Genus Eubacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 53
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Eubacterium Prévot 1938, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Eubacteriales Buchanan 1917 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the suborder ¤ Eubacteriineae Breed et al. 1944 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the family ¤ Eubacteriaceae Ludwig et al. 2010; type genus of the tribe ¤ Eubacterieae Prévot 1961 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: "Eubacterium foedans" (Klein 1908) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: Gr. pref. eu-, good, well, beneficial (not as opposed to  pseudês); L. neut. n. bacterium, rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Eubacterium, beneficial bacterium.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

Note: "Eubacterium foedans" (Klein 1908) Prévot 1938 is not included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and is not a valid species.

Eubacterium Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Cato et al. 1983. (Type genus of the order ¤ Eubacteriales Buchanan 1917 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the suborder ¤ Eubacteriineae Breed et al. 1944 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the family ¤ Eubacteriaceae Ludwig et al. 2010; type genus of the tribe ¤ Eubacterieae Prévot 1961 [Approved Lists 1980]).
New type species: ¤ Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. pref. eu-, good, well, beneficial (not as opposed to  pseudês); L. neut. n. bacterium, rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Eubacterium, beneficial bacterium.
References:
1 CATO (E.P.), HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot as the type species of Eubacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 209-210.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 57: Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot 1938 as the type species of Eubacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 434.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium acidaminophilum Zindel et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain a1-2 = ATCC 49065 = DSM 3953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF071416.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. pref. amino, amino group containing; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon) loving; N.L. neut. adj. acidaminophilum, loving amino acids.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [ZINDEL (U.), FREUNDENBERG (W.), RIETH (M.), ANDREESEN (J.R.), SCHNELL (J.) and WIDDEL (F.): Eubacterium acidaminophilum sp. nov., a versatile amino acid-degrading anaerobic producing or utilizing H2 or formate. Description and enzymatic studies. Arch. Microbiol., 1988, 150, 254-266.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Eubacterium aerofaciens (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25986 = DSM 3979 = JCM 10188 = NCTC 11838 = VPI 1003.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB011816.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides aerofaciens" Eggerth 1935, "Pseudobacterium aerofaciens" (Eggerth 1935) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer aeros, air, gas; L. part. adj. faciens, making, producing; N.L. part. adj. aerofaciens, gas producing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

¤ Collinsella aerofaciens (Eggerth 1935) Kageyama et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium aggregans Mechichi et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SR12 = DSM 12183.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF073898.
Etymology: L. part. adj. aggregans, adhering, assembling.  part. aggregans assembling (aggregating).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 76. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1699-1700. [MECHICHI (T.), LABAT (M.), WOO (T.H.S.), THOMAS (P.), GARCIA (J.L.) and PATEL (B.K.C.): Eubacterium aggregans sp. nov., a new homoacetogenic bacterium from olive mill wastewater treatment digestor. Anaerobe, 1998, 4, 283-291.]
Validation List no. 76 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Eubacterium alactolyticum (Prévot and Taffanel 1942) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23263 = CIP 106365 = DSM 3980 = JCM 6480.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB036759.
Synonyms: "Ramibacterium alactolyticum" Prévot and Taffanel 1942, "Ramibacterium dentium" Vinzent and Reynes 1947, "Ramibacterium pleuriticum" Prévot et al. 1947.
Etymology: Gr. prep. a, not; L. n. lac lactis, milk; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. alactolyticum, not milk digesting.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.) and TAFFANEL (J.): Recherches sur une nouvelle espèce anaérobie Ramibacterium alactolyticum (nov. spec.). Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1942, 68, 259-262. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

¤ Pseudoramibacter alactolyticus (Prévot and Taffanel 1942) Willems and Collins 1996, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium angustum Beuscher and Andreesen 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MK-1 = ATCC 43737 = DSM 1989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34612.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. angustum, restrained, scanty, narrow (substrate spectrum).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 19. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 535. [BEUSCHER (H.U.) and ANDREESEN (J.R.): Eubacterium angustum sp. nov., a gram-positive anaerobic, non-sporeforming, obligate purine fermenting organism. Arch. Microbiol., 1984, 140, 2-8.]
Validation List no. 19 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Eubacterium barkeri (Stadtman et al. 1972) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25849 = CIP 104307 = DSM 1223 = JCM 1389 = VKM B-1775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M23927.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium barkeri Stadtman et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Inflabilis barati" (sic) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. barkeri, of Barker, named after Professor H.A. Barker, American biochemist.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.), WILLEMS (A.), CORDOBA (J.J.), FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.), GARCIA (P.), CAI (J.), HIPPE (H.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium biforme (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27806 = CCUG 28091 = DSM 3989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59230.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides biformis" Eggerth 1935, "Pseudobacterium biforme" (Eggerth 1935) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. biforme, two-shaped,  two-formed (pertaining to cellular morphology).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

