Genus Legionella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 58
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Legionella Brenner et al. 1979, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Legionellales Garrity et al. 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Legionellaceae Brenner et al. 1979 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Legionella pneumophila Brenner et al. 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. legio -onis, a body of soldiers, legion; L. fem. dim. ending -ella; N.L. fem. n. Legionella, small legion or army.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and McDADE (J.E.): Classification of the Legionnaires' disease bacterium: Legionella pneumophila, genus novum, species nova of the family Legionellaceae, familia nova. Annals of Internal Medicine, 1979, 90, 656-658. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 3. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 436.]

Note: According to Hookey et al. 1996, Legionella Brenner et al. 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Sarcobium Drozanski 1991.
Reference: HOOKEY (J.V.), SAUNDERS (N.A.), FRY (N.K.), BIRTLES (R.J.) and HARRISON (T.G.): Phylogeny of Legionellaceae based on small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences and proposal of Legionella lytica comb. nov. for Legionella-like amoebal pathogens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 526-531.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella adelaidensis Benson et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1762-Aus-E = ATCC 49625 = CCUG 31231 A = CIP 103645 = NCTC 12735.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49716.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. adelaidensis, pertaining to Adelaide, Australia.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581. [BENSON (R.F.), THACKER (W.L.), LANSER (J.A.), SANGSTER (N.) MAYBERRY (W.R.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella adelaidensis, a new species isolated from cooling tower water. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1991, 29, 1004-1006.]
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella anisa Gorman et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WA-316-C3 = ATCC 35292 = CCUG 29665 = CIP 103870 = JCM 7573 = NCTC 11974.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32635.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. anisa (from Gr. fem. adj. anisê), unequal, referring to the fact that blue-white autofluorescence is exhibited by most, but not all, strains.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 18. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 375-376. [GORMAN (G.W.), FEELEY (J.C.), STEIGERWALT (A.), EDELSTEIN (P.H.), MOSS (C.W.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella anisa: a new species of Legionella isolated from potable waters and a cooling tower. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1985, 49, 305-309.]
Validation List no. 18 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella beliardensis Lo Presti et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Montbéliard A1 = ATCC 700512 = CIP 106632.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF122884.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. beliardensis, pertaining to Montbe!liard, France, whose classical Latin name was Montem Beliardae.
Reference: LO PRESTI (F.), RIFFARD (S.), MEUGNIER (H.), REYROLLE (M.), LASNE (Y.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.), BENSON (R.F.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ETIENNE (J.) and FRENEY (J.): Legionella gresilensis sp. nov. and Legionella beliardensis sp. nov., isolated from water in France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1949-1957.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella birminghamensis Wilkinson et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1407-AL-H = ATCC 43702 = CCUG 31233 A = CIP 103871 = JCM 7559 = NCTC 12437.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49717.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. birminghamensis, pertaining to Birmingham, Alabama, where the original isolate was made.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [WILKINSON (H.W.), THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), POLT (S.S.), BROOKINGS (E.), MAYBERRY (W.R.), BRENNER (D.J.), GILLEY (R.G.) and KIRKLIN (J.K.): Legionella birminghamensis sp. nov. isolated from a cardiac transplant recipient. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1987, 25, 2120-2122.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella bozemanae corrig. Brenner et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WIGA = ATCC 33217 = CCUG 11880 = NCTC 11368.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M36031.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. bozemanae, of Bozeman, named after F. Marilyn Bozeman, the microbiologist who isolated and first studied the organism.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677. [BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WEAVER (R.E.), FEELEY (J.C.), CORDES (L.G.), WILKINSON (H.W.), PATTON (C.), THOMASON (B.M.) and LEWALLEN SASSEVILLE (K.R.): Legionella bozemanii sp. nov. and Legionella dumoffii sp. nov.: classification of two additional species of Legionella associated with human pneumonia. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 4, 111-116.]
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Legionella bozemanii (sic), has been corrected on page 285 of the first edition of the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology.
Reference: Editorial Note. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, p. 285.

= ¤ Fluoribacter bozemanae Garrity et al. 1980.

Notes:
1 Legionella bozemanae corrig. Brenner et al. 1980 is a later homotypic synonym of Fluoribacter bozemanae Garrity et al. 1980 [Rule 24b(2)].
2 See also the note for ¤ Fluoribacter bozemanae Garrity et al. 1980.

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Legionella brunensis Wilkinson et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 441-1 = ATCC 43878 = CCUG 31114 = CIP 103874 = NCTC 12240.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32636.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. brunensis, pertaining to Brno, Czechoslovakia.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 29. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 205-206. [WILKINSON (H.W.), DRASAR (V.), THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), SCHINDLER (J.), POTUZNIKOVA (B.), MAYBERRY (W.R.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella moravica sp. nov. and Legionella brunensis sp. nov. isolated from cooling-tower water. Ann. Inst. Pasteur. Microbiol., 1988, 139, 393-402.]
Validation List no. 29 in IJSEM Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 29, the reference of the paper by Wilkinson et al. 1988 is incorrectly cited as Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol. (sic) 1988, 139, 393-402.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 106.

