Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Neisseria

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 30
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Neisseria Trevisan 1885, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Neisseriales Tønjum 2006; type genus of the family ¤ Neisseriaceae Prévot 1933 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Zopf 1885) Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: "Merismopedia" Zopf 1885, "Gonococcus" Lindau 1898.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Neisseria, named after Albert Neisser, who discovered the etiological agent of gonorrhea in the pus of patients in 1889.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TREVISAN (V.): Carratteri di alcuni nuovi generi di Batteriacee. Atti della Accademia Fisica-Medica-Stastistica in Milano (ser 4), 1885, 3, 92-107.

   image

Neisseria animalis Berger 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49930= CCUG 808 = CIP 72.15 = NCTC 10212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ239288.
Etymology: L. n. animal, an animal; L. gen. n. animalis, of an animal.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGER (U.): Neisseria animalis nov. spec. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 1960, 147, 158-161.

   image

Neisseria animaloris Vandamme et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CL 191/78 = CDC D8251 = ATCC 29858= LMG 23011 = NCTC 12228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ006842.
Etymology: L. n. animal, an animal; L. n. os oris, the mouth; N.L. gen. n. animaloris, of an animal's mouth.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), HOLMES (B.), BERCOVIER (H.) and COENYE (T.): Classification of Centers for Disease Control Group Eugonic Fermenter (EF)-4a and EF-4b as Neisseria animaloris sp. nov. and Neisseria zoodegmatis sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1801-1805.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Neisseria animaloris Vandamme et al. 2006 was previously known as Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Group Eugonic Fermenter (EF)-4a.

   image

Neisseria bacilliformis Han et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MDA2833 = ATCC BAA-1200 = CCUG 50858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY560519.
Etymology: L. n. bacillus, a small staff, a wand; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. fem. adj. bacilliformis, shaped like a small rod.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 110. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1459-1460.
Effective publication: HAN (X.Y.), HONG (T.) and FALSEN (E.): Neisseria bacilliformis sp. nov. isolated from human infections. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2006, 44, 474-479.
Validation List no. 110 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The noun bacillus is a Latin noun, not a neo-Latin noun as cited in the etymology provided by Han et al. 2006.

   image

Neisseria canis Berger 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H 6 = ATCC 14687= CIP 103347 = LMG 8383 = NCTC 10296.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L06170.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of the dog.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGER (U.): Über das Vorkommen von Neisserien bei einigen Tieren. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 1962, 148, 445-457.

Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is incorrectly listed as ATCC 14678.

   image

Neisseria caviae Pelczar 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GP 11 = ATCC 14659= CCUG 355 = CCUG 2132 = NCTC 10293.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005187.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cavia, generic name of the guinea pig; N.L. gen. n. caviae, of Cavia.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PELCZAR (M.J.): Neisseria caviae nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 744.

Note: In the April 1993 issue of the IJSB, M. Véron et al. [1] proposed that Neisseria caviae should be called Branhamella caviae. However, the type strain was not cited [see Rule 27(3)] and this new combination did not appear in the Notification List published in the July 1993 issue of the IJSB [2].
References:
1 VÉRON (M.), LENVOISÉ-FURET (A.), COUSTÈRE (C.), GED (C.) and GRIMONT (F.): Relatedness of three species of "false neisseriae", Neisseria caviae, Neisseria cuniculi, and Neisseria ovis, by DNA-DNA hybridizations and fatty acid analysis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 210-220.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 625.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

