Genus Halorubrum

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 27
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Halorubrum saccharovorum (Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977) McGenity and Grant 1996.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Hrr. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. neut. adj. rubrum, red; N.L. neut. n. Halorubrum salt (-requiring) and red.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [McGENITY (T.J.) and GRANT (W.D.): Transfer of Halobacterium saccharovorum, Halobacterium sodomense, Halobacterium trapanicum NRC 34041 and Halobacterium lacusprofundi to the genus Halorubrum gen. nov., as Halorubrum saccharovorum comb. nov., Halorubrum sodomense comb. nov., Halorubrum trapanicum comb. nov., and Halorubrum lacusprofundi comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 237-243.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996 is an earlier synonym of ¤ Halorubrobacterium Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996.
References:
1 LISTS EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 57 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format)
2 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996 emend. Oren et al. 2009.
Type species: ¤ Halorubrum saccharovorum (Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977) McGenity and Grant 1996.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Hrr. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. neut. adj. rubrum, red; N.L. neut. n. Halorubrum salt (-requiring) and red.
Reference: OREN (A.), ARAHAL (D.R.) and VENTOSA (A.): Emended descriptions of genera of the family Halobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 637-642.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum aidingense Cui et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 31-hong = CGMCC 1.2670 = JCM 13560.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ355813.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. aidingense, from Aiding salt lake in China, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: CUI (H.L.), TOHTY (D.), ZHOU (P.J.) and LIU (S.J.): Halorubrum lipolyticum sp. nov. and Halorubrum aidingense sp. nov., isolated from two salt lakes in Xin-Jiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1631-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum alkaliphilum Feng et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DZ-1 = AS 1.3528 = JCM 12358.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY510708.
Etymology: Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), loving; N.L. neut. adj. alkaliphilum, loving alkaline conditions.
Reference: FENG (J.), ZHOU (P.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (S.J.) and WARREN-RHODES (K.): Halorubrum alkaliphilum sp. nov., a novel haloalkaliphile isolated from a soda lake in Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 149-152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum aquaticum Gutiérrez et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EN-2 = CECT 7174 = CGMCC 1.6377 = JCM 14031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM268115.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquaticum, living, growing or found in or by water, aquatic.
Reference: GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.), CASTILLO (A.M.), CORRAL (P.), KAMEKURA (M.) and VENTOSA (A.): Halorubrum aquaticum sp. nov., an archaeon isolated from hypersaline lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1144-1148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum arcis Xu et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AJ201 = CGMCC 1.5343 = JCM 13916.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ355793.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arcis, of a height, summit or peak, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a saline lake on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Reference: XU (X.W.), WU (Y.H.), ZHANG (H.B.) and WU (M.): Halorubrum arcis sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a saline lake on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1069-1072.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum californiense Pesenti et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SF3-213 = CECT 7256 = DSM 19288 = JCM 14715.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF139654.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. californiense, pertaining to California, USA, where the strain was isolated from a solar saltern.
Reference: PESENTI (P.T.), SIKAROODI (M.), GILLEVET (P.M.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), VENTOSA (A.) and LITCHFIELD (C.D.): Halorubrum californiense sp. nov., an extreme archaeal halophile isolated from a crystallizer pond at a solar salt plant in California, USA. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2710-2715.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum chaoviator Mancinelli et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Halo-G* = ATCC BAA-1602 = DSM 19316 = NCIMB 14426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM048786.
Etymology: Gr. n. chaos, empty space, the void; L. n. viator, traveller; N.L. n. chaoviator (nominative in apposition), the traveller of the void, referring to the exposure of the type strain to conditions of outer space in the Biopan facility.