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Eubacterium brachy Holdeman et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain VPI D6B-23 = ATCC 33089 = CIP 104210 = DSM 3990.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z36272.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. brachy (from Gr. neut. adj. brachu), short, referring to the length of the cells.
Reference: HOLDEMAN (L.V.), CATO (E.P.), BURMEISTER (J.A.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Descriptions of Eubacterium timidum sp. nov., Eubacterium brachy sp. nov., and Eubacterium nodatum sp. nov. isolated from human periodontitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 163-169.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium budayi (Le Blaye and Guggenheim 1914) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25541 = DSM 3981 = JCM 9989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB018183.
Synonyms: "Bacillus cadaveris butyricus" Buday 1898, "Bacterium budayi" Le Blaye and Guggenheim 1914, "Eubacterium cadaveris" Prévot 1938, "Pseudobacterium cadaveris" (Prévot 1938) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. budayi, of Buday; named for the bacteriologist who first isolated the organism.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 LE BLAYE (R.) and GUGGENHEIM (H.) (editors): Manuel pratique de diagnostic bactériologique et de technique appliquée à la détermination des bactéries. Vigot Frères, Paris, 1914, pp. 1-444. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

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Eubacterium callanderi Mountfort et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FD = ATCC 49165 = DSM 3662 = JCM 10284.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96961.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. callanderi, of Callander, named in honor of John Callander for his pioneering work on anaerobic digestion of wood-based materials.
Reference: MOUNTFORT (D.O.), GRANT (W.D.), CLARKE (R.) and ASHER (R.A.): Eubacterium callanderi sp. nov. that demethoxylates O-methoxylated aromatic acids to volatile fatty acids. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 254-258.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium cellulosolvens (Bryant et al. 1958) Holdeman and Moore 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Bryant B348.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Cillobacterium cellulosolvens" Bryant et al. 1958.
Etymology: N.L. n. cellulosum, cellulose; L. part. adj. solvens, dissolving; N.L. part. adj. cellulosolvens, cellulosedissolving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BRYANT (M.P.), SMALL (N.), BOUMA (C.) and ROBINSON (I.M.): Characteristics of ruminal anaerobic cellulolytic cocci and Cillobacterium cellulosolvens n. sp. Journal of Bacteriology, 1958, 76, 529-537. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium. In: L.V. HOLDEMAN and W.E.C. MOORE (editors): Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1972, pp 39-47.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is incorrectly cited as Bryant B348 (sic).

Eubacterium cellulosolvens (Bryant et al. 1958) Holdeman and Moore 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. van Gylswyk and van der Toorn 1986.
Neotype strain: van Gylswyk and Hoffman strain 6 = ATCC 43171 = JCM 9499 (the strain Bryant B348 has been lost).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X71860.
Etymology: N.L. n. cellulosum, cellulose; L. part. adj. solvens, dissolving; N.L. part. adj. cellulosolvens, cellulosedissolving.
Reference: VAN GYLSWYK (N.O.) and VAN DER TOORN (J.J.T.K.): Description and designation of a neotype strain of Eubacterium cellulosolvens (Cillobacterium cellulosolvens Bryant, Small, Bouma and Robinson) Holdeman and Moore. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 275-277.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by van Gylswyk and van der Toorn 1986 the type strain ATCC 43171 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 00000.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 306.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium combesii (Prévot and Laplanche 1947) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25545 = DSM 20696 = JCM 9988.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY533380.
Synonym: "Cillobacterium combesi" (sic) Prévot and Laplanche 1947.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. combesii, of Combes; named for Combes.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.) and LAPLANCHE (J.): Étude d'une bactérie anaérobie nouvelle de Guinée Française Cillobacterium combesi n. sp. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1947, 73, 687-688. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

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Eubacterium contortum (Prévot 1947) Holdeman et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25540 = DSM 3982.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34615 (type strain ATCC 25540), FR749945 (type strain DSM 3982, clone 1), FR749946 (type strain DSM 3982, clone 2).
Synonym: "Catenabacterium contortum" Prévot 1947.
Etymology: L. neut. part. adj. contortum, twisted.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Étude de quelques bactéries anaérobies nouvelles ou mal connues. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1947, 73, 409-418. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.), CATO (E.P.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium contortum (Prévot) comb. nov.: emendation of description and designation of the type strain. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 304-306.]