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Legionella busanensis Park et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K9951 = ATCC BAA-518 = KCTC 12084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF424887.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. busanensis, from Busan in Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: PARK (M.Y.), KO (K.S.), LEE (H.K.), PARK (M.S.) and KOOK (Y.H.): Legionella busanensis sp. nov., isolated from cooling tower water in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 77-80.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella cardiaca Pearce et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H63 = ATCC BAA-2315 = DSM 25049 = JCM 17854.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF831047.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. cardiaca, of or pertaining to the heart, in reference to the isolation of the type strain from aortic valve tissue.
Reference: PEARCE (M.M.), THEODOROPOULOS (N.), MANDEL (M.J.), BROWN (E.), REED (K.D.) and CIANCIOTTO (N.P.): Legionella cardiaca sp. nov., isolated from a case of native valve endocarditis in a human heart. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2946-2954.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella cherrii Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ORW = ATCC 35252 = CCUG 29666 = CIP 103842 = NCTC 11976.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49720.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. cherrii, of Cherry, named in honor of William B. Cherry for his many pioneering contributions to our knowledge of legionellae.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella cincinnatiensis Thacker et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 72-OH-H = ATCC 43753 = CCUG 31230 A = CIP 103875 = NCTC 12438.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49721.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. cincinnatiensis, pertaining to Cincinnati, Ohio, where the species was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 29. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 205-206. [THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), STANECK (J.L.), VINCENT (S.R.), MAYBERRY (W.R.), BRENNER (D.J.) and WILKINSON (H.W.): Legionella cincinnatiensis sp. nov. isolated from a patient with pneumonia. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1988, 26, 418-420.]
Validation List no. 29 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella drancourtii La Scola et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LLAP 12 (LLAP = Legionella-like amoebal pathogen) = ATCC 50991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97366.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. drancourtii, of Drancourt, in honour of Michel Drancourt for his work on intracellular micro-organisms, especially rickettsiae.
Reference: LA SCOLA (B.), BIRTLES (R.J.), GREUB (G.), HARRISON (T.J.), RATCLIFF (R.M.) and RAOULT (D.): Legionella drancourtii sp. nov., a strictly intracellular amoebal pathogen. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 699-703.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain has been also deposited in the Collection de l'Unité des Rickettsies (WHO Collaborative Center for Rickettsial Reference and Research, Marseilles, France).
2 Strict application of the Rules would mean that Legionella drancourtii La Scola et al. 2004 is not validly published because the protologue makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. Moreover, the "Collection de l'Unité des Rickettsies (WHO Collaborative Center for Rickettsial Reference and Research, Marseilles, France)" is not registrated in WDCM, and its status of publicly accessible service collection is questionable. However, the type strain is only available as a co-culture in an amoeba (Acanthamoeba polyphaga), which probably explains why most other collections will not take it.
Consequently, as for obligate barophiles or organisms of Risk Group 3, it seems sensible to make an exception to Rules 27(3) and 30 and to consider that Legionella drancourtii La Scola et al. 2004 is validly published.

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Legionella dresdenensis Lück et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W03-356 = DSM 19488 = NCTC 13409.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747393.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. dresdenensis, pertaining to Dresden, Germany, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LÜCK (P.C.), JACOBS (E.), RÖSKE (I.), SCHRÖTER-BOBSIN (U.), DUMKE (R.) and GRONOW (S.): Legionella dresdenensis sp. nov., isolated from river water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2557-2562.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella drozanskii Adeleke et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LLAP-1 (LLAP = Legionella-like amoebal pathogen) = ATCC 700990 = CCUG 43885.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97355.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. drozanskii, of Drozanski, named in honour of Wincenty Drozanski, who isolated the first known LLAP strain and pioneered LLAP research.
Reference: ADELEKE (A.A.), FIELDS (B.S.), BENSON (R.F.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), PRUCKLER (J.M.), RATCLIFF (R.M.), HARRISON (T.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), BIRTLES (R.J.), RAOULT (D.) and HALABLAB (M.A.): Legionella drozanskii sp. nov., Legionella rowbothamii sp. nov. and Legionella fallonii sp. nov.: three unusual new Legionella species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1151-1160.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Legionella drozanskii Adeleke et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella dumoffii Brenner et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NY 23 = ATCC 33279 = CCUG 11881 = CIP 103876 = NCTC 11370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32637.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. dumoffii, of Dumoff, named after Morris Dumoff, who first isolated L. pneumophila directly on bacteriologic media.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677. [BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WEAVER (R.E.), FEELEY (J.C.), CORDES (L.G.), WILKINSON (H.W.), PATTON (C.), THOMASON (B.M.) and LEWALLEN SASSEVILLE (K.R.): Legionella bozemanii sp. nov. and Legionella dumoffii sp. nov.: classification of two additional species of Legionella associated with human pneumonia. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 4, 111-116.]
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Fluoribacter dumoffii (Brenner et al. 1980) Brown et al. 1981, comb. nov.