Reference: MANCINELLI (R.L.), LANDHEIM (R.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), DORNMAYR-PFAFFENHUEMER (M.), GRUBER (C.), LEGAT (A.), VENTOSA (A.), RADAX (C.), IHARA (K.), WHITE (M.R.) and STAN-LOTTER (H.): Halorubrum chaoviator sp. nov., a haloarchaeon isolated from sea salt in Baja California, Mexico, Western Australia and Naxos, Greece. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1908-1913.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum cibi Roh and Bae 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: strain B31 = DSM 19504 = JCM 15757 = KCTC 4026.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF077639.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cibi, of food.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 129. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2129-2130 [ROH (S.W.) and BAE (J.W.): Halorubrum cibi sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from salt-fermented seafood. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 162-166.]
Validation List no. 129 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The accession number KCTC 4026 has been provided at the time of request for valid publication of the name.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 129 (footnote ¦). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2129-2130.
Validation List no. 129 in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum coriense (Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996) Oren and Ventosa 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ch2 = ACM 3911 = CIP 105331 = DSM 10284 = JCM 9275.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L00922.
Basonym: ¤ Halorubrobacterium coriense corrig. Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. coriense, pertaining to Corio, a saltern along Corio Bay, Geelong, Australia, where the organism was originally isolated.
Reference: OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The name Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996 has priority over the name Halorubrobacterium Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996 and therefore Halorubrobacterium coriense should read Halorubrum coriense.
References:
1 LISTS EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 57 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format)
2 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum distributum (Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989) Oren and Ventosa 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1m = ATCC 51197 = CIP 105238 = JCM 9100 = JCM 10118 = VKM B-1733.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D63572.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium distributum corrig. Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989.
Other synonym: ¤ Halorubrobacterium distributum (Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989) Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996.
Etymology: L. neut. part. adj. distributum, distributed (widely).
Reference: OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The taxon Halobacterium distributum corrig. Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989 has been transferred in the genus Halorubrobacterium Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996 as Halorubrobacterium distributum (Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989) Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996, comb. nov. However, Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996 has priority over Halorubrobacterium Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996 and therefore Halorubrobacterium distributum should read Halorubrum distributum.
References:
1 LISTS EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 57 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format)
2 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Oren and Ventosa 1996, Halorubrum distributum is cited as Halorubrum distributum (Kostrikina et al. 1990) (sic), comb. nov.
3 Some confusions exist on the type strain of Halorubrum distributum (Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989) Oren and Ventosa 1996. The type strain should remain VKM B-1739 = 1m = JCM 9100 which was derived from VKM B-1733.
Reference: OREN (A.), KAMEKURA (M.) and VENTOSA (A.): Confirmation of strain VKM B-1733 as the type strain of Halorubrum distributum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 231-232.
Original article in IJSB Online

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Halorubrum ejinorense Castillo et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EJ-32 = CECT 7194 = CGMCC 1.6782 = JCM 14265.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM491830.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ejinorense, of Ejinor, referring to the isolation of the organism from the saline Lake Ejinor, in Inner Mongolia, China.
Reference: CASTILLO (A.M.), GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.), KAMEKURA (M.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.), COWAN (D.A.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and VENTOSA (A.): Halorubrum ejinorense sp. nov., isolated from Lake Ejinor, Inner Mongolia, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2538-2542.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum ezzemoulense Kharroub et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5.1 = CECT 7099 = DSM 17463.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ118426.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ezzemoulense, pertaining to Ezzemoul sabkha, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KHARROUB (K.), QUESADA (T.), FERRER (R.), FUENTES (S.), AGUILERA (M.), BOULAHROUF (A.), RAMOS-CORMENZANA (A.) and MONTEOLIVA-SÁNCHEZ (M.): Halorubrum ezzemoulense sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from Ezzemoul sabkha, Algeria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1583-1588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum halophilum Yim et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B8=CECT 8278=JCM 18963.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF848218.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: -.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: YIM, K. J., CHA, I.-T., LEE, H.-W., SONG, H. S., KIM, K.-N., LEE, S.-J., NAM, Y.-D., HYUN, D.-W., BAE, J.-W., RHEE, S.-K., SEO, M.-J., CHOI, J.-S., CHOI, H.-J., ROH, S. W. and KIM, D. 2014. Halorubrum halophilum sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a salt-fermented seafood. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 105, 603-612.
