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Genus Erwinia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 39
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 5

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920, genus. (Type genus of the tribe ¤ Erwinieae Winslow et al. 1920 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Erwinia, named after Erwin F. Smith.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINSLOW (C.E.A.), BROADHURST (J.), BUCHANAN (R.E.), KRUMWIEDE Jr. (C.), ROGERS (L.A.) and SMITH (G.H.): The families and genera of the bacteria. Final report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on characterization and classification of bacterial types. Journal of Bacteriology, 1920, 5, 191-229.

Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type species: ¤ Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Erwinia, named after Erwin F. Smith.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Note: The species of the genus Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences.
Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I, Erwinia amylovora, Erwinia mallotivora, Erwinia persicina corrig., Erwinia psidii, Erwinia rhapontici and Erwinia tracheiphila; 2) to unite the species of cluster II, Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, Erwinia cacticida, Erwinia chrysanthemi and Erwinia cypripedii in the genus ¤ Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 3) to transfer the species of cluster III, Erwinia alni, Erwinia nigrifluens, Erwinia paradisiaca, Erwinia quercina, Erwinia rubrifaciens and Erwinia salicis into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 4) to emend the genera Erwinia (Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998) and ¤ Pectobacterium (Pectobacterium Waldee 1945(Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998); 5) to emend the species Erwinia amylovora (Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998), Erwinia mallotivora (Erwinia mallotivora Goto 1976 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998), Erwinia rhapontici (Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998) and Erwinia tracheiphila (Erwinia tracheiphila (Smith 1895) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998); 6) to emend some species of the genus Pectobacterium (see: ¤).
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia alni Surico et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PVFi 20 = ATCC 700181= CCUG 48887 = CIP 104916 = DSM 11811 = ICMP 12481 = NCPPB 3934.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233409.
Etymology: L. gen. n. alni, of alder, referring to the plant from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: SURICO (G.), MUGNAI (L.), PASTORELLI (R.), GIOVANNETTI (L.) and STEAD (D.E.): Erwinia alni, a new species causing bark cankers of alder (Alnus Miller) species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 720-726.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brenneria alni (Surico et al. 1996) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15580= CFBP 1232 = CIP 82.82 = DSM 30165 = ICMP 1540 = IFO (now NBRC) 12687 = LMG 2024 = NCAIM B.01108 = NCPPB 683.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233410.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus amylovorus" Burrill 1882, "Bacillus amylovorus" (Burrill 1882) Trevisan 1889, "Bacterium amylovorus" (sic) (Burrill 1882) Chester 1897.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. amylovora, starch-destroying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BURRILL (T.J.): The Bacteria: an account of their nature and effects, together with a systematic description of the species. Illinois Industrial University 11th Report, 1882, pp. 93-157. 2 WINSLOW (C.E.A.), BROADHURST (J.), BUCHANAN (R.E.), KRUMWIEDE Jr. (C.), ROGERS (L.A.) and SMITH (G.H.): The families and genera of the bacteria. Final report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on characterization and classification of bacterial types. Journal of Bacteriology, 1920, 5, 191-229.

Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15580= CFBP 1232 = CIP 82.82 = DSM 30165 = ICMP 1540 = IFO (now NBRC) 12687 = LMG 2024 = NCAIM B.01108 = NCPPB 683.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233410.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus amylovorus" Burrill 1882, "Bacillus amylovorus" (Burrill 1882) Trevisan 1889, "Bacterium amylovorus" (sic) (Burrill 1882) Chester 1897.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. amylovora, starch-destroying.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia ananatis corrig. Serrano 1928, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33244= CFBP 3612 = CIP 105207 = ICPB EA175 = LMG 2665 = NCPPB 1846 = PDDCC 1850.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80196.
Synonyms: "Bacillus ananas" Serrano 1928, "Bacterium ananas" (Serrano 1928) Burgvits 1935, "Pectobacterium ananas" (Serrano 1928) Patel and Kulkarni 1951, "Erwinia herbicola var. ananas" (Serrano 1928) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. Ananas -atis, generic name of the pineapple; N.L. gen. n. ananatis, of Ananas, of the pineapple.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SERRANO (F.B.): Bacterial fruitlet brownrot of pineapple in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science, 1928, 36, 271-305.

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, ananas (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Erwinia ananas may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Erwinia ananas be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online
3 According to Mergaert et al. 1993, Erwinia ananatis corrig. Serrano 1928 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Erwinia uredovora (Pon et al. 1954) Dye 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and KERSTERS (K.): Transfer of Erwinia ananas (synonym, Erwinia uredovora) and Erwinia stewartii to the genus Pantoea emend. as Pantoea ananas (Serrano 1928) comb. nov. and Pantoea stewartii (Smith 1898) comb. nov., respectively, and description of Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 162-173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pantoea ananatis corrig. (Serrano 1928) Mergaert et al. 1993, comb. nov.