= ¤ Moraxella caviae (Pelczar 1953) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Neisseria caviae Pelczar 1953(Approved Lists 1980) and Moraxella caviae (Pelczar 1953) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

   image

Neisseria cinerea (von Lingelsheim 1906) Murray 1939, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14685= CCUG 346 = CCUG 2156 = CIP 73.16 = DSM 4630 = LMG 8380 = NCTC 10294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247236, ACDY02000019 (whole genome shotgun sequence).
Synonym: "Micrococcus cinereus" von Lingelsheim 1906.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. cinerea, similar to ashes, ash-colored, gray.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 Von LINGELSHEIM (W.): Die bakteriologischen Arbeiten der Kgl. hygienischen Station zu Beuthen O.-Schl. während der Genickstarreepidemie in Oberschlesien im Winter 1904/05. Klinisches Jahrbuch, 1906, 15, 373-489. 2 MURRAY (E.G.D.): Genus I Neisseria Trevisan. In: D.H. BERGEY, R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 5th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1939, pp. 278-288.

   image

Neisseria cuniculi Berger 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14688= CCUG 2154 = LMG 8382 = NCTC 10297.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005188.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cuniculi, of the rabbit.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGER (U.): Über das Vorkommen von Neisserien bei einigen Tieren. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 1962, 148, 445-457.

¤ Moraxella cuniculi (Berger 1962) Bøvre and Hagen 1984, comb. nov.

Note: In the April 1993 issue of the IJSB, M. Véron et al. [1] proposed that Neisseria cuniculi should be called Branhamella cuniculi. However, the type strain was not cited [see Rule 27(3)] and this new combination did not appear in the Notification List published in the July 1993 issue of the IJSB [2].
References:
1 VÉRON (M.), LENVOISÉ-FURET (A.), COUSTÈRE (C.), GED (C.) and GRIMONT (F.): Relatedness of three species of "false neisseriae", Neisseria caviae, Neisseria cuniculi, and Neisseria ovis, by DNA-DNA hybridizations and fatty acid analysis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 210-220.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 625.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria denitrificans Berger 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14686= CCUG 2155 = CIP 72.16 = NBRC 102155 = NCTC 10295.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB087265.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGER (U.): Über das Vorkommen von Neisserien bei einigen Tieren. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 1962, 148, 445-457.

¤ Bergeriella denitrificans (Berger 1962) Xie and Yokota 2005, comb. nov.

   image

Neisseria dentiae Sneath and Barrett 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) V33 = Dent SHI/3848 = ATCC 700276= CIP 106968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF487709.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. dentiae, of (Dr.) Dent; named for Vija E. Dent (Mrs. Pratley) in recognition of her pioneering work on neisserias from dental plaque.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 62. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 915-916.
Effective publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and BARRETT (S.J.): A new species of Neisseria from the dental plaque of the domestic cow, Neisseria dentiae sp. nov. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1996, 23, 355-358.
Validation List no. 62 in IJSEM Online

Note: In the effective publication, the type strain is SH1/3848 (not SHI/3848).

   image

Neisseria elongata Bøvre and Holten 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25295= CCUG 2043 = CCUG 2130 A = CIP 72.27 = LMG 5124 = NCTC 10660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L06171.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. elongata, prolonged, elongated.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BØVRE (K.) and HOLTEN (E.): Neisseria elongata sp. nov., a rod-shaped member of the genus Neisseria. Re-evaluation of cell shape as a criterion in classification. Journal of General Microbiology, 1970, 60, 67-75.

   image

Neisseria elongata subsp. elongata (Bøvre and Holten 1970) Henriksen and Holten 1976, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25295= CCUG 2043 = CCUG 2130 A = CIP 72.27 = LMG 5124 = NCTC 10660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L06171.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. elongata, prolonged, elongated.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BØVRE (K.) and HOLTEN (E.): Neisseria elongata sp. nov., a rod-shaped member of the genus Neisseria. Re-evaluation of cell shape as a criterion in classification. Journal of General Microbiology, 1970, 60, 67-75.