Effective publication Online

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Halorubrum kocurii Gutiérrez et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BG-1 = CECT 7322 = CGMCC 1.7018 = JCM 14978.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM900832.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kocurii, of Kocur, named for the Czech microbiologist M. Kocur, a pioneer in the study of halophilic archaea and bacteria.
Reference: GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.), CASTILLO (A.M.), PAGALING (E.), HEAPHY (S.), KAMEKURA (M.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.), COWAN (D.A.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and VENTOSA (A.): Halorubrum kocurii sp. nov., an archaeon isolated from a saline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2031-2035.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum lacusprofundi (Franzmann et al. 1989) McGenity and Grant 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACAM 34 = ATCC 49239 = CIP 105334 = DSM 5036 = JCM 8891 = UQM 3107 = VKM B-1753.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U17365, CP001365 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium lacusprofundi Franzmann et al. 1989.
Etymology: L. n. lacus, lake; L. masc. adj. profundus, deep; N.L. gen. n. lacusprofundi, of the deep lake, referring to Deep Lake, Antarctica, where the organism was originally isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [McGENITY (T.J.) and GRANT (W.D.): Transfer of Halobacterium saccharovorum, Halobacterium sodomense, Halobacterium trapanicum NRC 34041 and Halobacterium lacusprofundi to the genus Halorubrum gen. nov., as Halorubrum saccharovorum comb. nov., Halorubrum sodomense comb. nov., Halorubrum trapanicum comb. nov., and Halorubrum lacusprofundi comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 237-243.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Halorubrum lacusprofundi (Franzmann et al. 1989) McGenity and Grant 1996 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Halorubrobacterium lacusprofundi (Franzmann et al. 1989) Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996.
References:
1 LISTS EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 57 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format)
2 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum lipolyticum Cui et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 9-3 = CGMCC 1.5332 = JCM 13559.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ355814.
Etymology: Gr. n. lipos, fat; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. lipolyticum, fat-dissolving, referring to the property of being able to hydrolyse lipids.
Reference: CUI (H.L.), TOHTY (D.), ZHOU (P.J.) and LIU (S.J.): Halorubrum lipolyticum sp. nov. and Halorubrum aidingense sp. nov., isolated from two salt lakes in Xin-Jiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1631-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum litoreum Cui et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Fa-1 = CGMCC 1.5336 = JCM 13561.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF028067.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. litoreum, of or belonging to, the seashore.
Reference: CUI (H.L.), LIN (Z.Y.), DONG (Y.), ZHOU (P.J.) and LIU (S.J.): Halorubrum litoreum sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from a solar saltern. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2204-2206.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum luteum Hu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CGSA15 = CECT 7303 = CGMCC 1.6783.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ987877.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luteum, orange coloured.
Reference: HU (L.), PAN (H.), XUE (Y.), VENTOSA (A.), COWAN (D.A.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and MA (Y.): Halorubrum luteum sp. nov., isolated from Lake Chagannor, Inner Mongolia, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1705-1708.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum orientale Castillo et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EJ-52 = CECT 7145 = CGMCC 1.6295 = JCM 13889.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM235786.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. orientale, of or belonging to the East, eastern, pertaining to the isolation of the type strain from China.
Reference: CASTILLO (A.M.), GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.), KAMEKURA (M.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.), COWAN (D.A.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and VENTOSA (A.): Halorubrum orientale sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from Lake Ejinor, Inner Mongolia, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2559-2563.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum rubrum Qiu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YC87=CGMCC 1.12124=JCM 18365.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ237124.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. rubrum, red.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: QIU, X.-X., ZHAO, M.-L., HAN, D., ZHANG, W.-J. and CUI, H.-L. 2014. Halorubrum rubrum sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from a Chinese salt lake. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 104, 885-891.