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Eubacterium coprostanoligenes Freier et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HL = ATCC 51222.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM037995.
Etymology: N.L. n. coprostanol, coprostanol; Gr. v. gennaô, produce, engender; N.L. adj. coprostanoligenes, producing coprostanol.
Reference: FREIER (T.A.), BEITZ (D.C.), LI (L.) and HARTMAN (P.A.): Characterization of Eubacterium coprostanoligenes sp. nov. a cholesterol-reducing anaerobe. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 137-142.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium cylindroides (Rocchi 1908) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27803 = DSM 3983 = JCM 10261.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34617.
Synonyms: "Bacterium cylindroides" Rocchi 1908, "Ristella cylindroides" (Rocchi 1908) Prévot 1938, "Pseudobacterium cylindroides" (Rocchi 1908) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Bacteroides cylindroides" (Rocchi 1908) Kelly 1957.
Etymology: Gr. n. kulindros, a cylinder; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. neut. adj. cylindroides, cylinder-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ROCCHI (G.): Lo stato attuale delle nostre cognizioni sui germi anaerobi. Bulletino delle Scienze Mediche (Societa di Bologna), 1908, 8, 457-528. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

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Eubacterium desmolans Morris et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43058 = CCUG 27818 = JCM 6566.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34618.
Etymology: Gr. n. desmos, a bond, mod. chem. term desmolase, an enzyme that splits a carbon-carbon bond; N.L. part. adj. desmolans, making desmolase.
Reference: MORRIS (G.N.), WINTER (J.), CATO (E.P.), RITCHIE (A.E.) and BOKKENHEUSER (V.D.): Eubacterium desmolans sp. nov., a steroid desmolase-producing species from cat fecal flora. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 183-186.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium dolichum Moore et al. 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29143 = DSM 3991 = JCM 10413.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34682.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. dolichum (from Gr. neut. adj. dolichon), long, referring to the long chains formed in broth cultures.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MOORE (W.E.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Emendation of Bacteriodaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium, and Ruminococcus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 238-252.]

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Eubacterium eligens Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27750 = DSM 3376 = VPI C15-48.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34420.
Etymology: L. part. adj. eligens, making a proper selection, selecting, referring to its generally poor growth without fermentable carbohydrate.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

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Eubacterium exiguum Poco et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S-7 = ATCC 700122 = CIP 105133 = JCM 11022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF101240.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. exiguum, scanty, small, referring to the scanty or poor growth of this organism.
Reference: POCO Jr. (S.E.), NAKAZAWA (F.), IKEDA (T.), SATO (M.), SATO (T.) and HOSHINO (E.): Eubacterium exiguum sp. nov., isolated from human oral lesions. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1120-1124.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Slackia exigua (Poco et al. 1996) Wade et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium fissicatena Taylor 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33661 = DSM 3598 = JCM 9983 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10446.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU985201. FR749935 (DSM 3598, clone 1), FR749936 (DSM 3598, clone 2), FR749937 (DSM 3598, clone 3), FR749938 (DSM 3598, clone 4).
Etymology: L. part. adj. fissus, clived, splite; L. n. catena, a chain; N.L. n. fissicatena, a broken chain.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TAYLOR (M.M.): Eubacterium fissicatena sp. nov. isolated from the alimentary tract of the goat. Journal of General Microbiology, 1972, 71, 457-463.]

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Eubacterium formicigenerans Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27755 = DSM 3992.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34619.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum formicum, formic acid; L. part. adj. generans, producing; N.L. adj. formicigenerans, formic acid-producing; referring to its production of large amounts of formic acid from carbohydrate fermentation.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

¤ Dorea formicigenerans (Holdeman and Moore 1974) Taras et al. 2002, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium fossor Bailey and Love 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43386 = CIP 106638 = JCM 9981 = NCTC 11919 = VPB 2127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34620.
Etymology: L. n. fossor, a digger, delver.
Reference: BAILEY (G.D.) and LOVE (D.N.): Eubacterium fossor sp. nov., an agar-corroding organism from normal pharynx and oral and respiratory tract lesions of horses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 383-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Atopobium fossor (Bailey and Love 1986) Kageyama et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium hadrum Moore et al. 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29173 = DSM 3319 = JCM 9980 = VPI B2-52.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749932 (type strain DSM 3319, clone 1), FR749933 (type strain DSM 3319, clone 2), FR749934 (type strain DSM 3319, clone 3).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hadrum (from Gr. neut. adj. hadron), thick, bulky (referring to the relatively large size of the cell).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MOORE (W.E.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Emendation of Bacteriodaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium and Ruminococcus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 238-252.]

