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Genus Haloarcula

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 10
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Haloarcula Torreblanca et al. 1986, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Haloarcula vallismortis (González et al. 1979) Torreblanca et al. 1986.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Har. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, the sea, salt; L. fem. n. arcula, small box; N.L. fem. n. Haloarcula, salt (-requiring) small box.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: TORREBLANCA (M.), RODRIGUEZ-VALERA (F.), JUEZ (G.), VENTOSA (A.), KAMEKURA (M.) and KATES (M.): Classification of non-alkaliphilic halobacteria based on numerical taxonomy and polar lipid composition, and description of Haloarcula gen. nov. and Haloferax gen. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1986, 8, 89-99.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Javor et al. [1] proposed the name "Haloarcula" but this name was not validly published [2].
References:
1 JAVOR (B.), REQUADT (C.) and STOECKENIUS (W.): Box-shaped halophilic bacteria. J. Bacteriol., 1982, 151, 1532-1542.
Original article Online
2 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 22 (footnote e). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 576.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online

Haloarcula Torreblanca et al. 1986 emend. Oren et al. 2009.
Type species: ¤ Haloarcula vallismortis (González et al. 1979) Torreblanca et al. 1986.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Har. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, the sea, salt; L. fem. n. arcula, small box; N.L. fem. n. Haloarcula, salt (-requiring) small box.
Reference: OREN (A.), ARAHAL (D.R.) and VENTOSA (A.): Emended descriptions of genera of the family Halobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 637-642.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haloarcula amylolytica Yang et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BD-3 = CGMCC 1.5335 = JCM 13557.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA genes) for the type strain: DQ826512 (rrnA), DQ826513 (rrnB) and DQ854818 (rrnC).
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. fem. adj. amylolytica, producing lysis of starch.
Valid publication: YANG (Y.), CUI (H.L.), ZHOU (P.J.) and LIU (S.J.): Haloarcula amylolytica sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Aibi salt lake in Xin-Jiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 103-106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haloarcula argentinensis Ihara et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) arg-1 = ATCC 700875= CIP 105173 = DSM 12282 = JCM 9737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF645681.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. argentinensis, pertaining to Argentina, Argentinian.
Valid publication: IHARA (K.), WATANABE (S.) and TAMURA (T.): Haloarcula argentinensis sp. nov. and Haloarcula mukohataei sp. nov., two new extremely halophilic archaea collected in Argentina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 73-77.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haloarcula hispanica Juez et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y27 = ATCC 33960= DSM 4426 = JCM 8911 = NBRC 102182 = VKM B-1755.
Sequence accession no. for the type strain: AB090167 (16S rRNA gene), CP002921 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. hispanica, pertaining to Spain, Spanish
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: JUEZ (G.), RODRIGUEZ-VALERA (F.), VENTOSA (A.) and KUSHNER (D.J.): Haloarcula hispanica spec. nov. and Haloferax gibbonsii spec. nov., two new species of extremely halophilic archaebacteria. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1986, 8, 75-79.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Haloarcula japonica Takashina et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TR-1 = ATCC 49778= DSM 6131 = JCM 7785 = NBRC 101032 = VKM B-2009.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF645685.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. japonica, pertaining to Japan, Japanese
Valid publication: Validation List no. 36. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 178-179.
Effective publication: TAKASHINA (T.), HAMAMOTO (T.), OTOZAI (K.), GRANT (W.D.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Haloarcula japonica sp. nov., a new triangular halophilic archaebacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1990, 13, 177-181.
Validation List no. 36 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Haloarcula marismortui (ex Volcani 1940) Oren et al. 1990, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43049= CGMCC1.1784 = DSM 3752 = JCM 8966 = VKM B-1809.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF645693 (strain CGMCC1.1784, rrnB, complete sequence), AY596297 (strain ATCC 43049chromosome I, complete sequence).
Synonyms: "Halobacterium marismortui" Elazari-Volcani 1957, "Flavobacterium (Halobacterium) maris-mortui (sic)" Elazari-Volcani 1940.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; L. adj. mortuus -a -um, dead; N.L. gen. n. marismortui, of the Dead Sea.
Valid publication: OREN (A.), GINZBURG (M.), GINZBURG (B.Z.), HOCHSTEIN (L.I.) and VOLCANI (B.E.): Haloarcula marismortui (Volcani) sp. nov., nom. rev., an extremely halophilic bacterium from the Dead Sea. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 209-210.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In 1940, B. Elazari-Volcani described "Flavobacterium (Halobacterium) maris-mortui (sic)" (B. Elazari-Volcani, Studies on the microflora of the Dead Sea. Thesis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem, 1940, V and 48) [1]. Later this author dropped the "Elazari" from his family name and added the E. as an initial [2]. As co-author of the paper by Oren et al. 1990, he requested that his name be cited as Volcani [2]. Consequently, in the "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", Haloarcula marismortui is cited as Haloarcula marismortui (ex Volcani 1940) Oren et al. 1990.
References:
1 ELAZARI-VOLCANI (B.): Genus XII. Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani, 1940. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 207-212.
2 OREN (A.): Personal communication (December 11, 2004).

