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Genus Leptospira

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 23
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Leptospira Noguchi 1917, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Leptospiraceae Hovind-Hougen 1979 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. leptos, thin, narrow, fine; L. fem. n. spira, a coil, helix; N.L. fem. n. Leptospira, a thin helix or coil, referring to the morphology of the bacterium.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: NOGUCHI (H.): Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae in American wild rats and its relation to the Japanese and European strains. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1917, 25, 755-763.

Leptospira Noguchi 1917 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Faine and Stallman 1982.
Type species: ¤ Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Faine and Stallman 1982.
Etymology: Gr. adj. leptos, thin, narrow, fine; L. fem. n. spira, a coil, helix; N.L. fem. n. Leptospira, a thin helix or coil, referring to the morphology of the bacterium.
Reference: FAINE (S.) and STALLMAN (N.D.): Amended descriptions of the genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917 and the species L. interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 and L. biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 461-463.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira alexanderi Brenner et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L 60 = ATCC 700520; serovar Manhao 3.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631880.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. alexanderi, of Alexander, named to honor Dr. A.D. Alexander, an American microbiologist.
Valid publication: BRENNER (D.J.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), SULZER (K.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROGERS (F.C.) and WEYANT (R.S.): Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp. nov. and four new Leptospira genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 839-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Brenner et al. 1999 described five new genomospecies. The name Leptospira alexanderi Brenner et al. 1999 is proposed for Leptospira genomospecies 2. The other new Leptospira genomospecies described by Brenner et al. 1999, were not formally named because they contain only one strain (genomospecies 3, 4 and 5) or two strains (genomospecies 1).
So, Leptospira genomospecies 1, 3, 4 and 5 were not validly published names and their use has become a source of confusion in the literature. Accordingly, the Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospiraceae proposes to name these taxa in order to regularise their taxonomic position. Leptospira genomospecies 1, genomospecies 3, genomospecies 4 and genomospecies 5 are now classified as ¤ Leptospira alstonii Smythe et al. 2013, ¤ Leptospira vanthielii Smythe et al. 2013, ¤ Leptospira terpstrae Smythe et al. 2013, and ¤ Leptospira yanagawae Smythe et al. 2013, respectively.
References:
1 BRENNER (D.J.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), SULZER (K.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROGERS (F.C.) and WEYANT (R.S.): Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp. nov. and four new Leptospira genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 839-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 SMYTHE (L.), ADLER (B.), HARTSKEERL (R.A.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), TURENNE (C.Y.), and LEVETT (P.N.) ON BEHALF OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF LEPTOSPIRACEAE: Classification of Leptospira genomospecies 1, 3, 4 and 5 as Leptospira alstonii sp. nov., Leptospira vanthielii sp. nov., Leptospira terpstrae sp. nov. and Leptospira yanagawae sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1859-1862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira alstonii Smythe et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type species: strain 79601 = ATCC BAA-2439 (serovar Sichuan); the type strains is also available from the culture collections of the WHO Collaborating Centres in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Brisbane, Australia.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631881.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. alstonii, of Alston, named after J. M. Alston, a British microbiologist, who made significant contributions to the study of leptospirosis.
Valid publication: SMYTHE (L.), ADLER (B.), HARTSKEERL (R.A.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), TURENNE (C.Y.), LEVETT (P.N.), the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospiraceae: Classification of Leptospira genomospecies 1, 3, 4 and 5 as Leptospira alstonii sp. nov., Leptospira vanthielii sp. nov., Leptospira terpstrae sp. nov. and Leptospira yanagawae sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1859-1862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Leptospira alstonii Smythe et al. 2013 was previously known as Leptospira genomospecies 1.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), SULZER (K.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROGERS (F.C.) and WEYANT (R.S.): Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp. nov. and four new Leptospira genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 839-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Leptospira biflexa serovar Patoc strain Patoc I = ATCC 23582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631876.
Synonym: "Spirochaeta biflexa" Wolbach and Binger 1914.
Etymology: L. adv. num. bis, twice; L. part. adj. flexus -a -um (from. L. v. flecto), bent, winding; N.L. fem. adj. biflexa, bent twice.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 WOLBACH (S.B.) and BINGER (C.A.L.): Notes on a filterable spirochaete from fresh water, Spirochaeta biflexa (new species). Journal of Medical Research, 1914, 30, 23-26. 2 NOGUCHI (H.): Morphological characteristics and nomenclature of Leptospira (Spirochaeta) ictero-hemorrhagiae (Inada and Ido). Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1918, 27, 575-592.

