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Genus Haemophilus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 23
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Haemophilus Winslow et al. 1917, genus. (Type genus of the tribe ¤ Haemophileae Castellani and Chalmers 1919 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Haemophilus influenzae (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Winslow et al. 1917 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. n. Haemophilus, blood-lover.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINSLOW (C.E.A.), BROADHURST (J.), BUCHANAN (R.E.), KRUMWIEDE Jr. (C.), ROGERS (L.A.) and SMITH (G.H.): The families and the genera of the bacteria. Preliminary report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on characterization and classification of bacterial types. Journal of Bacteriology, 1917, 2, 505-566.

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Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Potts et al. 1985, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33384= CCUG 13227 = CIP 52.106 = DSM 8324 = NCTC 9710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75039.
Basonym: ¤ Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Topley and Wilson 1929 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium actinomycetem comitans" Klinger 1912, "Bacterium acetinomycetum comitans" (sic) (Klinger 1912) Colebrook 1920, "Bacterium comitans" Lieske 1921.
Etymology: Gr. n. aktis -inos, a ray; Gr. n. mukês -êtos, mushroom or other fungus; N.L. n. actinomyces -etis, an actinomycete; L. part. adj. comitans, accompanying; N.L. part. adj. actinomycetemcomitans, accompanying an actinomycete.
Valid publication: POTTS (T.V.), ZAMBON (J.J.) and GENCO (R.J.): Reassignment of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans to the genus Haemophilus as Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 337-341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The inclusion of ¤ Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Topley and Wilson 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) in the genus Haemophilus Winslow et al. 1917 (Approved Lists 1980) as Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Potts et al. 1985 is not favoured by the subcommittee on Pasteurellaceae [1]. However, the statement 'is not favoured', nomenclaturally, does not affect the formal validity of the proposed transfer, and Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans and ¤ Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are both legitimate names for the same species. In 2006, Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian [2] transfer this taxon to the genus ¤ Aggregatibacter as ¤ Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Nørskov-lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov. (see below).
References:
1 ICSB, Subcommittee on Pasteurellaceae and related organisms: Minutes of the meetings, 6 and 10 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 474.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 NØRSKOV-LAURITSEN (N.) and KILIAN (M.): Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilus and Haemophilus segnis as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans gen. nov., comb. nov., Aggregatibacter aphrophilus comb. nov. and Aggregatibacter segnis comb. nov., and emended description of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus to include V factor-dependent and V factor-independent isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2135-2146.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Nørskov-lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov.

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Haemophilus aegyptius (Trevisan 1889) Pittman and Davis 1950, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11116= CCUG 25716 = CIP 52.129 = NCTC 8502.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362905.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aegyptius, Aegyptian.
Synonyms: "Bacillus aegyptius" Trevisan 1889, "Bacillus conjunctivitidis" Kruse 1896, "Bacterium conjunctivitis" (sic) Chester 1897, "Bacterium pseudo conjunctivitidis" (Kruse 1896) Chester 1897, "Bacterium aegyptiacum" Lehmann and Neumann 1899, "Hemophilus conjunctivitidis" (sic) (Kruse 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, common name: Koch-Weeks bacillus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TREVISAN (V.): I. Generi e le Specie delle Batteriacee, Zanaboni and Gabuzzi, Milano, 1889. 2 PITTMAN (V.) and DAVIS (D.J.): Identification of the Koch-Weeks bacillus (H. aegyptius). Journal of Bacteriology, 1950, 59, 413-426.

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Haemophilus aphrophilus Khairat 1940, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33389= CCUG 3715 = CIP 70.73 = NCTC 5906.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362906.
Etymology: Gr. n. aphros, foam; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. aphrophilus, foam loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KHAIRAT (O.): Endocarditis due to new species of Haemophilus. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1940, 50, 497-505.