Note: The original authorship, Bøvre and Holten 1970, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria elongata subsp. glycolytica Henriksen and Holten 1976, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29315= CCUG 6508 A = CIP 82.85 = NCTC 11050.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247253 (457 bp!).
Etymology: Gr. adj. glûkus, sweet; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve N.L. fem. adj. glycolytica, meant to indicate an ability to attack glucose.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HENRIKSEN (S.D.) and HOLTEN (E.): Neisseria elongata subsp. glycolytica subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 478-481.

   image

Neisseria elongata subsp. nitroreducens Grant et al. 1991, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B1019 = ATCC 49377= CCUG 30802 = CIP 103511 = NCTC 12736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175349.
Etymology: N.L. n. nitras -atis, nitrate; N.L. pref. nitro-, pertaining to nitrate; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and in chemistry converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. nitroreducens, nitrate reducing.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581.
Effective publication: GRANT (P.E.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), HOLLIS (D.G.) and WEAVER (R.E.): Neisseria elongata subsp. nitroreducens subsp. nov., formerly CDC group M-6, a gram-negative bacterium associated with endocarditis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1990, 28, 2591-2596.
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Neisseria elongata subsp. nitroreducens Grant et al. 1991 was previously known as CDC group M-6.

   image

Neisseria flava Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NRL 30,008.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HF558370.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. flava, yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

Note: The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Moraxellaceae (99.9% similarity against ¤ Moraxella caviae).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

   image

Neisseria flavescens Branham 1930, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13120= CCUG 345 = CCUG 17913 = CIP 73.15 = LMG 5297 = NCTC 8263.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L06168.
Etymology: L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming golden yellow, turning light yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRANHAM (S.E.): A new meningococcus-like organism (Neisseria flavescens n. sp.) from epidemic meningitis. United States Public Health Services Public Health Report, 1930, 45, 845-849.

   image

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Zopf 1885) Trevisan 1885, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19424= CCUG 26876 = CIP 79.18 = DSM 9188 = NCTC 8375.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X07714.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus der gonorrhoe" Neisser 1879, "Merismopedia gonorrhoeae" Zopf 1885, "Micrococcus gonorrhoeae" (Zopf 1885) Flügge 1886, "Micrococcus gonococcus" Schroeter 1886, "Diplococcus gonorrhoeae" (Zopf 1885) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, "Gonococcus neisseri" Lindau 1898.
Etymology: Gr. n. gonorrhoea, a seminal flux, gonorrhoea; N.L. gen. n. gonorrhoeae, of gonorrhoea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ZOPF (W.): Die Spaltpilze, 3rd ed. Edward Trewendt, Breslau, 1885, pp. 1-127. 2 TREVISAN (V.): Carratteri di alcuni nuovi generi di Batteriacee. Atti della Accademia Fisica-Medica-Stastistica in Milano (ser 4), 1885, 3, 92-107.

   image

Neisseria iguanae Barrett et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NVSL 85737 = ATCC 51483.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU233442.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. iguanae, of the iguana lizard.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 51. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.
Effective publication: BARRETT (S.J.), SCHLATER (L.K.), MONTALI (R.J.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): A new species of Neisseria from iguanid lizards, Neisseria iguanae sp. nov. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1994, 18, 200-202.
Validation List no. 51 in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria lactamica Hollis et al. 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23970= CCUG 5853 = CIP 72.17 = DSM 4691 = NCTC 10617.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ239286.
Synonym: "Neisseria lactamicus" (sic) Hollis et al. 1969.
Etymology: L. n. lac lactis, milk; L. adj. amicus, loving, friendly; N.L. fem. adj. lactamica, intended to mean fond of lactose.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HOLLIS (D.G.), WIGGINS (G.L.) and WEAVER (R.E.): Neisseria lactamicus sp. n., a lactose-fermenting species resembling Neisseria meningitidis. Applied Microbiology, 1969, 17, 71-77.