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Haloarcula mukohataei Ihara et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) arg-2 = ATCC 700874= CIP 105174 = DSM 12286 = JCM 9738 = NCIMB 13541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF645690, CP001688 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mukohataei, of Mukohata; named after Japanese biochemist and biophysicist Yasuo Mukohata.
Valid publication: IHARA (K.), WATANABE (S.) and TAMURA (T.): Haloarcula argentinensis sp. nov. and Haloarcula mukohataei sp. nov., two new extremely halophilic archaea collected in Argentina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 73-77.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The etymology of the specific epithet should be changed from N.L. adj. (sic) mukohataei to N.L. gen. n. mukohataei, of Yasuo Mukohata. The correct adjectival form would be mukohatana.
2 The species Haloarcula mukohataei Ihara et al. 1997 was placed in the genus Haloarcula Torreblanca et al. 1986 on the basis of the similarity of its 16S rRNA gene sequence to the 16S rRNA sequences of the other species of the genus. However, its different polar lipid composition as well as important differences in the 16S RNA signature bases could justify the transfer of this species to a new genus.
Reference: VENTOSA (A.): Genus II. Haloarcula Torreblanca, Rodriguez-Valera, Juez, Ventosa, Kamekura and Kates 1986b, 573VP (Effective publication: Torreblanca, Rodriguez-Valera, Juez, Ventosa, Kamekura and Kates 1986a, 98). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 305-309.

¤ Halomicrobium mukohataei (Ihara et al. 1997) Oren et al. 2002, comb. nov.

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Haloarcula quadrata Oren et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 801030/1 = ATCC 700850= DSM 11927 = JCM 11048.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB010964.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. quadrata, square.
Valid publication: OREN (A.), VENTOSA (A.), GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.) and KAMEKURA (M.): Haloarcula quadrata sp. nov., a square, motile archaeon isolated from a brine pool in Sinai (Egypt). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1149-1155.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haloarcula salaria Namwong et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HST01-2R = BCC 40029 = JCM 15759 = PCU 313.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ429317 (rrnA), and FJ429318 (rrnB).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. salaria, of or belonging to salt.
Valid publication: NAMWONG (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), KUDO (T.) and ITOH (T.): Haloarcula salaria sp. nov. and Haloarcula tradensis sp. nov., isolated from salt in Thai fish sauce. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 231-236.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haloarcula tradensis Namwong et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HST03 = BCC 40030 = JCM 15760 = PCU 314.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ429313 (rrnA), and FJ429316 (rrnB).
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. tradensis, of or belonging to Trad, the province in Thailand from where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: NAMWONG (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), KUDO (T.) and ITOH (T.): Haloarcula salaria sp. nov. and Haloarcula tradensis sp. nov., isolated from salt in Thai fish sauce. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 231-236.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haloarcula vallismortis (González et al. 1979) Torreblanca et al. 1986, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) J. F. 54 = ATCC 29715= DSM 3756 = IFO (now NBRC) 14741 = JCM 8877 = VKM B-1791.
Sequence accession nos (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain are: EF645687 and EF645688.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacterium vallismortis González et al. 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. gen. n. vallis, of the valley; L. gen. n. mortis, of death; N.L. gen. n. vallismortis, of the valley of death; named after Death Valley, California.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: TORREBLANCA (M.), RODRIGUEZ-VALERA (F.), JUEZ (G.), VENTOSA (A.), KAMEKURA (M.) and KATES (M.): Classification of non-alkaliphilic halobacteria based on numerical taxonomy and polar lipid composition, and description of Haloarcula gen. nov. and Haloferax gen. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1986, 8, 89-99.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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