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Genus Klebsiella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 15
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 5

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Klebsiella Trevisan 1885, genus.
Type species: ¤ Klebsiella pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Trevisan 1887 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Hyalococcus" Schroeter 1886.
Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Klebsiella, named after Edwin Klebs (1834-1913), a German bacteriologist.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TREVISAN (V.): Carratteri di alcuni nuovi generi di Batteriacee. Atti della Accademia Fisica-Medica-Stastistica in Milano (ser 4), 1885, 3, 92-107.

Klebsiella Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Carter et al. 1999.
Type species: ¤ Klebsiella pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Trevisan 1887 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Hyalococcus" Schroeter 1886.
Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Klebsiella, named after Edwin Klebs (1834-1913), a German bacteriologist.
Reference: CARTER (J.S.), BOWDEN (F.J.), BASTIAN (I.), MYERS (G.M.), SRIPRAKASH (K.S.) and KEMP (D.J.): Phylogenetic evidence for reclassification of Calymmatobacterium granulomatis as Klebsiella granulomatis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1695-1700.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Carter et al. 1999, Klebsiella Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Calymmatobacterium Aragão and Vianna 1913 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: CARTER (J.S.), BOWDEN (F.J.), BASTIAN (I.), MYERS (G.M.), SRIPRAKASH (K.S.) and KEMP (D.J.): Phylogenetic evidence for reclassification of Calymmatobacterium granulomatis as Klebsiella granulomatis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1695-1700.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Klebsiella Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Drancourt et al. 2001.
Type species: ¤ Klebsiella pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Trevisan 1887 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Hyalococcus" Schroeter 1886.
Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Klebsiella, named after Edwin Klebs (1834-1913), a German bacteriologist.
Reference: DRANCOURT (M.), BOLLET (C.), CARTA (A.) and ROUSSELIER (P.): Phylogenetic analyses of Klebsiella species delineate Klebsiella and Raoultella gen. nov., with description of Raoultella ornithinolytica comb. nov., Raoultella terrigena comb. nov. and Raoultella planticola comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 925-932.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella alba Xu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CW-D 3=CCTCC AB 206144=KCTC 12878=LMG 24441.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: EF154517.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. fem adj. alba, white, the color of colonies.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 166. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 3763-3767.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Xu, J., Li, W., Chen, X. and Zhou, Y. 2010. Klebsiella alba sp. nov., a novel pesticide-tolerant bacterium from a heavily polluted environment. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 56, 241-247.
Effective publication Online


Note: According to Li et al. 2016, Klebsiella alba is a later heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae.
Reference: LI, C. Y., ZHOU, Y. L., JI, J. and GU, C. T. 2016. Klebsiella alba is a later heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2406-2408.
Article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella granulomatis (Aragão and Vianna 1913) Carter et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) due to difficulties encountered in the storage of Klebsiella granulomatis, no type culture is currently available.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available, but AF009171 was used in by Carter et al. (1999) to justifying creating the new combination.
Basonym: ¤ Calymmatobacterium granulomatis Aragão and Vianna 1913 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Encapsulatus inguinalis" Bergey et al. 1923, "Klebsiella granulomatis" Bergey et al. 1925, "Donovania granulomatis" Anderson et al. 1944.
Etymology: L. dim. n. granulum, a small grain; N.L. n. granuloma, a granuloma; N.L. gen. n. granulomatis, of a granuloma.
Valid publication: CARTER (J.S.), BOWDEN (F.J.), BASTIAN (I.), MYERS (G.M.), SRIPRAKASH (K.S.) and KEMP (D.J.): Phylogenetic evidence for reclassification of Calymmatobacterium granulomatis as Klebsiella granulomatis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1695-1700.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella michiganensis Saha et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) W14 = ATCC BAA-2403 = DSM 25444.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ070300.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. michiganensis of or belonging to Michigan State, USA, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 150. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 797-798.
Effective publication: SAHA (R.), FARRANCE (C.E.), VERGHESE (B.), HONG (S.) and DONOFRIO (R.S.): Klebsiella michiganensis sp. nov., a new bacterium isolated from a tooth brush holder. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 72-78.
Validation List no. 150 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13048= CCUG 1429 = CIP 60.86 = DSM 30053 = HAMBI 101 = HAMBI 1898 = IFO (now NBRC) 13534 = JCM 1235 = LMG 2094 = NCAIM B.01467 = NCTC 10006.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004750.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. mobilis, movable, motile.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BASCOMB (S.), LAPAGE (S.P.), WILLCOX (W.R.) and CURTIS (M.A.): Numerical classification of the Tribe Klebsielleae. Journal of General Microbiology, 1971, 66, 279-295.

