Genus Kocuria

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Kocuria Stackebrandt et al. 1995, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. 1995.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Kocuria, named after Miroslav Kocur, a Slovakian microbiologist for his pioneering studies on Gram-stain-positive cocci.
Reference: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov., Nesterenkonia gen. nov., Kytococcus gen. nov., Dermacoccus gen. nov., and Micrococcus Cohn 1872 gen. emend. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 682-692.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria aegyptia Li et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCTCC AA203006 = CIP 107966 = DSM 17006 = JCM 14735 = KCTC 19010 = YIM 70003.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ059617.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. aegyptia, pertaining to Egypt, from Egypt, referring to the country of isolation of the type strain.
Reference: LI (W.J.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), SCHUMANN (P.), CHEN (H.H.), HOZZEIN (W.N.), TIAN (X.P.), XU (L.H.) and JIANG (C.L.): Kocuria aegyptia sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from a saline, alkaline desert soil in Egypt. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 733-737.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria atrinae Park et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P30 = JCM 15914 = KCTC 19594.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ607311.
Etymology: N.L. n. Atrina, a scientific zoological genus; N.L. gen. n. atrinae, of Atrina, isolated from Atrina pectinata.
Reference: PARK (E.J.), KIM (M.S.), ROH (S.W.), JUNG (M.J.) and BAE (J.W.): Kocuria atrinae sp. nov., isolated from traditional Korean fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria carniphila Tvrzová et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 132 = DSM 16004 = JCM 14118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ622907.
Etymology: L. n. caro carnis, flesh, meat; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), loving; N.L. fem. adj. carniphila, meat-loving.
Reference: TVRZOVÁ (L.), SCHUMANN (P.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), PÁČOVA (Z.), SPRÖER (C.), VERBARG (S.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Reclassification of strain CCM 132, previously classified as Kocuria varians, as Kocuria carniphila sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 139-142.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain CCM 132 = DSM 16004 was previously classified as "Micrococcus lactis" Chester 1901, ¤ Micrococcus varians Migula 1900 (Approved Lists 1980), or ¤ Kocuria varians (Migula 1900) Stackebrandt et al. 1995.

   image

Kocuria erythromyxa (Brooks and Murray 1981) Rainey et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain UWO 1045 = ATCC 187 = DSM 11630 = IFO (now NBRC) 15344 = JCM 12416.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11330.
Basonym: ¤ Deinococcus erythromyxa (ex Chester 1901) Brooks and Murray 1981.
Other synonym: "Sarcina erythromyxa" Chester 1901.
Etymology: Gr. adj. eruthros, red; Gr. n. muxa, mucus, slime; N.L. n. erythomyxa, the red slime.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), NOBRE (M.F.), SCHUMANN (P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Phylogenetic diversity of the deinococci as determined by 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 510-514.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. 1995.

Note: Comparison of physiological properties (almost identical physiological reactions against substrates provided by the BIOLOG GP-plate), chemotaxonomic properties (identical fatty acid patterns) and genomic properties (16S rDNA similarity of 99.9%, DNA-DNA reassociation of 95%) of the type strains of Kocuria rosea and Kocuria erythromyxa indicates that these taxa are members of the same species. According to Rule 42 (union of taxa of equal rank), Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. 1995 has priority over Kocuria erythromyxa (Brooks and Murray 1981) Rainey et al. 1997.
Reference: SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), BURGHARDT (J.), KOVACS (G.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Reclassification of the species Kocuria erythromyxa (Brooks and Murray 1981) as Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 393-396.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria flava Zhou et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HO-9041 = CCTCC AB 206106 = JCM 15621 = KCTC 19306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF602041.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. flava, yellow, referring to the colony colour of the type strain.
Reference: ZHOU (G.), LUO (X.), TANG (Y.), ZHANG (L.), YANG (Q.), QIU (Y.) and FANG (C.): Kocuria flava sp. nov. and Kocuria turfanensis sp. nov., airborne actinobacteria isolated from Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1304-1307.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria gwangalliensis Seo et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SJ2 = KCCM 42914 = LMG 24672.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU286964.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. gwangalliensis, referring to Gwangalli beach in Busan, Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SEO (Y.B.), KIM (D.E.), KIM (G.D.), KIM (H.W.), NAM (S.W.), KIM (Y.T.) and LEE (J.H.): Kocuria gwangalliensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2769-2772.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria halotolerans Tang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIM 90716 = CCTCC AB 206069 = DSM 18442 = KCTC 19172.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ979377.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating, enduring; N.L. part. adj. halotolerans, salt-tolerating.
