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Genus Gemella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Gemella Berger 1960, genus.
Type species: ¤ Gemella haemolysans (Thjøtta and Bøe 1938) Berger 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. gemellus, a twin; N.L. fem. n. Gemella, a little twin.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGER (U.): Neisseria haemolysans (Thjøtta and Bøe 1938). Untersuchungen zur Stellung im System. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Virologie, 1960, 146, 253-259.

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Gemella asaccharolytica Ulger-Toprak et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WAL 1945J = ATCC BAA-1630 = CCUG 57045.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU427463.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a-, not; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to dissolve, able to loose; N.L. fem. adj. asaccharolytica, not digesting sugar.
Valid publication: ULGER-TOPRAK (N.), SUMMANEN (P.H.), LIU (C.), ROWLINSON (M.C.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Gemella asaccharolytica sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1023-1026.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemella bergeri corrig. Collins et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 617-93 = ATCC 700627= CCUG 37817 = CIP 105584 = LMG 18983.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13365.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. bergeri, of Berger, named after Ulrich Berger in recognition of his contributions to the microbiology of gemellae.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 66. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), FALSEN (E.), SJÖDEN (B.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Gemella bergeriae sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 1290-1293.
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Gemella bergeriae (sic), has been corrected by the Associate Editor, IJSB.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 66 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632.
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online

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Gemella cuniculi Hoyles et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M60449/99/1 = ATCC BAA-287 = CCUG 42726 = CIP 106481.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251987.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cuniculi, of the rabbit.
Valid publication: HOYLES (L.), FOSTER (G.), FALSEN (E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Characterization of a Gemella-like organism isolated from an abscess of a rabbit: description of Gemella cuniculi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2037-2041.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemella haemolysans (Thjøtta and Bøe 1938) Berger 1960, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10379= CCUG 37985 = CIP 101126 = LMG 18984 = NCTC 12968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L14326.
Synonym: "Neisseria haemolysans" Thjøtta and Bøe 1938.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; Gr. v. luo, dissolve, break up; N.L. part. adj. hemolysans, dissolving blood.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 THJØTTA (T.) and BØE (J.): Neisseria hemolysans. A hemolytic species of Neisseria Trevisan. Acta pathologica et Bacteriologica Scandinavica Supplement, 1938, 37, 527-531. 2 BERGER (U.): Neisseria haemolysans (Thjøtta and Bøe 1938). Untersuchungen zur Stellung im System. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Virologie, 1960, 146, 253-259.

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Gemella morbillorum (Prévot 1933) Kilpper-Bälz and Schleifer 1988, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Prévot 2917B = ATCC 27824= CCUG 15561 = CCUG 18164 = CIP 81.10 = DSM 20572 = JCM 12968 = LMG 18985 = NCTC 11323 = VPI 5424.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L14327.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus morbillorum (Prévot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Diplococcus morbillorum" Prévot 1933, "Peptostreptococcus morbillorum" (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. morbillorum, of measles; once considered to be associated with measles.
Valid publication: KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Transfer of Streptococcus morbillorum to the genus Gemella as Gemella morbillorum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 442-443.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemella palaticanis Collins et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M663-98-1 = ATCC BAA-58 = CCUG 39489 = CIP 106318.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17280.
Etymology: L. n. palatum, the palate, gum; L. n. canis, dog; N.L. gen. n. palaticanis, of the gum of a dog.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), RODRIGUEZ JOVITA (M.), FOSTER (G.), SJÖDÉN (B.) and FALSEN (E.): Characterization of a Gemella-like organism from the oral cavity of a dog: description of Gemella palaticanis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1523-1526.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemella parahaemolysans Hung et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NTUH_1465=BCRC 80365=JCM 18067.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HM103931.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, resembling; N.L. part adj. haemolysans, specific epithet of Gemella haemolysans; N.L. part adj. parahaemolysans, (Gemella) haemolysans-like.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: HUNG, W.-C., CHEN, H.-J., TSAI, J.-C., TSENG, S.-P., LEE, T.-F., HSUEH, P.-R., SHIEH, W. Y. and TENG, L.-J. 2014. Gemella parahaemolysans sp. nov. and Gemella taiwanensis sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2060-2065.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Gemella sanguinis Collins et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2045-94 = ATCC 700632= CCUG 37820 = CIP 105929 = LMG 18986.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13364.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sanguinis, of the blood.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), FALSEN (E.), SJÖDEN (B.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Description of Gemella sanguinis sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 3090-3093.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Gemella taiwanensis Hung et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NTUH_5572=BCRC 80366=JCM 18066.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HM103934.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. taiwanensis, pertaining to Taiwan, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: HUNG, W.-C., CHEN, H.-J., TSAI, J.-C., TSENG, S.-P., LEE, T.-F., HSUEH, P.-R., SHIEH, W. Y. and TENG, L.-J. 2014. Gemella parahaemolysans sp. nov. and Gemella taiwanensis sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2060-2065.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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