Note: According to Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian 2006, Haemophilus aphrophilus Khairat 1940 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Haemophilus paraphrophilus Zinnemann et al. 1968.
Reference: NØRSKOV-LAURITSEN (N.) and KILIAN (M.): Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilus and Haemophilus segnis as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans gen. nov., comb. nov., Aggregatibacter aphrophilus comb. nov. and Aggregatibacter segnis comb. nov., and emended description of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus to include V factor-dependent and V factor-independent isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2135-2146.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Aggregatibacter aphrophilus (Khairat 1940) Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov.

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Haemophilus avium Hinz and Kunjara 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IPDH 2654 = ATCC 29546= CCUG 12833 = CIP 100919 = NCTC 11297.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75058.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HINZ (K.H.) and KUNJARA (C.): Haemophilus avium, a new species from chickens. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 324-329.

¤ Pasteurella avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) Mutters et al. 1985, comb. nov.

¤ Avibacterium avium (Hinz and Kunjara 1977) Blackall et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Haemophilus ducreyi (Neveu-Lemaire 1921) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33940= CCUG 4438 = CIP 54.2 = DSM 8925 = NCTC 10945.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M63900.
Synonyms: "Bacillus ulceris cancrosi" Kruse 1896, "Coccobacillus ducreyi" Neveu-Lemaire 1921.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. ducreyi, of Ducrey; named after Ducrey, the bacteriologist who first isolated this organism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 NEVEU-LEMAIRE (M.) (ed.): Précis de la parasitologie humaine, 5th ed. J. Lemaire, Paris, 1921. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, p. 271.

Note: Haemophilus ducreyi has for long been recognized to be only distantly related to the type species of the genus Haemophilus. The Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Pasteurellaceae proposed to conduct a collaborative taxonomic investigation with the aim of proposing a new genus that would include Haemophilus ducreyi.
Reference: CHRISTENSEN (H.) and KUHNERT (P.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Pasteurellaceae Minutes of the meetings, 25 August 2011, Elsinore, Denmark. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 257-258
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haemophilus equigenitalis Taylor et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 61717/77 = ATCC 35865= CCUG 10786 = CIP 79.7 = DSM 10668 = LMG 6222 = NCTC 11184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X68645.
Etymology: L. n. equus, horse; L. adj. genitalis -is -e, of or belonging to generation or birth, genital; N.L. masc. adj. equigenitalis, pertaining to horse genitalia.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: TAYLOR (C.E.D.), ROSENTHAL (R.O.), BROWN (D.F.J.), LAPAGE (S.P.), HILL (L.R.) and LEGROS (R.M.): The causative organism of contagious equine metritis 1977: proposal for a new species to be known as Haemophilus equigenitalis. Equine Vet. J., 1978, 10, 136-144.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

¤ Taylorella equigenitalis (Taylor et al. 1983) Sugimoto et al. 1984, comb. nov.

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Haemophilus felis Inzana et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TI189 = ATCC 49733= CCUG 31170 = CIP 103890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF224292.
Etymology: L. gen. n. felis, of a cat.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 69. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 341-342.
Effective publication: INZANA (T.J.), JOHNSON (J.L.), SHELL (L.), MØLLER (K.) and KILIAN (M.): Isolation and characterization of a newly identified Haemophilus species from cats: "Haemophilus felis". J. Clin. Microbiol., 1992, 30, 2108-2112.
Validation List no. 69 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Haemophilus haemoglobinophilus (Lehmann and Neumann 1907) Murray 1939, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19416= CCUG 3714 = CIP 53.88 = NCTC 1659.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362907.
Synonyms: "Bacillus haemoglobinophilus canis" Friedberger 1903, "Bacterium haemoglobinophilus" (sic) Lehmann and Neumann 1907, "Hemophilus canis" (sic) Rivers 1922.
Etymology: N.L. n. haemoglobinum, hemoglobin; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. haemoglobinophilus, hemoglobin-loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Lehmann's Medizin, Handatlanten. X. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der Speziellen Bakteriologischen Diagnostik. Vol. 2, 4th ed. München, 1907, p. 270. 2 MURRAY (E.G.D.): Parvobacteriaceae. In: D.H. BERGEY, R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 5th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1939, p. 309.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), MURRAY (E.G.D.) is cited as MURRAY (R.G.E.).

