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Genus Entomoplasma

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Entomoplasma Tully et al. 1993, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Entomoplasmatales Tully et al. 1993; type genus of the family ¤ Entomoplasmataceae Tully et al. 1993).
Type species: ¤ Entomoplasma ellychniae (Tully et al. 1989) Tully et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. n. entomon, insect; Gr. neut. n. plasma, something formed or molded, a form, an image; N.L. neut. n. Entomoplasma, intended to mean associated with insects.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Entomoplasma ellychniae (Tully et al. 1989) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ELCN-1 = ATCC 43707= NCTC 11714.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JX843735.
Basonym: ¤ Mycoplasma ellychniae Tully et al. 1989.
Etymology: N.L. n. Ellychnia, a genus of firefly beetles; N.L. gen. n. ellychniae, of Ellychnia, from which the organism was first isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the genus ¤ Mesoplasma (100% similarity against ¤ Mesoplasma corruscae).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Entomoplasma freundtii Tully et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BARC 318 = ATCC 51999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF036954.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. freundtii, of Freundt, named after Eyvind Freundt, a Danish pioneer in the taxonomy and classification of mollicutes.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), WHITCOMB (R.F.), HACKETT (K.J.), WILLIAMSON (D.L.), LAIGRET (F.), CARLE (P.), BOVÉ (J.M.), HENEGAR (R.B.), ELLIS (N.M.), DODGE (D.E.) and ADAMS (J.): Entomoplasma freundtii sp. nov., a new species from a green tiger beetle (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1197-1204.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Entomoplasma lucivorax (Williamson et al. 1990) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PIPN-2 = ATCC 49196= NCTC 11716.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF547212.
Basonym: ¤ Mycoplasma lucivorax Williamson et al. 1990.
Etymology: L. n. lux lucis, light; L. adj. vorax, ravenous, voracious, devouring; N.L. neut. adj. lucivorax, light devouring, referring to the predacious habit of the host insect, which preys on other luminescent firefly species.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Entomoplasma luminosum (Williamson et al. 1990) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PIMN-1 = ATCC 49195= NCTC 11717.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY155670.
Basonym: ¤ Mycoplasma luminosum Williamson et al. 1990.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luminosum, luminous, emitting light, referring to the luminescence of the adult host from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Entomoplasma melaleucae (Tully et al. 1990) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M1 = ATCC 49191= NCTC 11715.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY345990.
Basonym: ¤ Mycoplasma melaleucae Tully et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. Melaleuca, a genus of tropical trees having white flowers with sweet fragrance; N.L. gen. n. melaleucae, of Melaleuca, the plant from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Entomoplasma somnilux (Williamson et al. 1990) Tully et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PYAN-1 = ATCC 49194= NCTC 11719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY157871.
Basonym: ¤ Mycoplasma somnilux Williamson et al. 1990.
Etymology: L. n. somnus, sleep; L. n. lux, light; N.L. n. somnilux, intended to mean sleeping light, referring to the quiescent pupal stage of the host from which the organism was isolated, which precedes the luminescent adult stage.
Valid publication: TULLY (J.G.), BOVÉ (J.M.), LAIGRET (F.) and WHITCOMB (R.F.): Revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 378-385.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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