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Genus Geobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Geobacter Lovley et al. 1995, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Geobacteraceae Holmes et al. 2004; type genus of the family ¤ Geobacteraceae Garrity et al. 2006.).
Type species: ¤ Geobacter metallireducens Lovley et al. 1995.
Etymology: Gr. n. , the earth; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Geobacter, a rod from the earth.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: LOVLEY (D.R.), GIOVANNONI (S.J.), WHITE (D.C.), CHAMPINE (J.E.), PHILLIPS (E.J.P.), GORBY (Y.A.) and GOODWIN (S.): Geobacter metallireducens gen. nov., sp. nov., a microorganism capable of coupling the complete oxidation of organic compounds to the reduction of iron and other metals. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 159, 336-344.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Nevin et al. 2007, Geobacter Lovley et al. 1995 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Trichlorobacter De Wever et al. 2001.
Reference: NEVIN (K.P.), HOLMES (D.E.), WOODARD (T.L.), COVALLA (S.F.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Reclassification of Trichlorobacter thiogenes as Geobacter thiogenes comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 463-466.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter anodireducens Sun et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SD-1=CGMCC 1.12536=KCTC 4672.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF006333.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. anodum, anode; L. part. adj. reducens, converting to a different state; N.L. part. adj. anodireducens, reducing an anode.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: SUN, D., WANG, A., CHENG, S., YATES, M. and LOGAN, B. E. 2014. Geobacter anodireducens sp. nov., an exoelectrogenic microbe in bioelectrochemical systems. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3485-3491.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter argillaceus Shelobolina et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G12 = ATCC BAA-1139 = JCM 12999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ145534.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. argillaceus, of clay.
Valid publication: SHELOBOLINA (E.S.), NEVIN (K.P.), BLAKENEY-HAYWARD (J.D.), JOHNSEN (C.V.), PLAIA (T.W.), KRADER (P.), WOODARD (T.), HOLMES (D.E.), VANPRAAGH (C.G.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter pickeringii sp. nov., Geobacter argillaceus sp. nov. and Pelosinus fermentans gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from subsurface kaolin lenses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 126-135.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter bemidjiensis Nevin et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Bem = ATCC BAA-1014 = DSM 16622 = JCM 12645.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001124 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bemidjiensis, pertaining to Bemidji, MN, USA, where sediment samples were taken from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: NEVIN (K.P.), HOLMES (D.E.), WOODARD (T.L.), HINLEIN (E.S.), OSTENDORF (D.W.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter bemidjiensis sp. nov. and Geobacter psychrophilus sp. nov., two novel Fe(III)-reducing subsurface isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1667-1674.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter bremensis Straub and Buchholz-Cleven 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Dfr1 = DSM 12179 = OCM 796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96917.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bremensis, pertaining to Bremen, where samples for enrichment cultures were taken.
Valid publication: STRAUB (K.L.) and BUCHHOLZ-CLEVEN (B.E.E.): Geobacter bremensis sp. nov. and Geobacter pelophilus sp. nov., two dissimilatory ferric-iron-reducing bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1805-1808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter chapellei Coates et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 172 = ATCC 51744= DSM 13688.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U41561.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. chapellei, of Chapelle, named after Frank Chapelle, who contributed to our knowledge of subsurface biogeochemistry.
Valid publication: COATES (J.D.), BHUPATHIRAJU (V.K.), ACHENBACH (L.A.), McINERNEY (M.J.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter hydrogenophilus, Geobacter chapellei and Geobacter grbiciae, three new, strictly anaerobic, dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducers. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 581-588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter daltonii Prakash et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FRC-32 = DSM 22248 = JCM 15807.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU660516, CP001390 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. daltonii, of Dalton, named after Dava Dalton who performed the initial isolation of the strain and passed away shortly thereafter.
Valid publication: PRAKASH (O.), GIHRING (T.M.), DALTON (D.D.), CHIN (K.J.), GREEN (S.J.), AKOB (D.M.), WANGER (G.) and KOSTKA (J.E.): Geobacter daltonii sp. nov., an Fe(III)- and uranium(VI)-reducing bacterium isolated from a shallow subsurface exposed to mixed heavy metal and hydrocarbon contamination. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 546-553.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter grbiciae Coates et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TACP-2 = ATCC BAA-45 = DSM 13689.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF335183.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. grbiciae, of Grbic, named in honor of Dunja Grbic-Galic, for her significant contributions to the field of anaerobic aromatic hydrocarbon oxidation.