Note: See the note for ¤ Fluoribacter dumoffii (Brenner et al. 1980) Brown et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Legionella erythra Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SE-32A-C8 = ATCC 35303 = CCUG 29667 = CIP 103843 = JCM 7564 = NCTC 11977.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32638.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. erythra (from Gr. fem. adj. erythre), red after the red autofluorescence exhibited by the species.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: On the basis of serology and phenetic and phylogenetic comparisons, the taxa Legionella erythra Brenner et al. 1985 and ¤ Legionella rubrilucens Brenner et al. 1985 could be considered subspecies of the same species.
Reference: HOOKEY (J.V.), SAUNDERS (N.A.), FRY (N.K.), BIRTLES (R.J.) and HARRISON (T.G.): Phylogeny of Legionellaceae based on small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences and proposal of Legionella lytica comb. nov. for Legionella-like amoebal pathogens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 526-531.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella fairfieldensis Thacker et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1725-Aus-E = ATCC 49588 = CCUG 31235 A = CIP 105266 = NCTC 12488.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49722.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. fairfieldensis, pertaining to Fairfield, Victoria, Australia.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581. [THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), HAWES (L.), GIDDING (H.), DWYER (B.), MAYBERRY (W.R.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella fairfieldensis sp. nov. isolated from cooling tower waters in Australia. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1991, 29, 475-478.]
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella fallonii Adeleke et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LLAP-10 (LLAP = Legionella-like amoebal pathogen) = ATCC 700992 = CCUG 43887.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97363.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. fallonii, of Fallon, named in honour of Ronald Fallon who contributed immensely to our knowledge of legionellae and was the first to produce Legionella antigen and antiserum in the UK in 1977. He worked on an isolate from a case on the ship from which LLAP-10T was isolated.
Reference: ADELEKE (A.A.), FIELDS (B.S.), BENSON (R.F.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), PRUCKLER (J.M.), RATCLIFF (R.M.), HARRISON (T.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), BIRTLES (R.J.), RAOULT (D.) and HALABLAB (M.A.): Legionella drozanskii sp. nov., Legionella rowbothamii sp. nov. and Legionella fallonii sp. nov.: three unusual new Legionella species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1151-1160.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Legionella fallonii Adeleke et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella feeleii Herwaldt et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WO-44C = ATCC 35072 = CCUG 16417 = CIP 103877 = NCTC 12022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X73395.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. feeleii, of Feeley, named after James Feeley, who contributed greatly to early work on Legionella and developed effective agar media for primary isolation.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357. [HERWALDT (L.A.), et al.: A new Legionella species, Legionella feeleii species nova, causes Pontiac fever in an automobile plant. Ann. Int. Med., 1984, 100, 333-338.]
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella geestiana Dennis et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1308 = ATCC 49504 = CCUG 44893 = CIP 105569 = NCTC 12373.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49723.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. geestiana, pertaining to the Geest office building.
Reference: DENNIS (P.J.), BRENNER (D.J.), THACKER (W.L.), WAIT (R.), VESEY (G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BENSON (R.F.): Five new Legionella species isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 329-337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella gormanii Morris et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LS-13 = ATCC 33297 = ATCC 33342 = CCUG 12267 = CIP 104724 = NCTC 11401.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32639.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. gormanii, of Gorman; named after G.W. Gorman, who isolated and first studied the organism and pioneered in the isolation of legionellae from environmental and clinical sources.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677. [MORRIS (G.K.), STEIGERWALT (A.), FEELEY (J.C.), WONG (E.S.), MARTIN (W.T.), PATTON (C.M.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella gormanii sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1980, 12, 718-721.]
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the reference citation of Legionella gormanii Morris et al. 1980 (see: Validation List no. 5), the author's name Feeley is erroneously cited as Feley.
References:
1 J. Clin. Microbiol., 1980, 12, 718-721.
Original article Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

¤ Fluoribacter gormanii (Morris et al. 1980) Brown et al. 1981, comb. nov.

