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Genus Nitrobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Nitrobacter Winogradsky 1892, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Nitrobacteraceae Buchanan 1917 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Nitrobacter winogradskyi Winslow et al. 1917 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. nitras -atis, nitrate; N.L. pref. nitro-, pertaining to nitrate; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Nitrobacter, nitrate rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINOGRADSKY (S.): Contributions à la morphologie des organismes de la nitrification. Arkhiv Biologicheskikh Nauk (St. Petersbourg), 1892, 1, 87-137.

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Nitrobacter alkalicus Sorokin et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AN1 = LMD 97.163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF069956.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from Arabic al-qalyi, the ashes of saltwort), soda ash; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. alkalicus, intended to mean alkaline.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 71. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1325-1326.
Effective publication: SOROKIN (D.Y.), MUYZER (G.), BRINKHOFF (T.), KUENEN (J.G.) and JETTEN (M.S.M.): Isolation and characterization of a novel facultatively alkaliphilic Nitrobacter species, N. alkalicus sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1998, 170, 345-352.
Validation List no. 71 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The species Nitrobacter alkalicus (effective publication: Sorokin et al. 1998, type strain: strain AN1 = LMD 97.163) appears also on Validation List no. 78 [1]. The date of valid publication of this name is in fact that of the first citation in a Validation List (List no. 71, published 22 October 1999) [2].
References:
1 Validation List no. 78. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1-2.
Validation List no. 78 in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

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Nitrobacter hamburgensis Bock et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) X14 = DSM 10229 = NCIMB 13809.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L11663.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hamburgensis, pertaining to the city of Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany, where the organism was first isolated.
References: Validation List no. 78. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1-2. [BOCK (E.), SUNDERMEYER-KLINGER (H.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): New facultative lithoautotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. Arch. Microbiol., 1983, 136, 281-284.]
Validation List no. 78 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The type strain DSM 10229 has been designated by E. Spieck in a personal communication to the Associate Editor, IJSEM.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 78 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1-2.
Validation List no. 78 in IJSEM Online
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Nitrobacter hamburgensis Bock et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Nitrobacter vulgaris Bock et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z = DSM 10236.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM114522.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. vulgaris, usual, common.
References: Validation List no. 78. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1-2. [BOCK (E.), KOOPS (H.P.), MÖLLER (U.C.) and RUDERT (M.): A new facultatively nitrite oxidizing bacterium, Nitrobacter vulgaris sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 153, 105-110.]
Validation List no. 78 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The type strain DSM 10236 has been designated by E. Spieck in a personal communication to the Associate Editor, IJSEM.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 78 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1-2.
Validation List no. 78 in IJSEM Online
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, Nitrobacter vulgaris Bock et al. 2001 is not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries [1]. In a Request for an Opinion, Euzéby and Tindall provide a solution whereby this name may be considered to be validly published [2].
References:
1 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Nitrobacter winogradskyi Winslow et al. 1917, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25391= CIP 104748 = DSM 10237.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000115.
Synonyms: "Bacterium nitrobacter" Lehmann and Neumann 1899, "Bacillus nirobakter" (sic) Castellani and Chamers 1919.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. winogradskyi, of Winogradsky; named after Winogradsky, the microbiologist who first isolated these bacteria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINSLOW (C.E.A.), BROADHURST (J.), BUCHANAN (R.E.), KRUMWIEDE Jr. (C.), ROGERS (L.A.) and SMITH (G.H.): The families and genera of the bacteria. Preliminary report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on Characterization and Classification of Bacterial Types. Journal of Bacteriology, 1917, 2, 505-566.

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