Genus Enterococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 54
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Enterococcus (ex Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984, gen. nov., nom. rev. (Type genus of the family ¤ Enterococcaceae Ludwig et al. 2010).
Type species: ¤ Enterococcus faecalis (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984.
Synonym: "Enterococcus" Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903.
Etymology: Gr. n. enteron, intestine; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Enterococcus, intestinal coccus
Reference: SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.): Transfer of Streptococcus faecalis and Streptococcus faecium to the genus Enterococcus nom. rev. as Enterococcus faecalis comb. nov. and Enterococcus faecium comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus alcedinis Frolkov et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L34=CCM 8433=LMG 27164.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX948102.
Etymology: N.L. n. Alcedo -inis Alcedo, a scientific zoological generic name; N.L. gen. n. alcedinis, of Alcedo, isolated from Alcedo atthis, the common kingfisher.
Source: Animal.
Reference: FROLKOVÁ, P., ŠVEC, P., SEDLÁČEK, I., MAŠLANOVÁ, I., ČERNOHLÁVKOVÁ, J., GHOSH, A., ZUREK, L., RADIMĚŘSKÝ, T. and LITERÁK, I. 2013. Enterococcus alcedinis sp. nov., isolated from common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3069-3074.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus aquimarinus Švec et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain API 8407116 = CCM 7283 = CCUG 51308 = LMG 16607.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ877015.
Etymology: L. n. aqua, water; L. adj. marinus, of the sea; N.L. masc. adj. aquimarinus, pertaining to sea water.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), NASER (S.M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), LEFEBVRE (K.), HOSTE (B.) and SWINGS (J.): Enterococcus aquimarinus sp. nov., isolated from sea water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2183-2187.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus asini de Vaux et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AS2 = ATCC 700915 = CCUG 44928 = DSM 11492 = LMG 18727 = NBRC 100681.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11621.
Etymology: L. gen. n. asini, of a donkey (Equus asinus).
Reference: DE VAUX (A.), LAGUERRE (G.), DIVIÈS (C.) and PRÉVOST (H.): Enterococcus asini sp. nov. isolated from the caecum of donkeys (Equus asinus). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 383-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus avium (ex Nowlan and Deibel 1967) Collins et al. 1984, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Guthof E6844 = ATCC 14025 = CCUG 7983 = CIP 103019 = DSM 20679 = JCM 8722 = LMG 10744 = NBRC 100477 = NCIMB 702369 (formerly NCDO 2369) = NCTC 9938 = VKM B-1673.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF133535.
Synonym: "Streptococcus avium" Nowlan and Deibel 1967.
Etymology: L. n. avis, bird; L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterococcus avium nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. casseliflavus nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. durans nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. gallinarum comb. nov.; and E. malodoratus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 220-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus caccae Carvalho et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2215-02 = SS-1777 = ATCC BAA-1240 = CCUG 51564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY943820.
Etymology: Gr. n. kakke, human ordure, faeces; N.L. gen. n. caccae, of faeces.
Reference: CARVALHO (M.G.S.), SHEWMAKER (P.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MOREY (R.E.), SAMPSON (A.J.), JOYCE (K.), BARRETT (T.J.), TEIXEIRA (L.M.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Enterococcus caccae sp. nov., isolated from human stools. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1505-1508.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus camelliae Sukontasing et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FP15-1 = KCTC 13133 = NBRC 101868 = NRIC 0105 = PCU 277 = TISTR 932.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF154454.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. camelliae, of Camellia, referring to the isolation of the type strain from fermented tea leaves (Camellia sinensis).
Reference: SUKONTASING (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), MOONMANGMEE (S.), LEE (J.S.) and SUZUKI (K.): Enterococcus camelliae sp. nov., isolated from fermented tea leaves in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2151-2154.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus canintestini Naser et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7285 = CCUG 37857 = CCUG 51312 = LMG 13590.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ888906.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog; L. gen. n. intestini, of gut; N.L. gen. n. canintestini, of the gut of a dog.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DE GRAEF (E.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), SNAUWAERT (C.), LEFEBVRE (K.), HOSTE (B.), ŠVEC (P.), DECOSTERE (A.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and SWINGS (J.): Enterococcus canintestini sp. nov., from faecal samples of healthy dogs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2005, 2177-2182.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Enterococcus canintestini was previously known as "Enterococcus dispar-like" De Graef et al. 2005.