= ¤ Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) and Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Klebsiella ornithinolytica Sakazaki et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 31898= CCUG 26769 = CIP 103576 = CIP 103364 = DSM 7464 = JCM 6096 = NIH 90-72.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U78182.
Etymology: N.L. ornithinum, ornithine, an amino acid; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. ornithinolytica, ornithine dissolving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: SAKAZAKI (R.), TAMURA (K.), KOSAKO (Y.) and YOSHIZAKI (E.): Klebsiella ornithinolytica sp. nov., formerly known as ornithine-positive Klebsiella oxytoca. Curr. Microbiol., 1989, 18, 201-206.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Klebsiella ornithinolytica Sakazaki et al. 1989 was previously known as ornithine-positive Klebsiella oxytoca.

¤ Raoultella ornithinolytica (Sakazaki et al. 1989) Drancourt et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Klebsiella oxytoca (Flügge 1886) Lautrop 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13182= CCUG 15717 = CIP 103434 = DSM 5175 = HAMBI 1301 = JCM 1665 = LMG 3055 = NBRC 102593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF129440.
Synonym: "Bacillus oxytocus perniciosus" Flügge 1886.
Etymology: Gr. oxus, sour, acid; Gr. suff. -tokos, producing; N.L. fem. adj. oxytoca, acid-producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 FLÜGGE (C.): Die Mikroorganismen, F.C.W. Vogel, Leipzig, 1886. 2 LAUTROP (H.): Gelatin-liquefying Klebsiella strains (Bacterium oxytocum (Flügge)). Acta Pathologica et Microbiologica Scadinavica, 1956, 39, 375-384.

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Klebsiella ozaenae (Abel 1893) Bergey et al. 1925, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11296= CCUG 15938 = CIP 52.211 = JCM 1663 = LMG 3113 = NCTC 5050.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF130982.
Synonyms: "Bacillus mucosus ozaenae" Abel 1893, "Bacillus ozaenae" Abel 1893, "Bacterium ozaenae" (Abel 1893) Lehmann and Neumann 1896.
Etymology: L. fem. n. ozaena, a polypus in the nose, ozena; L. gen. n. ozaenae of ozena.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ABEL (R.): Bakteriologische Studien über Ozaena simplex. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1893, 13, 161-173. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 1-462.

¤ Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae (Abel 1893) Ørskov 1984, comb. nov.