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Erwinia aphidicola Harada et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) X 001 = CIP 106296 = IAM 14479 = JCM 21238 = LMG 24877 = NBRC 102417.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN547376.
Etymology: N.L. n. aphidum, the aphid; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola) dweller; N.L. n. aphidicola, aphid dweller.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Effective publication: HARADA (H.), OYAIZU (H.), KOSAKO (Y.) and ISHIKAWA (H.): Erwinia aphidicola, a new species isolated from pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1997, 43, 349-354.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Erwinia billingiae Mergaert et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Billing E63 = CIP 106121 = LMG 2613 = NCPPB 661.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175337.
Etymology: L. gen. fem. n. billingiae, of Billing, named after Eve Billing, who first isolated these organisms.
Valid publication: MERGAERT (J.), HAUBEN (L.), CNOCKAERT (M.C.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of non-pigmented Erwinia herbicola strains from trees as Erwinia billingiae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 377-383.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Erwinia billingiae was previously known as Erwinia-like isolates or as DC isolates of Billing & Baker or as strains of phenon 11 of Verdonck et al.

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Erwinia cacticida Alcorn et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1-12 = Dye EH-3 = ATCC 49481= CFBP 3628 = CIP 105191 = ICMP 1551-66 = ICMP 11136 = ICPB EC186 = LMG 17936 = NCPPB 3849.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223409.
Etymology: L. n. cactus, a prickly plant with edible stalks, a cactus; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; N.L. n. cacticida, a killer of cactus.
Valid publication: ALCORN (S.M.), ORUM (T.V.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), FOSTER (J.L.M.), FOGLEMAN (J.C.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Taxonomy and pathogenicity of Erwinia cacticida sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 197-212.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pectobacterium cacticida corrig. (Alcorn et al. 1991) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia cancerogena Urosevic 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33241= CCUG 25231 = CFBP 4167 = CIP 103787 = ICMP 5706 = LMG 2693 = NCPPB 2176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96078.
Etymology: L. cancer -cri, crab, the disease cancer; L. suff. genus -a -um (from L. v. gigno, to produce, give birth to, beget), producing; N.L. fem. adj. cancerogena, cancer-inducing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: UROSEVIC (B.): Canker of poplar caused by Erwinia cancerogena n. sp. Lesnicky casopsis, 1966, 12, 493-505.

¤ Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988, comb. nov.

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Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCPPB 439.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. carnegieana, of Carnegiea, the generic name of a cactus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STANDRING (E.T.). In: LIGHTLE (P.C.), STANDRING (E.T.) and BROWN (J.G.): A bacterial necrosis of the giant cactus. Phytopathology, 1942, 32, 303-313.

= ¤ Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 In a request for an opinion, S.M. Alcorn and V.T. Orum [1] presented evidence that the type strain of Erwinia carnegieana (syn. Pectobacterium carnegieana) is a contaminant and that no culture corresponds to the description attached to this name and requested that both of these species names be rejected as nomen dubium. The Judicial Commission [2, 3] concluded that the species will simply disappear from use without the need to place the names on the list of nomina rejicienda.
References:
1 ALCORN (S.M.) and ORUM (T.V.): Request for an opinion. Rejection of the names Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 and Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos and Fanning 1973. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 132-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION: Minutes of the meeting, 14 September 1990, Osaka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 185-187.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between January 1985 and July 1993. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 177-178.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Synonyms: "Bacillus carotovorus" Jones 1901, "Bacterium carotovorum" (Jones 1901) Lehmann and Neumann 1927.
Etymology:  L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. carotovora, carrot-devouring.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 JONES (L.R.): Bacillus carotovorus n. sp., die Ursache einer weichen Faulnis der Mohre. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1901, 7, 12-21. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

= ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 The species of the genus Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences. Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, Erwinia cacticida, Erwinia chrysanthemi and Erwinia cypripedii in the genus ¤ Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980). So, Erwinia carotovora is to be considered as an authentic species of the genus ¤ Pectobacterium.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33260= CFBP 1526 = CIP 105192 = ICMP 1526 = LMG 2386 = NCPPB 549.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96090.
Synonyms: "Bacillus atrosepticus" van Hall 1902, "Erwinia atroseptica" (van Hall 1902) Jennison 1923, "Bacterium atrosepticum" (van Hall 1902) Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Pectobacterium atrosepticum" (van Hall 1902) Patel and Kulkarni 1951, "Bacterium cartovorum var. atrosepticum" Hellmers and Dowson 1953, "Pectobacterium carotovorum var. atrosepticum" Hellmers and Dowson 1957, "Erwinia carotovora var. atroseptica" (Hellmers and Dowson 1953) Dye 1969.
Etymology: L. adj. ater -tra trum, black; L. adj. septicus -a -um, producing a putrefaction, putrefying, septic; N.L. fem. adj. atroseptica, producing a black rot.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 VAN HALL (C.J.J.): Bijdragen tot de kennis der Bakterieele Plantenziekten. Inaugural Dissertation Amsterdam, 1902. 2 DYE (D.W.): A taxonomic study of the genus Erwinia. II. The "carotovora" group. New Zealand Journal of Science, 1969, 12, 81-97.

¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Pectobacterium atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum Thomson et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43762= CFBP 1539 = CFBP 2122 = CIP 105193 = ICMP 4226 = LMG 2464 = LMG 2466 = NCPPB 2795.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80198.
Etymology: L. n. beta, beet; L. n. vasculum, a small vessel; N.L. pl. gen. n. betavasculorum, of the beet' s vascular tissues.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 91-92.
Effective publication: THOMSON (S.V.), HILDEBRAND (D.C.) and SCHROTH (M.N.): Identification and nutritional differentiation of the erwinia sugar beet pathogen from members of Erwinia carotovora and Erwinia chrysanthemi. Phytopathology, 1981, 71, 1037-1042.
Validation List no. 13 in IJSEM Online

¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Pectobacterium betavasculorum (Thomson et al. 1984) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Jones 1901) Dye 1969, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15713= CFBP 2046 = CIP 82.83 = DSM 30168 = HAMBI 1429 = ICMP 5702 = LMG 2404 = NCAIM B.01109 = NCPPB 312 = VKM B-1247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233411.
Etymology: L. n. carota, carrot; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. carotovora, carrot-devouring.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 JONES (L.R.): Bacillus carotovorus n. sp., die Ursache einer weichen Faulnis der Mohre. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1901, 7, 12-21. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

Note: The original authorship, (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Jones 1901) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera Gallois et al. 1992, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 1878 = CIP 103762 = ICMP 11533 = NCPPB 3839.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223407.
Etymology: L. adj. odorifer -era -erum, bringing or spreading odors, fragrant, odoriferous; L. fem. adj. odorifera, fragrant.
Valid publication: GALLOIS (A.), SAMSON (R.), AGERON (E.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera subsp. nov., associated with odorous soft rot of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 582-588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum (Gallois et al. 1992) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae Goto and Matsumoto 1987, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SR91 = ATCC 43316= CFBP 3304 = CIP 105194 = ICMP 9121 = NCPPB 3701 = PDDCC 9121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80199.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wasabiae, of wasabi (Eutrema wasabi), name of host plant.
Valid publication: GOTO (M.) and MATSUMOTO (K.): Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae subsp. nov. isolated from diseased rhizomes and fibrous roots of Japanese horseradish (Eutrema wasabi Maxim.). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 130-135.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Pectobacterium wasabiae (Goto and Matsumoto 1987) Gardan et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al. 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11663= CCUG 38766 = CFBP 2048 = CIP 82.99 = DSM 4610 = ICMP 5703 = LMG 2804 = NCAIM B.01392 = NCPPB 402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233412.
Synonyms: "Erwinia carotovora var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Dye 1969, "Pectobacterium cartovorum f. sp. chrysanthemi" Dowson 1957, "Pectobacterium carotovorum var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Graham and Dowson 1960, "Pectobacterium parthenii" Hellmers 1958, "Pectobacterium parthenii var. chrysanthemi" (Burkholder et al. 1953) Hellmers 1958, "Pectobacterium parthenii var. dianthicola" Hellmers 1958.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. Chrysanthemi, of the plant genus Chrysanthemum.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BURKHOLDER (W.H.), McFALDEN (L.A.) and DIMOCK (A.V.): A bacterial blight of chrysanthemums. Phytopathology, 1953, 43, 522-526.

= ¤ Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 The species of the genus Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences. Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, Erwinia cacticida, Erwinia chrysanthemi and Erwinia cypripedii in the genus ¤ Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 4) to emend ¤ Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998). So, Erwinia chrysanthemi is to be considered as an authentic species of the genus ¤ Pectobacterium.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

¤ Dickeya chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Samson et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29267= CFBP 3613 = CIP 105195 = DSM 3873 = LMG 2655 = LMG 2657 = NCPPB 3004 = PDDCC 1591.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233413.
Synonyms: "Bacillus cypripedii" Hori 1911, "Erwinia carotovora var. cypripedii" (Hori 1911) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cypripedium, generic name; N.L. gen. n. cypripedii, of Cypripedium, of cypripedium orchids.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HORI (S.): A bacterial leaf-disease of tropical orchids. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1911, 31, 85-92. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

= ¤ Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
2 The species of the genus Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences. Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I (see: ¤); 2) to transfer the species of cluster III into the new genus ¤ Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999; 3) to unite the species of cluster II, Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera, Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae, Erwinia cacticida, Erwinia chrysanthemi and Erwinia cypripedii in the genus ¤ Pectobacterium Waldee 1945 (Approved Lists 1980); 4) to emend ¤ Pectobacterium cypripedii (Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998). So, Erwinia cypripedii is to be considered as an authentic species of the genus ¤ Pectobacterium.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

¤ Pantoea cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brady et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Erwinia dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Burkholder 1948, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23373= CCUG 25230 = CIP 105586 = ICMP 1570 = LMG 2683 = NCPPB 1850 = JCM 6049.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96079.
Synonyms: "Pseudomonas dissolvens" Rosen 1922, "Bacterium dissolvens" Rosen 1922, "Phytomonas dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Rosen 1926, "Aplanobacter dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Rosen 1926, "Aerobacter dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Waldee 1945.
Etymology: L. part. adj. dissolvens, dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ROSEN (H.R.): The bacterial pathogen of corn stalk rot. Phytopathology, 1922, 12, 497-499. 2 BURKHOLDER (W.H.): Genus I. Erwinia Winslow et al. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1948, pp. 463-478.

