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Genus Levinea

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 2
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Levinea Young et al. 1971, genus.
Type species: ¤ Levinea amalonatica Young et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Levinea, named after Max Levine, an American bacteriologist.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: YOUNG (V.M.), KENTON (D.M.), HOBBS (B.J.) and MOODY (M.R.): Levinea, a new genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 58-63.

¤ Citrobacter Werkman and Gillen 1932 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Brenner and Farmer 1982 propose to transfer ¤ Levinea amalonatica Young et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus Levinea, to the genus ¤ Citrobacter as ¤ Citrobacter amalonaticus (Young et al. 1971) Brenner and Farmer 1982, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Levinea to ¤ Citrobacter.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: FARMER III (J.J.): The genus Citrobacter. In: M.P. STARR et al. (editors), The procaryotes, a handbook on habitats, isolation, and identification of bacteria. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981, p. 1140-1147.
2 Brenner and Farmer 1982 proposed that the type species of Levinea be transferred to the Citrobacter. These authors did not, however, make any proposal regarding the transfer of ¤ Levinea malonatica to either Citrobacter or another genus.

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Levinea amalonatica Young et al. 1971, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25405= CCUG 4860 = CECT 863 = CIP 82.89 = DSM 4593 = JCM 1661 = LMG 7873 = NCTC 10805.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR870441.
Etymology: Gr. prefix a, not; N.L. n. malonas -atis, malonate; L. fem. suff. -ica, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. malonatica, pertaining to malonate; N.L. fem. adj. amalonatica, not pertaining to malonate (i.e., not able to utilize malonate).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: YOUNG (V.M.), KENTON (D.M.), HOBBS (B.J.) and MOODY (M.R.): Levinea, a new genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 58-63.

¤ Citrobacter amalonaticus (Young et al. 1971) Brenner and Farmer 1982, comb. nov.

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Levinea malonatica Young et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25408= JCM 1660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059858.
Etymology: N.L. n. malonas -atis, malonate; L. fem. suff. -ica, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. malonatica, pertaining to malonate (i.e., able to utilize malonate).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: YOUNG (V.M.), KENTON (D.M.), HOBBS (B.J.) and MOODY (M.R.): Levinea, a new genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 58-63.

¤ Citrobacter koseri Frederiksen 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Brenner et al. 1993, Levinea malonatica Young et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Citrobacter koseri Frederiksen 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), FANNING (G.R.), AGERON (E.) and RIDDLE (C.F.): Classification of citrobacteria by DNA hybridization: designation of Citrobacter farmeri sp. nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov., and three unnamed Citrobacter genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 645-658.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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