Reference: TANG (S.K.), WANG (Y.), LOU (K.), MAO (P.H.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.), KIM (C.J.) and LI (W.J.): Kocuria halotolerans sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from a saline soil in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1316-1320.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria himachalensis Mayilraj et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K07-05 = DSM 44905 = JCM 13326 = MTCC 7020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY987383.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. himachalensis, of or pertaining to the Indian State of Himachal Pradesh, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: MAYILRAJ (S.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), SURESH (K.) and SAINI (H.S.): Kocuria himachalensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from the Indian Himalayas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1971-1975.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria indica Dastager et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NIO-1021=NCIM 5455=DSM 25126=CCTCC AA 209050.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ858010.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. indica, pertaining to India, Indian.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: DASTAGER, S. G., TANG, S.-K., SRINIVASAN, K., LEE, J.-C. and LI, W.-J. 2014. Kocuria indica sp. nov., isolated from a sediment sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 869-874.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria koreensis Park et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P31 = JCM 15915 = KCTC 19595.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ607312.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. koreensis, pertaining to Korea, isolated from Korean fermented seafood, made from comb pen shell.
Reference: PARK (E.J.), ROH (S.W.), KIM (M.S.), JUNG (M.J.), SHIN (K.S.) and BAE (J.W.): Kocuria koreensis sp. nov., isolated from fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 140-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria kristinae (Kloos et al. 1974) Stackebrandt et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27570 = CCM 2690 = CCUG 33026 = CIP 81.69 = DSM 20032 = IEGM 390 = IFO (now NBRC) 15354 = JCM 7237 = LMG 14215 = NCTC 11038 = NRRL B-14835 = VKM B-1811.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80749.
Basonym: ¤ Micrococcus kristinae Kloos et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. kristinae, of Kristin; named for Kristin Holding, from whom this organism was originally isolated.
Reference: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov., Nesterenkonia gen. nov., Kytococcus gen. nov., Dermacoccus gen. nov., and Micrococcus Cohn 1872 gen. emend. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 682-692.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria marina Kim et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 51442 = JCM 13363 = KCTC 9943 = KMM 3905.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY211385.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. marina, of or belonging to the sea.
Reference: KIM (S.B.), NEDASHKOVSKAYA (O.I.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.), HAN (S.K.), KIM (K.O.), RHEE (M.S.) and BAE (K.S.): Kocuria marina sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1617-1620.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria palustris Kovács et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TAGA27 = CCUG 52395 = CIP 105971 = DSM 11925 = IFO (now NBRC) 16318 = JCM 11652.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16263.
Etymology: L.fem. adj. palustris, marshy, swampy.
Reference: KOVÁCS (G.), BURGHARDT (J.), PRADELLA (S.), SCHUMANN (P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and MÀRIALIGETI (K.): Kocuria palustris sp. nov. and Kocuria rhizophila sp. nov., isolated from rhizoplane of the narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 167-173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria polaris Reddy et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CMS 76or = DSM 14382 = JCM 12076 = NBRC 103063 = MTCC 3702.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ278868.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. polaris, of, or pertaining to, a pole.
Reference: REDDY (G.S.N.), PRAKASH (J.S.S.), PRABAHAR (V.), MATSUMOTO (G.I.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Kocuria polaris sp. nov., an orange-pigmented psychrophilic bacterium isolated from an Antarctic cyanobacterial mat sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 183-187.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria rhizophila Kovács et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TA68 = ATCC BAA-50 = CIP 105972 = DSM 11926 = IFO (now NBRC) 16319 = JCM 11653.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16264.
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, a root; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. rhizophila, root loving.
Reference: KOVÁCS (G.), BURGHARDT (J.), PRADELLA (S.), SCHUMANN (P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and MÀRIALIGETI (K.): Kocuria palustris sp. nov. and Kocuria rhizophila sp. nov., isolated from rhizoplane of the narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 167-173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Strain ATCC 9341 [= DSM 348 = FDA strain PCI 1001 = NCIMB 8553 (formerly NCIB 8553; formerly NCDO 758)], previously known as ¤ Micrococcus luteus, is a member of the genus Kocuria. In 2003, J.S. Tang and P.M. Gillevet, propose to reclassify ATCC 9341 as Kocuria rhizophila Kovács et al. 1999. For more information, see ¤ Micrococcus luteus (Schroeter 1872) Cohn 1872 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: TANG (J.S.) and GILLEVET (P.M.): Reclassification of ATCC 9341 from Micrococcus luteus to Kocuria rhizophila. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 995-997.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. 1995, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 186 = CCM 679 = CCUG 4312 = CIP 71.15 = DSM 20447 = IEGM 394 = IFO (now NBRC) 3768 = JCM 11614 = LMG 14224 = NCTC 7523 = NRRL B-2977 = VKM B-1823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87756.
