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Genus Haemobartonella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 3
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Haemobartonella Tyzzer and Weinman 1939, genus.
Type species: ¤ Haemobartonella muris (Mayer 1921) Tyzzer and Weinman 1939 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. fem. n. Bartonella, a bacterial generic name; N.L. fem. n. Haemobartonella, the blood (-inhabiting) Bartonella.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TYZZER (E.E.) and WEINMAN (D.): Haemobartonella n.g. (Bartonella olim pro parte), H. microti n. sp. of the field vole, Microtus pennsylvanicus. American Journal of Hygiene, 1939, 30, 141-157.

Notes:
1 Species of the genus Haemobartonella are cell-wall-less uncultivated parasitic bacteria that attach to the surface of host erythrocytes. 16S rRNA gene sequences have been determined for ¤ Haemobartonella felis and ¤ Haemobartonella muris. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequence data shows that these haemotrophic bacteria are closely related to species in the genus ¤ Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980). To reflect their phylogenetic affiliation, Neimark et al. 2001 propose that ¤ Haemobartonella felis and ¤ Haemobartonella muris be transferred to the genus ¤ Mycoplasma as ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" and ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris", respectively. The remaining validly published species of the genus Haemobartonella, ¤ Haemobartonella canis, shares identical properties with ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" and ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris", so it seems likely that it too will be found to be mycoplasmas. Neimark et al. 2001 consider Haemobartonella canis to be a species of uncertain affiliation pending determination of its actual phylogenetic position.
Reference: NEIMARK (H.), JOHANSSON (K.E.), RIKIHISA (Y.) and TULLY (J.G.): Proposal to transfer some members of the genera Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon to the genus Mycoplasma with descriptions of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis', 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris', 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemosuis' and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma wenyonii'. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 891-899.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The proposal of Neimark et al. to reclassify ¤ Haemobartonella felis and ¤ Haemobartonella muris as "Candidatus" is not acceptable; they would lose standing in nomenclature.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 51, part 3, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 2001, 51, 1231-1233.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Neimark et al. 2002 propose to transfer ¤ Haemobartonella muris (Mayer 1921) Tyzzer and Weinman 1939 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus Haemobartonella, to the genus ¤ Mycoplasma as ¤ Mycoplasma haemomuris (Mayer 1921) Neimark et al. 2002, nom. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Haemobartonella to ¤ Mycoplasma.
Reference: NEIMARK (H.), JOHANSSON (K.E.), RIKIHISA (Y.) and TULLY (J.G.): Revision of haemotrophic Mycoplasma species names. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 683.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Haemobartonella canis (ex Kikuth 1928) Kreier and Ristic 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture isolated.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Bartonella canis" Kikuth 1928, "Haemobartonella (Bartonella) canis" (Kikuth 1928) Tyzzer and Weinman 1939.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of the dog.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: KREIER (J.P.) and RISTIC (M.): Anaplasmosis. XII. The growth and survival in deer and sheep of the parasites present in the blood of calves infected with the Oregon strain of Anaplasma marginale. Am. J. Vet. Res., 1963, 24, 697-702.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

Note: Species of the genus Haemobartonella are cell-wall-less uncultivated parasitic bacteria that attach to the surface of host erythrocytes. 16S rRNA gene sequences have been determined for ¤ Haemobartonella felis and ¤ Haemobartonella muris. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequence data shows that these haemotrophic bacteria are closely related to species in the genus ¤ Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980). To reflect their phylogenetic affiliation, Neimark et al. 2001 [1] propose that ¤ Haemobartonella felis and ¤ Haemobartonella muris be transferred to the genus ¤ Mycoplasma as ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" and ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris", respectively. The remaining validly published species of the genus Haemobartonella, Haemobartonella canis, shares identical properties with ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" and ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris", so it seems likely that it too will be found to be mycoplasmas. Neimark et al. 2001 [1] consider Haemobartonella canis to be a species of uncertain affiliation pending determination of its actual phylogenetic position. Later, Messick et al. 2002 [2] propose that Haemobartonella canis be transferred in the genus Mycoplasma (Cf. infra).
References:
1 NEIMARK (H.), JOHANSSON (K.E.), RIKIHISA (Y.) and TULLY (J.G.): Proposal to transfer some members of the genera Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon to the genus Mycoplasma with descriptions of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis', 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris', 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemosuis' and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma wenyonii'. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 891-899.
Original article by Neimark et al. 2001 in IJSEM Online
2 MESSICK (J.B.), WALKER (P.G.), RAPHAEL (W.), BERENT (L.) and SHI (X.): 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemodidelphidis' sp. nov., 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemolamae' sp. nov. and Mycoplasma haemocanis comb. nov., haemotrophic parasites from a naturally infected opossum (Didelphis virginiana), alpaca (Lama pacos) and dog (Canis familiaris): phylogenetic and secondary structural relatedness of their 16S rRNA genes to other mycoplasmas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 693-698.
Original article by Messick et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycoplasma haemocanis Messick et al. 2002, nom. nov.