Reference: DE GRAEF (E.M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), BAELE (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SWINGS (J.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and DECOSTERE (A.): Identification of enterococcal, streptococcal and Weissella species in the faecal flora of individually owned dogs. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 99, 348-353.
Original article Online

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Enterococcus canis De Graef et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 46666 = LMG 12316 = NBRC 100695.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76177.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog.
Reference: DE GRAEF (E.M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BAELE (M.), COLLINS (M.D.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Description of Enterococcus canis sp. nov. from dogs and reclassification of Enterococcus porcinus Teixeira et al. 2001 as a later synonym of Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1069-1074.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25788 = CCUG 18657 = CIP 103018 = DSM 20680 = JCM 8723 = LMG 10745 = MUTK 20 = NBRC 100478 = NCIMB 11449 (formerly NCDO 2372) = NCTC 12361 = NRRL B-3502.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF039903.
Synonyms: "Streptococcus casseliflavus" Vaughan et al. 1979, "Streptococcus faecium var. casseliflavus" Mundt and Graham 1968.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. casseli, of Cassel (Cassel yellow); L. adj. flavus, yellow; N.L. masc. adj. casseliflavus, yellow-colored.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterococcus avium nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. casseliflavus nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. durans nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. gallinarum comb. nov.; and E. malodoratus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 220-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1979 was validly published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 204-212.) which would qualify it for inclusion in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. The ommission of this name from the Approved Lists 1980 is clearly not in accordance with the Rule 24a, Note 1 of Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision). According to Rule 23a Note 4, the Judicial Commission may correct the Approved Lists. Consequently Tindall and Euzéby request that the Judicial Commission rules that this name be treated as having been included on the Approved Lists, and on the amended edition of the Lists. If the Judicial Commission accepts this proposal, the valid publication of Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1979 will necessitate modifying the date and the authorship of the new combination Enterococcus cassiliflavus.
References:
1 TINDALL (B.J.) and EUZÉBY (J.P.): Lysobacter enzymogenes subsp. enzymogenes Christensen and Cook 1978, L. enzymogenes subsp. cookii Christensen 1978 and Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1978 should have been cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2707-2709.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: In the title of the Request for an Opinion by Tindall and Euzéby, and on page 2709, Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1979 is erroneously cited as Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1978.
2 In the paper by Collins et al. 1984, the author's name Vaughan is incorrectly cited as Vaughn.
3 According to Naser et al. 2006, Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992 as a later synonym of Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984 and Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004 as a later synonym of Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 413-416.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus cecorum (Devriese et al. 1983) Williams et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A60 = ATCC 43198 = CCUG 27299 = CIP 103676 = DSM 20682 = JCM 8724 = LMG 12902 = NBRC 100674 = NCIMB 702674 (formerly NCDO 2674) = NCTC 12421.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061009.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus cecorum Devriese et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. n. cecum [from Latin caecum (or cecum) intestinum, caecum], sacculated diverticulum of the large intestine (caecum); L. gen. pl. n. cecorum, of caeca.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [WILLIAMS (A.M.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Reverse transcriptase sequencing of 16s ribosomal RNA from Streptococcus cecorum. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 8, 185-189.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus columbae Devriese et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain STR 345 = ATCC 51263 = CCUG 27894 = CIP 103675 = DSM 7374 = LMG 11740 = NBRC 100677 = NCIMB 13013.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061006.
Etymology: L. n. columba, pigeon; L. gen. n. columbae, of a pigeon.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 44. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 188-189. [DEVRIESE (L.A.), CEYSSENS (K.), RODRIGUES (U.M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Enterococcus columbae, a species from pigeon intestines. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1990, 71, 247-252.]
Validation List no. 44 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus devriesei Švec et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ891167.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7299 = CCUG 37865 = LMG 14595.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. devriesei, of Devriese, in honour of the Belgian microbiologist Luc A. Devriese for his outstanding contributions to the taxonomy of enterococci.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), KOORT (J.), NASER (S.M.), HOSTE (B.), VIHAVAINEN (E.), VANDAMME (P.), SWINGS (J.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Enterococcus devriesei sp. nov., associated with animal sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2479-2484.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus diestrammenae Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ORL-24=KACC 16708=JCM 18359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ650245.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. diestrammenae, of Diestrammena, isolated from the gut of Diestrammena coreana (order Orthoptera).
Source: Animal.