   image

Neisseria macacae Vedros et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M-740 = ATCC 33926= CIP 103346.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L06169.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macacae (from Port. n. macaco, female monkey; or from N.L. n. Macaca, the generic name of macaques), of a monkey, referring to the source of the isolate (isolated from the oropharynges of rhesus monkeys).
Valid publication: VEDROS (N.A.), HOKE (C.) and CHUN (P.): Neisseria macacae sp. nov., a new Neisseria species isolated from the oropharynges of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 515-520.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria meningitidis (Albrecht and Ghon 1901) Murray 1929, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Sara E. Branham M1027 = ATCC 13077= CCUG 3269 = CIP 73.10 = DSM 10036 = NCTC 10025.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175351.
Synonyms: "Diplokokkus intracellularis meningitidis" (sic) Weichselbaum 1887, "Neisseria weichselbaumii" Trevisan 1889, "Micrococcus intracellularis" (Jaeger) Migula 1900, "Micrococcus meningitidis cerebrospinalis" Albrecht and Ghon 1901, "Micrococcus meningitidis" Albrecht and Ghon 1903.
Etymology: Gr. n. meninx meningos, meninges, membrane covering the brain; L. suff. -itis -itidis, suffix used for inflammation; N.L. gen. n. meningitidis, of inflammation of the meninges, of meningitis.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ALBRECHT (H.) and GHON (A.): Über die Aetiologie und pathologische Anatomie der Meningitis cerebrospinalis epidemica. Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 1901, 14, 984-996. 2 MURRAY (E.G.D.): The meningococcus. Medical Research Council (Great Britain) Special Report Series, 1929, 124, 7-142.

   image

Neisseria mucosa Véron et al. 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19696= CCUG 26877 = CIP 59.51 = JCM 12992 = NCTC 12978.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247257.
Synonym: "Diplococcus mucosus" von Lingelsheim 1906.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. mucosa, slimy.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: VÉRON (M.), THIBAULT (P.) and SECOND (L.): Neisseria mucosa (Diplococcus mucosus Lingelsheim). I. Description bactériologique et étude du pouvoir pathogène. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1959, 97, 497-510.

Note: The correct citation for this taxon should be Neisseria mucosa (von Lingelsheim 1906) Véron et al. 1959; synonym: "Diplococcus mucosus" von Lingelsheim 1906.

Note: According to Bennett et al. (2013), Neisseria mucosa var. heidelbergensis should be renamed Neisseria oralis.
Reference: BENNETT, J. S., JOLLEY, K. A. and MAIDEN, M. C. 2013. Genome sequence analyses show that Neisseria oralis is the same species as 'Neisseria mucosa var. heidelbergensis'. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3920-3926.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria musculi Weyand et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AP2031=DSM 101846=CCUG 68283=LMG 29261.
Sequence accession no. (rplF) for the type strain: ERR1121178.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: ERR1121178.
Etymology: L. gen. n. musculi, of a mouse.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: WEYAND, N. J., MA, M., PHIFER-RIXEY, M., TAKU, N. A., RENDON, M. A., HOCKENBERRY, A. M., KIM, W. J., AGELLON, A. B., BIAIS, N., SUZUKI, T. A., GOODYER-SAIT, L., HARRISON, O. B., BRATCHER, H. B., NACHMAN, M. W., MAIDEN, M. C. and SO, M. 2016. Isolation and characterization of Neisseria musculi sp. nov., from the wild house mouse. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3585-3593.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria oralis Wolfgang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 6332 = DSM 25276 = LMG 26725.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN104029.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. oralis, of the mouth, the source of the first isolate.
Valid publication: WOLFGANG (W.J.), PASSARETTI (T.V.), JOSE (R.), COLE (J.), COOREVITS (A.), CARPENTER (A.N.), JOSE (S.), VAN LANDSCHOOT (A.), IZARD (J.), KOHLERSCHMIDT (D.J.), VANDAMME (P.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), FISHER (M.A.) and MUSSER (K.A.): Neisseria oralis sp. nov., isolated from healthy gingival plaque and clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63,1323-1328.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Bennett et al. (2013), Neisseria mucosa var. heidelbergensis should be renamed Neisseria oralis.
Reference: BENNETT, J. S., JOLLEY, K. A. and MAIDEN, M. C. 2013. Genome sequence analyses show that Neisseria oralis is the same species as 'Neisseria mucosa var. heidelbergensis'. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3920-3926.


Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria ovis Lindqvist 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 199/55 = ATCC 33078= CCUG 354 = LMG 8381 = NCTC 11227.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005186.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ovis, of the sheep.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LINDQVIST (K.): A Neisseria species associated with infectious keratoconjunctivitis of sheep, Neisseria ovis nov. spec. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1960, 106, 162-165.

Note: In the April 1993 issue of the IJSB, M. Véron et al. [1] proposed that Neisseria ovis should be called Branhamella ovis. However, the type strain was not cited [see Rule 27(3)] and this new combination did not appear in the Notification List published in the July 1993 issue of the IJSB [2].
References:
1 VÉRON (M.), LENVOISÉ-FURET (A.), COUSTÈRE (C.), GED (C.) and GRIMONT (F.): Relatedness of three species of "false neisseriae", Neisseria caviae, Neisseria cuniculi, and Neisseria ovis, by DNA-DNA hybridizations and fatty acid analysis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 210-220.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 625.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

= ¤ Moraxella ovis (Lindqvist 1960) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Neisseria ovis Lindqvist 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) and Moraxella ovis (Lindqvist 1960) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

   image

Neisseria perflava Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10555= CCUG 17915 = LMG 5284 = NRRL B-1790.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247246.
Etymology: L. prep. per, very much, very; L. fem. adj. flava, yellow; N.L. fem. adj. perflava, very yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

   image

Neisseria polysaccharea Riou and Guibourdenche 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43768= CCUG 18030 = CIP 100113 = NCTC 11858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ239289.
Etymology: Gr. adj. polu, many; Gr. n. sakchâr; sugar; L. fem. suff. -ea, suffix denoting made of or belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. polysaccharea, with many saccharides.
Valid publication: RIOU (J.Y.) and GUIBOURDENCHE (M.): Neisseria polysaccharea sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 163-165.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Neisseria polysaccharea Riou and Guibourdenche 1987 was previously known as "Neisseria polysacchareae" Riou et al. 1983 [RIOU (J.Y.), GUIBOURDENCHE (M.) and POPOFF (M.Y.): A new taxon in the genus Neisseria. Ann. Microbiol. (Inst. Pasteur), 1983, 134 B, 257-267.]

   image

Neisseria shayeganii Wolfgang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 871 = WC 08-871 = CIP 109933 = DSM 22246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ654664.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. shayeganii, of Shayegani, to recognize and honour over 40 years of public service and leadership by Dr Mehdi Shayegani in the Bacteriology Laboratory of the Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health.
Valid publication: WOLFGANG (W.J.), CARPENTER (A.N.), COLE (J.A.), GRONOW (S.), HABURA (A.), JOSE (S.), NAZARIAN (E.J.), KOHLERSCHMIDT (D.J.), LIMBERGER (R.), SCHOONMAKER-BOPP (D.), SPRÖER (C.) and MUSSER (K.A.): Neisseria wadsworthii sp. nov. and Neisseria shayeganii sp. nov., isolated from clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 91-98.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria sicca (von Lingelsheim 1908) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29256= CCUG 23929 = CCUG 24959 = CIP 103345 = LMG 5290 = NRL 30,016.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247248, ACKO02000016 (whole genome shotgun sequence).
Synonyms: "Diplococcos pharyngis siccus" von Lingelsheim 1906, "Diplococcus siccus" von Lingelsheim 1908.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. sicca, dry.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 Von LINGELSHEIM (W.): Beiträge zur Atiologie der epidemischen Genickstarre nach Ergebnissen der letzten Jahre. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1908, 59, 457-476. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

   image

Neisseria subflava (Flügge 1886) Trevisan 1889, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49275= CCUG 23930 = CIP 103343 = LMG 5313 = NRL 30,017.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247249.
Synonym: "Micrococcus subflavus" Flügge 1886.
Etymology: L. prep. sub, under, below, slightly; L. fem. adj. flava, yellow; N.L. fem. adj. subflava, yellowish.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 FLÜGGE (C.): Die Mikroorganismen. F.C.W. Vogel, Leipzig, 1886. 2 TREVISAN (V.): I. Generi e le Specie delle Batteriacee, Zanaboni and Gabuzzi, Milano, 1889.