¤ Enterobacter dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Brenner et al. 1988, comb. nov.

¤ Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Hoffmann et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Erwinia endophytica Ramírez-Bahena et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BSTT30=LMG 28457=CECT 8692.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LN624761.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: Gr. pref. endo, within; Gr. n. phyton, plant; L. fem. suff. ica, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. endophytica, within plant, endophytic.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: RAMÍREZ-BAHENA M. H., SALAZAR, S., CUESTA, M. J., TEJEDOR, C., IGUAL, J. M., FERNANDEZ-PASCUAL, M. and PEIX, A. 2016. Erwinia endophytica sp. nov., isolated from potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) stems. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 975-981.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia gerundensis Rezzonico et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EM595=LMG 28990=CCOS 903.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ611847.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. gerundensis, pertaining to Gerunda, the Latin name of the city of Girona (Spain), in which province the first strains were originally isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: REZZONICO, F., SMITS, T. H., BORN, Y., BLOM, J., FREY, J. E., GOESMANN, A., CLEENWERCK, I., DE VOS, P., BONATERRA, A., DUFFY, B. and MONTESINOS, E. 2016. Erwinia gerundensis sp. nov., a cosmopolitan epiphyte originally isolated from pome fruit trees. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1583-1592.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia herbicola (Löhnis 1911) Dye 1964, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCPPB 2971 = ATCC 33243= ICMP 272 = LMG 2565.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF373196.
Synonyms: "Bacterium herbicola" Löhnis 1911, "Bacterium herbicola" Geilinger 1921, "Pseudomonas herbicola" (Geilinger 1921) de'Rossi 1927.
Etymology: L. n. herba, grass, an herb; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), dweller; N.L. n. herbicola, grass dweller.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LÖHNIS (F.): Landwirtschaftlich-bakteriologisches Praktikum. Gebruder Borntraeger, Berlin, 1911, pp. 1-156. 2 DYE (D.W.): The taxonomic position of Xanthomonas trifolii (Huss, 1907) James, 1955. New Zealand Journal of Science, 1964, 7, 261-269.

Note: The results of morphological, physiological and chemical studies indicate that the type strain of ¤ Corynebacterium beticola Abdou 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) is a Gram negative, facultatively anaerobic bacterium which would be assigned to the genus Erwinia as Erwinia herbicola (Löhnis 1911) Dye 1964 (Approved Lists 1980). According to Rule 37a (1) the name Corynebacterium beticola must be changed to Erwinia herbicola. However, this change has not been validly published.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.) and JONES (D.): Taxonomic studies on Corynebacterium beticola (Abdou). J. Appl. Bacteriol., 1982, 52, 229-233.
Original article Online

¤ Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Beji et al. 1988.

Note: According to Beji et al. 1988, Erwinia herbicola (Löhnis 1911) Dye 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Beji et al. 1988. In the original description of Enterobacter agglomerans by Ewing and Fife, the epithet agglomerans was ascribed to Beijerinck's publication in 1888. Thus, Beji et al. 1988 consider that the epithet agglomerans has priority.
Reference: BEJI (A.), MERGAERT (J.), GAVINI (F.), IZARD (D.), KERSTERS (K.), LECLERC (H.) and DE LEY (J.): Subjective synonymy of Erwinia herbicola, Erwinia milletiae, and Enterobacter agglomerans and redefinition of the taxon by genotypic and phenotypic data. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 77-88.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pantoea agglomerans (Ewing and Fife 1972) Gavini et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Erwinia iniecta Campillo et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B120=CFBP 8182=NCCB 100485.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM870781.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: JRXF00000000.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. iniecta, thrust in, injected, referring to the fact that the first strains isolated from artificial media were introduced or ‘thrust in’ via the aphid stylet.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CAMPILLO, T., LUNA, E., PORTIER, P., FISCHER-LE SAUX, M., LAPITAN, N., TISSERAT, N. A. and LEACH, J. E. 2015. Erwinia iniecta sp. nov., isolated from Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3625-3633.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia mallotivora Goto 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29573= CFBP 2503 = CIP 105197 = DSM 4565 = ICMP 5705 = LMG 2708 = NCPPB 2851.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233414.
Etymology: N.L. n. Mallotus, a genus of trees; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. mallotivora, Mallotus-destroying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: GOTO (M.): Erwinia mallotivora sp. nov., the causal organism of bacterial leaf spot of Mallotus japonicus Muell. Arg. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 467-473.

