Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Moraxella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 22
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Moraxella Lwoff 1939, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Moraxellaceae Rossau et al. 1991).
Type species: ¤ Moraxella lacunata (Eyre 1900) Lwoff 1939 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Diplobacillus" McNab 1904.
Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Moraxella, named after V. Morax, a Swiss ophthalmologist who pioneered the recognition of the type species.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LWOFF (A.): Révision et démembrement des Hemophilae, le genre Moraxella nov. gen. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1939, 62, 168-176.

Note:

  • In 1979, K. Bøvre [1] proposed to divide the genus Moraxella Lwoff 1939 into two subgenera: subgenus Moraxella (Lwoff 1939) Bøvre 1979 and subgenus Branhamella (Catlin 1970) Bøvre 1979.
  • However, the names Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella) and Moraxella (subgen. Branhamella) were not included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names [2, 3]. In 2001, J.P. Euzéby [4] requested that the subgenera Moraxella and Branhamella and the nine species included in these subgenera be validly published.
  • The Judicial Opinion 83 [5] ruled that the subgenus names Moraxella subgen. Moraxella and Moraxella subgen. Branhamella should have been included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.
  • In July 2008, B.J. Tindall [6] challenged Opinion 83.
  • On 4 August 2008, the Opinion 83 was reviewed by the Judicial Commission [5]. The Minute 18 (3) of the meeting of the Judicial Commission, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey, states the following [5]:

  •      (i) It was agreed that these names were not in accordance with the Rules of the Code at the time the Approved Lists were drawn up.
         (ii) Since the names were not in accordance with the Code, they could not have been added to the lists.
  • Consequently, the names Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella) and Moraxella (subgen. Branhamella) are deleted from the LPSN.

  • References:
    1 BØVRE (K.): Proposal to divide the genus Moraxella Lwoff 1939 emend. Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 into two subgenera - subgenus Moraxella (Lwoff 1939) Bøvre 1979 and subgenus Branhamella (Catlin 1970) Bøvre 1979. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 403-406.
    Publication Online
    2 SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,1980, 30, 225-420. Available on the Internet
    3 SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Amended edition. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, 1989. Available on the Internet
    4 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Nomenclature of the subgenera Moraxella and Branhamella and of the nine species included in these subgenera and proposal to modify Rule 34a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision). Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1939-1941.
    Original article in IJSEM Online
    5 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: The subgenus names Moraxella subgen. Moraxella and Moraxella subgen. Branhamella and the species names included within these taxa should have been included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and a ruling on the proposal to make changes to Rule 34a. Opinion 83. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1766-1767.
    Opinion 83 in IJSEM Online
    6 TINDALL (B.J.): Challenging Opinion 83. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1772-1774.
    Original article in IJSEM Online
    7 GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella anatipestifer (Hendrickson and Hilbert 1932) Bruner and Fabricant 1954, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11845= CCUG 14215 = CCUG 21370 = CIP 82.28 = DSM 15868 = JCM 9532 = LMG 11054 = LMG 11606 = MCCM 00568 = NCTC 11014.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002346 (complete genome).
    Synonyms: "Pfeifferella anatipestifer" Hendrickson and Hilbert 1932, "Pasteurella anapestifer" (sic) Hauduroy et al. 1953, "Pasteurella anatipestifer" (Hendrickson and Hilbert 1932) Merchant 1957, "Pasteurella anatipestifer" (Hendrickson and Hilbert 1932) Breed 1957.
    Etymology: L. n. anas -atis, duck; L. adj. pestifer, that brings destruction, noxious, pernicious; N.L. n. anatipestifer, one who brings destruction of ducks.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 HENDRICKSON (J.M.) and HILBERT (K.F.): A new and serious septicemic disease of young ducks with a description of the causative organism, Pfeifferella anatipestifer. Cornell Veterinarian, 1932, 22, 239-252. 2 BRUNER (D.W.) and FABRICANT (J.): A strain of Moraxella anatipestifer (Pfeifferella anatipestifer) isolated from ducks. Cornell Veterinarian, 1954, 44, 461-464.