Leptospira biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Faine and Stallman 1982.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Leptospira biflexa serovar Patoc strain Patoc I = ATCC 23582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631876.
Synonym: "Spirochaeta biflexa" Wolbach and Binger 1914.
Etymology: L. adv. num. bis, twice; L. part. adj. flexus -a -um (from. L. v. flecto), bent, winding; N.L. fem. adj. biflexa, bent twice.
Reference: FAINE (S.) and STALLMAN (N.D.): Amended descriptions of the genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917 and the species L. interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 and L. biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 461-463.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira borgpetersenii Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Veldrat Bataviae 46 = ATCC 43292.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY887899.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. borgpetersenii, of Borg-Petersen, named for Dr. C. Borg-Petersen, a Danish physician.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira broomii Levett et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5399 = ATCC BAA-1107 = KIT 5399.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY796065.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. broomii, of Broom, named after Dr J. C. Broom, a Scottish bacteriologist, who made substantial contributions to the study of leptospirosis.
Valid publication: LEVETT (P.N.), MOREY (R.E.), GALLOWAY (R.L.) and STEIGERWALT (A.G.): Leptospira broomii sp. nov., isolated from humans with leptospirosis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 671-673.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira fainei Perolat et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BUT 6.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631885.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. fainei, of Faine, named for Solomon Faine, an Australian medical microbiologist who made definitive contributions to the knowledge of the physiopathology and epidemiology of leptospirosis.
Valid publication: PEROLAT (P.), CHAPPEL (R.J.), ADLER (B.), BARANTON (G.), BULACH (D.M.), BILLINGHURST (M.L.), LETOCART (M.), MERIEN (F.) and SERRANO (M.S.): Leptospira fainei sp. nov., isolated from pigs in Australia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 851-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira idonii Saito et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Eri-1=DSM 26084=JCM 18486.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB721966.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. idonii, of Ido, named after Yutaka Ido, a Japanese physician and microbiologist who is one of the discoverers of leptospires in the blood of patients with Weil’s disease.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: SAITO, M., VILLANUEVA, S. Y., KAWAMURA, Y., IIDA, K., TOMIDA, J., KANEMARU, T., KOHNO, E., MIYAHARA, S., UMEDA, A., AMAKO, K., GLORIANI, N. G. and YOSHIDA, S. 2013. Leptospira idonii sp. nov., isolated from environmental water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2457-2462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira inadai Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 10 = ATCC 43289.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z21634.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. inadai, of Inada, named for Dr. R. Inada, a Japanese microbiologist.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Leptospira interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae, strain RGA = ATCC 23581.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z12817.
Synonyms: "Spirochaeta interrogans" Stimson 1907, "Spirochaeta biflexa" Wolbach and Binger 1914, "Spirochaeta nodosa" Hubener and Reiter 1916, "Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae" Inada et al. 1916, "Spirochaeta icterogenes" Uhlenhuth and Fromme 1916, "Leptospira icteroides" Noguchi 1919.
Etymology: L. part. adj. interrogans, asking, inquiring, interrogating; here meaning shaped like a question mark.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STIMSON (A.M.): Note on an organism found in yellow-fever tissue. Public Health Report, 1907, 22, 541. 2 WENYON (C.M.): Spirochaetes. In: C.M. WENYON (ed.), Protozoology, Vol. 2. Williams, Wood and Co., New York, 1926, pp. 1233-1288.

Notes:
1 In September 1990, the "Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospira" agreed by a majority vote that strain Ictero No. 1 = ATCC 43782should replace strain RGA as the type strain of Leptopsira interrogans [1, 2]. However, according to Rule 18g, only the Judicial Commission may decide to take action leading to replacement of a type strain [3]. The members of the "Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospira" omitted to request a Judicial Opinion, and the proposal for the replacement of strain RGA by strain Ictero No. 1 is illegitimate.
References:
1 INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF LEPTOSPIRA: Minutes of the meetings, 13 and 15 September 1990, Osaka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 330-334.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 LEVETT (P.N.) and SMYTHE (L.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Leptospiraceae. Minutes of the closed meeting, 12 and 13 November 2005, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2019-2020.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 Revision). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.
2 In the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names [1] and the 1989 Amended Edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names [2], ATCC 23581was listed as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans. The same ATCC number was cited as the type strain in the amended description of Leptospira interrogans by Faine and Stallman [3] and in the first edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology [4]. In 1986, the ATCC was informed by the Centers for Disease Control that ATCC 23581was Leptospira interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, serovar Budapest, not serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae as originally deposited. As a result, an authentic culture of Leptospira interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae RGA strain was submitted and assigned ATCC 43642 This strain was designated as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans in the article by Yasuda et al. [5]. Therefore, in 2004, Landon and Tang propose to list ATCC 43642as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and put forward a Request for an Opinion to the Judicial Commission [6]. Opinion pending.
