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Genus Leucobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 6

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Leucobacter Takeuchi et al. 1996, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Leucobacter komagatae Takeuchi et al. 1996.
Etymology: Gr. adj. leukos, clear, light; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Leucobacter, colorless rod.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), WEISS (N.), SCHUMANN (P.) and YOKOTA (A.): Leucobacter komagatae gen. nov., sp. nov., a new aerobic gram-positive, nonsporulating rod with 2,4-diaminobutyric acid in the cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 967-971.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter aerolatus Martin et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Sj 10 = CCM 7705 = DSM 22806 = JCM 17972.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN597581.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer, air; L. part. adj. latus -a -um, carried; N.L. masc. part. adj. aerolatus, airborne.
Valid publication: MARTIN (E.), LODDERS (N.), JÄCKEL (U.), SCHUMANN (P.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Leucobacter aerolatus sp. nov., from the air of a duck barn. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2838-2842.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter albus Lin et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 50213 = IAM 14851 = JCM 12888 = NBRC 103070 = TISTR 1515.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB012594.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. albus, white.
Valid publication: LIN (Y.C.), UEMORI (K.), DE BRIEL (D.A.), ARUNPAIROJANA (V.) and YOKOTA (A.): Zimmermannella helvola gen. nov., sp. nov., Zimmermannella alba sp. nov., Zimmermannella bifida sp. nov., Zimmermannella faecalis sp. nov. and Leucobacter albus sp. nov., novel members of the family Microbacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1669-1676.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter alluvii Morais et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RB10 = CIP 108819 = JCM 14919 = LMG 23117.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM072820.
Etymology: L. gen. n. alluvii, of an alluvial deposit.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 112. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2507-2508.
Effective publication: MORAIS (P.V.), PAULO (C.), FRANCISCO (R.), BRANCO (R.), CHUNG (A.P.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Leucobacter luti sp. nov., and Leucobacter alluvii sp. nov., two new species of the genus Leucobacter isolated under chromium stress. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 414-421.
Validation List no. 112 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Leucobacter aridicollis Morais et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L-9 = CIP 108388 = JCM 13321 = LMG 22507.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ781047.
Etymology: L. adj. aridus, dry; L. masc. n. collis, an elevation, hill; N.L. gen. n. aridicollis, of a dry hill; referring to the town of Alcanena, which the Moors called al-Kinan, meaning a dry hill.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 102. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549.
Effective publication: MORAIS (P.V.), FRANCISCO (R.), BRANCO (R.), CHUNG (A.P.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Leucobacter chromiireducens sp. nov., and Leucobacter aridicollis sp. nov., two new species isolated from a chromium contaminated environment. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 646-652.
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the protologue of the effective publication, the type strain CIP 108388 is erroneously cited as CIP 108338.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 102 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549.
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter celer Shin et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NAL101 = JCM 16465 = KACC 14220.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ504012.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. celer, rapid, indicating rapid growth.
Valid publication: SHIN (N.R.), KIM (M.S.), JUNG (M.J.), ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.), PARK (E.J.) and BAE (J.W.): Leucobacter celer sp. nov., isolated from Korean fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2353-2357.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Leucobacter Shin et al. 2011 emend. Clark and Hodgkin 2015.
Reference: CLARK, L. C. and HODGKIN, J. 2015. Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum sp. nov., subsp. nov., Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus subsp. nov., and Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens subsp. nov., three nematopathogenic bacteria isolated from Caenorhabditis, with an emended description of Leucobacter celer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3977-3984.
Original article.

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Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens Clark and Hodgkin 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBX151=DSM 27159=CIP 110720.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF906844.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. neut. n. astrum, star; L. part. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. astrifaciens, star-making.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CLARK, L. C. and HODGKIN, J. 2015. Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum sp. nov., subsp. nov., Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus subsp. nov., and Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens subsp. nov., three nematopathogenic bacteria isolated from Caenorhabditis, with an emended description of Leucobacter celer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3977-3984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter celer subsp. celer Clark and Hodgkin 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NAL101=KACC 14220=JCM 16465.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GQ504012.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. celer, rapid, indicating rapid growth.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CLARK, L. C. and HODGKIN, J. 2015. Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum sp. nov., subsp. nov., Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus subsp. nov., and Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens subsp. nov., three nematopathogenic bacteria isolated from Caenorhabditis, with an emended description of Leucobacter celer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3977-3984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter chironomi Halpern et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MM2LB = DSM 19883 = JCM 17022 = LMG 24399.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU346911.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. chironomi, of Chironomus, named after the non-biting midge insect of the genus Chironomus (Chironomidae: Diptera) from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: HALPERN (M.), SHAKÉD (T.), PUKALL (R.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Leucobacter chironomi sp. nov., a chromate-resistant bacterium isolated from a chironomid egg mass. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 665-670.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter chromiireducens Morais et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L-1 = CIP 108389 = JCM 13322 = LMG 22506.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ781046.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. chromium, chromium; L. part. adj. reducens (from L. v. reducere), drawing backwards, bringing back to a state or conditionand and , in chemistry, converting to a reduced oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. chromiireducens, chromium reducing.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 102. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549.