Note: See the note for ¤ Fluoribacter gormanii (Morris et al. 1980) Brown et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Legionella gratiana Bornstein et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lyon 8420412 = ATCC 49413 = CCUG 44894 = CIP 105267 = NCTC 12388.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49725.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. gratiana, pertaining to Gratianus, the Roman emperor who bathed in the hot springs where the species was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581. [BORNSTEIN (N.), MARMET (D.), SURGOT (M.), NORWICKI (M.), MEUGNIER (H.), FLEURETTE (J.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella gratiana sp. nov. isolated from French spa water. Res. Microbiol., 1989, 140, 541-552.]
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella gresilensis Lo Presti et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gréoux 11 D13 = ATCC 700509 = CIP 106631.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF122883.
Etymology:   N.L. fem. adj. gresilensis, pertaining to Gréoux, a French spa city, whose classical Latin name was Gresilium.
Reference: LO PRESTI (F.), RIFFARD (S.), MEUGNIER (H.), REYROLLE (M.), LASNE (Y.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.), BENSON (R.F.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ETIENNE (J.) and FRENEY (J.): Legionella gresilensis sp. nov. and Legionella beliardensis sp. nov., isolated from water in France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 1949-1957.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella hackeliae Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lansing 2 = ATCC 35250 = CCUG 31232 A = CIP 103844 = JCM 7563 = NCTC 11979.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M36028.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. hackeliae, of  Hackel, named after Meredith Hackel, who first isolated the organism.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella impletisoli Kuroki et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OA1-1 = DSM 18493 = JCM 13919.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233209.
Etymology: L. part. adj. imletus, filled, filled-in; L. gen. n. soli, of/from soil; N.L. gen. n. impletisoli, of/from filled-in soil, from landfill.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 117. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1933-1934. [KUROKI (H.), MIYAMOTO (H.), FUKUDA (K.), IIHARA (H.), KAWAMURA (Y.), OGAWA (M.), WANG (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and TANIGUCHI (H.): Legionella impletisoli sp. nov. and Legionella yabuuchiae sp. nov., isolated from soils contaminated with industrial wastes in Japan. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 273-279.]
Validation List no. 117 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the effective publication, the type strain DSM 18493 is cited as DSMZ 18493.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 117 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1933-1934.
Validation List no. 117 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella israelensis Bercovier et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Bercovier 4 = ATCC 43119 = CCUG 31115 = CIP 103879 = JCM 7560 = NCTC 12010.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32640.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. israelensis, pertaining to Israel.
Reference: BERCOVIER (H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DERHI-COCHIN (M.), MOSS (C.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BENSON (R.F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Isolation of legionellae from oxidation ponds and fishponds in Israel and description of Legionella israelensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 368-371.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella jamestowniensis Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JA-26-G1-E2 = ATCC 35298 = CCUG 29669 = CIP 103845 = JCM 7590 = NCTC 11981.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49726.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jamestowniensis,  pertaining to Jamestown, New York, where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella jordanis Cherry et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BL-540 = ATCC 33623 = CCUG 16413 = CIP 105268 = NCTC 11533.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32667.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. jordanis, of the Jordan, named after the Jordan River in Bloomington, Indiana, source of the first isolate.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385. [CHERRY (W.B.), GORMAN (G.W.), ORRISON (L.H.), MOSS (C.W.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), WILKINSON (H.W.), JOHNSON (S.E.), McKINNEY (R.M.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella jordanis: a new species of Legionella isolated from water and sewage. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1982, 15, 290-297.]
Validation List no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella lansingensis Thacker et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1677-MI-H = ATCC 49751 = CIP 103542 = NCTC 12830.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49727.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. lansingensis, pertaining to Lansing, Michigan, where the species was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 50. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 595. [THACKER (W.L.), DYKE (J.W.), BENSON (R.F.), HAVLICHEK Jr. (D.H.), ROBINSON-DUNN (B.), STIEFEL (H.), MAYBERRY (W.R.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella lansingensis sp. nov. isolated from a patient with pneumonia and underlying chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1992, 30, 2398-2401.]
Validation List no. 50 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella londiniensis Dennis et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1477 = ATCC 49505 = CCUG 44895 = CIP 105269 = NCTC 12374.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49730.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. londiniensis, pertaining to Londinium, the Roman name of London where the first isolate was made.
Reference: DENNIS (P.J.), BRENNER (D.J.), THACKER (W.L.), WAIT (R.), VESEY (G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BENSON (R.F.): Five new Legionella species isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 329-337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella longbeachae McKinney et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Long Beach 4 = ATCC 33462 = CCUG 46622 = CIP 103880 = DSM 10572 = NCTC 11477.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY444740.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. longbeachae, of Long Beach (California) where the organism was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [McKINNEY (R.M.), PORSCHEN (R.K.), EDELSTEIN (P.H.), BISSETT (M.L.), HARRIS (P.P.), BONDELL (S.P.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), WEAVER (R.E.), EIN (M.E.), LINDQUIST (D.S.), KOPS (R.S.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella longbeachae species nova, another etiologic agent of human pneumonia. Ann. Intern. Med., 1981, 94, 739-743.]
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella lytica (Drozanski 1991) Hookey et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L2 = PCM 2298.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97364.
Basonym: ¤ Sarcobium lyticum Drozanski 1991.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve.
Reference: HOOKEY (J.V.), SAUNDERS (N.A.), FRY (N.K.), BIRTLES (R.J.) and HARRISON (T.G.): Phylogeny of Legionellaceae based on small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences and proposal of Legionella lytica comb. nov. for Legionella-like amoebal pathogens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 526-531.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella maceachernii Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Px-1-G-2-E2 = ATCC 35300 = CCUG 31116 = CIP 103846 = JCM 7566 = NCTC 11982.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF227161.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. maceachernii, of  McEachern, named after Harold V. McEachern, who first isolated the organism.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Tatlockia maceachernii (Brenner et al. 1985) Fox et al. 1991, comb. nov.