References:
1 SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
2 SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Amended edition. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, 1989.
3 FAINE (S.) and STALLMAN (N.D.): Amended descriptions of the genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917 and the species L. interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 and L. biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 461-463.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 JOHNSON (R.C.) and FAINE (S.): Genus I. Lepstospira Noguchi 1917, 755AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 62-67.
5 YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online
6 LANDON (S.) and TANG (J.): Proposal to list ATCC 43642as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2439.
Original article by Landon and Tang 2004 in IJSEM Online

Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Faine and Stallman 1982.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Leptospira interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae, strain RGA = ATCC 23581.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z12817.
Synonyms: "Spirochaeta interrogans" Stimson 1907, "Spirochaeta biflexa" Wolbach and Binger 1914, "Spirochaeta nodosa" Hubener and Reiter 1916, "Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae" Inada et al. 1916, "Spirochaeta icterogenes" Uhlenhuth and Fromme 1916, "Leptospira icteroides" Noguchi 1919.
Etymology: L. part. adj. interrogans, asking, inquiring, interrogating; here meaning shaped like a question mark.
Reference: FAINE (S.) and STALLMAN (N.D.): Amended descriptions of the genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917 and the species L. interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 and L. biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 461-463.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira kirschneri Ramadass et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) serovar Cynopteri strain 3522C = ATCC 49945.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631895.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. kirschneri, of Kirschner, named for Dr. L. Kirschner, a Dutch medical microbiologist.
Valid publication: RAMADASS (P.), JARVIS (B.D.W.), CORNER (R.J.), PENNY (D.) and MARSHALL (R.B.): Genetic characterization of pathogenic Leptospira species by DNA hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 215-219.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira kmetyi Slack et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Bejo-Iso9 = KIT Bejo-Iso9 = WHO LT1101.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB279549.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kmetyi, of Kmety, named after Professor Emil Kmety, a Slovak bacteriologist who made significant contributions to the study of the genus Leptospira.
Valid publication: SLACK (A.T.), KHAIRANI-BEJO (S.), SYMONDS (M.L.), DOHNT (M.F.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), BAHAMAN (A.R.), CRAIG (S.), HARROWER (B.J.) and SMYTHE (L.D.): Leptospira kmetyi sp. nov., isolated from an environmental source in Malaysia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 705-708.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira licerasiae Matthias et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VAR 010 = ATCC BAA-1110 = KIT VAR 010.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF612284.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. licerasiae, of Liceras, to honor Dr Julia Liceras de Hidalgo, who obtained the first leptospiral isolates in Peru.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 125. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1-2.
Effective publication: MATTHIAS (M.A.), RICALDI (J.N.), CESPEDES (M.), DIAZ (M.M.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), SAITO (M.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), PATRA (K.P.), ORE (C.V.), GOTUZZO (E.), GILMAN (R.H.), LEVETT (P.N.) and VINETZ (J.M.): Human leptospirosis caused by a new, antigenically unique Leptospira associated with a Rattus species reservoir in the peruvian Amazon. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis., 2008, 2, e213.
Validation List no. 125 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number KIT VAR 010 has been provided on request for validation. The culture collection accession number WPR VAR 010 is also cited in the effective publication, but the authors did not provide a certificate of deposition from this collection.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 125 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1-2.
Validation List no. 125 in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira mayottensis Bourhy et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 200901116=CIP 110703=DSM 28999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ847187.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: AKWB00000000.
Etymology: N.L. fem adj. mayottensis, after the island of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: BOURHY, P., COLLET, L., BRISSE, S. and PICARDEAU, M. 2014. Leptospira mayottensis sp. nov., a pathogenic species of the genus Leptospira isolated from humans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 4061-4067.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira meyeri Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Iowa City Frog = ATCC 43287.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631878.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. meyeri, of Meyer, named to honor Dr. K.F. Meyer, an American veterinarian.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira noguchii Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CZ 214 = ATCC 43288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631886.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. noguchii, of Noguchi, named to honor Dr. H. Noguchi, a Japanese microbiologist.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira parva Hovind-Hougen et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H = ATCC BAA-1111 = NCTC 11395.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY293856.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. parva, small.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385.