    ¤ Riemerella anatipestifer (Hendrickson and Hilbert 1932) Segers et al. 1993, comb. nov.

       image

    Moraxella atlantae Bøvre et al. 1976, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5118 = ATCC 29525= CCUG 6415 = CIP 82.25 = DSM 6999 = IFO (now NBRC) 14588 = LMG 5133 = NBRC 14588 = NCTC 11091.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM161851 (CCUG 6415), AB680638 (NBRC 14588).
    Etymology: N.L. gen. n. atlantae, of Atlanta, the American city where strains of the species were first recognized as a distinct group by Elizabeth O. King.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: BØVRE (K.), FUGLESANG (J.E.), HAGEN (N.), JANTZEN (E.) and FRØHOLM (L.O.): Moraxella atlantae sp. nov. and its distinction from Moraxella phenylpyruvica. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 511-521.

       image

    Moraxella boevrei Kodjo et al. 1997, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 88365 = ATCC 700022= CCUG 35435 = CIP 104716 = DSM 14165 = NCTC 12925.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ156147.
    Etymology: L. gen. masc. n. boevrei, of Bøvre, in honor of Kjell Bøvre.
    Valid publication: KODJO (A.), RICHARD (Y.) and TØNJUM (T.): Moraxella boevrei sp. nov., a new Moraxella species found in goats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 115-121.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella bovis (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Murray 1948, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10900= CCUG 2133 = CIP 70.40 = DSM 6328 = JCM 20472 = LMG 986 = NCTC 11013.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005182.
    Synonyms: "Haemophilus bovis" Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Moraxella duplex des bovidés" Lwoff 1939.
    Etymology: L. n. bos bovis, an ox, a bull, a cow; L. gen. n. bovis, of cattle.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 HAUDUROY (P.), EHRINGER (G.), URBAIN (A.), GUILLOT (G.) and MAGROU (J.): Dictionnaire des bactéries pathogènes. Masson et Cie, Paris, 1937, p. 247. 2 MURRAY (E.G.D.): Genus II. Moraxella Lwoff. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1948, pp. 590-592.

       image

    Moraxella bovoculi Angelos et al. 2007, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 237 = ATCC BAA-1259 = CCUG 52049.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ153089.
    Etymology: L. n. bos bovis, an ox, a bull, a cow; L. n. oculus -i, an eye; N.L. gen. n. bovoculi, of the eye of a cow, from where the type strain was isolated.
    Valid publication: ANGELOS (J.A.), SPINKS (P.Q.), BALL (L.M.) and GEORGE (L.W.): Moraxella bovoculi sp. nov., isolated from calves with infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 789-795.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella canis Jannes et al. 1993, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N7 = ATCC 51391= CCUG 8415 A = CCUG 26883 = CIP 103801 = LMG 11194.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ269511.
    Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog.
    Valid publication: JANNES (G.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.), LANNOO (M.), GILLIS (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), VANDAMME (P.), VERSCHRAEGEN (G.), VAN HEUVERSWYN (H.) and ROSSAU (R.): Polyphasic taxonomy leading to the proposal of Moraxella canis sp. nov. for Moraxella catarrhalis-like strains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 438-449.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella caprae Kodjo et al. 1995, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8897 = ATCC 700019= CCUG 33296 = CIP 104714 = NCTC 12877.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ156148.
    Etymology: L. gen. n. caprae, of a goat.
    Valid publication: KODJO (A.), TØNJUM (T.), RICHARD (Y.) and BØVRE (K.): Moraxella caprae sp. nov., a new member of the classical moraxellae with very close affinity to Moraxella bovis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 467-471.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Note: In the paper by Kodjo et al. 1995 the type strain CCUG 33296 is incorrectly cited as CCUG 33297.
    Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 366.
    Erratum in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella catarrhalis (Frosch and Kolle1896) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ne 11 = ATCC 25238= CCUG 353 = CIP 73.21 = DSM 9143 = LMG 5128 = NCTC 11020.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005185.
    Synonym: "Mikrokkokus catarrhalis" (sic) Frosch and Kolle in Flügge 1896.
    Etymology: L. n. catarrhus, a flowing down, the catarrh, rheum; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. catarrhalis, pertaining to a catarrh.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 FROSCH (P.) and KOLLE (W.): Die Mikrokokken. In: C. FLUGGE (ed.), Die Mikroorganismen, 3rd ed., Verlag von Vogel, Leipzig, 1896, Part 2, p. 154. 2 HENRIKSEN (S.D.) and BØVRE (K.): The taxonomy of the genera Moraxella and Neisseria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1968, 51, 387-392.

    = ¤ Branhamella catarrhalis (Frosch and Kolle 1896) Catlin 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).

