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Genus Halothiobacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Halothiobacillus Kelly and Wood 2000, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Halothiobacillaceae Kelly and Wood 2005).
Type species: ¤ Halothiobacillus neapolitanus (Parker 1957) Kelly and Wood 2000.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Halothiobacillus, salt-loving sulfur rodlet.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Halothiobacillus Kelly and Wood 2000 emend. Sievert et al. 2000.
Type species: ¤ Halothiobacillus neapolitanus (Parker 1957) Kelly and Wood 2000.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Halothiobacillus, salt-loving sulfur rodlet.
Reference: SIEVERT (S.M.), HEIDORN (T.) and KUEVER (J.): Halothiobacillus kellyi sp. nov., a mesophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a shallow-water hydrothermal vent in the Aegean Sea, and emended description of the genus Halothiobacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1229-1237.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halothiobacillus halophilus (Wood and Kelly 1995) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49870= DSM 6132.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U58020.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus halophilus Wood and Kelly 1995.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halothiobacillus hydrothermalis (Durand et al. 1997) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R3 = ATCC 51453= DSM 7121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M90662.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus hydrothermalis Durand et al. 1997.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hydrothermalis, hydrothermal, pertaining to a hydrothermal vent in the North Fiji basin.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halothiobacillus kellyi Sievert et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Milos-BII1 = DSM 13162.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF170419.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kellyi, of Kelly; named after Donovan P. Kelly, a British microbiologist who has made important contributions to research on sulfur-oxidizing bacteria and their physiology.
Valid publication: SIEVERT (S.M.), HEIDORN (T.) and KUEVER (J.): Halothiobacillus kellyi sp. nov., a mesophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a shallow-water hydrothermal vent in the Aegean Sea, and emended description of the genus Halothiobacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1229-1237.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halothiobacillus neapolitanus (Parker 1957) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Parker strain X = CIP 104769 = DSM 15147 = NCIMB 8539.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175334.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus neapolitanus Parker 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Thiobacillus X" Parker and Prisk 1953.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. neapolitanus, Neapolitan; pertaining to the seawater at Naples from which this species was probably first isolated by Nathansohn in 1902.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Kelly and Wood 2000, the type strain is erroneously cited as DSM 581.
References:
1 KRACHT (M.): Personal communication (April 26, 2003).
2 Erratum in the IJSEM Online.

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