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Genus Halorhodospira

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Halorhodospira Imhoff and Süling 1997, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Halorhodospira halophila (Raymond and Sistrom 1969) Imhoff and Süling 1997.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Hlr. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. n. rhodon, the rose; L. fem. n. spira, the spiral; N.L. fem. n. Halorhodospira, the spiral rose from salt lakes.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 62. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 915-916.
Effective publication: IMHOFF (J.F.) and SÜLING (J.): The phylogenetic relationship among Ectothiorhodospiraceae: a reevaluation of their taxonomy on the basis of 16S rDNA analyses. Arch. Microbiol., 1996, 165, 106-113.
Validation List no. 62 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Halorhodospira Imhoff and Süling 1997 emend. Hirschler-Réa et al. 2003.
Type species: ¤ Halorhodospira halophila (Raymond and Sistrom 1969) Imhoff and Süling 1997.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Hlr. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. n. rhodon, the rose; L. fem. n. spira, the spiral; N.L. fem. n. Halorhodospira, the spiral rose from salt lakes.
Reference: HIRSCHLER-RÉA (A.), MATHERON (R.), RIFFAUD (C.), MOUNÉ (S.), EATOCK (C.), HERBERT (R.A.), WILLISON (J.C.) and CAUMETTE (P.): Isolation and characterization of spirilloid purple phototrophic bacteria forming red layers in microbial mats of Mediterranean salterns: description of Halorhodospira neutriphila sp. nov. and emendation of the genus Halorhodospira. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 153-163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halorhodospira abdelmalekii (Imhoff and Trüper 1982) Imhoff and Süling 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BN 9840 = ATCC 35917= DSM 2110.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93477.
Basonym: ¤ Ectothiorhodospira abdelmalekii Imhoff and Trüper 1982.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. abdelmalekii, of Abd-El-Malek, named for Yousef Abd-El-Malek, an Egyptian microbiologist.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 62. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 915-916.
Effective publication: IMHOFF (J.F.) and SÜLING (J.): The phylogenetic relationship among Ectothiorhodospiraceae: a reevaluation of their taxonomy on the basis of 16S rDNA analyses. Arch. Microbiol., 1996, 165, 106-113.
Validation List no. 62 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Halorhodospira halochloris (Imhoff and Trüper 1979) Imhoff and Süling 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BN 9850 = ATCC 35916= DSM 1059.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749892.
Basonym: ¤ Ectothiorhodospira halochloris Imhoff and Trüper 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. adj. chlôros, green;  N.L. fem. adj. halochloris, green-colored and from salt lakes.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 62. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 915-916.
Effective publication: IMHOFF (J.F.) and SÜLING (J.): The phylogenetic relationship among Ectothiorhodospiraceae: a reevaluation of their taxonomy on the basis of 16S rDNA analyses. Arch. Microbiol., 1996, 165, 106-113.
Validation List no. 62 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Halorhodospira halophila (Raymond and Sistrom 1969) Imhoff and Süling 1997, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SL 1 = DSM 244.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000544 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Ectothiorhodospira halophila Raymond and Sistrom 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. halophila, salt-loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 62. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 915-916.
Effective publication: IMHOFF (J.F.) and SÜLING (J.): The phylogenetic relationship among Ectothiorhodospiraceae: a reevaluation of their taxonomy on the basis of 16S rDNA analyses. Arch. Microbiol., 1996, 165, 106-113.
Validation List no. 62 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Halorhodospira neutriphila Hirschler-Réa et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SG 3301 = DSM 15116 = JCM 17835.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ318525.
Etymology: L. adj. neutralis, neutral; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. adj. neutriphila, preferring neutral pH.
Valid publication: HIRSCHLER-RÉA (A.), MATHERON (R.), RIFFAUD (C.), MOUNÉ (S.), EATOCK (C.), HERBERT (R.A.), WILLISON (J.C.) and CAUMETTE (P.): Isolation and characterization of spirilloid purple phototrophic bacteria forming red layers in microbial mats of Mediterranean salterns: description of Halorhodospira neutriphila sp. nov. and emendation of the genus Halorhodospira. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 153-163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 At the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries, and Halorhodospira neutriphila Hirschler-Réa et al. 2003 was not validly published [Rules 27(3) and 30]. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Halorhodospira neutriphila Hirschler-Réa et al. 2003 is now considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

2 The etymology of the first compound of the specific epithet should be L. adj. neuter -tra -trum (neuter), not L. adj. neutralis -e (neuter) as cited by Hirschler-Réa et al. 2003.

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