Reference: KIM, J. Y., SHIN, N.-R., NA, H.-K., HYUN, D.-W., WHON, T. W., KIM, P. S., YUN, J.-H. and BAE, J.-W. 2013. Enterococcus diestrammenae sp. nov., isolated from the gut of Diestrammena coreana. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4540-4545.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus dispar Collins et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E18-1 = ATCC 51266 = CCUG 33309 = CIP 103646 = DSM 6630 = HAMBI 2231 = LMG 13521 = NBRC 100678 = NCIMB 13000 (formerly NCFB 2821) = NCIMB 13000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061007.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. dispar, dissimilar, different.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 38. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 456-457. [COLLINS (M.D.), RODRIGUES (U.M.), PIGOTT (N.E.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Enterococcus dispar sp. nov. a new Enterococcus species from human sources. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 12, 95-98.]
Validation List no. 38 in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Collins et al. 1984, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 98D = ATCC 19432 = CCUG 7972 = CIP 55.125 = DSM 20633 = JCM 8725 = LMG 10746 = NBRC 100479 = NCIMB 700596 (formerly NCDO 596) = NCTC 8307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276354.
Synonym: "Streptococcus durans" Sherman and Wing 1937.
Etymology: L. part. adj. durans, hardening, resisting.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterococcus avium nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. casseliflavus nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. durans nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. gallinarum comb. nov.; and E. malodoratus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 220-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Enterococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Collins et al. 1984 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Knight et al. 1984.

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Enterococcus eurekensis Cotta et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PC4B=CCUG 61259=NRRL B-59662.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AF445305.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. eurekensis, pertaining to Eureka, a city in Illinois, USA, from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus faecalis (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19433 = ATCC 19433-U = CCUG 19916 = CIP 103015 = DSM 20478 = HAMBI 1711 = JCM 5803 = JCM 8726 = LMG 7937 = NBRC 100480 = NBRC 100481 = NCAIM B.01312 = NCIMB 775 (formerly NCDO 581) = NCTC 775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB012212.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus faecalis Andrewes and Horder 1906 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Micrococcus ovalis" Escherich 1886, "Streptococcus liquefaciens" Sternberg 1892, "Micrococcus zymogenes" MacCallum and Hastings 1899, "Enterocoque" Thiercelin 1902, "Enterococcus proteiformis" Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903, "Streptococcus glycerinaceus" Orla-Jensen 1919.
Etymology: L. n. faex faecis, dregs; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. faecalis,pertaining or relating to feces.
Reference: SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.): Transfer of Streptococcus faecalis and Streptococcus faecium to the genus Enterococcus nom. rev. as Enterococcus faecalis comb. nov. and Enterococcus faecium comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus faecium (Orla-Jensen 1919) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19434 = CCUG 542 = CIP 103014 = CFBP 4248 = DSM 20477 = HAMBI 1710 = JCM 5804 = JCM 8727 = LMG 11423 = NBRC 100486 = NBRC 100485 = NCIMB 11508 (formerly NCDO 942) = NCTC 7171.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ301830.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus faecium Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. faex, dregs; L. gen. pl. n. faecium, of the dregs, of feces.
Reference: SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.): Transfer of Streptococcus faecalis and Streptococcus faecium to the genus Enterococcus nom. rev. as Enterococcus faecalis comb. nov. and Enterococcus faecium comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CA 2 = ATCC 49996 = CCUG 30567 = CECT4481 = CIP 103525 = CCM 4239 = DSM 7370 = HAMBI 2233 = LMG 13518 = NBRC 100679.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ420802.
Etymology: L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming yellow.
Reference: POMPEI (R.), BERLUTTI (F.), THALLER (M.C.), INGIANNI (A.), CORTIS (G.) and DAINELLI (B.): Enterococcus flavescens sp. nov., a new species of enterococci of clinical origin. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 365-369.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Pompei et al. 1992 the type strain CCM 4239 is incorrectly cited as CCM 439.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 190.
Erratum in IJSEM Online
2 The data of Descheemaeker et al. 1997 and the data of several authors suggest that Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992 should be considered an Enterococcus casseliflavus [(ex Vaughn et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984] biovar rather than a separate species.
Reference: DESCHEEMAEKER (P.), LAMMENS (C.), POT (B.), VANDAMME (P.) and GOOSSENS (H.): Evaluation of arbitrarily primed PCR analysis and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of large genomic DNA fragments for identification of enterococci important in human medicine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 555-561.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984.