Effective publication: MORAIS (P.V.), FRANCISCO (R.), BRANCO (R.), CHUNG (A.P.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Leucobacter chromiireducens sp. nov., and Leucobacter aridicollis sp. nov., two new species isolated from a chromium contaminated environment. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 646-652.
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the protologue of the effective publication, the type strain CIP 108389 is erroneously cited as CIP 108339.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 102 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549.
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

Leucobacter chromiireducens Morais et al. 2005 emend. Muir and Tan 2007.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L-1 = CIP 108389 = JCM 13322 = LMG 22506.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ781046.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. chromium, chromium; L. part. adj. reducens (from L. v. reducere), drawing backwards, bringing back to a state or conditionand and , in chemistry, converting to a reduced oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. chromiireducens, chromium reducing.
Valid publication: MUIR (R.E.) and TAN (M.W.): Leucobacter chromiireducens subsp. solipictus subsp. nov., a pigmented bacterium isolated from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, and emended description of L. chromiireducens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2770-2776.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter chromiireducens subsp. chromiireducens (Morais et al. 2005) Muir and Tan 2007, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L-1 = CIP 108389 = JCM 13322 = LMG 22506.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ781046.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. chromium, chromium; L. part. adj. reducens (from L. v. reducere), drawing backwards, bringing back to a state or conditionand and , in chemistry, converting to a reduced oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. chromiireducens, chromium reducing.
Valid publication: MUIR (R.E.) and TAN (M.W.): Leucobacter chromiireducens subsp. solipictus subsp. nov., a pigmented bacterium isolated from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, and emended description of L. chromiireducens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2770-2776.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original authorship, Morais et al. 2005, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter chromiireducens subsp. solipictus Muir and Tan 2007, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TAN 31504 = ATCC BAA-1336 = DSM 18340 = JCM 15573.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ845457.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sol, the sun; L. masc. part. adj. pictus, painted; N.L. masc. part. adj. solipictus, painted by the sun.
Valid publication: MUIR (R.E.) and TAN (M.W.): Leucobacter chromiireducens subsp. solipictus subsp. nov., a pigmented bacterium isolated from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, and emended description of L. chromiireducens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2770-2776.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter chromiiresistens Sturm et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JG 31 = CCOS 200 = DSM 22788 = JCM 17813.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU390657.
Etymology: N.L. n. chromium, chromium; L. part. adj. resistens, resisting; N.L. part. adj. chromiiresistens, chromium resisting.
Valid publication: STURM (G.), JACOBS (J.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.) and GESCHER (J.): Leucobacter chromiiresistens sp. nov., a chromate-resistant strain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 956-960.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter denitrificans Weon et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M1T8B10 = KACC 14055 =NBRC 106309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ246672.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 145. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1017-1019.
Effective publication: WEON (H.Y.), ANANDHAM (R.), TAMURA (T.), HAMADA (M.), KIM (S.J.), KIM (Y.S.), SUZUKI (K.) and KWON (S.W.): Leucobacter denitrificans sp. nov., isolated from cow dung. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 161-165.
Validation List no. 145 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Leucobacter exalbidus Ue 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K-540B = DSM 22850 = NBRC 106062.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB514037.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. exalbidus, whitish, referring to the color of the colonies.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 140. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1499-1501.
Effective publication: UE (H.): Leucobacter exalbidus sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from a mixed culture from compost. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 57, 27-33
Validation List no. 140 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Leucobacter holotrichiae Zhu et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T14=DSM 28968=JCM 30245.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ461711.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. Holotrichia, the scientific name of a genus of beetle; N.L. gen. n. holotrichiae, referring to the isolation of the type strain from the gut of larvae of Holotrichia.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: ZHU, D., ZHANG, P., LI, P., WU, J., XIE, C., SUN, J. and NIU, L. 2016. Description of Leucobacter holotrichiae sp. nov., isolated from the gut of Holotrichia oblita larvae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1857-1861; erratum 4917.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter iarius Somvanshi et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 40 = CIP 108831 = DSM 17402 = JCM 14736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM040493.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. iarius, arbitrary adjective formed from the acronym IARI (Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India) to commemorate its centenary year.