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Haemophilus haemolyticus Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33390= CCUG 12834 = CIP 103290 = NCTC 10659.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175335.
Synonym: "Bacillus X" Pritchett and Stillman 1919.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. haemolyticus, blood dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, p. 271.

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Haemophilus influenzae (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Winslow et al. 1917, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33391= CCUG 23945 = CIP 102514 = DSM 4690 = NCTC 8143.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M35019.
Synonyms: "Influenza-bacillus" Pfeiffer 1892, "Bacterium influenzae" Lehmann and Neumann 1896, "Mycobacterium influenzae" (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Chester 1901, "Coccobacillus pfeifferi" Neveu-Lemaire 1921, "Haemophilus meningitidis" (Martins) Hauduroy et al. 1937.
Etymology: N.L. n. influenza (from Italian n. influenza), influenza; N.L. gen. n. influenzae, of influenza.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896. 2 WINSLOW (C.E.A.), BROADHURST (J.), BUCHANAN (R.E.), KRUMWIEDE Jr. (C.), ROGERS (L.A.) and SMITH (G.H.): The families and the genera of the bacteria. Preliminary report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on characterization and classification of bacterial types. Journal of Bacteriology, 1917, 2, 505-566.

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Haemophilus paracuniculus Targowski and Targowski 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29986= CCUG 43573 = CIP 107045.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75061.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; L. n. cuniculus, a rabbit, and the specific epithet of  "Haemophilus cuniculus", a species that has never been described; N.L. masc. adj. paracuniculus, like "Haemophilus cuniculus".
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: TARGOWSKI (S.) and TARGOWSKI (H.): Characterization of a Haemophilus paracuniculus isolated from gastrointestinal tracts of rabbits with mucoid enteritis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1979, 9, 33-37.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Haemophilus paragallinarum Biberstein and White 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29545= CCUG 12835 = CIP 103453 = NCTC 11296.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY498868.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; L. gen. pl. n. gallinarum, a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. pl. gen. n. paragallinarum, resembling Avibacterium (Pasteurella) gallinarum.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BIBERSTEIN (E.L.) and WHITE (D.C.): A proposal for the establishment of two new Haemophilus species. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 1969, 2, 75-78.

¤ Avibacterium paragallinarum (Biberstein and White 1969) Blackall et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Haemophilus parahaemolyticus Pittman 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10014= CCUG 3716 = CIP 56.86 = NCTC 8479.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ295746.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. masc. adj. haemolyticus, specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. parahaemolyticus, resembling (Haemophilus) haemolyticus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PITTMAN (M.): A classification of the hemolytic bacteria of the genus Haemophilus: Haemophilus haemolyticus Bergey et al. and Haemophilus parahaemolyticus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 750-751.

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Haemophilus parainfluenzae Rivers 1922, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33392= CCUG 12836 = CIP 102513 = DSM 8978 = NCTC 7857.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362908.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. gen. n. influenzae, specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. parainfluenzae, resembling Haemophilus influenzae.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: RIVERS (T.M.): Influenza-like bacilli: Growth of influenza-like bacilli on media containing only an autoclave-labile substance as an accessory food factor. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, 1922, 33, 429-431.

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Haemophilus paraphrohaemolyticus Zinnemann et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29237= CCUG 3718 = CIP 102512 = NCTC 10670.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75076.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. abbrev. aphro, abbreviation of the specific epithet aphrophilus; Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. paraphrohaemolyticus, intended to mean like Haemophilus aphrophilus, but hemolytic.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZINNEMANN (K.), ROGERS (K.B.), FRAZER (J.) and DEVARAJ (S.K.): A haemolytic, V-dependent CO2 preferring Haemophilus species (Haemophilus paraphrohaemolyticus nov. spec.). Journal of Medical Microbiology, 1971, 4, 139-143.

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Haemophilus paraphrophilus Zinnemann et al. 1968, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29241= CCUG 41355 = CIP 70.72 = NCTC 10557.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75042.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. adj. aphrophilus, specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. paraphrophilus, resembling (Haemophilus) aphrophilus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZINNEMANN (K.), ROGERS (K.B.), FRAZER (J.) and BOYCE (J.M.H.): A new V-dependent Haemophilus species preferring increased CO2 tension for growth and named Haemophilus paraphrophilus. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1968, 96, 413-419.