Erwinia mallotivora Goto 1976 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29573= CFBP 2503 = CIP 105197 = DSM 4565 = ICMP 5705 = LMG 2708 = NCPPB 2851.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233414.
Etymology: N.L. n. Mallotus, a genus of trees; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. mallotivora, Mallotus-destroying.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia milletiae (Kawakami and Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 2660 = NCPPB 2519.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96083.
Synonym: "Bacillus milletiae" Kawakami and Yoshida 1920.
Etymology: N.L. n. Milletia, a genus of flowering plants named after A.J. Millett (a botanist); N.L. gen. n. Milletiae, of Milletia.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KAWAKAMI (K.) and YOSHIDA (S.): Bacterial gall on Milletia plant (Bacillus milletiae n. sp.). Botanical Magazine Tokyo, 1920, 34, 110-115. 2 MAGROU (J.): Phytomonas gypsophilae. In: P. HAUDUROY, G. EHRINGER, A. URBAIN, G. GUILLOT and J. MAGROU (editors): Dictionnaire des bactéries pathogènes, Masson et Cie, Paris, 1937, p. 60.

¤ Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Beji et al. 1988.

Note: According to Beji et al. 1988, Erwinia milletiae (Kawakami and Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Beji et al. 1988. In the original description of Enterobacter agglomerans by Ewing and Fife, the epithet agglomerans was ascribed to Beijerinck's publication in 1888. Thus, Beji et al. 1988 consider that the epithet agglomerans has priority.
Reference: BEJI (A.), MERGAERT (J.), GAVINI (F.), IZARD (D.), KERSTERS (K.), LECLERC (H.) and DE LEY (J.): Subjective synonymy of Erwinia herbicola, Erwinia milletiae, and Enterobacter agglomerans and redefinition of the taxon by genotypic and phenotypic data. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 77-88.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pantoea agglomerans (Ewing and Fife 1972) Gavini et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Erwinia nigrifluens Wilson et al. 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13028= CCUG 48853 = CIP 105198 = CFBP 3616 = CFBP 4998 = DSM 30175 = LMG 2694 = NCPPB 564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80203.
Synonym: "Erwinia amylovora var. nigrifluens" Dye 1968.
Etymology: L. adj. niger -gra -grum, black; L. v. fluo, to flow; N.L. part. adj. nigrifluens, black flowing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WILSON (E.E.), STARR (M.P.) and BERGER (J.A.): Bark canker, a bacterial disease of the Persian walnut tree. Phytopathology, 1957, 47, 669-673.

¤ Brenneria nigrifluens (Wilson et al. 1957) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Dye 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9912= CIP 104980 = ICMP 1577 = JCM 6050 = NCPPB 2045.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96077.
Synonym: "Erwinia nimipressuralis" Carter 1945.
Etymology: L. adv. nimis, overmuch; L. n. pressura, pressure; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. nimipressuralis, pertaining to excessive pressure, with excessive pressure.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 CARTER (J.C.): Wetwood of elms. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin, 1945, 23, 407-448. 2 DYE (D.W.): A taxonomic study of the genus Erwinia. IV. "Atypical" erwinias. New Zealand Journal of Science, 1969, 12, 833-839.

Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition, and in the first edition of the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (first edition), this taxon is cited as Erwinia nimipressuralis Carter 1945.

¤ Enterobacter nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Brenner et al. 1988, comb. nov.

¤ Lelliottia nimipressuralis [(Carter 1945) Dye 1969 (Approved Lists 1980)] Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Erwinia oleae Moretti et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DAPP-PG 531 = DSM 23398 = LMG 25322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU810925.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oleae, of olive (Olea europaea), the plant from which the bacterium was isolated.
Valid publication: MORETTI (C.), HOSNI (T.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), BRADY (C.), DE VOS (P.), BUONAURIO (R.) and CLEENWERCK (I.): Erwinia oleae sp. nov., isolated from olive knots caused by Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2745-2752.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia papayae Gardan et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 5189 = NCPPB 4294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY131237.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. papaya, papaya; N.L. gen. n. papayae, of papaya (of Carica papaya, the souce of isolation).
Valid publication: GARDAN (L.), CHRISTEN (R.), ACHOUAK (W.) and PRIOR (P.): Erwinia papayae sp. nov., a pathogen of papaya (Carica papaya). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 107-113.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia paradisiaca Fernandez-Borrero and Lopez-Duque 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33242= CFBP 4178 = LMG 2542 = NCPPB 2511.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96096.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. paradisiaca, of or belonging to Paradise, Paradisiacal, referring to the isolation of the organism from Musa paradisiaca.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: FERNANDEZ-BORRERO (O.) and LOPEZ-DUQUE (S.): Pudricion acuosa del suedo tallo del plátana (Musa paradisiaca) causada por Erwinia paradisiaca, n. sp. Cenicafe, 1970, 21, 3-44.

