Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Mesoplasma

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 12
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Mesoplasma Tully et al. 1993, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Mesoplasma florum (McCoy et al. 1984) Tully et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. adj. mesos, medium, middle; Gr. neut. n. plasma, something formed or molded, a form, figure; N.L. neut. n. Mesoplasma, middle form, name intended to denote a middle position with respect to sterol or cholesterol requirement.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma chauliocola Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CHPA-2 = ATCC 49578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY166704.
Etymology: N.L. n. chaulio, first part of the genus name of goldenrod beetle (Chauliognathus); L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola) inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. chauliocola, inhabitant of the goldenrod beetle.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma coleopterae Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BARC 779 = ATCC 49583.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ514605.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. coleopterae, of Coleoptera, referring to the order of insects (Coleoptera) from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma corruscae Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ELCA-2 = ATCC 49579.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY168929.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. corruscae, of corrusca, referring to the species of firefly beetle (Ellychnia corrusca) from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma entomophilum (Tully et al. 1988) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TAC = ATCC 43706= NCTC 11713.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF305693.
Basonym: ¤ Acholeplasma entomophilum Tully et al. 1988.
Etymology: Gr. n. entomon, insect; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. entomophilum, insect loving.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma florum (McCoy et al. 1984) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L1 = ATCC 33453= NBRC 100688 = NCTC 11704.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF300327.
Basonym: ¤ Acholeplasma florum McCoy et al. 1984.
Etymology: L. n. flos -oris, a flower; L. gen. pl. n. florum, of flowers, indicating the recovery site of the organism.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma grammopterae Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GRUA-1 = ATCC 49580.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY174170.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. grammopterae, of Grammoptera, referring to the genus of beetle (Grammoptera) from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma lactucae (Rose et al. 1990) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 831-C4 = ATCC 49193= NCTC 11718.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF303132.
Basonym: ¤ Mycoplasma lactucae Rose et al. 1990.
Etymology: L. n. lactuca, lettuce; L. gen. n. lactucae, of lettuce, referring to the plant from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma photuris Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PUPA-2 = ATCC 49581.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY177627.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. photuris, of Photuris, referring to the genus of firefly beetle (Photuris sp.) from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma pleciae Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PS-1 = ATCC 49582= NBRC 100476.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY257485.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pleciae, of Plecia, referring to the genus of corn maggot (Plecia sp.) from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acholeplasma pleciae (Tully et al. 1994) Knight Jr. 2004, comb. nov.

   image

Mesoplasma seiffertii (Bonnet et al. 1991) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F7 = ATCC 49495.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY351331.
Basonym: ¤ Acholeplasma seiffertii Bonnet et al. 1991.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. seiffertii, of Seiffert, in honor of Gustav Seiffert, a German microbiologist who performed pioneer studies on mollicutes that occur in soil and compost and do not require sterols for growth.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma syrphidae Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YJS = ATCC 51578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY231458.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. syrphidae, of a syrphid, referring to the syrphid fly family (Syrphidae), from which it the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Tully et al. 1994 the type strain ATCC 51578is incorrectly cited as ATCC 43706.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

   image

Mesoplasma tabanidae Tully et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BARC 857 = ATCC 49584.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY187288.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. tabanidae, of a tabanid, referring to the horse fly family (Tabanidae), the host from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), ROSE (D.L.), HENEGAR (R.B.), BOVÉ (J.M.), CARLE (P.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.) and CLARK (T.B.): Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 685-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image