¤ Haemophilus aphrophilus Khairat 1940 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian 2006, Haemophilus paraphrophilus Zinnemann et al. 1968 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Haemophilus aphrophilus Khairat 1940 (Approved Lists 1980). In 2006, Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian transfer ¤ Haemophilus aphrophilus Khairat 1940 (Approved Lists 1980) to the genus ¤ Aggregatibacter as ¤ Aggregatibacter aphrophilus (Khairat 1940) Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov.
Reference: NØRSKOV-LAURITSEN (N.) and KILIAN (M.): Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilus and Haemophilus segnis as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans gen. nov., comb. nov., Aggregatibacter aphrophilus comb. nov. and Aggregatibacter segnis comb. nov., and emended description of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus to include V factor-dependent and V factor-independent isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2135-2146.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haemophilus parasuis Biberstein and White 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19417= CCUG 3712 = CIP 100918 = CIP 58.8 = NCTC 4557.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362909.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; L. gen. n. suis, of a pig, and also a specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. parasuis, resembling (Haemophilus) suis.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BIBERSTEIN (E.L.) and WHITE (D.C.): A proposal for the establishment of two new Haemophilus species. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 1969, 2, 75-78.

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Haemophilus piscium Snieszko et al. 1950, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10801= CCUG 15943 = CIP 106116 = JCM 7872.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175340.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. piscium, of fishes.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SNIESZKO (S.F.), GRIFFIN (P.J.) and FRIDDLE (S.B.): A new bacterium (Hemophilus piscium n. sp.) from ulcer disease of trout. Journal of Bacteriology, 1950, 59, 699-710.

Note 1: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Haemophilus piscium Sniezko (sic) et al. 1950 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2].
References:
1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note 2:

  • According to Kilian 1976 [1] and Broom and Sneath 1981 [2], Haemophilus piscium does not belong to the genus Haemophilus Winslow et al. 1917 (Approved Lists 1980).
  • According to De Ley et al. 1990 [3] this taxon belongs in the ¤ Aeromonadaceae Colwell et al. 1986.
  • According to Paterson et al. 1980 [4], Austin et al. 1998 [5] and Thornton et al. 1999 [6], Haemophilus piscium is, in fact, atypical ¤ Aeromonas salmonicida (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Griffin et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
  • In the ATCC database and CCUG database, the type strain ATCC 10801= CCUG 15943 is cited as a strain of ¤ Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes (Smith 1963) Schubert 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).
  • The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Aeromonadaceae (99.8% similarity against ¤ Aeromonas bestiarum) [7].
    References:
    1 KILIAN (M.): A taxonomic study of the genus Haemophilus, with the proposal of a new species. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1976, 93, 9-62.
    Original article Online
    2 BROOM (A.) and SNEATH (P.H.): Numerical taxonomy of Haemophilus. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1981, 126, 123-149.
    Original article Online
    3 DE LEY (J.), MANNHEIM (W.), MUTTERS (R.), PIECHULLA (K.), TYTGAT (R.), SEGERS (P.), BISGAARD (M.), FREDERIKSEN (W.), HINZ (K.H.) and VANHOUCKE (M.): Inter- and intrafamilial similarities of rRNA cistrons of the Pasteurellaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 126-137.
    Original article in IJSEM Online
    4 PATERSON (W.D.), DOUEY (D.) and DESAUTELS (D.): Relationships between selected strains of typical and atypical Aeromonas salmonicida, Aeromonas hydrophila, and Haemophilus piscium. Can. J. Microbiol., 1980, 26, 588-598.
    Original article Online
    5 AUSTIN (B.), AUSTIN (D.A.), DALSGAARD (I.), GUDMUNDSDOTTIR (B.K.), HOIE (S.), THORNTON (J.M.), LARSEN (J.L.), O'HICI (B.) and POWELL (R.): Characterization of atypical Aeromonas salmonicida by different methods. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 50-64.
    Effective publication Online
    6 THORNTON (J.M.), AUSTIN (D.A.), AUSTIN (B.) and POWELL (R.): Small subunit rRNA gene sequences of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. smithia and Haemophilus piscium reveal pronounced similarities with A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida. Dis. Aquat. Organ., 1999, 29, 155-158.
    7 YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
    Publication online