¤ Brenneria paradisiaca (Fernandez-Borrero and Lopez-Duque 1970) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Dickeya paradisiaca (Fernandez-Borrero and Lopez-Duque 1970) Samson et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Erwinia persicina corrig. Hao et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HK 204 = ATCC 35998= CFBP 3622 = CIP 105199 = JCM 3704 = IAM 12843 = CDC 9108-82 = AJ 2716 = ICMP 12532 = LMG 11254 = NBRC 102418 = NCPPB 3774.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80205.
Etymology: L. n. persicum, peach; L. suff. -inus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. persicina, belonging to a peach, peach colored, because of the pinkish or peach-colored pigment of this organism.
Valid publication: HAO (M.V.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), KOSAKO (Y.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Erwinia persicinus, a new species isolated from plants. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 379-383.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, persicinus (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Brenner et al. 1994, Erwinia persicina corrig. Hao et al. 1990 should be a later heterotypic synonym of "Erwinia nulandii" Schuster et al. 1981. Unfortunately, the name "Erwinia nulandii" was never validly published and has no standing in nomenclature. Therefore, despite the fact that "Erwinia nulandii" was published in 1981, Erwinia persicina corrig. Hao et al. 1990 is the validly published name for this species.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), NETO (J.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and ROBBS (C.F.): "Erwinia nulandii" is a subjective synonym of Erwinia persicinus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 282-284.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia piriflorinigrans López et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CECT 7348 = CFBP 5888.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ405202.
Etymology: L. n. pirus, pear tree; L. n. flos floris, flower; L. part. adj. nigrans, blackened, darkened; N.L. part. adj. piriflorinigrans, blackened pear blossom, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LÓPEZ (M.M.), ROSELLÓ (M.), LLOP (P.), FERRER (S.), CHRISTEN (R.) and GARDAN (L.): Erwinia piriflorinigrans sp. nov., a novel pathogen that causes necrosis of pear blossoms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 561-567.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia psidii Rodrigues Neto et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49406= CFBP 3627 = CIP 105200 = DSM 17597 = ICMP 8426 = LMG 7039 = NCPPB 3555 = PDDCC 8426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ809696.
Etymology: N.L. n. Psidium, a genus of the family Myrtaceae; N.L. gen. n. psidii, of Psidium.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Effective publication: RODRIGUES NETO (J.), ROBBS (C.F.) and YAMASHIRO (T.): A bacterial disease of guava (Psidium guajava) caused by Erwinia psidii sp. nov. Fitopatol. Bras., 1987, 12, 345-350.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online

Note: The surname of the first author should be RODRIGUES NETO (J.) not NETO (J.R.) as cited in Validation List no. 26.
Reference: EDWARDS (J.): Personal communication (July 31, 2003).

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Erwinia pyrifoliae Kim et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ep16/96 = CFBP 4172 = CIP 106111 = DSM 12163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF122435.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pyrifoliae, of pyrifolia, the species name of the host plant, the Nashi pear, Pyrus pyrifolia.
Valid publication: KIM (W.S.), GARDAN (L.), RHIM (S.L.) and GEIDER (K.): Erwinia pyrifoliae sp. nov., a novel pathogen that affects Asian pear trees (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 899-906.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia quercina Hildebrand and Schroth 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29281= CCUG 48867 = CFBP 3617 = CIP 105201 = DSM 4561 = ICMP 1845 = LMG 2724 = NCPPB 1852.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233416.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. quercina, of or pertaining to oak.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HILDEBRAND (D.C.) and SCHROTH (M.N.): A new species of Erwinia causing the drippy nut disease of live oaks. Phytopathology, 1967, 57, 250-253.

¤ Brenneria quercina (Hildebrand and Schroth 1967) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Lonsdalea quercina (Hildebrand and Schroth 1967) Brady et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29283= CFBP 3163 = CIP 105202 = DSM 4484 = ICMP 1582 = LMG 2688 = NCPPB 1578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233417.
Synonyms: "Phytomonas rhapontica" (sic) Millard 1924, "Bacterium rhaponticum" (sic) Millard 1924, "Aplanobacter rhaponticum" (sic) (Millard 1924) White 1936, "Xanthomonas rhapontica" (sic) (Millard 1924) Savulescu 1947, "Pseudobacterium rhapontici" (Millard 1924) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Erwinia carotovora var. rhapontici" (Millard 1924) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. rhaponticum, specific epithet of Rheum rhaponticum, rhubarb; N.L. gen. n. rhapontici, of rhaponticum, of rhubarb.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MILLARD (W.A.): Crown rot of rhubarb. Bulletin of the University of Leeds and the Yorkshire Council for Agricultural Education, 1924, 134, 1-28. 2 BURKHOLDER (W.H.): Genus I. Erwinia Winslow et al. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1948, pp. 463-478.