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992 as a later synonym of Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984 and Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004 as a later synonym of Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 413-416.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus gallinarum (Bridge and Sneath 1982) Collins et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F87/276 = PB21 = ATCC 49573 = CCUG 18658 = CIP 103013 = JCM 8728 = LMG 13129 = NBRC 100675 = NCIMB 702313 (formerly NCDO 2313) = NCTC 12359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF039900.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus gallinarum Bridge and Sneath 1982.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. gallinarum, of hens.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterococcus avium nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. casseliflavus nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. durans nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. gallinarum comb. nov.; and E. malodoratus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 220-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus gilvus Tyrrell et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PQ1 = ATCC BAA-350 = CCUG 45553 = NBRC 100696.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ411810.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. gilvus, pale yellow, referring to the pale yellow pigmentation of the bacterium.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 86. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1075-1076. [TYRRELL (G.J.), TURNBULL (L.), TEIXEIRA (L.M.), LEFEBVRE (J.), CARVALHO (M.G.S.), FACKLAM (R.R.) and LOVGREN (M.): Enterococcus gilvus sp. nov. and Enterococcus pallens sp. nov. isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2002, 40, 1140-1145.]
Validation List no. 86 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus haemoperoxidus Švec et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 440 = ATCC BAA-382 = CCM 4851 = CCUG 45916 = CIP 107129 = LMG 19487 = NBRC 100709.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF286832.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; Gr. pref. per, preffix adding force to the word to which it is added; Gr. adj. oxus, sour; N.L. masc. adj. hemoperoxidus, blood peroxide, derived from the ability of the species to decompose hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water when cultivated on blood-agar media.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), BAELE (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HAESEBROUCK (F.), SWINGS (J.) and DOŠKAŘ (J.): Enterococcus haemoperoxidus sp. nov. and Enterococcus moraviensis sp. nov., isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1567-1574.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus hermanniensis Koort et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 48100 = LMG 12317.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY396047.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hermanniensis, pertaining to Hermanni, a locality in Helsinki, Finland.
Reference: KOORT (J.), COENYE (T.), VANDAMME (P.), SUKURA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Enterococcus hermanniensis sp. nov., from modified-atmosphere-packaged broiler meat and canine tonsils. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1823-1827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus hirae Farrow and Collins 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E.E. Snell strain R = ATCC 8043 = ATCC 9790 = CCM 2423 = CCUG 1332 = CCUG 18659 = CCUG 19917 = CIP 53.48 = CFBP 4250 = DSM 20160 = HAMBI 644 = HAMBI 1709 = IFO (now NBRC) 3181 = JCM 8729 = LMG 6399 = NCCB 46070 = NCCB 58005 = NCIMB 6459 (formerly NCDO 1258) = NCTC 12367.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17302.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hirae, of the intestine or gut.
Reference: FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Enterococcus hirae, a new species that includes amino acid assay strain NCDO 1258 and strains causing growth depression in young chickens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 73-75.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TP1.5 = CCUG 50447 = DSM 15952 = LMG 22039.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ582753.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. italicus, from Italy, where the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: FORTINA (M.G.), RICCI (G.), MORA (D.) and MANACHINI (P.L.): Molecular analysis of artisanal Italian cheeses reveals Enterococcus italicus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1717-1721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992 as a later synonym of Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984 and Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004 as a later synonym of Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 413-416.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus lactis Morandi et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BT159 = DSM 23655 = LMG 25958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU983697.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, of/from milk, referring to dairy products, from which the species was first isolated.
Reference: MORANDI (S.), CREMONESI (P.), POVOLO (M.) and BRASCA (M.): Enterococcus lactis sp. nov., from Italian raw milk cheeses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1992-1996.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus lemanii Cotta et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PC32=CCUG 61260=NRRL B-59661.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AF445301.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. lemanii, of Leman, named after the late American veterinarian Allen D. Leman for his contributions toward swine disease and swine production.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus malodoratus (ex Pette 1955) Collins et al. 1984, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43197 = CCUG 30572 = CIP 103012 = DSM 20681 = HAMBI 1569 = JCM 8730 = LMG 10747 = NBRC 100489 = NCIMB 700846 (formerly NCDO 846) = NCTC 12365.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ301835.
Synonym: "Streptococcus faecalis subsp. malodoratus" Pette 1955.