Valid publication: COATES (J.D.), BHUPATHIRAJU (V.K.), ACHENBACH (L.A.), McINERNEY (M.J.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter hydrogenophilus, Geobacter chapellei and Geobacter grbiciae, three new, strictly anaerobic, dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducers. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 581-588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter hydrogenophilus Coates et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H-2 = ATCC 51590= DSM 13691.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U28173.
Etymology: N.L. n. hydrogenum (from Gr. n. hudôr, water; and Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), hydrogen (that which produces water, so called because it forms water when exposed to oxygen); N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. hydrogenophilus, liking hydrogen, referring to the ability of the organism to grow by oxidation of hydrogen.
Valid publication: COATES (J.D.), BHUPATHIRAJU (V.K.), ACHENBACH (L.A.), McINERNEY (M.J.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter hydrogenophilus, Geobacter chapellei and Geobacter grbiciae, three new, strictly anaerobic, dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducers. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 581-588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter lovleyi Sung et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: strain SZ = ATCC BAA-1151 = DSM 17278.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY914177.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. lovleyi, of Lovley, named to recognize the contributions of Derek R. Lovley to our understanding of microbial metal and radionuclide reduction.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 129. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2129-2130.
Effective publication: SUNG (Y.), FLETCHER (K.E.), RITALAHTI (K.M.), APKARIAN (R.P.), RAMOS-HERNÁNDEZ (N.), SANFORD (R.A.), MESBAH (N.M.) and LÖFFLER (F.E.): Geobacter lovleyi sp. nov. strain SZ, a novel metal-reducing and tetrachloroethene-dechlorinating bacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2006, 72, 2775-2782.
Validation List no. 129 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Geobacter luticola Viulu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OSK6 = DSM 24905 = JCM 17780.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB682759.
Etymology: L. n. lutum, mud; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N. L. n. luticola, the mud dweller, the type strain of this species was isolated from mud of lotus field.
Valid publication: VIULU (S.), NAKAMURA (K.), OKADA (Y.), SAITOU (S.) and TAKAMIZAWA (K.): Geobacter luticola sp. nov., an Fe(III)-reducing bacterium isolated from lotus field mud. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 442-448.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter metallireducens Lovley et al. 1995, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GS-15 = ATCC 53774= DSM 7210.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L07834.
Etymology: L. n. metallum, metal; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and in chemistry converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. metallireducens, reducing metal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: LOVLEY (D.R.), GIOVANNONI (S.J.), WHITE (D.C.), CHAMPINE (J.E.), PHILLIPS (E.J.P.), GORBY (Y.A.) and GOODWIN (S.): Geobacter metallireducens gen. nov., sp. nov., a microorganism capable of coupling the complete oxidation of organic compounds to the reduction of iron and other metals. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 159, 336-344.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Geobacter pelophilus Straub and Buchholz-Cleven 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Dfr2 = DSM 12255 = OCM 797.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96918.
Etymology: Gr. n. pelos, mud; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. pelophilus, mud-loving, as this species was isolated from freshwater mud.
Valid publication: STRAUB (K.L.) and BUCHHOLZ-CLEVEN (B.E.E.): Geobacter bremensis sp. nov. and Geobacter pelophilus sp. nov., two dissimilatory ferric-iron-reducing bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1805-1808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter pickeringii Shelobolina et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G13 = ATCC BAA-1140 = DSM 17153 = JCM 13000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ145535.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. pickeringii, of Pickering, named in honour of Sam M. Pickering Jr., for his significant contributions to the study of Georgia kaolins.
Valid publication: SHELOBOLINA (E.S.), NEVIN (K.P.), BLAKENEY-HAYWARD (J.D.), JOHNSEN (C.V.), PLAIA (T.W.), KRADER (P.), WOODARD (T.), HOLMES (D.E.), VANPRAAGH (C.G.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter pickeringii sp. nov., Geobacter argillaceus sp. nov. and Pelosinus fermentans gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from subsurface kaolin lenses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 126-135.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter psychrophilus Nevin et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P35 = ATCC BAA-1013 = DSM 16674 = JCM 12644.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY653549.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. adj. philus (from Gr. adj. philos), loving; N.L. masc. adj. psychrophilus, cold-loving.
