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Genus Gemmobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Gemmobacter Rothe et al. 1988, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Gemmobacter aquatilis Rothe et al. 1988.
Etymology: L. n. gemma, a bud; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Gemmobacter, a budding rod.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Effective publication: ROTHE (B.), FISCHER (A.), HIRSCH (P.), SITTIG (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): The phylogenetic position of the budding bacteria Blastobacter aggregatus and Gemmobacter aquatilis gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 147, 92-99.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online - Effective publication Online

Gemmobacter Rothe et al. 1988 emend. Chen et al. 2013.
Type species: ¤ Gemmobacter aquatilis Rothe et al. 1988.
Etymology: L. n. gemma, a bud; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Gemmobacter, a budding rod.
Reference: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Chen et al. 2013, Gemmobacter Rothe et al. 1988 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Catellibacterium Tanaka et al. 2004.
Reference: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter aquaticus (Liu et al. 2010) Chen et al. 2013, nom. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1-9 = CGMCC 1.7029 = NBRC 104254.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU313813.
Basonym: ¤ Catellibacterium aquatile Liu et al. 2010.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aquaticus, living, growing, or found in or by water, aquatic.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: For the transfer of ¤ Catellibacterium aquatile Liu et al. 2010 to the genus Gemmobacter Rothe et al. 1988, it is necessary to substitute a new specific epithet because there is an earlier homonym, ¤ Gemmobacter aquatilis Rothe et al. 1988.

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Gemmobacter aquatilis Rothe et al. 1988, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49971= DSM 3857 = IFAM 1031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733676.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aquatilis, living, growing, or found, in or near water, aquatic, describing its biotope.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Effective publication: ROTHE (B.), FISCHER (A.), HIRSCH (P.), SITTIG (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): The phylogenetic position of the budding bacteria Blastobacter aggregatus and Gemmobacter aquatilis gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 147, 92-99.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online - Effective publication Online

Gemmobacter aquatilis Rothe et al. 1988 emend. Chen et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49971= DSM 3857 = IFAM 1031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733676.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aquatilis, living, growing, or found, in or near water, aquatic, describing its biotope.
Reference: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter caeni (Zheng et al. 2011) Chen et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCA-1 = CGMCC 1.7745 = DSM 21823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ386516.
Basonym: ¤ Catellibacterium caeni Zheng et al. 2011.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caeni, of sludge.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter changlensis (Anil Kumar et al. 2007) Chen et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JA139 = CCUG 53722 = DSM 18774 = JCM 14338.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM399030.
Basonym: ¤ Rhodobacter changlensis Anil Kumar et al. 2007.
Another homotypic synonym: ¤ Catellibacterium changlense (Anil Kumar et al. 2007) Zheng et al. 2011.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. changlensis, of or pertaining to Changla Pass, the location from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter fontiphilus Chen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JS43 = BCRC 80082 = LMG 25376.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ906694.
Etymology: L. n. fons fontis, a spring, fountain; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. fontiphilus, loving spring-water environment.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter intermedius Kämpfer et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 119/4=CIP 110795=LMG 28215=CCM 8510.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM407667.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, in the middle, referring to the fact that the species is grouped between Gemmobacter and Rhodobacter and Roseinatronobacter and Roseibaca on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., JERZAK, L., WILHARM, G., GOLKE, J., BUSSE, H.-J. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Gemmobacter intermedius sp. nov., isolated from a white stork (Ciconia ciconia). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 778-783.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter lanyuensis Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Orc-4=BCRC 80378=LMG 26667=KCTC 23714.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN104393.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. lanyuensis, of or belonging to Lanyu, an island in Taitung city, Eastern Taiwan, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: SHEU, S.-Y., SHIAU, Y.-W., WEI, Y.-T. and CHEN, W.-M. 2013. Gemmobacter lanyuensis sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4039-4045.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter megaterium Liu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CF17=CGMCC 1.11024=JCM 18498.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN620361.
Etymology: Gr. adj. megas, large; Gr. n. teras -atos, monster, beast; N.L. n. megaterium, big beast.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: LIU, J.-J., ZHANG, X.-Q., CHI, F.-T., PAN, J., SUN, C. and WU, M. 2014. Gemmobacter megaterium sp. nov., isolated from coastal planktonic seaweeds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 66-71.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter nanjingensis (Zhang et al. 2012) Chen et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y12 = CCTCC AB 2010218 = KCTC 23298.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU289803.
Basonym: ¤ Catellibacterium nanjingense Zhang et al. 2012.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nanjingensis, of or pertaining to Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, PR China, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter nectariphilus (Tanaka et al. 2004) Chen et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AST4 = DSM 15620 = JCM 11959 = NBRC 100046.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB101543.
Basonym: ¤ Catellibacterium nectariphilum Tanaka et al. 2004.
Etymology: L. neut. n. nectar, nectar; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. nectariphilus, loving nectar, referring to the stimulation of growth by excretions of other bacteria.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), CHO (N.T.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Description of Gemmobacter fontiphilus sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring, reclassification of Catellibacterium nectariphilum as Gemmobacter nectariphilus comb. nov., Catellibacterium changlense as Gemmobacter changlensis comb. nov., Catellibacterium aquatile as Gemmobacter aquaticus nom. nov., Catellibacterium caeni as Gemmobacter caeni comb. nov., Catellibacterium nanjingense as Gemmobacter nanjingensis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Gemmobacter and of Gemmobacter aquatilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 470-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemmobacter tilapiae Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ruye-53 = BCRC 80261 = KCTC 23310.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ111526.
Etymology: N.L. n. tilapia, the common name of tilapiine cichlid fish; N.L. gen. n. tilapiae, of tilapia, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a pond for rearing Tilapia.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), SHEU (D.S.), SHEU (F.S.) and CHEN (W.M.): Gemmobacter tilapiae sp. nov., a poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating bacterium isolated from a freshwater pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63,1550-1556.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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