    Note: Moraxella catarrhalis (Frosch and Kolle 1896) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) and Branhamella catarrhalis (Frosch and Kolle 1896) Catlin 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

       image

    Moraxella caviae (Pelczar 1953) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GP 11 = ATCC 14659= CCUG 355 = CCUG 2132 = NCTC 10293.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005187.
    Etymology: N.L. n. Cavia, generic name of the guinea pig; N.L. gen. n. caviae, of Cavia.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 PELCZAR (M.J.): Neisseria caviae nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 744. 2 HENRIKSEN (S.D.) and BØVRE (K.): The taxonomy of the genera Moraxella and Neisseria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1968, 51, 387-392.

    = ¤ Neisseria caviae Pelczar 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).

    Note: Moraxella caviae (Pelczar 1953) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) and Neisseria caviae Pelczar 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

       image

    Moraxella cuniculi (Berger 1962) Bøvre and Hagen 1984, comb. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14688= CCUG 2154 = LMG 8382 = NCTC 10297.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005188.
    Basonym: ¤ Neisseria cuniculi Berger 1962 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Etymology: L. gen. n. cuniculi, of the rabbit.
    Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
    Effective publication: BØVRE (K.) and HAGEN (N.): The family Neisseriaceae: rod-shaped species of the genera Moraxella, Acinetobacter, Kingella, and Neisseria, and the Branhamella group of cocci. In: M.P. STARR, H. STOLP, H.G. TRÜPER, A. BALOWS, and H.G. SCHLEGEL (editors), The prokaryotes: a handbook on habitats, isolation and identification of bacteria. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981, pp. 1506-1529.
    Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella equi Hughes and Pugh 1970, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25576= CIP 82.26 = LMG 5130 = LMG 5315 = NCTC 11012.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005184.
    Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of the horse.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: HUGHES (D.E.) and PUGH (G.W.): Isolation and description of a Moraxella from horses with conjunctivitis. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 1970, 31, 457-462.

       image

    Moraxella lacunata (Eyre 1900) Lwoff 1939, species. (Type species of the genus.)
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Morax 260 = ATCC 17967= CCUG 4441 = CIP A182 = JCM 20914 = LMG 5301 = NBRC 102154 = NCTC 11011.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D64049.
    Synonyms: "Diplobacille de la conjonctivite subaiguë" Morax 1896, "Bacillus lacunatus" Eyre 1900, "Diplobacillus moraxenfeld" McNab 1904.
    Etymology: L. n. lacuna, pit, hole; N.L. fem. adj. lacunata, pitted.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 EYRE (J.W.): A clinical and bacteriological study of diplo-bacillary conjunctivitis. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1900, 6, 1-13. 2 LWOFF (A.): Révision et démembrement des Hemophilae, le genre Moraxella nov. gen. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1939, 62, 168-176.

       image

    Moraxella lincolnii Vandamme et al. 1993, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51388= CCUG 9405 = CIP 103802 = LMG 5127.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR822735.
    Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. lincolnii, of Lincols, namde after K. Lincoln, a Swedish microbiologist.
    Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), GILLIS (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and FALSEN (E.): Moraxella lincolnii sp. nov., isolated from the human respiratory tract, and reevaluation of the taxonomic position of Moraxella osloensis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 474-481.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella nonliquefaciens (Scarlett 1916) Lwoff 1939, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4663/62 = ATCC 19975= CCUG 348 = CIP 68.36 = DSM 6327 = JCM 20443 = NCTC 10464.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175343.
    Synonym: "Bacillus duplex non liquefaciens" Scarlett 1916.
    Etymology: L. pref. non, not; L. part. adj. liquefaciens, making liquid, dissolving; L. part. adj. nonliquefaciens, not dissolving.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 SCARLETT (M.): Infections cornéennes à diplobacilles. Note sur deux diplobacilles non encore décrits (Bacillus duplex nonliquefaciens et Bacillus duplex Josefi). Annales d'Oculistique (Paris), 1916, 153, 100-111. 2 LWOFF (A.): Révision et démembrement des Hemophilae, le genre Moraxella nov. gen. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1939, 62, 168-176.

