, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Oceanospirillum maris subsp. maris (Hylemon et al. 1973) Linn and Krieg 1984 is automatically created by the valid publication of Oceanospirillum maris subsp. williamsae Linn and Krieg 1984 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

¤ Oceanospirillum maris Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Satomi et al. the three subspecies of Oceanospirillum maris should be combined as Oceanospirillum maris.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum maris subsp. williamsae Linn and Krieg 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Linn 2b = ATCC 29547= IFO (now NBRC) 15468 = LMG 17056 = LMG 15711 = LMG 5210.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006763.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. williamsae, of Williams; named after Marion A. Williams, who was the first to describe species of marine spirilla.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: LINN (D.M.) and KRIEG (N.R.): Occurrence of two organisms in cultures of the type strain Spirillum lunatum: proposal for rejection of the name Spirillum lunatum and characterization of Oceanospirillum maris subsp. williamsae and an unclassified vibrioid bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1978, 28, 132-138.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

Note: Oceanospirillum maris subsp. williamsae Linn and Krieg 1978 was validly published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1978, 28, 132-138.) which would qualify it for inclusion in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. The ommission of this name from the Approved Lists 1980 is clearly not in accordance with the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) Rule 24a, Note 1.

Oceanospirillum maris subsp. williamsae Linn and Krieg 1984 emend. Pot et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Linn 2b = ATCC 29547= IFO (now NBRC) 15468 = LMG 17056 = LMG 15711 = LMG 5210 = NCMB 54.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006763.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. williamsae, of Williams; named after Marion A. Williams, who was the first to describe species of marine spirilla.
Reference: POT (B.), GILLIS (M.), HOSTE (B.), VAN DE VELDE (A.), BEKAERT (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 23-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Oceanospirillum maris Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Satomi et al. the three subspecies of Oceanospirillum maris should be combined as Oceanospirillum maris.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), KIMURA (B.), HAMADA (T.), HARAYAMA (S.) and FUJII (T.): Phylogenetic study of the genus Oceanospirillum based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes: emended description of the genus Oceanospirillum, description of Pseudospirillum gen. nov., Oceanobacter gen. nov. and Terasakiella gen. nov. and transfer of Oceanospirillum jannaschii and Pseudomonas stanieri to Marinobacterium as Marinobacterium jannaschii comb. nov. and Marinobacterium stanieri comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Oceanospirillum minutulum (Watanabe 1959) Hylemon et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19193= CIP 103376 = DSM 6287 = IFO (now NBRC) 15450 = LMG 5334 = NCIMB 1347.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006769.
Synonym: "Spirillum minutulum" Watanabe 1959.
Etymology: L. dim. neut. adj. minutulum, very little.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 WATANABE (N.): On four new halophilic species of Spirillum. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo), 1959, 72, 77-86. 2 HYLEMON (P.B.), WELLS Jr. (J.S.), KRIEG (N.R.) and JANNASCH (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.

¤ Marinospirillum minutulum (Watanabe 1959) Satomi et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum multiglobuliferum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33336= CIP 103383 = IFO (now NBRC) 13614.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006764.
Synonym: "Spirillum multiglobuliferum" Terasaki 1973.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, much, many; L. dim. n. globulus, a small sphere, globule; L. v. fero, to bear, carry; N.L. neut. adj. multiglobuliferum, bearing many globules.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TERASAKI (Y.): Studies on the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg. II. Comments on type and reference strains of Spirillum and descriptions of new species and new subspecies. Bulletin of the Suzugamine Women's College, Natural Science, 1973, 17, 1-71. 2 TERASAKI (Y.): Tranfer of five species and two subspecies of Spirillum to other genera (Aquaspirillum and Oceanospirillum), with emended descriptions of the species and subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 130-144.

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Oceanospirillum pelagicum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33337= CIP 103385 = DSM 6288 = IFO (now NBRC) 13612 = LMG 5307 = NCIMB 2228 = SWC UF1.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006761.
Synonym: "Spirillum pelagicum" Terasaki 1973.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pelagicum, of or belonging to the sea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TERASAKI (Y.): Studies on the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg. II. Comments on type and reference strains of Spirillum and descriptions of new species and new subspecies. Bulletin of the Suzugamine Women's College, Natural Science, 1973, 17, 1-71. 2 TERASAKI (Y.): Tranfer of five species and two subspecies of Spirillum to other genera (Aquaspirillum and Oceanospirillum), with emended descriptions of the species and subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 130-144.

¤ Oceanospirillum beijerinckii subsp. pelagicum (Terasaki 1973) Pot et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum pusillum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33338= CIP 103382 = DSM 6293 = IFO (now NBRC) 13613 = JCM 21225 = LMG 7372.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006768.
Synonym: "Spirillum pusillum" Terasaki 1973.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pusillum, very small.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TERASAKI (Y.): Studies on the genus Spirillum Ehrenberg. II. Comments on type and reference strains of Spirillum and descriptions of new species and new subspecies. Bulletin of the Suzugamine Women's College, Natural Science, 1973, 17, 1-71. 2 TERASAKI (Y.): Tranfer of five species and two subspecies of Spirillum to other genera (Aquaspirillum and Oceanospirillum), with emended descriptions of the species and subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 130-144.

¤ Terasakiella pusilla (Terasaki 1973) Satomi et al. 2002, comb. nov.

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Oceanospirillum vagum (Baumann et al. 1972) Bowditch et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 40 = ATCC 27119= CIP 103202 = DSM 5605 = LMG 2845 = NBRC 103030.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67025.
Basonym: ¤ Alteromonas vaga Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. neut. adj. vagum, wandering.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: BOWDITCH (R.D.), BAUMANN (L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Description of Oceanospirillum kriegii sp. nov. and O. jannaschii sp. nov. and assignment of two species of Alteromonas to this genus as O. commune comb. nov. and O. vagum comb. nov. Curr. Microbiol., 1984, 10, 221-230.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Marinomonas vaga (Baumann et al. 1972) van Landschoot and De Ley 1984.

Note: Oceanospirillum vagum (Baumann et al. 1972) Bowditch et al. 1984 is a later homotypic synonym of Marinomonas vaga (Baumann et al. 1972) van Landschoot and De Ley 1984.

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