= ¤ Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel and Kulkarni 1951 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel and Kulkarni 1951 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29283= CFBP 3163 = CIP 105202 = DSM 4484 = ICMP 1582 = LMG 2688 = NCPPB 1578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233417.
Synonyms: "Phytomonas rhapontica" (sic) Millard 1924, "Bacterium rhaponticum" (sic) Millard 1924, "Aplanobacter rhaponticum" (sic) (Millard 1924) White 1936, "Xanthomonas rhapontica" (sic) (Millard 1924) Savulescu 1947, "Pseudobacterium rhapontici" (Millard 1924) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Erwinia carotovora var. rhapontici" (Millard 1924) Dye 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. rhaponticum, specific epithet of Rheum rhaponticum, rhubarb; N.L. gen. n. rhapontici, of rhaponticum, of rhubarb.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

Note: The species of the genus Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) may be divided into three phylogenetic groups according to the results of 16S rDNA sequences (see: ¤). Hauben et al. 1999 propose 1) to restrict the genus Erwinia to the species of cluster I: Erwinia amylovora, Erwinia mallotivora, Erwinia persicina corrig., Erwinia psidii, Erwinia rhapontici and Erwinia tracheiphila; 2) to emend Erwinia rhapontici (Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998. Type strain: strain LMG 2688 = NCPPB 1578 = ATCC 29283. So, Erwinia rhapontici is to be considered as an authentic erwinia.
Reference: HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia rubrifaciens Wilson et al. 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29291= CCUG 48854 = CFBP 3619 = CIP 105203 = DSM 4483 = ICMP 1915 = LMG 2709 = NCPPB 2020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233418.
Etymology: L. adj. ruber -bra -brum, red; L. v. facio, to make, to produce; N.L. part. adj. rubrifaciens, red-producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WILSON (E.E.), ZEITOUN (F.M.) and FREDRICKSON (D.L.): Bacterial phloem canker, a new disease of Persian walnut trees. Phytopathology, 1967, 57, 618-621.

¤ Brenneria rubrifaciens (Wilson et al. 1967) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia salicis (Day 1924) Chester 1939, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15712= CCUG 48855 = CFBP 802 = CIP 105204 = DSM 30166 = ICMP 1587 = LMG 2698 = NCPPB 447.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80210.
Synonyms: "Bacterium salicis" Day 1924, "Phytomonas salicis" (Day 1924) Magrou 1937, "Pseudobacterium salicis" (Day 1924) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Erwinia amylovora var. salicis" Martinec and Kocur 1963, "Pseudomonas saliciperda" Lindeijer 1932.
Etymology: L. n. salix, the willow; L. gen. n. salicis, of the willow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 DAY (W.R.): The watermark disease of the cricket-bat willow. Oxford Forestry Memoirs, 1924, 3, 1-30. 2 CHESTER (F.D.): Genus IV. Erwinia Winslow et al. In: D.H. BERGEY, R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 5th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1939, pp. 404-420.

¤ Brenneria salicis (Day 1924) Hauben et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Erwinia stewartii (Smith 1898) Dye 1963, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8199= CFBP 2349 = CFBP 3167 = CIP 104005 = DSM 30176 = ICMP 257 = ICPB SS11 = IMET 11187 = LMG 2715 = NCPPB 2295 = NRRL B-794.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80208.
Synonyms: "Pseudomonas stewarti" (sic) Smith 1898, "Bacterium stewarti" (Smith 1898) Smith 1911, "Aplanobacter stawarti" (Smith 1898) McCulloch 1918, "Phytomonas stewarti" (Smith 1898) Bergey et al. 1923, "Xanthomonas stewarti" (Smith 1898) Dowson 1939, "Pseudobacterium stewarti" (Smith 1898) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. stewartii, of Stewart; named after F.C. Stewart.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SMITH (E.F.): Notes on Stewart's sweet corn germ, Pseudomonas stewarti, n. sp. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1898, 47, 422-426. 2 DYE (D.W.): The taxonomic position of Xanthomonas stewartii (Erw. Smith, 1914) Dowson 1939. New Zealand Journal of Science, 1963, 6, 495-506.

¤ Pantoea stewartii (Smith 1898) Mergaert et al. 1993, comb. nov.

¤ Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii (Smith 1898) Mergaert et al. 1993, comb. nov.

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Erwinia tasmaniensis Geider et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Et1/99 = DSM 17950 = NCPPB 4357.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM055716.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. tasmaniensis, pertaining to Tasmania, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: GEIDER (K.), AULING (G.), DU (Z.), JAKOVLJEVIC (V.), JOCK (S.) and VÖLKSCH (B.): Erwinia tasmaniensis sp. nov., a non-phytopathogenic bacterium from apple and pear trees. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2937-2943.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia teleogrylli Liu et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SCU-B244=CGMCC 1.12772=KCTC 42022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF500917.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: LLXO01000000.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. teleogrylli, of Teleogryllus, the insect from which the species was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 170. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 2463-2466.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LIU, B., LUO, J., LI, W., LONG, X.-F., ZHANG, Y.-Q., ZENG, Z.-G., TIAN, Y.-Q. 2016. Erwinia teleogrylli sp. nov., a bacterial isolate associated with a Chinese cricket. PLoS One 11, e0146596.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia toletana Rojas et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A37 = ATCC 700880= CECT 5263 = CFBP 6631.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR870447.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. toletana, from Toletum, the Roman name for Toledo, the location from which the organisms were isolated.
Valid publication: ROJAS (A.M.), GARCÍA de los RIOS (J.E.), FISCHER-LE SAUX (M.), JIMENEZ (P.), RECHE (P.), BONNEAU (S.), SUTRA (L.), MATHIEU-DAUDÉ (F.) and McCLELLAND (M.): Erwinia toletana sp. nov., associated with Pseudomonas savastanoi-induced tree knots. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2217-2222.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the "Table of contents" (IJSEM, 2004, 54, page V) and in the "Author index" (IJSEM, 2004, 54, page IX), the second author's name is erroneously cited as "J. E. G. de los Rios" or as "de los Rios, J. E. G.".