Note: See the note for ¤ Tatlockia maceachernii (Brenner et al. 1985) Fox et al. 1991, comb. nov.

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Legionella massiliensis Campocasso et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LegA = CSUR P146 = DSM 24804.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF779685.
Etymology: L. fem. adj., massiliensis, pertaining to Massilia, the ancient Roman name for Marseille, France, where the strain was isolated.
Reference: CAMPOCASSO (A.), BOUGHALMI (M.), FOURNOUS (G.), RAOULT (B.) and LA SCOLA (B.): Legionella tunisiensis sp. nov. and Legionella massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from environmental water samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 3003-3006.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella micdadei Hébert et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TATLOCK = ATCC 33218 = CCUG 11882 = CCUG 31229 A = CIP 103882 = NCTC 11371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF227162.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. micdadei, of McDade, named after Joseph E. McDade, who isolated the etiologic agent of the 1976 Legionnaires' disease outbreak in Philadelphia.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677. [HÉBERT (G.A.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella micdadei species nova: classification of a third species of Legionella associated with human pneumonia. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 3, 255-257.]
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

= ¤ Legionella pittsburghensis Pasculle et al. 1980 (illegitimate homotypic synonym; see the notes for ¤ Legionella pittsburghensis).

= ¤ Tatlockia micdadei Garrity et al. 1980.

Notes:
1 Legionella micdadei Hébert et al. 1980 is a later homotypic synonyms of ¤ Tatlockia micdadei Garrity et al. 1980.
2 See also the note for ¤ Tatlockia micdadei Garrity et al. 1980.

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Legionella moravica Wilkinson et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 316-36 = ATCC 43877 = CCUG 31117 = CIP 103883 = NCTC 12239.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49729.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. moravica, pertaining to Moravia, Czechoslovakia.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 29. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 205-206. [WILKINSON (H.W.), DRASAR (V.), THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), SCHINDLER (J.), POTUZNIKOVA (B.), MAYBERRY (W.R.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella moravica sp. nov. and Legionella brunensis sp. nov. isolated from cooling-tower water. Ann. Inst. Pasteur. Microbiol., 1988, 139, 393-402.]
Validation List no. 29 in IJSEM Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 29, the reference of the paper by Wilkinson et al. 1988 is incorrectly cited as Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol. (sic) 1988, 139, 393-402.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 106.

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Legionella nagasakiensis Yang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CDC-1796-JAP-E = ATCC BAA-1557 = JCM 15315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU701006.
Etymology: N.L. fem adj. nagasakiensis, of or belonging to Nagasaki, Japan, where the organism was isolated.
Reference: YANG (G.), BENSON (R.F.), RATCLIFF (R.M.), BROWN (E.W.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), THACKER (W.L.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), MOREY (R.E.), SAITO (A.) and FIELDS (B.S.): Legionella nagasakiensis sp. nov., isolated from water samples and from a patient with pneumonia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 284-288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella nautarum Dennis et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1224 = ATCC 49506 = CCUG 44900 = CIP 105270 = NCTC 12375.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49728.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. nautarum, of sailors.
Reference: DENNIS (P.J.), BRENNER (D.J.), THACKER (W.L.), WAIT (R.), VESEY (G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BENSON (R.F.): Five new Legionella species isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 329-337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella oakridgensis Orrison et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Oak Ridge 10 = ATCC 33761 = CCUG 16414 = CIP 103884 = NCTC 11531.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32642.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. oakridgensis, pertaining to Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where the species was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [ORRISON (L.H.), CHERRY (W.B.), TYNDALL (R.L.), FLIERMANS (C.B.), GOUGH (S.B.), LAMBERT (M.A.), McDOUGAL (L.K.), BIBB (W.F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella oakridgensis: unusual new species isolated from cooling tower water. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1983, 45, 536-545.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella parisiensis Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PF-209C-C2 = ATCC 35299 = CCUG 29670 = CIP 103847 = JCM 7561 = NCTC 11983.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49731.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. parisiensis, pertaining to Paris, France.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella pittsburghensis Pasculle et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TATLOCK = ATCC 33218 = CCUG 31229 A = CIP 103882 = NCTC 11371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF227162.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. pittsburghensis, pertaining to Pittsburgh.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677. [PASCULLE (A.W.), FEELEY (J.C.), GIBSON (R.J.), CORDES (L.G.), MYEROWITZ (R.L.), PATTON (C.M.), GORMAN (G.W.), CARMACK (C.L.), EZZELL (J.W.) and DOWLING (J.N.): Pittsburgh pneumonia agent: direct isolation from human lung tissue. J. Infect. Dis., 1980, 141, 727-732.]
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Legionella pittsburghensis Pasculle et al. 1980 and ¤ Legionella micdadei Hébert et al. 1980 have the same type strain. These names were validly published by citation on Validation List no. 5. On Validation List no. 5, the priority numbers (these reflect the dates of receipt of the validation request in the form that is accepted for publication) are not given. So, according to Rules 24a and 24b (2), Legionella pittsburghensis Pasculle et al. 1980 and ¤ Legionella micdadei Hébert et al. 1980 are homotypic synonyms, and it is impossible to determine the priority. However, it is irrelevant which of the two Legionella names was validly published first, since they are both validly published after ¤ Tatlockia micdadei (see below).
2 Legionella pittsburghensis Pasculle et al. 1980 and ¤ Legionella micdadei Hébert et al. 1980 are also later homotypic synonyms of ¤ Tatlockia micdadei Garrity et al. 1980 (¤ Tatlockia micdadei has page priority). According to Rule 51b (2), an author must use the earliest legitimate epithet available for the taxon with its particular circumscription, position and rank, and any homotypic synonyms based on the name ¤ Tatlockia micdadei must use the epithet micdadei (the earliest validly published epithet). Consequently, Legionella pittsburghensis Pasculle et al. 1980 is an illegitimate name.
3 Acknowledgements: The author is very grateful to Dr. B.J. Tindall (DSMZ) for his helpful comments.