¤ Anaerostipes hadrus (Moore et al. 1976) Allen-Vercoe et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium hallii Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27751 = DSM 3353 = VPI B4-27.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34621.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hallii, of Hall, named for Ivan C. Hall, an American bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

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Eubacterium infirmum Cheeseman et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCTC 12940.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U13039.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. infirmum, not strong, weak, feeble, delicate, referring to the delicate growth of the organism.
Reference: CHEESEMAN (S.L.), HIOM (S.J.), WEIGHTMAN (A.J.) and WADE (W.G.): Phylogeny of oral asaccharolytic Eubacterium species determined by 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison and proposal of Eubacterium infirmum sp. nov. and Eubacterium tardum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 957-959.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium lentum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25559 = CCUG 17323 A = CIP 106637 = DSM 2243 = JCM 9979 = NCAIM B.01418 = NCTC 11813.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF292375.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides lentus" Eggerth 1935, "Pseudobacterium lentum" Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. lentum, slow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

¤ Eggerthella lenta (Eggerth 1935) Wade et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8486 = CCUG 16793 = CIP 104169 = DSM 20543 = JCM 6421 = JCM 9978.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59120.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides limosus" Eggerth 1935, "Butyribacterium rettgeri" Barker and Haas 1944, "Mycobacterium limosum" (Eggerth 1935) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Butyribacterium limosum" (Eggerth 1935) Moore and Cato 1965.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. limosum, full of slime, slimy.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

Note: Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Eubacterium Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980).
References:
1 CATO (E.P.), HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot as the type species of Eubacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 209-210.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 57: Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot 1938 as the type species of Eubacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 434.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium minutum Poco et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M-6 = ATCC 700079 = CIP 104795.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ005636.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. minutum, minute, small, referring to the minute colonies formed by the organism.
Reference: POCO Jr. (S.E.), NAKAZAWA (F.), SATO (M.) and HOSHINO (E.): Eubacterium minutum sp. nov., isolated from human periodontal pockets. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Eubacterium minutum Poco et al. 1996 emend. Wade et al. 1999.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M-6 = ATCC 700079 = CIP 104795.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U13037.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. minutum, minute, small, referring to the minute colonies formed by the organism.
Reference: WADE (W.G.), DOWNES (J.), MUNSON (M.A.) and WEIGHTMAN (A.J.): Eubacterium minutum is an earlier synonym of Eubacterium tardum and has priority. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1939-1941.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of type strains of Eubacterium minutum Poco et al. 1996 and ¤ Eubacterium tardum Cheeseman et al. 1996 are identical. By prior publication, Eubacterium minutum has precedence (Rule 24b). So, Eubacterium minutum is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Eubacterium tardum.
Reference: WADE (W.G.), DOWNES (J.), MUNSON (M.A.) and WEIGHTMAN (A.J.): Eubacterium minutum is an earlier synonym of Eubacterium tardum and has priority. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1939-1941.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium moniliforme (Repaci 1910) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25546 = CCUG 28088 = DSM 3984 = JCM 9990.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB540985.
Synonyms: "Bacillus moniliforme" (sic) Repaci 1910, "Bacillus repazii" (sic) Herter 1917, "Cillobacterium moniliforme" (Repaci 1910) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: L. n. monile, a necklace; L. adj. suffix -formis -is -e (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. neut. adj. moniliforme, necklace-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 REPACI (G.): Contribution à l'étude de la flore bactérienne anaérobie des gangrènes pulmonaires. Un streptobacille anaérobie. Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie (Paris), 1910, 68, 410-412. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

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Eubacterium multiforme (Distaso 1911) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25552 = CCUG 27817 = DSM 20694 = JCM 6484.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB018184.
Synonyms: "Bacillus multiformis" Distaso 1911, "Cillobacterium multiforme" (Distaso 1911) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, much, many; L. adj. suffix -formis -is -e (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. neut. adj. multiforme, many-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 DISTASO (A.): Sur les microbes protéolytiques de la flore intestinale de l'homme et des animaux. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1911, 59, 97-103. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