   image

Neisseria wadsworthii Wolfgang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 9715 = WC 05-9715 = CIP 109934 = DSM 22247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ654662.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wadsworthii, of the Wadsworth Center, to recognize the service provided to New York State residents by the Bacteriology Laboratory of the New York State Department of Health's Wadsworth Center and its role as a public health resource.
Valid publication: WOLFGANG (W.J.), CARPENTER (A.N.), COLE (J.A.), GRONOW (S.), HABURA (A.), JOSE (S.), NAZARIAN (E.J.), KOHLERSCHMIDT (D.J.), LIMBERGER (R.), SCHOONMAKER-BOPP (D.), SPRÖER (C.) and MUSSER (K.A.): Neisseria wadsworthii sp. nov. and Neisseria shayeganii sp. nov., isolated from clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 91-98.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51410= CCUG 4007 = CCUG 33675 = CIP 103940 = ISL775/91 = LMG 5135 = NCTC 12742.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ247250 (457 bp).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. weaveri, of Weaver, named in honor of Robert E. Weaver.
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), COSTAS (M.), ON (S.L.W.), VANDAMME (P.), FALSEN (E.) and KERSTERS (K.): Neisseria weaveri sp. nov. (formerly CDC group M-5), from dog bite wounds of humans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 687-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993 was previously known as CDC group M-5.
2 Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993 has priority over ¤ Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993.
3 According to Yi et al. 2012, Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1448-1449. [YI (H.), CHO (Y.J.), YOON (S.H.), PARK (S.C.) and CHUN (J.): Comparative genomics of Neisseria weaveri clarifies the taxonomy of this species and identifies genetic determinants that may be associated with virulence. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2012, 328, 100-105.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online.

   image

Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51223= CDC 8142.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L10738.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. weaveri, of Weaver, named in honor of Robert E. Weaver.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 47. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 864-865.
Effective publication: ANDERSEN (B.M.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), O'CONNOR (S.P.), HOLLIS (D.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), WEAVER (R.E.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Neisseria weaveri sp. nov., formerly CDC group M-5, a gram-negative bacterium associated with dog bite wounds. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1993, 31, 2456-2466.
Validation List no. 47 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 47, the first author's name is erroneously cited as Anderson (in place of Andersen).
2 Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993 was previously known as CDC group M-5.
3 Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993 is illegitimate because it is a later homonym of ¤ Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993 [¤ Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993 has page precedence; see Rules 51b (4) and 24b (2)].
4 According to Yi et al. 2012, Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1448-1449. [YI (H.), CHO (Y.J.), YOON (S.H.), PARK (S.C.) and CHUN (J.): Comparative genomics of Neisseria weaveri clarifies the taxonomy of this species and identifies genetic determinants that may be associated with virulence. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2012, 328, 100-105.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online.

   image

Neisseria zoodegmatis Vandamme et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CL 194/78 = CDC D5986 = ATCC 29859= LMG 23012 = NCTC 12230.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ006843.
Etymology: Gr. n. zoon, an animal; Gr. n. degma, a bite; N.L. gen. n. zoodegmatis, of an animal's bite.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), HOLMES (B.), BERCOVIER (H.) and COENYE (T.): Classification of Centers for Disease Control Group Eugonic Fermenter (EF)-4a and EF-4b as Neisseria animaloris sp. nov. and Neisseria zoodegmatis sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1801-1805.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Neisseria zoodegmatis Vandamme et al. 2006 was previously known as Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Group Eugonic Fermenter (EF)-4b.

   image