Etymology: L. adj. malus, bad; L. part. adj. odoratus, perfumed; N.L. masc. adj. malodoratus, bad-smelled.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterococcus avium nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. casseliflavus nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. durans nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. gallinarum comb. nov.; and E. malodoratus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 220-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus moraviensis Švec et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 330 = ATCC BAA-383 = CCM 4856 = CCUG 45913 = CIP 107130 = LMG 19486 = NBRC 100710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF286831.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. moraviensis, pertaining to Moravia, the region in the Czech Republic.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), BAELE (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HAESEBROUCK (F.), SWINGS (J.) and DOŠKAŘ (J.): Enterococcus haemoperoxidus sp. nov. and Enterococcus moraviensis sp. nov., isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1567-1574.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus mundtii Collins et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43186 = CCUG 18656 = CFBP 4251 = CIP 103010 = DSM 4838 = HAMBI 1570 = JCM 8731 = LMG 10748 = MUTK 559 = NBRC 100490 = NCIMB 702375 (formerly NCDO 2375) = NCTC 12363.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061013.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mundtii, of Mundt; named after the late J.O. Mundt, an American microbiologist.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and JONES (D.): Enterococcus mundtii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 8-12.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus olivae Lucena-Padrós et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IGG16.11=CECT 8063=DSM 25431.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ283454.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. gen. n. olivae, of an olive, referring to the isolation of the strains from olive fermentations.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: LUCENA-PADRÓS, H., GONZÁLEZ, J. M., CABALLERO-GUERRERO, B. N., RUIZ-BARBA, J. L. and MALDONADO-BARRAGÁN, A. 2014. Enterococcus olivae sp. nov., isolated from Spanish-style green-olive fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2534-2539.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus pallens Tyrrell et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PQ2 = ATCC BAA-351 = CCUG 45554 = NBRC 100697.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ411812.
Etymology: L. part. adj. pallens, being pale or yellow, yellowish, referring to the yellow pigmentation of the bacterium.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 86. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1075-1076. [TYRRELL (G.J.), TURNBULL (L.), TEIXEIRA (L.M.), LEFEBVRE (J.), CARVALHO (M.G.S.), FACKLAM (R.R.) and LOVGREN (M.): Enterococcus gilvus sp. nov. and Enterococcus pallens sp. nov. isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2002, 40, 1140-1145.]
Validation List no. 86 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus phoeniculicola Law-Brown and Meyers 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JLB-1 = ATCC BAA-412 = CCUG 48923 = DSM 14726 = KCTC 3818 = NBRC 100711.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY028437.
Etymology: N.L. n. Phoeniculus, the genus of the Woodhoopoe; L. suff. -cola, inhabitant; N.L. masc. n. phoeniculicola, growing in Phoeniculus, the genus of the Woodhoopoe.
Reference: LAW-BROWN (J.) and MEYERS (P.R.): Enterococcus phoeniculicola sp. nov., a novel member of the enterococci isolated from the uropygial gland of the Red-billed Woodhoopoe, Phoeniculus purpureus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 683-685.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a "N.L. masc. n.", not a "N.L. masc. adj." as cited in the paper by Law-Brown and Meyers 2003.

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Enterococcus plantarum Švec et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain C27 = CCM 7889 = LMG 26214.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ847537.
Etymology: L. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a young plant, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANDAMME (P.), BRYNDOVÁ (H.), HOLOCHOVÁ (P.), KOSINA (M.), MAŠLAŇOVÁ (I.) and SEDLÁČEK (I.): Enterococcus plantarum sp. nov., isolated from plants. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1499-1505.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus porcinus Teixeira et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DS 1390-83 = ATCC 700913 = CCUG 43229 = CIP 107172 = NCIMB 13634.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF335596.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. porcinus, of a swine
Reference: TEIXEIRA (L.M.), CARVALHO (M. da G.S.), ESPINOLA (M.M.B.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), BRENNER (D.J.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Enterococcus porcinus sp. nov. and Enterococcus ratti sp. nov., associated with enteric disorders in animals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1737-1743.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001.

Note: According to De Graef et al. 2003, Enterococcus porcinus Teixeira et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001.
Reference: DE GRAEF (E.M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BAELE (M.), COLLINS (M.D.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Description of Enterococcus canis sp. nov. from dogs and reclassification of Enterococcus porcinus Teixeira et al. 2001 as a junior synonym of Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1069-1074.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus pseudoavium Collins et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49372 = CCUG 33310 = CIP 103647 = DSM 5632 = JCM 8732 = LMG 11426 = NBRC 100491 = NCIMB 13084 (formerly NCDO 2138).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061002.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; L. n. avis, bird; L. gen. plur. avium, of birds, and also a specific epithet; N.L. neut. pl. n. pseudoavium, false [Enterococcus] avium, owing to its similarity to this species.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [COLLINS (M.D.), FACKLAM (R.R.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and WILLIAMSON (R.): Enterococcus raffinosus sp. nov., Enterococcus solitarius sp. nov. and Enterococcus pseudoavium sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1989, 57, 283-288.]
