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Genus Nitrosospira

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Nitrosospira Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933, genus.
Type species: ¤ Nitrosospira briensis Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. nitrosus, full of natron; here intended to mean nitrous; L. fem. n. spira, a coil, spiral; N.L. fem. n. Nitrosospira, nitrous spiral.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINOGRADSKY (S.) and WINOGRADSKY (H.): Études sur la microbiologie du sol. VII. Nouvelles recherches sur les organismes de la nitrification. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1933, 50, 350-434.

Note: According to Head et al. 1995, Nitrosospira Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Nitrosolobus Watson et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: HEAD (I.M.), HIORNS (W.D.), EMBLEY (T.M.), McCARTHY (A.J.) and SAUNDERS (J.R.): The phylogeny of autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria as determined by analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1993, 139, 1147-1153.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Nitrosospira briensis Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture available.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. briensis, pertaining to Brie, a French place name.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINOGRADSKY (S.) and WINOGRADSKY (H.): Études sur la microbiologie du sol. VII. Nouvelles recherches sur les organismes de la nitrification. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1933, 50, 350-434.

Note: Winogradsky and Winogradsky (1933) described two species, Nitrosospira briensis and "Nitrosospira antarctica", but, their original laboratory cultures were never preserved [1, 2]. In 1980, only Nitrosospira briensis was recognized in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names [3].
Although ATCC 25971was proposed as neotype for Nitrosospira briensis in 1971 [4], the Approved Lists 1980 [3] cite the type strain as "no culture available", hence leaving this species without a designated type strain. Since the Approved Lists, no neotype strain has been proposed in the IJSB/IJSEM, in accordance with the Rule 18c.
References:
1  WINOGRADSKY (S.) and WINOGRADSKY (H.): Études sur la microbiologie du sol. VII. Nouvelles recherches sur les organismes de la nitrification. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1933, 50, 350-434.
2 WATSON (S.W.), BOCK (E.), HARMS (H.), KOOPS (H.P.) and HOOPER (A.B.): Genus VII. Nitrosospira Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933, 406AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 1830-1831.
3 SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
4 WATSON (S.W.): Taxonomic Considerations of the Family Nitrobacteraceae Buchanan. Requests for Opinions. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1971, 21, 254-270.
Original article in IJSEM Online 

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Nitrosospira lacus Urakawa et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) APG3=NCIMB 14869=LMG 27536=ATCC BAA-2542.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC477402.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CAUA01000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lacus, of a lake.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: URAKAWA, H., GARCIA, J. C., NIELSEN, J. L., LE, V. Q., KOZLOWSKI, J. A., STEIN, L. Y., LIM, C. K., POMMERENING-RöSER, A., MARTENS-HABBENA, W., STAHL, D. A. and KLOTZ, M. G. 2015. Nitrosospira lacus sp. nov., a psychrotolerant, ammonia-oxidizing bacterium from sandy lake sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 242-250
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Nitrosospira multiformis (Watson et al. 1971) Head et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-71 = ATCC 25196.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000103.
Basonym: ¤ Nitrosolobus multiformis Watson et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. multiformis, manyshaped, multiform.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: HEAD (I.M.), HIORNS (W.D.), EMBLEY (T.M.), McCARTHY (A.J.) and SAUNDERS (J.R.): The phylogeny of autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria as determined by analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1993, 139, 1147-1153.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Nitrosospira tenuis (ex Harms et al. 1976) Head et al. 1995, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Nv-1 (stored in stock culture in the Institut für Allgemeine Botanik, Abteilung Mikrobiologie, Hamburg, Germany).
Synonym: "Nitrosovibrio tenius" (sic) Harms et al. 1976.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR828474.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. tenuis, fine, thin.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: HEAD (I.M.), HIORNS (W.D.), EMBLEY (T.M.), McCARTHY (A.J.) and SAUNDERS (J.R.): The phylogeny of autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria as determined by analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1993, 139, 1147-1153.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 54, Nitrosospira tenuis is erroneously proposed as a new combination.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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