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Genus Halanaerobium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 10
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Halanaerobium corrig. Zeikus et al. 1984, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Halanaerobiales corrig. Rainey and Zhilina 1995; type genus of the family ¤ Halanaerobiaceae corrig. Oren et al. 1984).
Type species: ¤ Halanaerobium praevalens corrig. Zeikus et al. 1984.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. pref. an-, not; Gr. n. aer, air; Gr. n. bios, life; N.L. neut. n. Halanaerobium, salt organism which grows in the absence of air.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: ZEIKUS (G.), HEGGE (P.W.), THOMPSON (T.E.), PHELPS (T.J.) and LANGWORTHY (T.A.): Isolation and description of Haloanaerobium praevalens gen. nov. and sp. nov., an obligately anaerobic halophile common to Great Salt Lake sediments. Curr. Microbiol., 1983, 9, 225-234.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Rainey et al. 1995, Halanaerobium is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Haloincola Zhilina et al. 1992.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOULYGINA (E.S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): The taxonomic study of the fermentative halophilic bacteria: description of Haloanaerobiales ord. nov., Halobacteroidaceae fam. nov., Orenia gen. nov. and further taxonomic rearrangements at the genus and species level. Anaerobe, 1995, 1, 185-199.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Halanaerobium acetethylicum corrig. (Rengpipat et al. 1989) Rainey et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EIGI = ATCC 43120= DSM 3532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X89071.
Basonym: ¤ Halobacteroides acetoethylicus Rengpipat et al. 1989.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; N.L. adj. ethylicus, pertaining to ethyl alcohol; N.L. neut. adj. acetoethylicum, intended to mean producing acetic acid and ethanol.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOULYGINA (E.S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): The taxonomic study of the fermentative halophilic bacteria: description of Haloanaerobiales ord. nov., Halobacteroidaceae fam. nov., Orenia gen. nov. and further taxonomic rearrangements at the genus and species level. Anaerobe, 1995, 1, 185-199.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet, acetoethylicum (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium alcaliphilum corrig. Tsai et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GSLS = DSM 8275.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81850.
Etymology: N.L. n. alcali (from Ar. al-qaliy), the soda ash; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. alcaliphilum, liking alkaline media.
Valid publication: TSAI (C.R.), GARCIA (J.L.), PATEL (B.K.C.), CAYOL (J.L.), BARESI (L.) and MAH (R.A.): Haloanaerobium alcaliphilum sp. nov., an anaerobic moderate halophile from the sediments of Great Salt Lake, Utah. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 301-307.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium congolense corrig. Ravot et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SEBR 4224 = DSM 11287.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U76632.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. congolense, pertaining to Congo, Central Africa.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Effective publication: RAVOT (G.), MAGOT (M.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), THOMAS (P.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Haloanaerobium congolense sp. nov., an anaerobic, moderately halophilic, thiosulfate- and sulfur-reducing bacterium from an African oil field. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1997, 147, 81-88.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium fermentans corrig. Kobayashi et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-9 = JCM 10494.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023308.
Etymology: L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting.
Valid publication: KOBAYASHI (T.), KIMURA (B.) and FUJII (T.): Haloanaerobium fermentans sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic, fermentative halophile isolated from fermented puffer fish ovaries. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1621-1627.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium kushneri corrig. Bhupathiraju et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VS-751 = ATCC 700103.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U86446.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kushneri, of Kushner, named after Donn J. Kushner, a Canadian microbiologist and author of children’s books.
Valid publication: BHUPATHIRAJU (V.K.), McINERNEY (M.J.), WOESE (C.R.) and TANNER (R.S.): Haloanaerobium kushneri sp. nov., an obligately halophilic, anaerobic bacterium from an oil brine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 953-960.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium lacusrosei corrig. Cayol et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H200 = ATCC 700560= CIP 105492 = DSM 10165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L39787.
Etymology: L. n. lacus, lake; L. adj. roseus, rose-colored; N.L. gen. n. lacusrosei, of Rose Colored Lake, another name for Retba Lake in Senegal.