Validation List no. 30 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus quebecensis Sistek et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCRI-16985 = CCUG 59306 = DSM 23327 = LMG 26306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU457262.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. quebecensis, of or pertaining to Québec, the region in Canada from which the type strain originated.
Reference: SISTEK (V.), MAHEUX (A.F.), BOISSINOT (M.), BERNARD (K.A.), CANTIN (P.), CLEENWERCK (I.), DE VOS (P.) and BERGERON (M.G.): Enterococcus ureasiticus sp. nov. and Enterococcus quebecensis sp. nov., isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1314-1320.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus raffinosus Collins et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1789/79 = ATCC 49427 = CCUG 29292 = CIP 103329 = DSM 5633 = JCM 8733 = LMG 12888 = NBRC 100492 = NCTC 12192.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18296.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. raffinosus, pertaining to raffinose, referring to ability to metabolize raffinose.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [COLLINS (M.D.), FACKLAM (R.R.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and WILLIAMSON (R.): Enterococcus raffinosus sp. nov., Enterococcus solitarius sp. nov. and Enterococcus pseudoavium sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1989, 57, 283-288.]
Validation List no. 30 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus ratti Teixeira et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DS 2705-87 = ATCC 700914 = CCUG 43228 = CIP 107173 = NBRC 100698 = NCIMB 13635.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF539705.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. ratti, of the rat.
Reference: TEIXEIRA (L.M.), CARVALHO (M. da G.S.), ESPINOLA (M.M.B.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), BRENNER (D.J.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Enterococcus porcinus sp. nov. and Enterococcus ratti sp. nov., associated with enteric disorders in animals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1737-1743.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a Neo-Latin name in the genitive case, not a Latin name in the genitive case as cited in the paper by Teixeira et al. 2001.

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Enterococcus rivorum Niemi et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S299 = CCM 7986 = HAMBI 3055 = LMG 25899.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN822765.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. rivorum, of brooks.
Reference: NIEMI (R.M.), OLLINKANGAS (T.), PAULIN (L.), ŠVEC (P.), VANDAMME (P.), KARKMAN (A.), KOSINA (M.) and LINDSTRÖM (K.): Enterococcus rivorum sp. nov., from water of pristine brooks. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2169-2173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus rotai Sedláček et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 4630 = CCUG 61593 = LMG 26678.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276353.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. rotai, of Rota, named in honour of Mr Jiří Rota, a Czech microbiologist, for his contribution to the taxonomy of streptococci and enterococci.
Reference: SEDLÁČEK (I.), HOLOCHOVÁ (P.), MAŠLAŇOVÁ (I.), KOSINA (M.), SPRÖER (C.), BRYNDOVÁ (H.), VANDAMME (P.), RUDOLF (I.), HUBÁLEK (Z.) and ŠVEC (P.): Enterococcus ureilyticus sp. nov. and Enterococcus rotai sp. nov., two urease-producing enterococci from the environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 502-510.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus saccharolyticus (Farrow et al. 1985) Rodrigues and Collins 1991, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43076 = CCUG 27643 = CCUG 33311 = CIP 103246 = DSM 20726 = JCM 8734 = LMG 11427 = NBRC 100493 = NCIMB 702594 (formerly NCDO 2594).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061004.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus saccharolyticus Farrow et al. 1985.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, sugar-digesting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 36. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 178-179. [RODRIGUES (U.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phylogenetic analysis of Streptococcus saccharolyticus based on 16S rRNA sequencing. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1990, 71, 231-234.]
Validation List no. 36 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Enterococcus saccharolyticus (Farrow et al. 1985) Rodrigues and Collins 1991 emend. Chen et al. 2013.
Reference: CHEN, Y.-S., LIN, Y.-H., PAN, S.-F., JI, S.-H., CHANG, Y.-C., YU, C.-R., LIOU, M.-S., WU, H.-C., OTOGURO, M., YANAGIDA, F., LIAO, C.-C., CHIU, C.-M. and HUANG, B.-Q. 2013. Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. taiwanensis subsp. nov., isolated from broccoli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4691-4697.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. saccharolyticus Chen et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43076=CCUG 27643=CCUG 33311=CIP 103246=DSM 20726=JCM 8734=LMG 11427=NBRC 100493=NCIMB 702594.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AF061004.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, sugar-digesting.