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Eubacterium nitritogenes Prévot 1940, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25547 = DSM 3985 = JCM 6485.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB018185.
Etymology: N.L. n. nitris -itis, nitrite; Gr. v. gennaô, produce, engender; N.L. adj. nitritogenes, nitrite-producing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PRÉVOT (A.R.): Un anaérobie strict réduisant les nitrates en nitrites Eubacterium nitritogenes n. sp. Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie (Paris), 1940, 134, 353-355.]

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Eubacterium nodatum Holdeman et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33099 = CCUG 15996 = CIP 104213 = DSM 3993 = JCM 9977 = JCM 14550 = VPI D6A-5.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z36274.
Etymology: L. neut. part. adj. nodatum, entangled, referring to the tangled arrangement of the cells.
Reference: HOLDEMAN (L.V.), CATO (E.P.), BURMEISTER (J.A.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Descriptions of Eubacterium timidum sp. nov., Eubacterium brachy sp. nov., and Eubacterium nodatum sp. nov. isolated from human periodontitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 163-169.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium oxidoreducens corrig. Krumholz and Bryant 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain G41 = ATCC 43585 = DSM 3217.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733672.
Etymology: N.L. n. oxidum, oxide; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and in chemistry converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. oxidoreducens, reducing compounds (containing) oxygen.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 21. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 489. [KRUMHOLZ (L.R.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Eubacterium oxidoreducens sp. nov. requiring H2 or formate to degrade gallate, pyrogallol, phloroglucinol and quercetin. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 144, 8-14.]
Validation List 21 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 21, the name Eubacterium oxidoreducens was misspelt as Eubacterium oxidoreducans [sic] both in the table and in the reference cited.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Further corrigendum to Validation List. Available online. See: http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/51/5/1933/DC1.

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Eubacterium plautii (Séguin 1928) Hofstad and Aasjord 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Prévot S1 = ATCC 29863 = CCUG 28093 = DSM 4000 = VPI 0310.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY724678.
Basonym: ¤ Fusobacterium plautii corrig. Séguin 1928 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacille de Plaut, Kritchevsky and Séguin 1921", "Bacillus plauti" (sic) Séguin 1928, "Fusocillus plauti" (sic) (Séguin 1928) Prévot 1938, "Zuberella plauti" (sic) (Séguin 1928) Sebald 1962.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. plautii, of Plaut; named for H.C. Plaut, the bacteriologist who first described this organism.
Reference: HOFSTAD (T.) and AASJORD (P.): Eubacterium plautii (Séguin 1928) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 346-349.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Carlier et al. 2010, Eubacterium plautii (Séguin 1928) Hofstad and Aasjord 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Clostridium orbiscindens Winter et al. 1991.
Reference: CARLIER (J.P.), BEDORA-FAURE (M.), K’OUAS (G.), ALAUZET (C.) and MORY (F.): Proposal to unify Clostridium orbiscindens Winter et al. 1991 and Eubacterium plautii (Seguin 1928) Hofstad and Aasjord 1982, with description of Flavonifractor plautii gen. nov., comb. nov., and reassignment of Bacteroides capillosus to Pseudoflavonifractor capillosus gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 585-590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavonifractor plautii (Séguin 1928) Carlier et al. 2010.

Note: Carlier et al. 2010 propose to unify Eubacterium plautii (Séguin 1928) Hofstad and Aasjord 1982 and ¤ Clostridium orbiscindens Winter et al. 1991 in the new genus ¤ Flavonifractor Carlier et al. 2010 as ¤ Flavonifractor plautii (Séguin 1928) Carlier et al. 2010, comb. nov.
Reference: CARLIER (J.P.), BEDORA-FAURE (M.), K’OUAS (G.), ALAUZET (C.) and MORY (F.): Proposal to unify Clostridium orbiscindens Winter et al. 1991 and Eubacterium plautii (Seguin 1928) Hofstad and Aasjord 1982, with description of Flavonifractor plautii gen. nov., comb. nov., and reassignment of Bacteroides capillosus to Pseudoflavonifractor capillosus gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 585-590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium plexicaudatum Wilkins et al. 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain VPI 7582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. part. adj. plexus, twisted or braided; N.L. adj. caudatus (from L. n. cauda, tail), with a tail; N.L. neut. adj. plexicaudatum, with a braided tail, referring to the tuft of subpolar flagella that are twisted together to form the “large flagellum” often visible by darkfield or phase-contrast microscopy.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [WILKINS (T.D.), FULGHUM (R.S.) and WILKINS (J.H.): Eubacterium plexicaudatum sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium with a subpolar tuft of flagella, isolated from a mouse cecum. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 408-411.]

