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Genus Fervidobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Fervidobacterium Patel et al. 1985, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Fervidobacterium nodosum Patel et al. 1985.
Etymology: L. adj. fervidus, hot; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Fervidobacterium, rods which grow at higher temperatures.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 19. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 535.
Effective publication: PATEL (B.K.C.), MORGAN (H.W.) and DANIEL (R.M.): Fervidobacterium nodosum gen. nov. and spec. nov., a new chemoorganotrophic, caldoactive, anaerobic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1985, 141, 63-69.
Validation List no. 19 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Fervidobacterium changbaicum Cai et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBS-1 = DSM 17883 = JCM 13353.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY878719.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. changbaicum, pertaining to the isolation of the organism from the Changbai Mountains, China.
Valid publication: CAI (J.), WANG (Y.), LIU (D.), ZENG (Y.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.) and FENG (Y.): Fervidobacterium changbaicum sp. nov., a novel thermophilic anaerobic bacterium isolated from a hot spring of the Changbai Mountains, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2333-2336.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Fervidobacterium gondwanense Andrews and Patel 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AB39 = ACM 5017 = DSM 13020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z49117.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. gondwanense, pertaining to the large land mass known as Gondwana, which included Australia, Africa, India, and South America before they separated.
Valid publication: ANDREWS (K.T.) and PATEL (B.K.C.): Fervidobacterium gondwanense sp. nov., a new thermophilic anaerobic bacterium isolated from nonvolcanically heated geothermal waters of the Great Artesian Basin of Australia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 265-269.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Fervidobacterium islandicum Huber et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H21 = ATCC 49647= DSM 5733.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59176.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. islandicum, pertaining to Island, describing its place of isolation.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 36. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 178-179.
Effective publication: HUBER (R.), WOESE (C.R.), LANGWORTHY (T.A.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Fervidobacterium islandicum sp. nov., a new extremely thermophilic eubacterium belonging to the "Thermotogales". Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 154, 105-111.
Validation List no. 36 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Fervidobacterium nodosum Patel et al. 1985, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Rt17-B1 = ATCC 35602= DSM 5306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59177 (complete genome: CP000771).
Etymology: L. neut. adj. nodosum, full of knots, knotty; intended to mean swollen.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 19. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 535.
Effective publication: PATEL (B.K.C.), MORGAN (H.W.) and DANIEL (R.M.): Fervidobacterium nodosum gen. nov. and spec. nov., a new chemoorganotrophic, caldoactive, anaerobic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1985, 141, 63-69.
Validation List no. 19 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note:
In the paper by Patel et al. 1985, the authors wrote the following: "Type strain Fervidobacterium nodosum RtI7-B (ATCC 35602".
However, in the effective publication, there is also the following wording: "Strains Rtl6-B1, RtI7-B1 and Wai4-B1 belong to the species Fervidobacterium nodosum with Rtl7-B1 regarded as the type strain".
In the Validation List no. 19 the type strain is cited as Rt17-B.
The Genbank record shows strain name "Rt17-B1" as a synonym for ATCC 35602 The ATCC database lists "Rt17-B1" as a synonym for ATCC 35602 The DSMZ database lists "Rt17-B1" as a synonym for DSM 5306. The US-DOE Joint Genome Institute project page also shows "Rt17-B1".
Consequently, we can assume that RtI7-B, RtI7-B1, and Rt17-B are typing errors! So, in the LPSN,  the type strain was corrected to "Rt17-B1".
References:
1 HILL (J.E.): Personal communication (December 04, 2006).
2 TINDALL (B.J.): Personal communication (December 05, 2006).

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Fervidobacterium pennivorans corrig. Friedrich and Antranikian 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ven5 = DSM 9078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. n. penna, feather, wing; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. pennivorans, feather-devouring (referring to the ability of the organism to degrade keratin, a protein found in feathers).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: FRIEDRICH (A.B.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Keratin degradation by Fervidobacterium pennavorans, a novel thermophilic anaerobic species of the order Thermotogales. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1996, 62, 2875-2882.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, pennavorans (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 Because of restricted availability of the original isolate (DSM 7003) [1] an additional isolate, Ven5 = DSM 9078 [2] was later designated as the type strain [3].
References:
1 FRIEDRICH (A.B.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Keratin degradation by Fervidobacterium pennavorans, a novel thermophilic anaerobic species of the order Thermotogales. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1996, 62, 2875-2882.
Original article Online
2 KOCH (R.), CANGANELLA (F.), HIPPE (H.), JAHNKE (K.D.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Purification and properties of a thermostable pullulanase from a newly isolated thermophilic anaerobic bacterium, Fervidobacterium pennavorans Ven5. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1997, 63, 1088-1094.
Original article Online
3 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online

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Fervidobacterium riparium Podosokorskaya et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1445t = DSM 21630 = VKM B-2549.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU851047.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. riparium, that frequents the banks of rivers.
Valid publication: PODOSOKORSKAYA (O.A.), MERKEL (A.Y.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), CHERNYH (N.A.), MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.) and KUBLANOV (I.V.): Fervidobacterium riparium sp. nov., a thermophilic anaerobic cellulolytic bacterium isolated from a hot spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2697-2701.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Fervidobacterium thailandense Kanoksilapatham et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FC2004=JCM 18757=ATCC BAA-2483.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ473436.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: LWAF01000000.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. thailandense, pertaining to Thailand, the country where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: KANOKSILAPATHAM, W., PASOMSUP, P., KEAWRAM, P., CUECAS, A., PORTILLO, M. C. and GONZALEZ, J. M. 2016. Fervidobacterium thailandense sp. nov., an extremely thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5023-5027.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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