Valid publication: SOMVANSHI (V.S.), LANG (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), PUKALL (R.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), GANGULY (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Leucobacter iarius sp. nov., in the family Microbacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 682-686.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter komagatae Takeuchi et al. 1996, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 49676 = CIP 105084 = DSM 8803 = IAM 1093 = IFO (now NBRC) 15245 = JCM 9414 = VKM Ac-2073.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D45063.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. komagatae, of Komagata, named in honor of Kazuo Komagata, the Japanese microbiologist who first recognized this strain.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), WEISS (N.), SCHUMANN (P.) and YOKOTA (A.): Leucobacter komagatae gen. nov., sp. nov., a new aerobic gram-positive, nonsporulating rod with 2,4-diaminobutyric acid in the cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 967-971.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter luti Morais et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RF6 = CIP 108818 = JCM 14920 = LMG 23118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM072819.
Etymology: L. gen. n. luti, of mud.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 112. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2507-2508.
Effective publication: MORAIS (P.V.), PAULO (C.), FRANCISCO (R.), BRANCO (R.), CHUNG (A.P.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Leucobacter luti sp. nov., and Leucobacter alluvii sp. nov., two new species of the genus Leucobacter isolated under chromium stress. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 414-421.
Validation List no. 112 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Leucobacter musarum Clark and Hodgkin 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBX152=DSM 27160=CIP 110721.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF906845.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. musa, banana; N.L. gen. pl. n. musarum, of bananas.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CLARK, L. C. and HODGKIN, J. 2015. Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum sp. nov., subsp. nov., Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus subsp. nov., and Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens subsp. nov., three nematopathogenic bacteria isolated from Caenorhabditis, with an emended description of Leucobacter celer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3977-3984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus Clark and Hodgkin 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBX130=DSM 27158=CIP 110719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF906846.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. adj. japonicus, Japanese.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CLARK, L. C. and HODGKIN, J. 2015. Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum sp. nov., subsp. nov., Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus subsp. nov., and Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens subsp. nov., three nematopathogenic bacteria isolated from Caenorhabditis, with an emended description of Leucobacter celer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3977-3984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum Clark and Hodgkin 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBX152=DSM 27160=CIP 110721.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF906845.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. musa, banana; N.L. gen. pl. n. musarum, of bananas.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CLARK, L. C. and HODGKIN, J. 2015. Leucobacter musarum subsp. musarum sp. nov., subsp. nov., Leucobacter musarum subsp. japonicus subsp. nov., and Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens subsp. nov., three nematopathogenic bacteria isolated from Caenorhabditis, with an emended description of Leucobacter celer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3977-3984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter populi Fang et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 06C10-3-11= CFCC 12199=KCTC 39685.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT359554.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. fem. gen. n. populi, of Populus, the poplar tree.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: FANG, W., LI, X., TAN, X. M., WANG, L. F., PIAO, C. G. and LI, Y. 2016. Leucobacter populi sp. nov. isolated from a symptomatic bark of Populus &mult; euramericana canker. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2254-2258.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter salsicius Yun et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M1-8 = JCM 16362 = KACC 21127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ352403.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salsicius, salted, salty.
Valid publication: YUN (J.H.), ROH (S.W.), KIM (M.S.), JUNG (M.J.), PARK (E.J.), SHIN (K.S.), NAM (Y.D.) and BAE (J.W.): Leucobacter salsicius sp. nov., from a salt-fermented food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 502-506.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter tardus Behrendt et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K 70/01 = DSM 19811 = JCM 16030 = LMG 24388.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM940158.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. tardus, slow, pertaining to the slow reactions in several physiological tests.
Valid publication: BEHRENDT (U.), ULRICH (A.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Leucobacter tardus sp. nov., isolated from the phyllosphere of Solanum tuberosum L. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2574-2578.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leucobacter zeae Lai et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-MF41=BCRC 80515=LMG 27265.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX669524.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ze′ae, of spelt, of Zea mays, referring to its isolation from rhizosphere soil of corn (Zea mays).
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: LAI, W. A., LIN, S. Y., HAMEED, A., HSU, Y. H., LIU, Y. C., HUANG, H. R., SHEN, F. T. and YOUNG, C. C. 2015. Leucobacter zeae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of maize (Zea mays L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4734-4742.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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