Note: The strain VPI 7582 was assigned to ATCC. However, this culture is no longer available at the ATCC and most probably there is not alternative collection.
Reference: YARZA (P.): Personal communication (December 01, 2009).

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Eubacterium pyruvativorans Wallace et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain I-6 = ATCC BAA-574 = NCIMB 13911.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ310135.
Etymology: N.L. n. pyruvatum, pyruvate; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, eating greedily; N.L. part. adj. pyruvativorans, devouring pyruvate.
Reference: WALLACE (R.J.), McKAIN (N.), McEWAN (N.R.), MIYAGAWA (E.), CHAUDHARY (L.C.), KING (T.P.), WALKER (N.D.), APAJALAHTI (J.H.A.) and NEWBOLD (C.J.): Eubacterium pyruvativorans sp. nov., a novel non-saccharolytic anaerobe from the rumen that ferments pyruvate and amino acids, forms caproate and utilizes acetate and propionate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 965-970.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium ramulus Moore et al. 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29099 = DSM 3995.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34623.
Etymology: L. n. ramulus, a twig, referring to the shape of the cell.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MOORE (W.E.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Emendation of Bacteriodaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium and Ruminococcus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 238-252.]

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Eubacterium rectale (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33656 = VPI 0989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001107 (complete genome).
Synonyms: "Bacteroides rectalis" Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Pseudobacterium rectale" (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. n. rectum, that which is right; N.L. n. rectum, the straight bowel; L. neut. suffix -ale, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. rectale, pertaining to rectum, rectal.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HAUDUROY (P.), EHRINGER (G.), URBAIN (A.), GUILLOT (G.) and MAGROU (J.): Dictionnaire des bactéries pathogènes. Masson and Co., Paris, 1937, pp. 1-597. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

Note: VPI 0989, the type strain in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names was deposited in ATCC (ATCC 25578) but was lost in both collections. A different isolate, VPI 0990 = ATCC 33656 = CIP 105953, from the same fecal sample has been deposited to represent the type strain. Because these isolates came from the same sample, Moore and Holdeman Moore believe that they are the same strain. According to Rule 18c, a neotype strain must be proposed in the IJSB (now IJSEM) and the proposal by Moore and Holdeman Moore is illegitimate. The neotype strain VPI 0990 = ATCC 33656 = CIP 105953 is not an established neotype (see Rule 18c).
References:
1 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN MOORE (L.V.): Genus Eubacterium Prévot 1938, 294AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1353-1373.
2 TANG (J.): Personal communication (April 30, 2002).

Eubacterium rectale (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938, species.
Proposed neotype strain: strain A1-86 = DSM 17629 = NCIMB 14373.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34627.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides rectalis" Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Pseudobacterium rectale" (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. n. rectum, that which is right; N.L. n. rectum, the straight bowel; L. neut. suffix -ale, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. rectale, pertaining to rectum, rectal.
References: DUNCAN (S.H.) and FLINT (H.J.): Proposal of a neotype strain (A1-86) for Eubacterium rectale. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1735-1736.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rule 18c, the proposal of a neotype strain does not require a Request for an Opinion.

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Eubacterium ruminantium Bryant 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 17233 = DSM 20704.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB008552.
Etymology: N.L. gen. pl. n. ruminantium, of ruminants.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BRYANT (M.P.): Bacterial species of the rumen. Bacteriological Reviews, 1959, 23, 125-153.]

