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Genus Lachnospira

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 2
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Lachnospira Bryant and Small 1956, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Lachnospiraceae Rainey 2010).
Type species: ¤ Lachnospira multipara corrig. Bryant and Small 1956 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. lachnos, wool; L. fem. n. spira a coil; N.L. fem. n. Lachnospira, named for the filamentous or “wooly” colonies formed in agar by curved or helical cells of Lachnospira multipara.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRYANT (M.P.) and SMALL (N.): Characteristics of two new genera of anaerobic curved rods isolated from the rumen of cattle. Journal of Bacteriology, 1956, 72, 22-26.

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Lachnospira multipara corrig. Bryant and Small 1956, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D32 = ATCC 19207= DSM 3073.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733699.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, much, many; L. v. paro, to produce; N.L. fem. adj. multipara, many products produced.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRYANT (M.P.) and SMALL (N.): Characteristics of two new genera of anaerobic curved rods isolated from the rumen of cattle. Journal of Bacteriology, 1956, 72, 22-26.

Note: The original spelling, Lachnospira multiparis (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lachnospira pectinoschiza Cornick et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 150-1 = ATCC 49827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L14675.
Etymology: N.L. n. pectinum, pectin; Gr. v. schizô, to split, cleave; N.L. fem. adj. pectinoschiza, pectin-splitting.
Valid publication: CORNICK (N.A.), JENSEN (N.S.), STAHL (D.A.), HARTMAN (P.A.) and ALLISON (M.J.): Lachnospira pectinoschiza sp. nov., an anaerobic pectinophile from the pig intestine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 87-93.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The strain ATCC 49827is no longer available at the ATCC and most probably there is not alternative collection.
Reference: YARZA (P.): Personal communication (December 01, 2009).

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