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    Haemophilus pittmaniae Nørskov-Lauritsen et al. 2005, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HK 85 = CCUG 48703 = NCTC 13334.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ290755.
    Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pittmaniae, of Pittman, named in honour of Margaret Pittman for her substantial contributions to Heamophilus research.
    Valid publication: NØRSKOV-LAURITSEN (N.), BRUUN (B.) and KILIAN (M.): Multilocus sequence phylogenetic study of the genus Haemophilus with description of Haemophilus pittmaniae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 449-456.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

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    Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae Shope 1964, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Shope 4074 = HK 405 = ATCC 27088= CCM 5869 = CCUG 12837 = CCUG 41656 = CCUG 43096 = CIP 100916 = DSM 13472 = NCTC 12370.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75074.
    Etymology: Gr. n. pleura, rib, side; Gr. n. pneumonia, disease of the lungs; N.L. gen. n. pleuropneumoniae, of pleuropneumonia.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 MATTHEWS (P.R.J.) and PATTISON (I.H.): The identification of a Hemophilus-like organism associated with pneumonia and pleurisy in the pig. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 1961, 71, 44-52. 2 SHOPE (R.E.): Porcine contagious pneumonia. I. Experimental transmission, etiology and pathology. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1964, 119, 357-368.

    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae (Matthews and Pattison 1961) (sic) Shope 1964 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2].
    References:
    1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
    Original article in IJSEM Online
    2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    ¤ Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Shope 1964) Pohl et al. 1983, comb. nov.

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    Haemophilus segnis Kilian 1977, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HK316 = ATCC 33393= CCUG 10787 = CCUG 12838 = CIP 103292 = NCTC 10977.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75043.
    Etymology: L. masc. adj. segnis, slow, sluggish, inactive.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: 1 KILIAN (M.): A taxonomic study of the genus Haemophilus, with the proposal of a new species. Journal of General Microbiology, 1976, 93, 9-62. 2 Announcement of the valid publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 1. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 306.

    ¤ Aggregatibacter segnis (Kilian 1977) Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov.

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    Haemophilus sputorum Nørskov-Lauritsen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 13788 = DSM 24472.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF506642.
    Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. gen. pl. n. sputorum, of sputa.
    Valid publication: Validation List no. 146. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1443-1445.
    Effective publication: NØRSKOV-LAURITSEN (N.), BRUUN (B.), ANDERSEN (C.) and KILIAN (M.): Identification of haemolytic Haemophilus species isolated from human clinical specimens and description of Haemophilus sputorum sp. nov. Int. J. Med. Microbiol., 2012, 302, 78-83.
    Validation List no. 146 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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    Haemophilus vaginalis Gardner and Dukes 1955, species.
    Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 594 of Gardner and Dukes = ATCC 14018= CCUG 3717 = CIP 70.74 = DSM 4944 = JCM 11026 = LMG 7832 = NCTC 10287 = NCTC 10915.
    Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58744.
    Synonyms: "Haemophilus hemolyticus vaginalis" Lutz et al. 1956, "Corynebacterium vaginale" Zinnemann and Turner 1963, not "Haemophilus vaginalis" Amies and Jones 1957.
    Etymology: L. n. vagina, sheath, vagina; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. vaginalis, pertaining to vagina, of the vagina.
    Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
    Original publication: GARDNER (H.L.) and DUKES (C.D.): Haemophilus vaginalis; a newly defined specific infection, previously classified as 'nonspecific' vaginitis. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1955, 69, 962-976.

    ¤ Gardnerella vaginalis (Gardner and Dukes 1955) Greenwood and Pickett 1980, comb. nov.

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