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Klebsiella planticola Bagley et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) V-236 = ATCC 33531= CCUG 15718 = CDC 4245-72 = CIP 100751 = DSM 3069 = IFO (now NBRC) 14939 = JCM 7251 = NCTC 12998.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF129443.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a young plant, a plant; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), dweller; N.L. n. planticola, plant-dweller.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: BAGLEY (S.T.), SEIDLER (R.J.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Klebsiella planticola sp. nov.: a new species of Enterobacteriaceae found primarily in nonclinical environments. Curr. Microbiol., 1981, 6, 105-109.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Gavini et al. 1986, Klebsiella planticola Bagley et al. 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Klebsiella trevisanii Ferragut et al. 1983.
Reference: GAVINI (F.), IZARD (D.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), BEJI (A.), AGERON (E.) and LECLERC (H.): Priority of Klebsiella planticola Bagley, Seidler, and Brenner 1982 over Klebsiella trevisanii Ferragut, Izard, Gavini, Kersters, De Ley, and Leclerc 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 486-488.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Raoultella planticola (Bagley et al. 1982) Drancourt et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Klebsiella pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Trevisan 1887, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13883= CCUG 225 = CIP 82.91 = DSM 30104 = HAMBI 450 = IFO (now NBRC) 14940 = JCM 1662 = LMG 2095 = NCTC 9633.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87276.
Synonyms: "Bacterium pneumoniae crouposae" Zopf 1885, "Hyalococcus pneumoniae" Schroeter 1886, "Bacillus pneumoniae" (Schroeter 1886) Flügge 1886.
Etymology: Gr. n. pneumonia, disease of the lungs, pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs); N.L. gen. n. pneumoniae, of pneumonia.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SCHROETER (J.). In: F. COHN (ed.), Kryptogamenflora von Schlesien, Band 3, Heft 3, Pilze J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 1885-1889, pp. 1-814. 2 TREVISAN (V.): Sul Micrococco della rabbia e sulla possiblità di riconoscere durante il periode d'incubazione, dall'esame del sangue della persona moricata, se ha contratta l'infezione rabbica. Rendiconti dell'Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere (Ser 2), 1887, 20, 88-105.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae (Abel 1893) Ørskov 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11296= CCUG 15938 = CIP 52.211 = JCM 1663 = LMG 3113 = NCTC 5050.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF130982.
Basonym: ¤ Klebsiella ozaenae (Abel 1893) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus mucosus azaenae" Abel 1893, "Bacillus ozaenae" Abel 1893, "Bacterium ozaenae" (Abel 1893) Lehmann and Neumann 1896.
Etymology: L. fem. n. ozaena, a polypus in the nose, ozena; L. gen. n. ozaenae of ozena.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: ØRSKOV (I.): Genus Klebsiella. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 461-465.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Ørskov 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13883= CCUG 225 = CIP 82.91 = DSM 30104 = HAMBI 450 = IFO (now NBRC) 14940 = JCM 1662 = LMG 2095 = NCTC 9633.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87276.
Etymology: Gr. n. pneumonia, disease of the lungs, pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs); N.L. gen. n. pneumoniae, of pneumonia.
Valid publication: MOORE (W.E.C.), CATO (E.P.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of bacterial names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1985). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 382-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Schroeter 1886) Trevisan 1887, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Ørskov 1984 is automatically created by the valid publication of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae (Abel 1893) Ørskov 1984, and the valid publication of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis (Trevisan 1887) Ørskov 1984 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis (Trevisan 1887) Ørskov 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13884= CCUG 417 = CIP 52.210 = JCM 1664 = LMG 3184 = NCTC 5046.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17657.
Basonym: ¤ Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis Trevisan 1887 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Bacterium rhinoscleromatis" (Trevisan 1887) Migula 1900.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rhinoscleromatis, of rhinoscleroma.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: ØRSKOV (I.): Genus Klebsiella. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 461-465.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella quasipneumoniae Brisse et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 01A030=SB11=CIP 110771=DSM 28211.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG933296.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CCDF01000000.
Etymology: L. adv. quasi, almost like; N.L. fem. n. pneumonia, pneumonia, disease or inflammation of the lungs; N.L. fem. gen. n. quasipneumoniae, similar to pneumoniae, the specific epithet of Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: BRISSE, S., PASSET, V. and GRIMONT, P. A. D. 2014. Description of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae sp. nov., isolated from human infections, with two subspecies, Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae subsp. nov. and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae subsp. nov., and demonstration that Klebsiella singaporensis is a junior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella variicola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3146-3152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae Brisse et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 01A030=SB11=CIP 110771=DSM 28211.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG933296.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CCDF01000000.
Etymology: L. adv. quasi, almost like; N.L. fem. n. pneumonia, pneumonia, disease or inflammation of the lungs; N.L. fem. gen. n. quasipneumoniae, similar to pneumoniae, the specific epithet of Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: BRISSE, S., PASSET, V. and GRIMONT, P. A. D. 2014. Description of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae sp. nov., isolated from human infections, with two subspecies, Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae subsp. nov. and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae subsp. nov., and demonstration that Klebsiella singaporensis is a junior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella variicola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3146-3152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae Brisse et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 07A044=SB30=CIP 110770=DSM 28212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG933295.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CBZR010000000.
Etymology: L. adj. similis, similar to; N.L. fem. n. pneumonia, pneumonia, disease or inflammation of the lungs; N.L. fem. gen. n. quasipneumoniae, similar to pneumoniae, the specific epithet of Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: BRISSE, S., PASSET, V. and GRIMONT, P. A. D. 2014. Description of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae sp. nov., isolated from human infections, with two subspecies, Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae subsp. nov. and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae subsp. nov., and demonstration that Klebsiella singaporensis is a junior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella variicola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3146-3152.
Original article in IJSEM Online