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Eubacterium saburreum (Prévot 1966) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33271 = CCUG 28089 = CIP 105341 = DSM 3986 = JCM 11021 = VPI 11763.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB525414.
Synonyms: "Catenabacterium saburreum" Prévot 1966, "Leptotrichia aerogenes" Hofstad 1967.
Etymology: L. n. saburra, sand; L. neut. suff. -eum, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. saburreum, sandy.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.) (ed.): Manual for the classification and determination of the anaerobic bacteria. 1st American ed. transl. by V. Fredette, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1966, pp. 1-402. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

¤ Lachnoanaerobaculum saburreum (Prévot 1966) Hedberg et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium saphenum corrig. Uematsu et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain U 164-47 = ATCC 49989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U65987.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. saphenum (?), hidden; referring to the fact the organisms had been hidden in a bacterial flora.
Reference: UEMATSU (H.), NAKAZAWA (F.), IKEDA (T.) and HOSHINO (E.): Eubacterium saphenus sp. nov., isolated from human periodontal pockets. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 302-304.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Eubacterium saphenus (sic), has been corrected in accordance with Rule 61.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 867.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium siraeum Moore et al. 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29066 = DSM 3996.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34625.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. siraeum (?), sluggish, referring to the relative inactivity of this organism in most substrates tested.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MOORE (W.E.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Emendation of Bacteriodaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium and Ruminococcus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 238-252.]

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Eubacterium suis (ex Soltys and Spratling 1957) Wegienek and Reddy 1982, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Soltys 50052 = ATCC 33144 = CCUG 19206 = CIP 105361 = DSM 20639 = LMG 18291.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: S83623.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium suis" Soltys and Spratling 1957, not "Actinomyces suis " Grässer 1957, not "Actinomyces suis" Gasperini 1892.
Etymology: L. gen. n. suis, of a hog, of a pig.
Reference: WEGIENEK (J.) and REDDY (C.A.): Taxonomic study of "Corynebacterium suis" Soltys and Spratling: proposal of Eubacterium suis (nom. rev.) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 218-228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Actinomyces suis (Wegienek and Reddy 1982) Ludwig et al. 1992, comb. nov.

¤ Actinobaculum suis (Wegienek and Reddy 1982) Lawson et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium sulci (Cato et al. 1985) Jalava and Eerola 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35585 = CCUG 20560 = VPI D45A-29A.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ006963.
Basonym: ¤ Fusobacterium sulci Cato et al. 1985.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sulci, of a furrow, referring to its habitat, the human gingival sulcus.
Reference: JALAVA (J.) and EEROLA (E.): Phylogenetic analysis of Fusobacterium alocis and Fusobacterium sulci based on 16S rRNA gene sequences: proposal of Filifactor alocis (Cato, Moore and Moore) comb. nov. and Eubacterium sulci (Cato, Moore and Moore) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1375-1379.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium tarantellae corrig. Udey et al. 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain UM-87 = ATCC 29255 = DSM 3997.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733677.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. tarantellae, of tarantella, a fast, whirling dance; referring to the disease symptoms of the fish from which the species was isolated.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 UDEY (L.R.), YOUNG (E.) and SALLMAN (B.): Isolation and characterization of an anaerobic bacterium, Eubacterium tarantellus sp. nov., associated with striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) mortality in Biscayne Bay, Florida. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 1977, 34, 402-409. 2 Announcement of the valid publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 1. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 306.]

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, tarantellus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Eubacterium tarantellus may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Eubacterium tarantellus be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium tardum Cheeseman et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC 87K = ATCC 700434 =  CCUG 46382 = NCTC 12941.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U13037.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. tardum, slow, referring to the slow growth of the organism.
Reference: CHEESEMAN (S.L.), HIOM (S.J.), WEIGHTMAN (A.J.) and WADE (W.G.): Phylogeny of oral asaccharolytic Eubacterium species determined by 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison and proposal of Eubacterium infirmum sp. nov. and Eubacterium tardum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 957-959.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Eubacterium minutum Poco et al. 1996.

Note: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of type strains of Eubacterium tardum Cheeseman et al. 1996 and ¤ Eubacterium minutum Poco et al. 1996 are identical. By prior publication, ¤ Eubacterium minutum has precedence (Rule 24b). So, Eubacterium tardum is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Eubacterium minutum.
Reference: WADE (W.G.), DOWNES (J.), MUNSON (M.A.) and WEIGHTMAN (A.J.): Eubacterium minutum is an earlier synonym of Eubacterium tardum and has priority. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1939-1941.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium tenue (Bergey et al. 1923) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25553 = DSM 20695 = JCM 6486.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59118 (type strain ATCC 25553), FR749984 (type strain DSM 20695, clone 1), FR749985 (type strain DSM 20695, clone 2).
Synonyms: "Bacillus tenuis spatuliformis" Distaso 1911, "Bacteroides tenuis" Bergey et al. 1923, "Cillobacterium spatuliforme" Prévot 1938, "Bacillus spatuliformis" (Prévot 1938) Prévot 1940, "Cillobacterium tenue" (Bergey et al. 1923) Clise 1957.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. tenue, slender (originally used with spatuliformis to indicate forms like slender spatulas).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Eubacterium In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 23-30.]