Valid publication: NEVIN (K.P.), HOLMES (D.E.), WOODARD (T.L.), HINLEIN (E.S.), OSTENDORF (D.W.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter bemidjiensis sp. nov. and Geobacter psychrophilus sp. nov., two novel Fe(III)-reducing subsurface isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1667-1674.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter soli Zhou et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GSS01=KCTC 4545=MCCC 1K00269.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ620987.
Etymology: L. neut. gen. n. soli, of soil, the isolation source of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: ZHOU, S., YANG, G., LU, Q. and WU, M. 2014. Geobacter soli sp. nov., a dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacterium isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3786-3791.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter sulfurreducens Caccavo et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PCA = ATCC 51573= DSM 12127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U13928.
Etymology: L. n. sulfur, sulfur; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and in chemistry converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. sulfurreducens, reducing sulfur.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: CACCAVO Jr. (F.), LONERGAN (D.J.), LOVLEY (D.R.), DAVIS (M.), STOLZ (J.F.) and McINERNEY (M.J.): Geobacter sulfurreducens sp. nov., a hydrogen- and acetate-oxidizing dissimilatory metal-reducing microorganism. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1994, 60, 3752-3759.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Geobacter sulfurreducens subsp. ethanolicus Viulu et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OSK2A=DSM 26126=JCM 18752.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB762695.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. n. ethanol, ethanol; L. suff. -icus, suffix used with various meanings; N.L. masc. adj. ethanolicus, belonging to ethanol, in reference to the ability of the species to utilize ethanol as a substrate for growth.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 158. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 2184-2187.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VIULU, S., NAKAMURA, K., KOJIMA, A., YOSHIYASU, Y., SAITOU, S. and TAKAMIZAWA, K. 2013. Geobacter sulfurreducens subsp. ethanolicus, subsp. nov., an ethanol-utilizing dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacterium from a lotus field. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 59, 325–334.
Effective publication online

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Geobacter sulfurreducens subsp. sulfurreducens Viulu et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PCA=ATCC 51573=DSM 12127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: U13928.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. n. sulfur, sulfur; L. part. adj. reducens, converting to a different state; N.L. adj. sulfurreducens, reducing sulfur.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 158. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 2184-2187.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VIULU, S., NAKAMURA, K., KOJIMA, A., YOSHIYASU, Y., SAITOU, S. and TAKAMIZAWA, K. 2013. Geobacter sulfurreducens subsp. ethanolicus, subsp. nov., an ethanol-utilizing dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacterium from a lotus field. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 59, 325–334.
Effective publication online

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Geobacter thiogenes (De Wever et al. 2001) Nevin et al. 2007, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K1 = ATCC BAA-34 = JCM 14045.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF223382.
Basonym: ¤ Trichlorobacter thiogenes De Wever et al. 2001. 
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; Gr. v. gennao, to produce; N.L. part. adj. thiogenes, producing sulfur.
Valid publication: NEVIN (K.P.), HOLMES (D.E.), WOODARD (T.L.), COVALLA (S.F.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Reclassification of Trichlorobacter thiogenes as Geobacter thiogenes comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 463-466.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter toluenoxydans Kunapuli et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TMJ1 = DSM 19350 = JCM 15764.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU711072.
Etymology: N.L. n. toluenum, toluene; N.L. v. oxydo (from Gr. adj. oxus, sharp, acid), to oxidize; N.L. part. adj. toluenoxydans, oxidizing toluene.
Valid publication: KUNAPULI (U.), JAHN (M.K.), LUEDERS (T.), GEYER (R.), HEIPIEPER (H.J.) and MECKENSTOCK (R.U.): Desulfitobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. and Geobacter toluenoxydans sp. nov., iron-reducing bacteria capable of anaerobic degradation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 686-695.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Geobacter uraniireducens Shelobolina et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Rf4 = ATCC BAA-1134 = JCM 13001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF527427.
Etymology: N.L. n. uranium, uranium; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and, in chemistry, converting to a reduced oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. uraniireducens, reducing uranium.
Valid publication: SHELOBOLINA (E.S.), VRIONIS (H.A.), FINDLAY (R.H.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Geobacter uraniireducens sp. nov., isolated from subsurface sediment undergoing uranium bioremediation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1075-1078.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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