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Legionella pneumophila Brenner et al. 1979, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Philadelphia 1 = ATCC 33152 = CCUG 9568 = CIP 103854 = DSM 7513 = JCM 7571 = NCTC 11192.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the complete genome of the Type strain: : NC_002942 (complete genome: AE017354).
Etymology: Gr. n. pneumôn, lung; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. pneumophila, lung-loving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and McDADE (J.E.): Classification of the Legionnaires' disease bacterium: Legionella pneumophila, genus novum, species nova of the family Legionellaceae, familia nova. Annals of Internal Medicine, 1979, 90, 656-658. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 3. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 436.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Legionella pneumophila subsp. fraseri Brenner et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Los Angeles 1 = ATCC 33156 = CCUG 13398 = CIP 103858 = DSM 7514 = NCTC 11233.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ287902.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. fraseri, of Fraser, named in honor of D.W. Fraser, who headed the investigation of the Legionnaires' disease outbreak in Philadelphia that led to the recognition of legionellosis and isolation of Legionella pneumophila.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 29. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 205-206. [BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), EPPLE (P.), BIBB (W.F.), McKINNEY (R.M.), STARNES (R.W.), COLEVILLE (J.M.), SELANDER (R.K.), EDELSTEIN (P.H.) and MOSS (C.W.): Legionella pneumophila serogroup Lansing 3 isolated from a patient with fatal pneumonia, and descriptions of L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila subsp. nov., L. pneumophila subsp. fraseri subsp. nov., and L. pneumophila subsp. pascullei subsp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1988, 26, 1695-1703.]
Validation List no. 29 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella pneumophila subsp. pascullei Brenner et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain U8W = ATCC 33737 = CCUG 31226 A = CIP 105570 = DSM 7515 = NCTC 12273.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF122885.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. pascullei, of Pasculle, named in honor of A.W. Pasculle for his pioneering studies on media, isolation, and nosocomial spread of Legionella pneumophila and Legionella micdadei.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 29. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 205-206. [BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), EPPLE (P.), BIBB (W.F.), McKINNEY (R.M.), STARNES (R.W.), COLEVILLE (J.M.), SELANDER (R.K.), EDELSTEIN (P.H.) and MOSS (C.W.): Legionella pneumophila serogroup Lansing 3 isolated from a patient with fatal pneumonia, and descriptions of L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila subsp. nov., L. pneumophila subsp. fraseri subsp. nov., and L. pneumophila subsp. pascullei subsp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1988, 26, 1695-1703.]
Validation List no. 29 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila Brenner et al. 1979, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Philadelphia 1 = ATCC 33152 = CCUG 9568 = CIP 103854 = DSM 7513 = JCM 7571 = NCTC 11192.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the complete genome of the Type strain: : NC_002942 (complete genome: AE017354).
Etymology: Gr. n. pneumôn, lung; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. pneumophila, lung-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 29. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 205-206. [BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), EPPLE (P.), BIBB (W.F.), McKINNEY (R.M.), STARNES (R.W.), COLEVILLE (J.M.), SELANDER (R.K.), EDELSTEIN (P.H.) and MOSS (C.W.): Legionella pneumophila serogroup Lansing 3 isolated from a patient with fatal pneumonia, and descriptions of L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila subsp. nov., L. pneumophila subsp. fraseri subsp. nov., and L. pneumophila subsp. pascullei subsp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1988, 26, 1695-1703.]
Validation List no. 29 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The subspecies name Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila Brenner et al. 1979 is automatically created by the valid publication of Legionella pneumophila subsp. fraseri Brenner et al. 1989 and the valid publication of Legionella pneumophila subsp. pascullei Brenner et al. 1989 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Legionella quateirensis Dennis et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1335 = ATCC 49507 = CCUG 44899 = CIP 105271 = NCTC 12376.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49732.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. quateirensis, pertaining to Quateira.
Reference: DENNIS (P.J.), BRENNER (D.J.), THACKER (W.L.), WAIT (R.), VESEY (G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BENSON (R.F.): Five new Legionella species isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 329-337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella quinlivanii Benson et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1442-Aus-E = ATCC 43830 = CCUG 31234 A = CIP 105272 = NCTC 12433.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49733.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. quinlivanii, of Quinlivan, named after P.A. Quinlivan.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106. [BENSON (R.F.), THACKER (W.L.), WATERS (R.P.), QUINLIVAN (P.A.), MAYBERRY (W.R.), BRENNER (D.J.) and WILKINSON (H.W.): Legionella quinlivanii sp. nov. isolated from water. Curr. Microbiol., 1989, 18, 195-197.]
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella rowbothamii Adeleke et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LLAP-6 (LLAP = Legionella-like amoebal pathogen) = ATCC 700991 = CCUG 43886.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97359.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. rowbothamii, of Rowbotham, named in honour of Timothy Rowbotham, who isolated the majority of known LLAP strains and has contributed significantly to our knowledge of LLAPs.
Reference: ADELEKE (A.A.), FIELDS (B.S.), BENSON (R.F.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), PRUCKLER (J.M.), RATCLIFF (R.M.), HARRISON (T.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), BIRTLES (R.J.), RAOULT (D.) and HALABLAB (M.A.): Legionella drozanskii sp. nov., Legionella rowbothamii sp. nov. and Legionella fallonii sp. nov.: three unusual new Legionella species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1151-1160.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Legionella rowbothamii Adeleke et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella rubrilucens Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WA-270A-C2 = ATCC 35304 = CCUG 29671 = CIP 103848 = JCM 7565 = NCTC 11987.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32643.
Etymology: L. adj. ruber -bra -brum, red; L. part. adj. lucens, shining; N.L. part. adj. rubrilucens, red shining, named after the red autofluorescence exhibited by the species.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: On the basis of serology and phenetic and phylogenetic comparisons, the taxa Legionella rubrilucens Brenner et al. 1985 and ¤ Legionella erythra Brenner et al. 1985 could be considered subspecies of the same species.
Reference: HOOKEY (J.V.), SAUNDERS (N.A.), FRY (N.K.), BIRTLES (R.J.) and HARRISON (T.G.): Phylogeny of Legionellaceae based on small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences and proposal of Legionella lytica comb. nov. for Legionella-like amoebal pathogens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 526-531.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella sainthelensi Campbell et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Mt. St. Helens 4 = ATCC 35248 = CCUG 29672 = CIP 103885 = NCTC 11988.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49734.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sainthelensi, of  St. Helens, named after Mount St. Helens, where the original isolate was made from surface water in the devastated area after a volcanic eruption.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357. [CAMPBELL (J.), BIBB (W.F.), LAMBERT (M.A.), ENG (S.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ALLARD (J.), MOSS (C.W.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella sainthelensi: a new species of Legionella isolated from water near Mt. St. Helens. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1984, 47, 369-373.]
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 15, "Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1984, 47, 369-373" is erroneously cited as "Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1984, 27, 369-373".