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Eubacterium timidum Holdeman et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33093 = CIP 104214 = VPI D1B-22.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z36296.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. timidum, fearful, afraid, timid (referring to the slight or slow growth in clumps).
Reference: HOLDEMAN (L.V.), CATO (E.P.), BURMEISTER (J.A.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Descriptions of Eubacterium timidum sp. nov., Eubacterium brachy sp. nov., and Eubacterium nodatum sp. nov. isolated from human periodontitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 163-169.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Mogibacterium timidum (Holdeman et al. 1980) Nakazawa et al. 2000, comb. nov.

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Eubacterium tortuosum (Debono 1912) Prévot 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25548 = DSM 3987.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34683.
Synonyms: "Bacillus tortuosus" Debono 1912, "Bacteroides tortuosus" (Debono 1912) Bergey et al. 1923, "Mycobacterium flavum var. tortuosum" Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. tortuosum, full of windings, tortuous.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 DEBONO (M.): On some anaerobical bacteria of the normal human intestine. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1912, 62, 229-234. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

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Eubacterium uniforme van Gylswyk and van der Toorn 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X3C39 = ATCC 35992.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU269550.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. uniforme, having only one shap, uniform, denoting unusual uniformity among strains.
Reference: VAN GYLSWYK (N.O.) and VAN DER TOORN (J.J.T.K.): Eubacterium uniforme sp. nov. and Eubacterium xylanophilum sp. nov., fiber-digesting bacteria from the rumina of sheep fed corn stover. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 323-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium ventriosum (Tissier 1908) Prévot 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27560 = DSM 3988.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34421.
Synonyms: "Bacillus ventriosus" Tissier 1908, "Bacteroides ventriosus" (Tissier 1908) Eggerth 1935, "Pseudobacterium ventriosum" (Tissier 1908) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. ventriosum, having a large belly, pot-bellied.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 TISSIER (H.): Recherches sur la flore intestinale normale des enfants âgés d'un à cinq ans. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1908, 22, 189-208. 2 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1938, 60, 285-307.]

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Eubacterium xylanophilum van Gylswyk and van der Toorn 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X6C58 = ATCC 35991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L34628.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylanum, xylan; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. xylanophilum, xylan-loving.
Reference: VAN GYLSWYK (N.O.) and VAN DER TOORN (J.J.T.K.): Eubacterium uniforme sp. nov. and Eubacterium xylanophilum sp. nov., fiber-digesting bacteria from the rumina of sheep fed corn stover. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 323-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium yurii Margaret and Krywolap 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SM14 = ATCC 43714.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU269551.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. yurii, of Yuri (author).
Reference: MARGARET (B.S.) and KRYWOLAP (G.N.): Eubacterium yurii subsp. yurii sp. nov. and Eubacterium yurii subsp. margaretiae subsp. nov.: test tube brush bacteria from subgingival dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 145-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium yurii subsp. margaretiae Margaret and Krywolap 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SM65 = ATCC 43715.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY533381.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. margaretiae, of Margaret (author).
Reference: MARGARET (B.S.) and KRYWOLAP (G.N.): Eubacterium yurii subsp. yurii sp. nov. and Eubacterium yurii subsp. margaretiae subsp. nov.: test tube brush bacteria from subgingival dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 145-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium yurii subsp. schtitka Margaret and Krywolap 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain III = SMN = ATCC 43716.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY533382.
Etymology: N.L. n. schitka (from Ukrainian n. schitka), a brush.
Reference: MARGARET (B.S.) and KRYWOLAP (G.N.): Eubacterium yurii subsp. schtitka subsp. nov.: test tube brush bacteria from subgingival dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 207-208.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Eubacterium yurii subsp. yurii Margaret and Krywolap 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SM14 = ATCC 43714.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU269551.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. yurii, of Yuri (author).
Reference: MARGARET (B.S.) and KRYWOLAP (G.N.): Eubacterium yurii subsp. yurii sp. nov. and Eubacterium yurii subsp. margaretiae subsp. nov.: test tube brush bacteria from subgingival dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 145-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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