Source: Animal.
Reference: CHEN, Y.-S., LIN, Y.-H., PAN, S.-F., JI, S.-H., CHANG, Y.-C., YU, C.-R., LIOU, M.-S., WU, H.-C., OTOGURO, M., YANAGIDA, F., LIAO, C.-C., CHIU, C.-M. and HUANG, B.-Q. 2013. Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. taiwanensis subsp. nov., isolated from broccoli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4691-4697.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. taiwanensis Chen et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 812=NBRC 109476=BCRC 80575.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB775175.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. taiwanensis, of or belonging to Taiwan, referring to the origin of the type strain.
Source: Plant.
Reference: CHEN, Y.-S., LIN, Y.-H., PAN, S.-F., JI, S.-H., CHANG, Y.-C., YU, C.-R., LIOU, M.-S., WU, H.-C., OTOGURO, M., YANAGIDA, F., LIAO, C.-C., CHIU, C.-M. and HUANG, B.-Q. 2013. Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. taiwanensis subsp. nov., isolated from broccoli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4691-4697.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7220 = LMG 21727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ626902.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; L. adj. sup. minimus, least, smallest; N.L. adj. sup. saccharominimus, meaning that this organism differs from other enterococci in that it lyses only few sugars.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ZAMFIR (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), LEFEBVRE (K.), ENGELBEEN (K.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), AMAR (M.), DE VUYST (L.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and SWINGS (J.): Enterococcus saccharominimus sp. nov., from dairy products. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2175-2179.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004.

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Enterococcus flavescens Pompei et al. 1992 as a later synonym of Enterococcus casseliflavus (ex Vaughan et al. 1979) Collins et al. 1984 and Enterococcus saccharominimus Vancanneyt et al. 2004 as a later synonym of Enterococcus italicus Fortina et al. 2004. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 413-416.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus seriolicida Kusuda et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YT-3 = ATCC 49156 = CIP 104369 = JCM 8735 = LMG 12889.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L32813.
Etymology: N.L. n. seriola, generic name of the yellowtail; L. suffix -cida from L. v. caedo, to kill; N.L. n. seriolicida, yellowtail killer.
Reference: KUSUDA (R.), KAWAI (K.), SALATI (F.), BANNER (C.R.) and FRYER (J.L.): Enterococcus seriolicida sp. nov., a fish pathogen. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 406-409.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactococcus garvieae (Collins et al. 1984) Schleifer et al. 1986.

Note: According to Teixeira et al. 1996, Enterococcus seriolicida Kusuda et al. 1991 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactococcus garvieae (Collins et al. 1984) Schleifer et al. 1986.
Reference: TEIXEIRA (L.M.), MERQUIOR (V.L.C.), VIANNI (M. da C.E.), CARVALHO (M. da G.S.), FRACALANZZA (S.E.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), BRENNER (D.J.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of atypical Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from water buffalos with subclinical mastitis and confirmation of L. garvieae as a senior subjective synonym of Enterococcus seriolicida. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 664-668.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus silesiacus Švec et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W442 = CCM 7319 = LMG 23085.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM039966.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. silesiacus, pertaining to Silesia, the region in the Czech Republic from which the type strain originates.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), NASER (S.M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), LEFEBVRE (K.), HOSTE (B.) and SWINGS (J.): Enterococcus silesiacus sp. nov. and Enterococcus termitis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 577-581.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus solitarius Collins et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 885/78 = ATCC 49428 = CCUG 29293 = CIP 103330 = DSM 5634 = JCM 8736 = LMG 12890 = NBRC 100494 = NCTC 12193.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ301840.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. solitarius, alone, lonely, solitary.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [COLLINS (M.D.), FACKLAM (R.R.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and WILLIAMSON (R.): Enterococcus raffinosus sp. nov., Enterococcus solitarius sp. nov. and Enterococcus pseudoavium sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1989, 57, 283-288.]
Validation List no. 30 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Tetragenococcus solitarius (Collins et al. 1989) Ennahar and Cai 2005, comb. nov.

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Enterococcus sulfureus Martinez-Murcia and Collins 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49903 = CCUG 30571 = CCUG 33313 = CIP 104373 = DSM 6905 = HAMBI 2232 = LMG 13084 = MUTK 31 = NBRC 100680 = NCIMB 13117 (formerly NCDO 2379).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061001.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sulfureus, of or like sulphur.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581. [MARTINEZ-MURCIA (A.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Enterococcus sulfureus, a new yellow-pigmented Enterococcus species. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1991, 80, 69-74.]