Valid publication: CAYOL (J.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), PRENSIER (G.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Haloanaerobium lacusroseus sp. nov., an extremely halophilic fermentative bacterium from the sediments of a hypersaline lake. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 790-797.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet, lacusroseus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

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Halanaerobium praevalens corrig. Zeikus et al. 1984, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GSL = ATCC 33744= DSM 2228.
Sequence accession no. (complete genome) for the type strain: CP002175.
Etymology: L. part. adj. praevalens, very powerful, very strong, here prevalent.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504.
Effective publication: ZEIKUS (G.), HEGGE (P.W.), THOMPSON (T.E.), PHELPS (T.J.) and LANGWORTHY (T.A.): Isolation and description of Haloanaerobium praevalens gen. nov. and sp. nov., an obligately anaerobic halophile common to Great Salt Lake sediments. Curr. Microbiol., 1983, 9, 225-234.
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium saccharolyticum corrig. (Zhilina et al. 1992) Rainey et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-7787 = DSM 6643.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X89069.
Basonym: ¤ Haloincola saccharolyticus corrig. Zhilina et al. 1992.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. saccharolyticum, sugar-dissolving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOULYGINA (E.S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): The taxonomic study of the fermentative halophilic bacteria: description of Haloanaerobiales ord. nov., Halobacteroidaceae fam. nov., Orenia gen. nov. and further taxonomic rearrangements at the genus and species level. Anaerobe, 1995, 1, 185-199.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium saccharolyticum subsp. saccharolyticum corrig. (Zhilina et al. 1992) Rainey et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-7787 = DSM 6643.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X89069.
Basonym: ¤ Haloincola saccharolyticus subsp. saccharolyticus corrig. Zhilina et al. 1992.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. saccharolyticum, sugar-dissolving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOULYGINA (E.S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): The taxonomic study of the fermentative halophilic bacteria: description of Haloanaerobiales ord. nov., Halobacteroidaceae fam. nov., Orenia gen. nov. and further taxonomic rearrangements at the genus and species level. Anaerobe, 1995, 1, 185-199.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium saccharolyticum subsp. senegalense corrig. (Cayol et al. 1994) Rainey et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H150 = CIP 104784 = DSM 7379.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X89070.
Basonym: ¤ Haloincola saccharolyticus subsp. senegalensis corrig. Cayol et al. 1994.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. senegalense, pertaining to Senegal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOULYGINA (E.S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): The taxonomic study of the fermentative halophilic bacteria: description of Haloanaerobiales ord. nov., Halobacteroidaceae fam. nov., Orenia gen. nov. and further taxonomic rearrangements at the genus and species level. Anaerobe, 1995, 1, 185-199.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the subspecific epithet, senegalensis (sic), has been corrected by the Associate Editor, IJSB 1995.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 55 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium salsuginis corrig. Bhupathiraju et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VS-752 = ATCC 51327.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L22890.
Etymology: L. n. salsugo -inis, salt-water, brine; L. gen. n. salsuginis, of brine, referring to isolation of this strain from an oilfield brine.
Valid publication: BHUPATHIRAJU (V.K.), OREN (A.), SHARMA (P.K.), TANNER (R.S.), WOESE (C.R.) and McINERNEY (M.J.): Haloanaerobium salsugo sp. nov., a moderately halophilic, anaerobic bacterium from a subterranean brine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 565-572.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Haloanaerobium (sic), has been corrected by Oren 2000.
Reference: OREN (A.): Change of the names Haloanaerobiales, Haloanaerobiaceae and Haloanaerobium to Halanerobiales, Halanaerobiaceae and Halanaerobium, respectively, and further nomenclatural changes within the order Halanaerobiales. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2229-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet, salsugo (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Halanaerobium sehlinense Abdeljabbar et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1Sehel = 1Sehl = DSM 25582 = JCM 18213.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN381500.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. sehlinense, of or belonging to Sehline, the lake where the bacterium was recovered.
Valid publication: ABDELJABBAR (H.), CAYOL (J.L.), BEN HANIA (W.), BOUDABOUS (A.), SADFI (N.) and FARDEAU (M.L.): Halanaerobium sehlinense sp. nov., an extremely halophilic, fermentative, strictly anaerobic bacterium from sediments of the hypersaline lake Sehline Sebkha. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2069-2074.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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