Note: According to Li et al. 2016, Klebsiella alba is a later heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae.
Reference: LI, C. Y., ZHOU, Y. L., JI, J. and GU, C. T. 2016. Klebsiella alba is a later heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2406-2408.
Article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis Trevisan 1887, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13884= CCUG 417 = CIP 52.210 = JCM 1664 = LMG 3184 = NCTC 5046.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17657.
Synonym: "Bacterium rhinoscleromatis" (Trevisan 1887) Migula 1900.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rhinoscleromatis, of rhinoscleroma.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TREVISAN (V.): Sul Micrococco della rabbia e sulla possiblità di riconoscere durante il periode d'incubazione, dall'esame del sangue della persona moricata, se ha contratta l'infezione rabbica. Rendiconti dell'Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere (Ser 2), 1887, 20, 88-105.

¤ Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis (Trevisan 1887) Ørskov 1984, comb. nov.

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Klebsiella singaporensis Li et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LX3 = DSM 16265 = JCM 12419.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF250285.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. singaporensis, of Singapore, the country in which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LI (X.), ZHANG (D.), CHEN (F.), MA (J.), DONG (Y.) and ZHANG (L.): Klebsiella singaporensis sp. nov., a novel isomaltulose-producing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2131-2136.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Brisse et al. (2014), Klebsiella singaporensis is a junior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella variicola.
Reference: BRISSE, S., PASSET, V. and GRIMONT, P. A. D. 2014. Description of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae sp. nov., isolated from human infections, with two subspecies, Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae subsp. nov. and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae subsp. nov., and demonstration that Klebsiella singaporensis is a junior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella variicola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3146-3152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Klebsiella terrigena Izard et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gavini L 84 = ATCC 33257= CCUG 12372 Bb = CIP 80.7 = CUETM 77-176 = DSM 2687 = HAMBI 1302 = IFO (now NBRC) 14941 = JCM 1687 = LMG 3222 = NCTC 13038.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17658.
Etymology: L. masc. or fem. n. terrigena, child of the earth, referring to the isolation from soil.
Valid publication: IZARD (D.), FERRAGUT (C.), GAVINI (F.), KERSTERS (K.), DE LEY (J.) and LECLERC (H.): Klebsiella terrigena, a new species from soil and water. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 116-127.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Izard et al. 1981, the type strain CIP 80.7 is cited as CIP 80-07 (sic).

¤ Raoultella terrigena (Izard et al. 1981) Drancourt et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Klebsiella trevisanii Ferragut et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gavini K70 = ATCC 33558= CIP 81.36 = CUETM 78-120 = DSM 2688 = HAMBI 1303 = LMG 3072.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF129444.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. trevisanii, of Trevisan, named after V. Trevisan, who originally named and described the genus Klebsiella.
Valid publication: FERRAGUT (C.), IZARD (D.), GAVINI (F.), KERSTERS (K.), DE LEY (J.) and LECLERC (H.): Klebsiella trevisanii: a new species from water and soil. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 133-142.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Klebsiella planticola Bagley et al. 1982.

Note: According to Gavini et al. 1986, Klebsiella trevisanii Ferragut et al. 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella planticola Bagley et al. 1982.
Reference: GAVINI (F.), IZARD (D.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), BEJI (A.), AGERON (E.) and LECLERC (H.): Priority of Klebsiella planticola Bagley, Seidler, and Brenner 1982 over Klebsiella trevisanii Ferragut, Izard, Gavini, Kersters, De Ley, and Leclerc 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 486-488.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Raoultella planticola (Bagley et al. 1982) Drancourt et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Klebsiella variicola Rosenblueth et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F2R9 = ATCC BAA-830 = CFNE 2004 = DSM 15968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ783916.
Etymology: L. adj. varius, different, differing, various; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. variicola, inhabitant of different places.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632.
Effective publication: ROSENBLUETH (M.), MARTÍNEZ (L.), SILVA (J.) and MARTÍNEZ-ROMERO (E.): Klebsiella variicola, a novel species with clinical and plant-associated isolates. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 27-35.
Validation List no. 97 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Brisse et al. (2014), Klebsiella variicola is a senior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella singaporensis.
Reference: BRISSE, S., PASSET, V. and GRIMONT, P. A. D. 2014. Description of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae sp. nov., isolated from human infections, with two subspecies, Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae subsp. nov. and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae subsp. nov., and demonstration that Klebsiella singaporensis is a junior heterotypic synonym of Klebsiella variicola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3146-3152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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