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Erwinia tracheiphila (Smith 1895) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33245= CFBP 2355 = CIP 105205 = ICMP 5845 = LMG 2707 = LMG 2906 = NCPPB 2452.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13250.
Synonyms: "Bacillus tracheiphilus" Smith 1895, "Bacterium tracheiphilus" (sic) (Smith 1895) Chester 1897, "Erwinia amylovora var. tracheiphila" (Smith 1895) Dye 1968.
Etymology: L. n. trachia, windpipe, trachae; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. tracheiphila, trachea-loving, i.e., growing in the tracheiphila of the vascular bundles.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SMITH (E.F.): Bacillus tracheiphilus sp. nov. die Ursache des Verwelkens verschiedener Curcurbitaceen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1895, 1, 364-373. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

Erwinia tracheiphila (Smith 1895) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Hauben et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33245= CFBP 2355 = CIP 105205 = ICMP 5845 = LMG 2707 = LMG 2906 = NCPPB 2452.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13250.
Synonyms: "Bacillus tracheiphilus" Smith 1895, "Bacterium tracheiphilus" (sic) (Smith 1895) Chester 1897, "Erwinia amylovora var. tracheiphila" (Smith 1895) Dye 1968.
Etymology: L. n. trachia, windpipe, trachae; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. tracheiphila, trachea-loving, i.e., growing in the tracheiphila of the vascular bundles.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote //). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 HAUBEN (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), VAUTERIN (L.), STEENACKERS (M.), MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 384-397.
Effective publication Online

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Erwinia typographi Skrodenytė-Arbačiauskienė et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y1 = DSM 22678 = LMG 25347.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU166291.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. typographi, of typographus referring to the host bark beetle Ips typographus; the type strain was isolated from the intestinal tract of the beetles.
Valid publication: SKRODENYTĖ-ARBAČIAUSKIENĖ (V.), RADŽIUTĖ (S.), STUNŽĖNAS (V.) and BŪDA (V.): Erwinia typographi sp. nov., isolated from bark beetle (Ips typographus) gut. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 942-948.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Erwinia uredovora (Pon et al. 1954) Dye 1963, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19321= LMG 2676 = LMG 2682 = LMG 5255.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U80209.
Synonym: "Xanthomonas uredovorus" (sic) Pon et al. 1954.
Etymology: L. n. uredo, a blast, blight of plants; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. n. uredovora, blight devourer; (eats uredospores and uredia).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PON (D.S.), TOWNSEND (C.E.), WESSMAN (G.E.), SCHMITT (C.G.) and KINGSOLVER (C.H.): A Xanthomonas parasitic on uredia of cereal rusts. Phytopathology, 1954, 44, 707-710. 2 DYE (D.W.): The taxonomic position of Xanthomonas uredovorus Pon et al., 1954. New Zealand Journal of Science, 1963, 6, 146-149.

¤ Erwinia ananatis corrig. Serrano 1928 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Mergaert et al. 1993, Erwinia uredovora (Pon et al. 1954) Dye 1963 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Erwinia ananatis corrig. Serrano 1928 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: MERGAERT (J.), VERDONCK (L.) and KERSTERS (K.): Transfer of Erwinia ananas (synonym, Erwinia uredovora) and Erwinia stewartii to the genus Pantoea emend. as Pantoea ananas (Serrano 1928) comb. nov. and Pantoea stewartii (Smith 1898) comb. nov., respectively, and description of Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 162-173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pantoea ananatis corrig. (Serrano 1928) Mergaert et al. 1993, comb. nov.

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Erwinia uzenensis Matsuura et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YPPS 951 = YPPS951 = LMG 25843 = NCPPB 4475.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB546198.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. uzenensis, of or pertaining to Uzen, which is the old name for Yamagata prefecture, where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: MATSUURA (T.), MIZUNO (A.), TSUKAMOTO (T.), SHIMIZU (Y.), SAITO (N.), SATO (S.), KIKUCHI (S.), UZUKI (T.), AZEGAMI (K.) and SAWADA (H.): Erwinia uzenensis sp. nov., a novel pathogen that affects European pear trees (Pyrus communis L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1799-1803.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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