Basonym: ¤ Micrococcus roseus Flügge 1886 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. rosea, rose-colored, rosy.
Reference: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov., Nesterenkonia gen. nov., Kytococcus gen. nov., Dermacoccus gen. nov., and Micrococcus Cohn 1872 gen. emend. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 682-692.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The species Kocuria rosea and ¤ Kocuria erythromyxa are united. According to Rule 42 (union of taxa of equal rank), Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. 1995 has priority over Kocuria erythromyxa (Brooks and Murray 1981) Rainey et al. 1997.
Reference: SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), BURGHARDT (J.), KOVACS (G.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Reclassification of the species Kocuria erythromyxa (Brooks and Murray 1981) as Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 393-396.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 On the basis of the 16S rDNA sequence data, DNA-DNA hybridization data, chemotaxonomic data and morphological data, Schumann et al. 2000 [1] consider that the type strain (DSM 20447 = ATCC 186 = CCM 679) of Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. 1995 and the type strain (ATCC 49321 = DSM 12801) of ¤ Pelczaria aurantia Poston 1994 are strains of the same species. According to Rule 42, the two species should be united in one genus, and in the same species. Both species are the type species of the respective genera and ¤ Pelczaria aurantia has priority. However, the type strain of ¤ Pelczaria aurantia currently being distributed does not conform to the description of the type strain of ¤ Pelczaria aurantia as described by Poston 1993. Tindall et al. 2000 [2] propose that the Judicial Commission consider (i) that the organism currently deposited as ATCC 49321 and DSM 12801 be recognized as a member of the species Kocuria rosea; (ii) that the organism deposited as ATCC 49321 and DSM 12801 does not represent a strain of the species ¤ Pelczaria aurantia; (iii) to place the names ¤ Pelczaria and ¤ Pelczaria aurantia on the list of rejected names if a suitable replacement strain, or a neotype, cannot be found within two years (Rule 18c). After these two years had passed without anyone claiming to possess an authentic type strain or proposing a neotype strain, the Judicial Commission [3] has decided in favour of the request by Tindall et al. 2000 [2]. The genus name ¤ Pelczaria and the species name ¤ Pelczaria aurantia are to be placed on the list of nomina rejicienda [3].
References:
1 SCHUMANN (P.), TINDALL (B.J.), MENDROCK (U.), KRAMER (I.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Pelczaria aurantia ATCC 49321T (= DSM 12801T) is a strain of Kocuria rosea (Flügge 1886) Stackebrandt et al. (1995). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1421-1424.
Original article by Schumann et al. in IJSEM Online
2 TINDALL (B.J.), SCHUMANN (P.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): The status of the genus Pelczaria (Poston 1994) and the species Pelczaria aurantia (Poston 1994). Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1695-1696.
Request for an Opinion in IJSEM Online
3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Rejection of the genus name Pelczaria with the species Pelczaria aurantia Poston 1994. Opinion 78. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 515.
Opinion 78 in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria salsicia Yun et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 104 = JCM 16361 = KACC 21128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ352404.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. salsicia, salted, salty.
Reference: YUN (J.H.), ROH (S.W.), JUNG (M.J.), KIM (M.S.), PARK (E.J.), SHIN (K.S.), NAM (Y.D.) and BAE (J.W.): Kocuria salsicia sp. nov., isolated from salt-fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 286-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria turfanensis Zhou et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HO-9042 = CCTCC AB 206107 = JCM 15622 = KCTC 19307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ531634.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. turfanensis, referring to Turfan, China, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Reference: ZHOU (G.), LUO (X.), TANG (Y.), ZHANG (L.), YANG (Q.), QIU (Y.) and FANG (C.): Kocuria flava sp. nov. and Kocuria turfanensis sp. nov., airborne actinobacteria isolated from Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1304-1307.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Kocuria varians (Migula 1900) Stackebrandt et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15306 = CCM 884 = CCUG 35392 = CIP 81.73 = DSM 20033 = HAMBI 40 = HAMBI 1951 = IEGM 400 = IFO (now NBRC) 15358 = JCM 7238 = LMG 14231 = NCTC 7564 = VKM B-1827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87754.
Basonym: ¤ Micrococcus varians Migula 1900 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. part. adj. varians, changing, varying.
Reference: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov., Nesterenkonia gen. nov., Kytococcus gen. nov., Dermacoccus gen. nov., and Micrococcus Cohn 1872 gen. emend. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 682-692.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image