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Haemobartonella felis (ex Clark 1942) Kreier and Ristic 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture isolated.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Eperythrozoon felis" Clark 1942, "Haemobartonella felis" (Clark 1942) Flint and McKelvie 1956, "Haemobartonella felis" (Clark 1942) Flint et al. 1958.
Etymology: L. gen. n. felis, of the cat.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: KREIER (J.P.) and RISTIC (M.): Anaplasmosis. XII. The growth and survival in deer and sheep of the parasites present in the blood of calves infected with the Oregon strain of Anaplasma marginale. Am. J. Vet. Res., 1963, 24, 697-702.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" Neimark et al. 2001.

Notes:
1 Strains of Haemobartonella felis are cell-wall-less uncultivated parasitic bacteria that attach to the surface of host erythrocytes. 16S rRNA gene sequence has been determined for this species and phylogenetic analysis shows that this haemotrophic bacteria is closely related to species in the genus ¤ Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980). To reflect this phylogenetic affiliation, Neimark et al. 2001 propose that Haemobartonella felis be transferred to the genus Mycoplasma as ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis". The new name haemofelis has been created to avoid confusion with ¤ Mycoplasma felis Cole et al. 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).
2 It is important to note that names included in the category Candidatus have no standing in bacterial nomenclature (see the file ¤ "List of Candidatus" or Candidatus in the file ¤ "Definitions and abbreviations"). So, according to the Associate Editor, the proposal of Neimark et al. to reclassify Haemobartonella felis as "Candidatus" is not acceptable; it would lose standing in nomenclature.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 51, part 3, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 2001, 51, 1231-1233.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycoplasma haemofelis Neimark et al. 2002, nom. nov.

Notes:
1 In 2001, Neimark et al. proposed the transfer of Haemobartonella felis to the genus Mycoplasma with the Candidatus status: ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" Neimark et al. 2001. The Candidatus designation is for new, incompletely described taxa, in order to give them a provisional status; changing validly published names to Candidatus would lose their standing in nomenclature. So, Neimark et al. revise "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis" to ¤ Mycoplasma haemofelis nom. nov.
2 For the transfer of Haemobartonella felis (ex Clark 1942) Kreier and Ristic 1984 to the genus Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) it is necessary to substitute a new specific epithet to produce Mycoplasma haemofelis because in the genus Mycoplasma the name ¤ Mycoplasma felis already existed (Rules 34a and 41a).

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Haemobartonella muris (Mayer 1921) Tyzzer and Weinman 1939, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture isolated.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Bartonella muris" Mayer 1921, "Bartonella muris ratti" Regendanz and Kikuth 1928.
Etymology: L. n. mus muris, the mouse; L. gen. n. muris, of the mouse.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MAYER (M.): Über einige bakterienähnliche Parasiten der Erythrozyten bei Menschen und Tieren. Archiv fur Schiffs und Tropenhygiene, 1921, 25, 150-152. 2 TYZZER (E.E.) and WEINMAN (D.): Haemobartonella n.g. (Bartonella olim pro parte), H. microti n. sp. of the field vole, Microtus pennsylvanicus. American Journal of Hygiene, 1939, 30, 141-157.

¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris" Neimark et al. 2001.

Notes:
1 Strains of Haemobartonella muris are cell-wall-less uncultivated parasitic bacteria that attach to the surface of host erythrocytes. 16S rRNA gene sequence has been determined for this species and phylogenetic analysis shows that this haemotrophic bacteria is closely related to species in the genus ¤ Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980). To reflect this phylogenetic affiliation, Neimark et al. 2001 propose that Haemobartonella muris be transferred to the genus ¤ Mycoplasma as ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris". The new name haemomuris has been created to avoid confusion with ¤ Mycoplasma muris McGarrity et al. 1983.
2 It is important to note that names included in the category Candidatus have no standing in bacterial nomenclature (see the file ¤ "List of Candidatus" or Candidatus in the file ¤ "Definitions and abbreviations"). So, according to the Associate Editor, the proposal of Neimark et al. to reclassify Haemobartonella muris as "Candidatus" is not acceptable; it would lose standing in nomenclature.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 51, part 3, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 2001, 51, 1231-1233.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycoplasma haemomuris Neimark et al. 2002, nom. nov.

Notes:
1 In 2001, Neimark et al. proposed the transfer of Haemobartonella muris to the genus Mycoplasma with the Candidatus status: ¤ "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris" Neimark et al. 2001. The Candidatus designation is for new, incompletely described taxa, in order to give them a provisional status; changing validly published names to Candidatus would lose their standing in nomenclature. So, Neimark et al. revise "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris" to ¤ Mycoplasma haemomuris nom. nov.
2 For the transfer of Haemobartonella muris (Mayer 1921) Tyzzer and Weinman 1939 (Approved Lists 1980) to the genus Mycoplasma Nowak 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) it is necessary to substitute a new specific epithet to produce Mycoplasma haemomuris because in the genus Mycoplasma the name ¤ Mycoplasma muris already existed [Rules 34a and 41a]

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