Effective publication Online

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Halorubrum saccharovorum (Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977) McGenity and Grant 1996, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M6 = ATCC 29252 = CIP 105329 = DSM 1137 = IFO (now NBRC) 14717 = JCM 8865 = NCIMB 2081 = VKM B-1747.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U17364.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium saccharovorum Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; L. v. voro, to devour; N.L. neut. adj. saccharovorum, sugar-devouring.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [McGENITY (T.J.) and GRANT (W.D.): Transfer of Halobacterium saccharovorum, Halobacterium sodomense, Halobacterium trapanicum NRC 34041 and Halobacterium lacusprofundi to the genus Halorubrum gen. nov., as Halorubrum saccharovorum comb. nov., Halorubrum sodomense comb. nov., Halorubrum trapanicum comb. nov., and Halorubrum lacusprofundi comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 237-243.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Halorubrum saccharovorum (Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977) McGenity and Grant 1996 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Halorubrobacterium saccharovorum (Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977) Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996.
References:
1 LISTS EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 57 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format)
2 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum sodomense (Oren 1983) McGenity and Grant 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RD-26 = ATCC 33755 = CIP 105330 = DSM 3755 = IFO (now NBRC) 14740 = JCM 8880 = NCIMB 2197 = VKM B-1771.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13379.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium sodomense Oren 1983.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. sodomense, pertaining to Sodom, near the Dead Sea, where the organism was originally isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [McGENITY (T.J.) and GRANT (W.D.): Transfer of Halobacterium saccharovorum, Halobacterium sodomense, Halobacterium trapanicum NRC 34041 and Halobacterium lacusprofundi to the genus Halorubrum gen. nov., as Halorubrum saccharovorum comb. nov., Halorubrum sodomense comb. nov., Halorubrum trapanicum comb. nov., and Halorubrum lacusprofundi comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 237-243.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Halorubrum sodomense (Oren 1983) McGenity and Grant 1996 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Halorubrobacterium sodomense (Oren 1983) Kamekura and Dyall-Smith 1996.
References:
1 LISTS EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 57 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626.
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format)
2 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): A proposal for the transfer of Halorubrobacterium distributum and Halorubrobacterium coriense to the genus Halorubrum as Halorubrum distributum comb. nov. and Halorubrum coriense comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum tebenquichense Lizama et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ALT6-92 = CECT 5317 = DSM 14210 = JCM 12290.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR870448.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. tebenquichense, of the Tebenquiche, the hypersaline lake of Atacama Saltern.
Reference: LIZAMA (C.), MONTEOLIVA-SÁNCHEZ (M.), SUÁREZ-GARCÍA (A.), ROSELLÓ-MORA (R.), AGUILERA (M.), CAMPOS (V.) and RAMOS-CORMENZANA (A.): Halorubrum tebenquichense sp. nov., a novel halophilic archaeon isolated from the Atacama Saltern, Chile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 149-155.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum terrestre Ventosa et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4p = JCM 10247 = VKM B-1739.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB090169.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. terrestre, of or belonging to the earth or to the land, terrestrial.
Reference: VENTOSA (A.), GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.), KAMEKURA (M.), ZVYAGINTSEVA (I.S.) and OREN (A.): Taxonomic study of Halorubrum distributum and proposal of Halorubrum terrestre sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 389-392.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum tibetense Fan et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 8W8 = AS 1.3239 = JCM 11889.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY149598.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. tibetense, from Tibet.
