Genus Halococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Halococcus Schoop 1935, genus.
Type species: ¤ Halococcus morrhuae (Farlow 1880) Kocur and Hodgkiss 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: Not "Halococcus" Sturges and Heideman 1924, not "Halococcus" Hayashi et al. 1966.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Hcc. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, the sea, salt; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos a berry), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Halococcus salt (-requiring) coccus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHOOP (G.): Halococcus litoralis, ein obligat halphiler Farbstoffbildner. Deutsche Tierarztsliche Wochenschrift, 1935, 43, 817-820.]

Halococcus Schoop 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Oren et al. 2009.
Type species: ¤ Halococcus morrhuae (Farlow 1880) Kocur and Hodgkiss 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: Not "Halococcus" Sturges and Heideman 1924, not "Halococcus" Hayashi et al. 1966.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Hcc. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, the sea, salt; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos a berry), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Halococcus salt (-requiring) coccus.
Reference: OREN (A.), ARAHAL (D.R.) and VENTOSA (A.): Emended descriptions of genera of the family Halobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 637-642.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halococcus dombrowskii Stan-Lotter et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H4 = ATCC BAA-364 = DSM 14522 = JCM 12289 = NCIMB 13803.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ420376.
Etymology: L. gen. masc. n. dombrowskii, of Dombrowski, referring to Heinz J. Dombrowski, a pioneer in the isolation of micro-organisms from very ancient materials.
Reference: STAN-LOTTER (H.), PFAFFENHUEMER (M.), LEGAT (A.), BUSSE (H.J.), RADAX (C.) and GRUBER (C.): Halococcus dombrowskii sp. nov., an archaeal isolate from a Permian alpine salt deposit. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1807-1814.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a N.L. gen. n., not a L. masc. adj. as cited in the paper by Stan-Lotter et al. 2002.

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Halococcus hamelinensis Goh et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 100A6 = ACM 5227 = JCM 12892.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ017835.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hamelinensis, pertaining to Hamelin Pool, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GOH (F.), LEUKO (S.), ALLEN (M.A.), BOWMAN (J.P.), KAMEKURA (M.), NEILAN (B.A.) and BURNS (B.P.): Halococcus hamelinensis sp. nov., a novel halophilic archaeon isolated from stromatolites in Shark Bay, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1323-1329.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halococcus morrhuae (Farlow 1880) Kocur and Hodgkiss 1973, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 17082 = DSM 1307 = IFO (now NBRC) 14719 = JCM 8876 = VKM B-1772.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D11106.
Synonyms: "Sarcina litoralis" Poulsen 1879, "Sarcina morrhuae" Farlow 1880, "Micrococcus litoralis" (Poulsen 1879) Kellerman 1915, "Micrococcus morrhuae" (Farlow 1880) Klebahn 1919, "Halococcus litoralis" (Poulsen 1879) Schoop 1935, not "Sarcina litoralis" (Oersted 1841) Winter 1884.
Etymology: N.L. n. morrhua, morrhua, the specific epithet of the codfish, Gadus morhua L. (often misspelled morrhua); N.L. gen. n. morrhuae, of the codfish.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 FARLOW (W.G.): On the nature of the peculiar reddening of salted codfish during the summer season. United States Fisheries Commission Report for 1878, 1880, 969-974. 2 KOCUR (M.) and HODGKISS (W.): Taxonomic status of the genus Halococcus Schoop. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 151-156.]

Note: In the first edition of the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology [1] and in the second edition of the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology [2], the description of Halococcus morrhuae was attributed to Klebahn 1919 as Halococcus morrhuae (Klebahn 1919) Kocur and Hodgkiss 1973. Although Klebahn (1919) was probably the first to adequately describe this group of organisms, he did not propose a new species [2].
References:
1 LARSEN (H.): Genus IV. Halococcus Schoop 1935, 817AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2228-2230.
2 GRANT (W.D.): Genus IV. Halococcus Schoop 1935a, 817AL. In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 311-314.

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Halococcus qingdaonensis Wang et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CM5 = CGMCC 1.4243 = JCM 13587.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY243109.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. qingdaonensis, pertaining to Qingdao, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WANG (Q.F.), LI (W.), YANG (H.), LIU (Y.L.), CAO (H.H.), DORNMAYR-PFAFFENHUEMER (M.), STAN-LOTTER (H.) and GUO (G.Q.): Halococcus qingdaonensis sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from a crude sea-salt sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 600-604.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halococcus saccharolyticus Montero et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P-423 = ATCC 49257 = DSM 5350 = CCM 4147 = JCM 8878 = VKM B-1770.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004876.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, producing lysis of sugar.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106. [MONTERO (C.G.), VENTOSA (A.), RODRIGUEZ-VALERA (F.), KATES (M.), MOLDOVEANU (N.) and RUIZ-BERRAQUERO (F.): Halococcus saccharolyticus sp. nov., a new species of extremely halophilic non-alkaliphilic cocci. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 12, 167-171.]
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Halococcus salifodinae Denner et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Blp = ATCC 51437 = DSM 8989 = JCM 9578 = VKM B-2108.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004877.
Etymology: L. gen. n. salifodinae, of a salt mine, referring to the source of the isolate.
Reference: DENNER (E.B.M.), McGENITY (T.J.), BUSSE (H.J.), GRANT (W.D.), WANNER (G.) and STAN-LOTTER (H.): Halococcus salifodinae sp. nov., an archaeal isolate from an Austrian salt mine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 774-780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halococcus sediminicola Yim et Al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBA1101=CECT 8275=JCM 18965.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX989265.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: YIM, K. J., CHA, I.-T., WHON, T. W., LEE, H.-W., SONG, H. S., KIM, K.-N., NAM, Y.-D., LEE, S.-J., BAE, J.-W., RHEE, S.-K., CHOI, J.-S., SEO, M.-J., ROH, S. W. and KIM, D. 2014. Halococcus sediminicola sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a marine sediment. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 105, 73-79.
Effective publication Online

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Halococcus thailandensis Namwong et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HDB5-2 = BCC 20213 = JCM 13552 = PCU 278.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB220647.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thailandensis, pertaining to Thailand, where the first strains were isolated.
Reference: NAMWONG (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), VISESSANGUAN (W.), KUDO (T.) and ITOH (T.): Halococcus thailandensis sp. nov., from fish sauce in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2199-2203.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halococcus turkmenicus Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4k = ATCC 51198 = CIP 106419 = DSM 5511 = JCM 9101 = NCIMB 13204 = VKM B-1734.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004878.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. turkmenicus, of Turkmen (Turkmenistan), from where the bacterium was originally isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [ZVYAGINTSEVA (I.S.) and TARASOV (A.L.): Extreme halophilic bacteria from saline soils. Mikrobiologiya, 1987, 56, 839-844.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

¤ Haloterrigena turkmenica (Zvyagintseva and Tarasov 1989) Ventosa et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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