Effective publication: HOVIND-HOUGEN (K.), ELLIS (W.A.) and BIRCH-ANDERSEN (A.): Leptospira parva sp. nov.: some morphological and biological characters. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, A250, 343-354.
Validation List no. 9 in IJSEM Online

¤ Turneriella parva (Hovind-Hougen et al. 1982) Levett et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Leptospira santarosai Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LT 821 = ATCC 43286.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631883.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. santarosai, of Santa Rosa, named to honor Dr. C.A. Santa Rosa, a Brazilian microbiologist.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira terpstrae Smythe et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type species: strain LT 11-33 = ATCC 700639(serovar Hualin); the type strains is also available from the culture collections of the WHO Collaborating Centres in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Brisbane, Australia.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631888.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. terpstrae, of Terpstra, named after W. J. Terpstra, a Dutch microbiologist, who made significant contributions to the study of leptospirosis.
Valid publication: SMYTHE (L.), ADLER (B.), HARTSKEERL (R.A.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), TURENNE (C.Y.), LEVETT (P.N.), the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospiraceae: Classification of Leptospira genomospecies 1, 3, 4 and 5 as Leptospira alstonii sp. nov., Leptospira vanthielii sp. nov., Leptospira terpstrae sp. nov. and Leptospira yanagawae sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1859-1862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Leptospira terpstrae Smythe et al. 2013 was previously known as Leptospira genomospecies 4.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), SULZER (K.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROGERS (F.C.) and WEYANT (R.S.): Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp. nov. and four new Leptospira genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 839-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira vanthielii Smythe et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type species: strain WaZ Holland = ATCC 700522(serovar Holland); the type strains is also available from the culture collections of the WHO Collaborating Centres in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Brisbane, Australia.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631897.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. vanthielii, of van Thiel, named after P. H. van Thiel, a Dutch microbiologist, who made significant contributions to the study of leptospirosis.
Valid publication: SMYTHE (L.), ADLER (B.), HARTSKEERL (R.A.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), TURENNE (C.Y.), LEVETT (P.N.), the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospiraceae: Classification of Leptospira genomospecies 1, 3, 4 and 5 as Leptospira alstonii sp. nov., Leptospira vanthielii sp. nov., Leptospira terpstrae sp. nov. and Leptospira yanagawae sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1859-1862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Leptospira vanthielii Smythe et al. 2013 was previously known as Leptospira genomospecies 3.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), SULZER (K.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROGERS (F.C.) and WEYANT (R.S.): Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp. nov. and four new Leptospira genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 839-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira weilii Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Celledoni = ATCC 43285.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631877.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. weilii, of Weil, named to honor Dr. A. Weil, a German physician.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira wolbachii Yasuda et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CDC = ATCC 43284.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631879.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. wolbachii, of Wolbach, named to honor Dr. S.B. Wolbach, an American microbiologist.
Valid publication: YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira wolffii Slack et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Khorat-H2 = KIT Khorat-H2 = WHO LT1686.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF025496.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. wolffii, of Wolff, named after Dr Jan Willem Wolff, a Dutch bacteriologist who made significant contributions to the study of Leptospira.
Valid publication: SLACK (A.T.), KALAMBAHETI (T.), SYMONDS (M.L.), DOHNT (M.F.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), CHAICUMPA (W.), BUNYARAKSYOTIN (G.), CRAIG (S.), HARROWER (B.J.) and SMYTHE (L.D.): Leptospira wolffii sp. nov., isolated from a human with suspected leptospirosis in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2305-2308.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptospira yanagawae Smythe et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type species: strain Sao Paulo = ATCC 700523(serovar Saopaulo); the type strains is also available from the culture collections of the WHO Collaborating Centres in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Brisbane, Australia.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY631882.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. yanagawae, of Yanagawa, named after R. Yanagawa, a Japanese microbiologist, who made significant contributions to the study of leptospirosis.
Valid publication: SMYTHE (L.), ADLER (B.), HARTSKEERL (R.A.), GALLOWAY (R.L.), TURENNE (C.Y.), LEVETT (P.N.), the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospiraceae: Classification of Leptospira genomospecies 1, 3, 4 and 5 as Leptospira alstonii sp. nov., Leptospira vanthielii sp. nov., Leptospira terpstrae sp. nov. and Leptospira yanagawae sp. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1859-1862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Leptospira yanagawae Smythe et al. 2013 was previously known as Leptospira genomospecies 5.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), SULZER (K.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROGERS (F.C.) and WEYANT (R.S.): Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp. nov. and four new Leptospira genomospecies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 839-858.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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