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Legionella santicrucis Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC-63-C7 = ATCC 35301 = CCUG 29673 = CIP 103849 = JCM 7557 = NCTC 11989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. santicrucis, of Santa Crux, named after Santa Crux, the Latin name (sic) for St. Croix, Virgin Islands.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella shakespearei Verma et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 214 = ATCC 49655 = CCUG 31228 A = CIP 103541 = NCTC 12829.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49736.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. shakespearei, of Shakespeare, named after the playwright William Shakespeare, because the organism was isolated in Stratford-upon-Avon.
Reference: VERMA (U.K.), BRENNER (D.J.), THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), VESEY (G.), KURTZ (J.B.), DENNIS (P.J.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ROBINSON (J.S.) and MOSS (C.W.): Legionella shakespearei sp. nov., isolated from cooling tower water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 404-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella spiritensis Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Mount Saint Helens 9 = ATCC 35249 = CCUG 29715 = CCUG 31118 = CIP 103850 = JCM 7562 = NCTC 11990.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M36030.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. spiritensis, pertaining to Spirit Lake near Mount St. Helens in Oregon.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella steelei Edelstein et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC BAA-2169 = IMVS-3376 = IMVS 3113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ398202.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. steelei, of Steele, named after the Australian microbiologist Trevor Steele, who performed pioneering work on the ecology and pathogenesis of Legionella longbeachae infection.
Reference: EDELSTEIN (P.H.), EDELSTEIN (M.A.), SHEPHARD (L.J.), WARD (K.W.) and RATCLIFF (R.M.): Legionella steelei sp. nov., isolated from human respiratory specimens in California, USA, and South Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1766-1771.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella steigerwaltii Brenner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC-18-C9 = ATCC 35302 = CCUG 29674 = CIP 103851 = JCM 7558 = NCTC 11991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49737.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. steigerwaltii, of Steigerwalt, named in honor of Arnold G. Steigerwalt, who did the definitive experiments to classify the first 22 Legionella species.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), GORMAN (G.W.), WILKINSON (H.W.), BIBB (W.F.), HACKEL (M.), TYNDALL (R.L.), CAMPBELL (J.), FEELEY (J.C.), THACKER (W.L.), SKALIY (P.), MARTIN (W.T.), BRAKE (B.J.), FIELDS (B.S.), McEACHERN (H.V.) and CORCORAN (L.K.): Ten new species of Legionella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 50-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella taurinensis Lo Presti et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Turin I n° 1 = ATCC 700508 = CCUG 44901 = CIP 106300.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ667196.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. taurinensis, pertaining to Turin, Italy, whose classical Latin name was Augusta Taurinorum.
Reference: LO PRESTI (F.), RIFFARD (S.), MEUGNIER (H.), REYROLLE (M.), LASNE (Y.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.), VANDENESCH (F.), ETIENNE (J.), FLEURETTE (J.) and FRENEY (J.): Legionella taurinensis sp. nov., a new species antigenically similar to Legionella spiritensis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 397-403.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Some information about the origin of the type strain is provided by Franzin and Gioannini.
Reference: FRANZIN (L.) and GIOANNINI (P.): Legionella taurinensis, a new species of Legionella isolated in Turin, Italy. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 937.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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Legionella tucsonensis Thacker et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1087-AZ-H = ATCC 49180 = CCUG 31119 = CIP 105113 = NCTC 12439.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z32644.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. tucsonensis, pertaining to Tucson, Arizona, where the species was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106. [THACKER (W.L.), BENSON (R.F.), SCHIFMAN (R.B.), PUGH (E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MAYBERRY (W.R.), BRENNER (D.J.) and WILKINSON (H.W.): Legionella tucsonensis sp. nov. isolated from a renal transplant recipient. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1989, 27, 1831-1834.]
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Legionella tunisiensis Campocasso et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LegM = CSUR P145 = DSM 24805.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF779686.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. tunisiensis, of or belonging to Tunisia, where the strain was isolated.
Reference: CAMPOCASSO (A.), BOUGHALMI (M.), FOURNOUS (G.), RAOULT (B.) and LA SCOLA (B.): Legionella tunisiensis sp. nov. and Legionella massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from environmental water samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 3003-3006.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella wadsworthii Edelstein et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Wadsworth 81-716A = ATCC 33877 = CCUG 16415 = CIP 103886 = NCTC 11532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49738.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. wadsworthii of Wadsworth, named after V.A. Wadsworth Medical Center after James Wadsworth, and the location where the patient was hospitalized and the bacterium isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [EDELSTEIN (P.H.), BRENNER (D.J.), MOSS (C.W.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), FRANCIS (E.M.) and GEORGE (W.L.): Legionella wadsworthii species nova: a cause of human pneumonia. Ann. Intern. Med., 1982, 97, 809-813.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online