Reference: FAN (H.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.), VENTOSA (A.) and GRANT (W.D.): Halorubrum tibetense sp. nov., a novel haloalkaliphilic archaeon from Lake Zabuye in Tibet, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1213-1216.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum trapanicum (Petter 1931) McGenity and Grant 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCCB 71076 = NRC 34021 = VKM B-2026.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82168.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium trapanicum (Petter 1931) Elazari-Volcani 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. trapanicum, pertaining to Trapani, Sicily, the site of the salt from which the organism was originally isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [McGENITY (T.J.) and GRANT (W.D.): Transfer of Halobacterium saccharovorum, Halobacterium sodomense, Halobacterium trapanicum NRC 34021 and Halobacterium lacusprofundi to the genus Halorubrum gen. nov., as Halorubrum saccharovorum comb. nov., Halorubrum sodomense comb. nov., Halorubrum trapanicum comb. nov., and Halorubrum lacusprofundi comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 237-243.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Halorubrum trapanicum (Petter 1931) McGenity and Grant 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCIMB 13488 = JCM 10477.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB663424.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium trapanicum (Petter 1931) Elazari-Volcani 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. trapanicum, pertaining to Trapani, Sicily, the site of the salt from which the organism was originally isolated.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.): Strain NCIMB 13488 may serve as the type strain of Halorubrum trapanicum. Opinion 74. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 933.
Opinion 74 in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain NRC 34021 is no longer available. Strains from three culture collections, supposedly derived from the original strain isolated by Petter (1931), are all different [1, 2]. Strain JCM 8979 is phylogenetically and morphologically like Halococcus sp. Strain ATCC 43102 is also a coccus. Strain NCMB (now NCIMB) 767 is phylogenetically related to the genus Natrinema. The strain deposited as NRC 34021 survives only in the laboratory of W.D. Grant [1]. This strain has been deposited in the National Collection of Industrial and Marine Bacteria as strain NCIMB 13488 [1]. In a Request for an Opinion, Grant et al. 1998 [1] proposed strain NCIMB 13488 as the neotype strain of Halorubrum trapanicum. As strain NCIMB 13488 is derived from the original type NRC 34021, strain NCIMB 13488 can be regarded as a subculture of the original type and is hence not a neotype [3, 4]. So, strain NCIMB 13488 may serve as the type strain of Halorubrum trapanicum (Petter 1931) McGenity and Grant 1996 [5].
References:
1 GRANT (W.D.), OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): Proposal of strain NCIMB 13488 as neotype of Halorubrum trapanicum. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1077-1078.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 McGENITY (T.J.) and GRANT (W.D.): Genus VII. Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996, 362VP (Effective publication: McGenity and Grant 1995, 241). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 320-324.
3 OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Halobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 16 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1405-1407.
Original article by Oren and Ventosa 2000 in IJSEM Online
4 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article by De Vos and Trüper 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
5 TRÜPER (H.G.): Strain NCIMB 13488 may serve as the type strain of Halorubrum trapanicum. Opinion 74. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 933.
Opinion 74 in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum vacuolatum (Mwatha and Grant 1993) Kamekura et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M24 = CIP 104547 = DSM 8800 = JCM 9060 = NCIMB 13189.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D87972.
Basonym: ¤ Natronobacterium vacuolatum corrig. Mwatha and Grant 1993.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. vacuolatum, vacuolate (containing gas vacuoles).
Reference: KAMEKURA (M.), DYALL-SMITH (M.L.), UPASANI (V.), VENTOSA (A.) and KATES (M.): Diversity of alkaliphilic halobacteria: proposals for transfer of Natronobacterium vacuolatum, Natronobacterium magadii, and Natronobacterium pharaonis to Halorubrum, Natrialba, and Natronomonas gen. nov., respectively, as Halorubrum vacuolatum comb. nov., Natrialba magadii comb. nov., and Natronomonas pharaonis comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 853-857.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorubrum xinjiangense Feng et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BD-1 = AS 1.3527 = JCM 12388.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY510707.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. xinjiangense, pertaining to Xinjiang, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: FENG (J.), ZHOU (P.J.) and LIU (S.J.): Halorubrum xinjiangense sp. nov., a novel halophile isolated from saline lakes in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1789-1791.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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