       image

    Moraxella oblonga Xie and Yokota 2005, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29468= IAM 14971 = ICPB 3652 = JCM 21442 = NBRC 102422.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB087260.
    Etymology: L. fem. adj. oblonga, rather long, longish, oblong.
    Valid publication: XIE (C.H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Transfer of the misnamed [Alysiella] sp. IAM 14971 (= ATCC 29468 to the genus Moraxella as Moraxella oblonga sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 331-334.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella osloensis Bøvre and Henriksen 1967, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1920 = ATCC 19976= CCUG 350 = CIP 68.35 = DSM 6998 = LMG 5131 = NCTC 10465.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175341.
    Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. osloensis, pertaining to Oslo, Norway, where the species was first recognized.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: BØVRE (K.) and HENRIKSEN (S.D.): A new Moraxella species, Moraxella osloensis, and a revised description of Moraxella nonliquefaciens. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1967, 17, 127-135.

       image

    Moraxella ovis (Lindqvist 1960) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 199/55 = ATCC 33078= CCUG 354 = LMG 8381 = NCTC 11227.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005186.
    Etymology: L. gen. n. ovis, of the sheep.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 LINDQVIST (K.): A Neisseria species associated with infectious keratoconjunctivitis of sheep, Neisseria ovis nov. spec. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1960, 106, 162-165. 2 HENRIKSEN (S.D.) and BØVRE (K.): The taxonomy of the genera Moraxella and Neisseria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1968, 51, 387-392.

    = ¤ Neisseria ovis Lindqvist 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).

    Note: Moraxella ovis (Lindqvist 1960) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) and Neisseria ovis Lindqvist 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

       image

    Moraxella phenylpyruvica Bøvre and Henriksen 1967, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2863 = ACAM 535 = ACM 886 = ATCC 23333= CCUG 351 = CIP 82.27 = DSM 7000 = JCM 20444 = LMG 5372 = NBRC 102152 = NCTC 10526.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U46144.
    Synonyms: "Moraxella polymorpha" Flamm 1957, "Moraxella phenylpyrouvica" (sic) Bøvre and Henriksen 1967.
    Etymology: N.L. n. acidum phenylpyruvicum, phenylpyruvic acid; N.L. fem. adj. phenylpyruvica, pertaining to phenylpyruvic acid, the product of deamination of phenylalanine by this organism.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: BØVRE (K.) and HENRIKSEN (S.D.): A revised description of Moraxella polymorpha Flamm 1957 with a proposal of a new name, Moraxella phenylpyrouvica, for this species. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1967, 17, 343-360

    ¤ Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus (Bøvre and Henriksen 1967) Bowman et al. 1996, comb. nov.

       image

    Moraxella pluranimalium Vela et al. 2009, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 248-01 = CCUG 54913 = CECT 7295.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM884564.
    Etymology: L. comp. adj. plus pluris, more, in greater number; L. gen. pl. n. animalium, of animals; N.L. gen. pl. n. pluranimalium, of/from many animals.
    Valid publication: VELA (A.I.), ARROYO (E.), ARAGÓN (V.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), LATRE (M.V.), CERDÁ-CUÉLLAR (M.), VENTOSA (A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Moraxella pluranimalium sp. nov., isolated from animal specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 671-674.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella porci Vela et al. 2010, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SN9-4M = CCUG 54912 = CECT 7294.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM872292.
    Etymology: L. gen. n. porci, of a pig.
    Valid publication: VELA (A.I.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), ARAGÓN (V.), OLVERA (A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.), VENTOSA (A.)  and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Moraxella porci sp. nov., isolated from pigs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2446-2450.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

       image

    Moraxella saccharolytica Flamm 1956, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19248= LMG 1039 = NCTC 10753.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
    Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loose; N.L. fem. adj. saccharolytica, saccharolytic, using various sugars.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: FLAMM (H.): Moraxella saccharolytica (sp. n.) aus dem Liquor eines Kindes mit Meningitis. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1956, 166, 498-502.

    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Name, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 19245.

       image

    Moraxella urethralis Lautrop et al. 1970, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17960= CDC 7603 = CCUG 13463 = CCUG 37823 = CIP 103116 = DSM 7531 = IFO (now NBRC) 14589 = JCM 20913 = LMG 5303 = LMG 1015 = NCTC 12964.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF133538.
    Etymology: L. n. urethra, the excretory canal of the urine, the urethra; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. urethralis, of or pertaining to the urethra.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: LAUTROP (H.), BØVRE (K.) and FREDERIKSEN (W.): A Moraxella-like microorganism isolated from the genito-urinary tract of man. Acta Pathologica et Bacteriologica Scandinavica, Section B, 1970, 78, 255-256.

    ¤ Oligella urethralis (Lautrop et al. 1970) Rossau et al. 1987, comb. nov.

       image