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Legionella waltersii Benson et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2074-AUS-E = ATCC 51914 = CCUG 44924 = CIP 104965.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF122886.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. waltersii, of Walters, to honor R.P. Walters, who isolated the organism.
Reference: BENSON (R.F.), THACKER (W.L.), DANESHVAR (M.I.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Legionella waltersii sp. nov. and an unnamed Legionella genomospecies isolated from water in Australia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 631-634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella worsleiensis Dennis et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1347 = ATCC 49508 = CCUG 44923 = CIP 105114 = NCTC 12377.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49739.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. worsleiensis, pertaining to Worsley.
Reference: DENNIS (P.J.), BRENNER (D.J.), THACKER (W.L.), WAIT (R.), VESEY (G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BENSON (R.F.): Five new Legionella species isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 329-337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Legionella yabuuchiae Kuroki et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OA1-2 = DSM 18492 = JCM 14148.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233210.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. yabuuchiae, of Yabuuchi, in honour of Eiko Yabuuchi for her work on Legionella in Japan.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 117. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1933-1934. [KUROKI (H.), MIYAMOTO (H.), FUKUDA (K.), IIHARA (H.), KAWAMURA (Y.), OGAWA (M.), WANG (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and TANIGUCHI (H.): Legionella impletisoli sp. nov. and Legionella yabuuchiae sp. nov., isolated from soils contaminated with industrial wastes in Japan. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 273-279.]
Validation List no. 117 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the effective publication, the type strain DSM 18492 is cited as DSMZ 18492.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 117 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1933-1934.
Validation List no. 117 in IJSEM Online

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