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The species Enterococcus sulfureus (effective publication: Martinez-Murcia and Collins 1991, type strain: strain MUTK 31 = NCDO 2379) appears also on the Validation List no. 40 [1]. The date of valid publication of this name is in fact that of the first citation in a Validation List (List no. 39, published 9 October 1991) [2].
References:
1 VALIDATION LIST no. 40. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 191-192.
Validation List no. 40 in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus termitis Švec et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7300 = LMG 8895.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM039968.
Etymology: L. n. termes -itis, a worm that eats wood, a woodworm, and in zoology the name of a scientific genus; L. gen. n. termitis, of a termite.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), NASER (S.M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), LEFEBVRE (K.), HOSTE (B.) and SWINGS (J.): Enterococcus silesiacus sp. nov. and Enterococcus termitis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 577-581.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus thailandicus Tanasupawat et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FP48-3 = KCTC 13134 = NBRC 101867 = NRIC 0107 = PCU 282 = TISTR 933.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF197994.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thailandicus, of Thailand, pertaining to Thailand, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: TANASUPAWAT (S.), SUKONTASING (S.) and LEE (J.S.): Enterococcus thailandicus sp. nov., isolated from fermented sausage ('mum') in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1630-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus ureasiticus Sistek et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCRI-16986 = CCUG 59304 = DSM 23328 = LMG 26304.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU457264.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. ureasum, urease; L. suff. -ticus -a -um, suffix used in adjectives with the sense of relating to; N.L. masc. adj. ureasiticus, relating to urease, referring to the presence of urease activity.
Reference: SISTEK (V.), MAHEUX (A.F.), BOISSINOT (M.), BERNARD (K.A.), CANTIN (P.), CLEENWERCK (I.), DE VOS (P.) and BERGERON (M.G.): Enterococcus ureasiticus sp. nov. and Enterococcus quebecensis sp. nov., isolated from water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1314-1320.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus ureilyticus Sedláček et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 4629 = CCUG 48799 = LMG 26676.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276352.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea -ae, urea; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. ureilyticus, urea-dissolving.
Reference: SEDLÁČEK (I.), HOLOCHOVÁ (P.), MAŠLAŇOVÁ (I.), KOSINA (M.), SPRÖER (C.), BRYNDOVÁ (H.), VANDAMME (P.), RUDOLF (I.), HUBÁLEK (Z.) and ŠVEC (P.): Enterococcus ureilyticus sp. nov. and Enterococcus rotai sp. nov., two urease-producing enterococci from the environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 502-510.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus viikkiensis Rahkila et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IE3.2 = DSM 24043 = LMG 26075.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ378515.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. viikkiensis, of or belonging to Viikki, a locality in Helsinki, Finland.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 140. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1499-1501. [RAHKILA (R.), JOHANSSON (P.), SÄDE (E.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Identification of enterococci from broiler products and a broiler processing plant and description of Enterococcus viikkiensis sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2011, 77, 1196-1203.]
Validation List no. 140 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 88-5474 = CCM 4887 = CCUG 45025 = JCM 11557 = LMG 12287 = NBRC 100699.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ271329.
Etymology: L. n. villus, rough hair, anatomical term for flocculate structure in the small intestine; L. gen. pl. villorum, of flocculate structures in the small intestine.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), BAELE (M.), DESCHEEMAEKER (P.), GOOSSENS (H.), POT (B.), VANDAMME (P.), SWINGS (J.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Enterococcus villorum sp. nov., an enteroadherent bacterium associated with diarrhoea in piglets. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 393-400.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this new species is not validly published, because the protologue of the effective publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, another recognized culture collection in a different country is cited in the abstract. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 According to De Graef et al. 2003, Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterococcus porcinus Teixeira et al. 2001.
Reference: DE GRAEF (E.M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BAELE (M.), COLLINS (M.D.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Description of Enterococcus canis sp. nov. from dogs and reclassification of Enterococcus porcinus Teixeira et al. 2001 as a junior synonym of Enterococcus villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1069-1074.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterococcus xiangfangensis Li et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 11097=LMG 27495=NCIMB 14834.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF679036.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xiangfangensis, pertaining to Xiangfang District, a district located in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China, where the bacterium was isolated.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: LI, C. Y., TIAN, F., ZHAO, Y.-D. and GU, C. T. 2014. Enterococcus xiangfangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1012-1017.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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